Zia'eddin Tabatabaee

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Seyyed Zia'eddin Tabatabaee
Zia'eddin Tabatabaee.jpg
18th Prime Minister of Iran
In office
21 February 1921 – 4 June 1921
Monarch Ahmad Shah Qajar
Preceded by Fathollah Khan Akbar
Succeeded by Ahmad Qavam
Personal details
Born June 1889
Shiraz, Iran
Died 29 August 1969(1969-08-29) (aged 80)
Tehran, Iran
Political party Homeland Party

Seyyed Zia'eddin Tabatabaee (June 1889[1] – August 29, 1969) (Persian: سید ضیاءالدین طباطبایی‎) was an Iranian politician and the Prime Minister of Iran (Persia) from February to May 1921 under Ahmad Shah, the last Shah of the Qajar dynasty.

Life and career[edit]

Born in Shiraz, Tabatabaee came to power in a coup d'état with the help of Reza Khan Mirpanj, who later became the Shah of Persia (which then came to be formally recognized as Iran by the international community), as Reza Shah Pahlavi.

When Tabatabaee became prime minister, he was 33 years old. His career did have an early start, however. In Shiraz, he first opened a newspaper called Banāy-i Islam (Foundations of Islam), followed by the newspaper Ra'd (Thunder) at the age of 23. After Ra'd was shut down by the authorities, he then published another newspaper called Bargh (Lightning), and became active in the Persian Constitutional Revolution.

His political tendencies were perceived to be pro-British by many Iranians and British diplomats. However, when he went into exile in the Palestine in the 1930s, he received money from fascist Italy and promised an oil concession in northern Iran.[2] The historian Ervand Abrahamian characterized Tabatabaee as a "right-wing opportunist".[2] In Palestine, he was also hired as a senior consultant by the government of Afghanistan with Britain's backing. Tehran's government vehemently objected to this move, leading Kabul to back down on the initiative.

Tabatabaee died at the age of 80 of a heart attack in Tehran. He was buried in Ray.

Sometime after his death, the ownership of Tabatabaee's house was transferred to SAVAK and was then converted into what is today known as Evin Prison, the main prison where political prisoners are kept, both before the Iranian Revolution and afterwards.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.rouzshomar.ir/سید-ضیاء-الدین-طباطبایی-نفر-دوم-کودتای/
  2. ^ a b Abrahamian, Ervand (2013). The coup : 1953, the CIA, and the roots of modern U.S.-Iranian relations. New York: New Press, The. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-59558-826-5. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Fathollah Khan Akbar
Prime Minister of Iran
1921
Succeeded by
Ahmad Qavam
Party political offices
Vacant
Party founded
Leader of the National Will Party
1943–1946
Vacant
Party dissolved