Åbo Akademi University
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|Åbo Akademi University|
|Rector||Prof. Jorma Mattinen|
Åbo Akademi University (Swedish: Åbo Akademi Swedish pronunciation: [ˈoːbu akadeˈmiː]) is the only exclusively Swedish language university in Finland. It is located in Turku (Åbo is the Swedish name of the city). As of 2004[update], there are 7 941 students and a staff consisting of 1125 people. The university has activities not only in Turku, but also in Vaasa, Jakobstad, Helsinki and on Åland. Åbo Akademi was a private institution until 1981, when it was turned into a public institution.
Åbo Akademi was founded by private donations in 1918 as the second university in Finland, both to let Turku again become a university town and because it was felt that the Swedish language was threatened at the University of Helsinki. The Finnish University of Turku was founded 1920, also by private donations and for similar reasons.
As the only uni-lingually Swedish multi-faculty university in the world outside Sweden and consequently the only one in Finland, Åbo Akademi University is responsible for higher education for a large proportion of the Swedish-speaking population. This role has many implications on the education and research as well as on the social environment. As there are few students in most subjects, cooperation between the subjects and with other universities is very important.
A significant minority of the students are Finnish-speaking. While Turku in itself is mostly Finnish, the university provides a strong Swedish environment. Most of the students, regardless of original language, will be functionally bilingual when finishing their studies.
The university has a policy that non-Swedish speaking applicants from the Nordic countries are required to participate in a Swedish language test, in order to prove their ability to successfully study in Swedish. Applicants from non-Nordic countries can, however, choose between Swedish or English language tests.
The university consists of twelve departments:
The faculty area of Arts:
- Faculty of Arts
- Faculty of Education (located mainly in Vaasa)
- Faculty of Theology
- Department of Psychology and Logopedics
- Department of Design Technology/ Food
The faculty area of Social Sciences:
- School of Business and Economics
- Department of Social Sciences (located partly in Vaasa)
- Department of Political Science (located partly in Vaasa)
- Department of Law
The faculty area of Natural Sciences:
- Department of Biosciences
- Department of Information Technology
- Department of Chemical Engineering
- Department of Natural Sciences
In addition, there are several other units and joint programs, such as:
- MediaCity (located in Vaasa)
- Language Centre
- Centre for Continuing Education
- Institute of Human Rights
- Turku PET Centre (jointly run by Turku University, Åbo Akademi and the Turku University Hospital)
- Turku Centre for Computer Science (TUCS) (in co-operation with Turku University, among others)
- Turku Centre for Biotechnology (in co-operation with Turku University, among others)
When the university was turned into a public institution the foundation Stiftelsen för Åbo Akademi remained. Besides maintaining many of buildings of the university, it is also a significant donor. With a new law on higher educations, the universities in Finland are planned to be turned into semi-private institutions.
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