Women in Northern Ireland

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Teenage girls from Northern Ireland participating in a parade during the Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival held in Belfast in September 2012.

Women in Northern Ireland are women who live in or are from Northern Ireland. Among the notable women of Northern Ireland were Geraldine O'Regan and May Blood, a Catholic and a Protestant respectively. Both of them were active community leaders in Belfast,[1] the administrative capital and largest city of Northern Ireland. Women in Northern Ireland have a variety of concerns in regards to their overall treatment in society. Some areas of concern include domestic violence, poverty, poor housing conditions, unemployment, and a wide array of larger political issues.[2]

Historic Feminism[edit]

Irish women have a long history of involvement in political movements. In 1798, women were involved in the United Irish movement in a number of ways. For instance, Irish women transported arms, kept the Irish rebels fed, clothed, and would help to defend their camps. United Irish meetings were frequently held at women owned pubs as well.[3] The 1960s also saw heavy involvement from women in Northern Ireland in different civil rights campaigns. Irish women engaged in and organized numerous protests regarding housing and employment discrimination within the Catholic communities in Derry and Belfast.[4] Internment of Catholic men in August 1971 greatly impacted the lives of Catholic women. Women began to represent the men in their community in a number of protests as well as develop strategies to warn their community of the army's location. Those women who would warn the community would later be known as 'hen patrols.' [5]

Criminal Justice System[edit]

The latter half of the twentieth century saw a dramatic increase of women in Northern Ireland entering the criminal justice system. This was largely due to the conflicts between the republicans and unionists. Prior to 1976, the women who were imprisoned as a result of these conflicts were labeled political prisoners. When the policy of special categorization ended in 1976, these women were all labeled terrorists under the law. These women were mostly engaging in civil disobedient acts such as rent strikes, however many of them were brought into prison through the Emergency Powers Act with, 'aiding and abetting terrorism.' [6]

The Roisin McAliskey Case[edit]

The arrest and incarceration of Belfast native Roisin McAliskey in 1996 gained international attention. Although never charged with a crime, McAliskey was reportedly interrogated for six days. McAliskey's detainment sparked outrage from a number of human rights organizations due to her treatment as a pregnant woman.[2]

Present Day[edit]

Since the ceasefire of 1994, funding from the European Union enabled a number of community based women's group to come to fruition in Northern Ireland.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DAUGHTERS OF THE TROUBLES: BELFAST STORIES". Director's Notes. Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Sullivan, Megan (1999). Women in Northern Ireland. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida. pp. 169, 19–25. ISBN 0-8130-1698-3. 
  3. ^ Cannavan, Jan. "Revolution in Ireland, evolution in women's rights: Irish women in 1798 and 1848". Irish Women and Nationalism: Soldiers, New Women and Wicked Hags: 30–44.
  4. ^ Keenan-Thompson, Tara (2010). Irish Women and Street Politics 1956-1973. Irish Academic Press. pp. 135–141.
  5. ^ a b Persic, Callie. "The emergence of a gender consciousness: women and community work in West Belfast". Irish Women and Nationalism: Soldiers, New Women, and Wicked Hags: 167–170.
  6. ^ Corcoran, Mary. "'We had to be stronger': the political imprisonment of women in Northern Ireland, 1972-1999". Irish Women and Nationalism: Soldiers, New Women, and Wicked Hags: 115.

External links[edit]