Phnom Chisor

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Phnom Chisor Temple
មណ្ឌប ឬប្រាង្គកណ្តាល.jpg
Central sanctuary of Phnom Chisor temple
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
DistrictSamraŏng
ProvinceTakeo
DeityShiva and Vishnu
Location
CountryCambodia
Phnom Chisor is located in Cambodia
Phnom Chisor
Location in Cambodia
Geographic coordinates11°11′4″N 104°49′24″E / 11.18444°N 104.82333°E / 11.18444; 104.82333Coordinates: 11°11′4″N 104°49′24″E / 11.18444°N 104.82333°E / 11.18444; 104.82333
Architecture
TypeBapuon style of Khmer architecture
CreatorKing Suryavarman I (1010-1050 AD)
Completed11th century
Specifications
Temple(s)Two
Elevation133 m (436 ft)

Phnom Chisor (Phnom Chiso, Chisor Mountain, Khmer: ភ្នំជីសូរ) is a 133 m high mountain in Dok Por village, Rovieng commune, Samraŏng District, Takéo Province, Cambodia. It lies about 42km south of Phnom Penh.

Temple: Prasat Phnom Chisor[edit]

There is an ancient Khmer temple, Prasat Phnom Chisor (Khmer: ប្រាសាទភ្នំជីសូរ) (or Phnom Chisor Temple, sometimes referred to just Phnom Chisor) located on top of the hill. The temple was built in the 11th century of laterite and bricks with carved sandstone lintels [1] by the Khmer Empire king Suryavarman I,[2]:136[3]:96 who practiced Brahmanism. It was dedicated to the Hindu divinities Shiva and Vishnu. The original name of the temple was Sri Suryaparvata (Khmer: សុរ្យបវ៌ត), or The Mountain of Surya[varman] (The mountain of the Sun).[4] On the east edge of the mountain, at the back of the temple, there is a prime spot for view and pictures where you can see a vast plain of surrounding rice fields and countryside. From there, looking down to the east can see an avenue that forms a straight line connecting three main features including two outer gates (temples) of cruciform ground plan and a baray:

  1. Sen Nimol Temple (Khmer: ប្រាសាទសែននិមល(?)): now heavily grown, situated just below the mountain;
  2. Sen Roveang Temple (Khmer: ប្រាសាទ​សែនរវាំង or សែនភូវាំង): a stately building now used as a Buddhist sanctuary about 800m from Sen Nimol Temple;
  3. Tonle Om (Khmer: ទន្លេអុំ): the ancient baray of Phnom Chisor Temple.[4][5]
Phnom Chisor geography
Stairs leading up Phnom Chisor

References[edit]

  1. ^ cambodia-travel.com Phnom Chisor
  2. ^ Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella (ed.). The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.
  3. ^ Higham, C., 2001, The Civilization of Angkor, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, ISBN 9781842125847
  4. ^ a b "Stars at the Horizon". angkorguide.net. Retrieved 2019-05-19.
  5. ^ Lonely, Planet; Ray, Nick; Harrell, Ashley (2018). Lonely Planet Cambodia. Lonely Planet Publications. ISBN 9781786570659.

External links[edit]