William Gilson Farlow

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William Gilson Farlow
PSM V64 D294 William Gilson Farlow.png
William Gilson Farlow
Born 17 December 1844
Boston, Massachusetts
Died 3 June 1919
Nationality American
Fields botanist
Alma mater Harvard

William Gilson Farlow (1844–1919) was an American botanist, born in Boston, Massachusetts, and educated at Harvard (A.B., 1866; M.D., 1870), where, after several years of European study, he became adjunct professor of botany in 1874 and professor of cryptogamic botany in 1879.[1]

Farlow corresponded with Caroline Bingham and Jacob Georg Agardh collaborating in the identification and classification of species of algae previously unknown to science.[2]

In 1899 he was president of the American Society of Naturalists; in 1904 president of the National Academy of Sciences; in 1905 president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science; and in 1911 president of the Botanical Society of America.

He received honorary degrees from Harvard University, the University of Glasgow (LL.D in 1901),[3] and the University of Wisconsin–Madison.

Among his publications are:

  • The Gymnosporangia or Cedar-Apples of the United States (1880)
  • Marine Algœ of New England (1881)
  • A Provisional Host-Index of the Fungi of the United States (1888)
  • Biographical Index of North American Fungi (1905)


  1. ^ Dupree, A. Hunter (1988). Asa Gray, American Botanist, Friend of Darwin. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 351. ISBN 978-0-801-83741-8. 
  2. ^ Setchell, W. A.; Dawson, E. Y. (1941). "Binghamia, the Alga, versus Bighamia, the Cactus.". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 27 (8). 
  3. ^ "Glasgow University jubilee" The Times (London). Friday, 14 June 1901. (36481), p. 10.
  4. ^ "Author Query for 'Farl.'". International Plant Names Index. 

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