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Tijuana, Baja California
BrandingCadena 45
ChannelsDigital: 44 (UHF)
Virtual: 45 (PSIP)
AffiliationsNu9ve (1990-2006, 2012-present)
OwnerGrupo Cadena
(Mario Enrique Mayans Concha)
FoundedNovember 30, 1988 (concession)
Call letters' meaningBaJa California
Sister station(s)XEBG-AM
Former channel number(s)Analog:
45 (UHF, 1990-2013)
Former affiliationsCanal 5 (2006-2012)
Transmitter power75 kW[1]
Transmitter coordinates32°30′05.51″N 117°02′23″W / 32.5015306°N 117.03972°W / 32.5015306; -117.03972
WebsiteGala TV

XHBJ-TDT channel 45 is a television station in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico. Owned by Grupo Cadena, the station rebroadcasts Televisa's Nu9ve network, with a 2-hour delay and local ads.


XHBJ's concession history began in the late 1960s with the initial award of the television station to Canales de Televisión Populares, a subsidiary of Telesistema Mexicano (today's Televisa). However, two parties objected to the concession award, which was announced in the summer of 1969. Tijuana FM, S.A., headed by Clemente Serna Alvear, and Mario Enrique Mayans Concha, founder of Cadena Baja California (now Grupo Cadena). In June 1971, the case was heard by the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation, and in January 1988, the SCT finally selected one of the objecting parties to become the concessionaire: Mayans Concha. The concession was awarded on November 30, 1988, and Mayans set out to build Tijuana's third TV station and second UHF, after XHAS came to air in 1981. Transmitter tests began in the summer of 1989 and the station was on air by 1990, with a schedule of music videos and some local programs including, in 1991, 25 San Diego Padres road games in Spanish[2] and adding Spanish play-by-play to ESPN and TNT telecasts of NFL preseason contests.[3] It later changed to Galavisión, becoming a Televisa local partner. From 2006 to early 2012, it carried the Canal 5 network, but in early 2012, Galavisión programming returned to XHBJ-TV, with Canal 5 moving to XETV, where it was broadcast on analog channel 6 and digital channel 6.2.

XHBJ added a digital signal in the late 2000s on channel 44, where it remained after Tijuana's first-in-Mexico digital conversion in 2013. However, due to the use of PSIP, DTV receivers show XHBJ-TDT as 45.1.

Digital television[edit]

Digital subchannels[edit]

The station's digital channel is multiplexed.

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming
45.1 1080i 16:9 XHBJ Main XHBJ-TDT Programming / Nu9ve

Analog to digital conversion[edit]

Due to the Mexican analog to digital conversion mandate, XHBJ-TV discontinued its analog signal on May 28, 2013. Tijuana was the first city where the analog to digital conversion begins in Mexico. However, due to penetration problems and impending local elections[4] the other television stations restored their analog signals again two days after (to turn them off again in August), with the exception of XHBJ. Because of the presence of KCAL-TV in the nearby Los Angeles market on channel 9, XHBJ-TDT is unable to take the channel 9 virtual channel assignment Nu9ve holds throughout the rest of Mexico, thus it continues to use its pre-digital assignment of channel 45 for its virtual channel.

In March 2018, in order to facilitate the repacking of TV services out of the 600 MHz band (channels 38-51), XHBJ was assigned channel 27 for continued digital operations.


  1. ^ Instituto Federal de Telecomunicaciones. Infraestructura de Estaciones de TDT. Last modified 2018-05-16. Retrieved 2014-12-25. Technical information from the IFT Coverage Viewer.
  2. ^ Quindt, Fritz (4 April 1991). "Padres going bilingual for road TV, messages". San Diego Union.
  3. ^ Quindt, Fritz (16 August 1991). "Dan Patrick is a man of few words, but his schtick is legit". San Diego Union.
  4. ^ Sánchez Ley, Laura (29 May 2013). "Órgano Electoral de BC pide suspender apagón analógico". El Universal. Retrieved 21 December 2016.

External links[edit]