Zhonghe–Xinlu Line

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Zhonghe–Xinlu Line
Taipei Metro Line O.svg
Platform in Dingxi Station of the Taipei metro.JPG
Dingxi Station of TRTS Yellow Line
Overview
Other name(s) Orange Line
Type Rapid transit
Status In service
Locale Taiwan Taipei and New Taipei, Taiwan
Termini Luzhou, Huilong
Nanshijiao
Stations 27
Services Zhonghe Line,
Xinzhuang Line,
Luzhou Line
Operation
Opened Zhonghe Line:
  December 24, 1998
Luzhou Line:
  November 3, 2010
Xinzhuang Line:
  November 3, 2010 (Taipei City part)
January 5, 2012 (Part of New Taipei City part)
Operator(s) Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation
Rolling stock Kawasaki C371 stock
Technical
Line length 31.5 km
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification Third rail (750 volts DC)
Operating speed 80 km/h
Route map
Orange Line2.PNG
Lujhou Line.PNG
Zhonghe–Xinlu Line
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 中和新蘆線
Simplified Chinese 中和新芦线
Second alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 橘線
Simplified Chinese 橘线

Zhonghe–Xinlu Line or Orange Line (O as identifier) is a line of Taipei Metro. As of 29 June 2013, all construction on the Line O has been completed. The line runs through New Taipei and Taipei and has a terminus in Taoyuan City.

Due to heavy traffic for residents in the districts of Luzhou and Sanchong traveling in and out of downtown Taipei, a rapid transit line was constructed to meet this urgent need.[1] Although the Luzhou Line is technically only the section from Daqiaotou to Luzhou, the Xinzhuang Line section is commonly included as part of the Luzhou Line. All stations are equipped with platform screen doors and it is the first high-capacity line in the system equipped with them.

As of April 2016, the Xinzhuang Depot was still under construction and expected to be finished on January 2018, completing the Xinzhuang Line.[2]

History[edit]

On June 1992, the construction of Zhonghe Line began. It was the most difficult and arduous one among all lines of Taipei metro. The tunnels running through Zhonghe-Yonghe area had to pass under narrow streets, skyscrapers and crowded blocks, with limited spaces for underground station above ground. As a result, the whole neighborhood traffic had its so-called "Dark Ages" when the Cut-and-cover method was used for station platforms, concourses and crossovers during the 1990s. Besides the river-crossing section, the work suffered from biogas below the waterfront. After the construction, Zhonghe Line became more costly than all the other lines, 6,249 million NT dollars per kilometer.[3]

Since the line opened for service on December 24, 1998,[4] it has been the most important access to downtown Taipei for nearly half a million of commuters who live in the district.

On January 15, 2011, Dongmen Station was still under construction while the track for the section from Zhongxiao Xinsheng to Guting (which passes through Dongmen Station) had already been laid.[5] At the time, Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation Vice Bureau Chief Chang Pei-yi noted that there was a possibility of opening the line for service while skipping both Dongmen and Guting stations, thus allowing for through service on the Orange Line.[5] However, this did not occur. The section opened for service on September 30, 2012 along with Dongmen Station.

On December 18, 2011, the 8.2 km (5.1 mi) Daqiaotou to Fu Jen University section passed final inspections by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications.[6] It opened for service on January 5, 2012.[7] On its first full day of service, the line served 82,000 passengers.[8] The line is expected to serve 100,000 passengers daily.

Although the line was called the Luzhou Branch Line during construction, the name was changed to simply the Luzhou Line before it opened for service.

  • 2002: The Luzhou and Xinzhuang lines begin construction as part of Phase II development of the Taipei Metro.[9]
  • September 2007: Track laying begins for the Luzhou Line.
  • September 25, 2008: Since track laying has been completed for the Luzhou Line, tracks are laid for the segment of the Xinzhuang Line within Taipei.
  • April 1, 2009: Train testing begins for the Luzhou Line and the segment of the Xinzhuang Line within Taipei.
  • August 22, 2009: It is announced that although the line was to come into operation before the Spring Festival of 2010, due to malfunctions in the Neihu Line, service for the line would be pushed back to September 2010.[10]
  • April 24, 2009: The Department of Rapid Transit Systems (DORTS) denies saying that the line would open before the Spring Festival in 2010. The Executive Yuan sets the line to begin service by December 31, 2010. DORTS says it will push forward with an anticipated September 2010 opening date.[11]
  • March 2, 2010: DORTS says that the line is planned to open by September 1, 2010 in order to coincide with the Flora Expo. It will use the Taoyuan International Airport MRT's power as backup, so that by November 2010 the Xinzhuang Line can begin train testing through Touqianzhuang.[11]
  • May 2010: Construction for Sanchong Elementary School, Sanhe Junior High School, Luzhou, and Luzhou Depot is completed. Construction for Sanmin Senior High School and St. Ignatius High School is finishing up.
  • June 30, 2010: Construction finishes on all stations.
  • July 2010: Train testing begins.
  • September 4–5, 2010: The Luzhou Line and Xinzhuang Line city portion (to Zhongxiao Xinsheng) undergoes initial public testing.[12]
  • November 3, 2010: The line opens for service with the opening of the Luzhou to Zhongxiao Xinsheng section.[13] A free trial period for the line ran until December 2, 2010.[9]
  • December 3, 2010: The line began revenue service.[9]

Impact[edit]

Since its first three weeks after opening, the line (along with the Xinzhuang Line section) had reached a total ridership of over 3 million passengers, with an average of 157,000 passengers per day.[14] It is expected to cut travel time between Luzhou and Taipei by at least half,[15] with travel time between Luzhou and Taipei Main Station cut down to 17 minutes.[16] The system surpassed an annual ridership of 500 million for the first time on December 29, 2010, widely attributed to the opening of the new line.[17] The line has been effective in relieving congestion, with a 24% increase in average vehicle speed crossing Taipei Bridge (to Taipei) during rush hour since the opening of the line.[18] During the initial one-month trial, bus routes that ran parallel to the metro route experienced a 40% decrease in ridership, although bus ridership is expected to rise again after the end of the free trial.[19]

In anticipation of the opening of the new line, property prices along the route have risen by 36% since 2008.[20] Although small businesses along the line (most notably in Zhongshan and Datong, two older districts) have benefited from increased business during the free trial period, analysts noted that the initial business boon may only be short-lived and it may be years before these areas see real benefits as a result of the new line.[21]

Rolling stock[edit]

Over the years, three versions of rolling stock were used on this line, as well as on the through services between Nanshijiao and Beitou. Originally, the line used a large fleet of C301 train sets. In 1999, only a few C341 train sets were used. In 2007, some C371 train sets were introduced. Today, the entire fleet used on this line is the C371 train sets after the original C301 train sets were confined to the Tamsui and Xindian Lines upon the opening of Dongmen Station on September 30, 2012.

Stations[edit]

The Xinlu and Zhonghe sections connect to each other, while the Luzhou and Xinzhuang sections split at Daqiaotou. The operating services of the three sections are as follows:

Taipei Metro Line O.svg [Huilong - Nanshijiao]
Taipei Metro Line O.svg [Luzhou - Nanshijiao].
Route
Services
Code Station Name Section Transfer Location
English Chinese
O54 Luzhou
(Luzhou Lee Family Historic Estate)
蘆洲
(蘆洲李宅)
Luzhou Luzhou New Taipei
O53 Sanmin Senior High School
(National Open University)
三民高中
(空中大學)
O52 St. Ignatius High School 徐匯中學  Y  [planned]
O51 Sanhe Junior High School 三和國中 Sanchong
O50 Sanchong Elementary School 三重國小
O21 Huilong/Lo-Sheng 迴龍/樂生

Xinzhuang

Guishan
Xinzhuang
Taoyuan
O20 Danfeng 丹鳳 Xinzhuang
Taishan
New Taipei
O19 Fu Jen University 輔大 Xinzhuang
O18 Xinzhuang
(Xinzhuang Temple Street)
新莊
(新莊廟街)
O17 Touqianzhuang
(Taipei Hospital)
頭前庄
(臺北醫院)
 Y  [2017]
O16 Xianse Temple 先嗇宮 Sanchong
O15 Sanchong 三重 Taoyuan Metro A  (A2)
O14 Cailiao
(New Taipei City Hospital)
菜寮
(新北巿立醫院)
O13 Taipei Bridge 台北橋
O12 Daqiaotou
(Daqiao Elementary School)
大橋頭
(大橋國小)
Datong Taipei
O11 Minquan West Road 民權西路 Taipei Metro Line R.svg (R13) Datong
Zhongshan
O10 Zhongshan Elementary School
(Qingguang Commercial Zone)
中山國小
(晴光商圈)
Zhongshan
O09 Xingtian Temple 行天宮
O08 Songjiang Nanjing 松江南京 Taipei Metro Line G.svg (G15)
O07 Zhongxiao Xinsheng
(National Taipei University of Technology)
忠孝新生
(台北科大)
Taipei Metro Line BL.svg (BL14) Da'an
Zhongzheng
O06 Dongmen 東門 Taipei Metro Line R.svg (R07)
O05 Guting 古亭 Zhonghe Taipei Metro Line G.svg (G09)
O04 Dingxi 頂溪 Yonghe New Taipei
O03 Yongan Market 永安市場 Yonghe
Zhonghe
O02 Jingan 景安  Y  [2017] Zhonghe
O01 Nanshijiao 南勢角

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Introduction to the MRT Luzhou Line". Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation. 2010-11-01. Retrieved 2010-11-24. 
  2. ^ "Network: Second Stage". Department of Rapid Transit Systems, Taipei City Government. 2015-07-09. Retrieved 2016-04-15. 
  3. ^ 《都市捷運:規劃與設計(下)》,張志榮著
  4. ^ Cite error: The named reference firststage was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ a b "捷運趕通車 蘆洲線擬跳東門接古亭". The Liberty Times. 2011-01-15. Retrieved 2011-01-22. 
  6. ^ "MRT Xinzhuang line passes final inspection despite minor flaws". Taiwan News. 2011-12-18. Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  7. ^ "MRT Xinzhuang line begins commercial service". Focus Taiwan News Channel. 2012-01-05. Retrieved 2012-01-05. 
  8. ^ "新莊線通車首日旅運8.2萬人次 整體營運順利". 中國廣播公司. 2012-01-06. Retrieved 2012-01-07. 
  9. ^ a b c "Taipei MRT's Luzhou Line to start operations Wednesday afternoon". Focus Taiwan News Channel. 2010-11-02. Retrieved 2010-11-02. 
  10. ^ "捷運蘆洲支線 延明年9月通車-聯合新聞網". Retrieved 8 February 2009. 
  11. ^ a b "北捷蘆洲支線9月通車 新莊線試駛頭前庄站(2010.03.02)". Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  12. ^ "捷運蘆洲支線9月3和4日初勘 台北市政府捷運工程局". Retrieved 2010-09-03. 
  13. ^ "MRT Luzhou line to open Nov. 3". Taipei Times. 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  14. ^ "蘆洲線試乘 已逾305萬人次". UDN. 2010-11-25. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  15. ^ "President offers congratulations on opening of MRT Luzhou Line". Focus Taiwan News Channel. 2010-11-03. Retrieved 2010-11-02. 
  16. ^ "捷運系統蘆洲線簡介" (PDF). Department of Rapid Transit Systems, Taipei City Government. 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  17. ^ "Record breaking year for Taipei's MRT network". The China Post. 2010-12-30. Retrieved 2010-12-31. 
  18. ^ 張家嘯 (2010-11-26). "蘆洲線試乘破305萬 橘色路線圖沒標錯". CardU 焦點新聞. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  19. ^ "蘆洲線捷運搶客 公車載量掉四成". The Liberty Times. 2010-12-08. Retrieved 2010-12-08. 
  20. ^ "Luzhou Line property value rises through the roof". The China Post. 2010-09-03. Retrieved 2010-09-06. 
  21. ^ "Luzhou Line boom may be short-lived: vendors". Taipei Times. 2010-11-27. Retrieved 2010-11-28.