Women in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Women in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Gender Inequality Index[1]
Value 0.201 (2013)
Rank 36th out of 152
Maternal mortality (per 100,000) 8 (2010)
Women in parliament 19.3% (2013)
Females over 25 with secondary education 44.8% (2012)
Women in labour force 34.1% (2012)

Women in Bosnia and Herzegovina are European women who live in and are from Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), women of Bosnia and Herzegovina have been affected by three types of transition after the Bosnian War (1992-1995),[2] namely: the "transition from war to peace", economic transition and political transition. The resulting effects include: the lowering of their public and social standing because their focus is to "engage in domestic duties" in their homes. Some Bosnian and Herzegovinian women opted to travel outside the country to search for jobs.[3] The more vulnerable women among the social classes are women from the rural area. They are "more marginalised" because of lower level of education and their inclination to tradition, where they rely on men as "primary owners of land and other assets". They also have been described as with "limited access to land, training, modern farming techniques, finances and equipment", thus earn low wages.[3]

Gender equality[edit]

Guided by the constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the country's Gender Equality Law of 2003 was passed to promote and advance the equality between men and women. Laws related to elections, as well as other laws, were amended to be in line with the constitution. As a result the law on election provides that "30% of all candidates must be women".[4]


  1. ^ "Table 4: Gender Inequality Index". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  2. ^ In post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina, women are a driving force for change, IFAD
  3. ^ a b Bosnia and Herzegovina gender profile, IFAD, 5 March 2007.
  4. ^ Howard, Emma. The Women of Bosnia & Herzegovina, the guardian, guardian.co.uk, 30 May 2012.

External links[edit]