Aalto University

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Aalto University
Aalto-yliopisto
Aalto-universitetet
Aalto University logo
Latin: Universitas Aalto
Established 2010
Type Public Foundation
Endowment 700 million[1]
President Tuula Teeri
Admin. staff 5 330[2]
Students 19 993 (2012)[2]
Location Espoo and Helsinki, Finland
Campus Urban
Budget Approx. 421 million per year[2]
Affiliations CLUSTER, UArctic, CESAER
Website www.aalto.fi

Aalto University (Finnish: Aalto-yliopisto, Swedish: Aalto-universitetet) is a new university with centuries of experience. It is primarily located in Greater Helsinki, Finland. The university was created as a result of a merger between three leading Finnish universities that include the Helsinki University of Technology (established 1849), the Helsinki School of Economics (established 1904), and the University of Art and Design Helsinki (established 1871). The result of this close collaboration between the scientific, business and arts community opens up new possibilities for strong multi-disciplinary education and research, which is imperative for creating radical solutions to existing modern technological problems. The Finnish government, in 2010, set out to create a university that has innovation built into its foundations, merging three institutions into one along the way, forming an entity that serves as Finland's model for an innovation university. [3]

It comprises six schools with over 19,000 students and 5,000 staff members, thus being Finland's third-largest university. The six schools of Aalto University are all renowned institutions in their respective fields. The main campus of Aalto University is located in Otaniemi, Espoo, where the engineering schools operate, with two schools currently headquartered in Helsinki: the School of Business in Töölö and the School of Arts, Design and Architecture in Arabianranta (set to be relocated to Otaniemi in 2016). In addition, the university operates several units outside Greater Helsinki in Mikkeli, Pori and Vaasa.

Aalto university's operations showcase Finland’s bold new experiment in higher education. The Aalto Design Factory, AppCampus, ADD LAB and Aalto Ventures Program, among others, drive the university's mission for a radical shift towards multidisciplinary learning and have contributed substantially to the emergence of Helsinki as a hotbed for startups. Aaltoes, which stands for Aalto Entrepreneurship Society, is Europe’s largest student run entrepreneurship community and organises the Startup Sauna accelerator program for startups, raising more than USD 36 million in funding since 2010.

The university is named in honour of Alvar Aalto, a prominent Finnish architect, designer and alumnus of the former Helsinki University of Technology, who was also instrumental in designing a large part of the university's main campus in Otaniemi.

History[edit]

In 2004, a workgroup led by Anne Brunila of the Finnish Ministry of Finance concluded that Finland had too many universities and other institutes of tertiary education which should be consolidated. Following this, Yrjö Sotamaa, president of the University of Art and Design Helsinki at the time, proposed the merger of Aalto University's founding schools in his president's opening speech in 2005. Sotamaa's line of reasoning was that this move would create a unique interdisciplinary university that was needed to create new innovative thought.[citation needed]

The idea received attention within the Finnish Ministry of Education, which appointed Raimo Sailas, a leading official at the Ministry of Finance, to investigate the possibility of a merger. After Sailas' group reported that it considered the merger to be beneficial to the Finnish academic world and economy, the Finnish government decided to go on with the project on November 11, 2007.

On May 29, 2008, the government announced that the new university would be named for the Finnish architect Alvar Aalto in honor of his achievements in technology, economics and art. The Finnish Minister of Education at the time, Ms. Sari Sarkomaa, together with representatives of Finnish industries and professional organisations, signed the Aalto University charter on June 25, 2008 in Helsinki. On December 19, 2008, Prof. Tuula Teeri was selected by the Board to be the first President of Aalto University.

Aalto University started operating on January 1, 2010. In the process of creating the university the university law of Finland was rewritten for the university to be allowed to collect endowment. The process of collecting donations is still under way and aims to collect a total of 200 million euros from private donations. All private donations will be augmented by 2.5 times the sum by the Finnish state, to a maximum of 500 million euros. Making the projected goal of fund raising 700 million euros.[4]

Helsinki University of Technology[edit]

Surveying students with professor in the early days of the university of technology.

As the Aalto University was founded the four schools of science and engineering were formed out of the departments of the Helsinki University of Technology (TKK), founded in 1849 by Grand Duke Nicholas I. It received university status in 1908. In 1966, the University of Technology moved from Hietalahti in downtown Helsinki to its current Otaniemi campus, designed by Alvar Aalto. At the time of creation of Aalto University, TKK had about 250 professors and approximately 15,000 students. This means the largest part of the Aalto University is formed from the former Helsinki University of Technology.

In 2011, the former University of Technology (then known as Aalto University School of Science and Technology) was split up into four schools, corresponding to the former TKK faculties: School of Chemical Technology (CHEM), School of Electrical Engineering (ELEC), School of Engineering (ENG), and School of Science (SCI).

Helsinki School of Economics[edit]

The Helsinki School of Economics (HSE) was established in Helsinki in 1904 by the business community and was given the status of a university in 1911. It operated as a private university until 1974, when the state of Finland was given the financial responsibility of the university.

Following the merger, the university was briefly renamed Aalto University School of Economics, and is currently known as Aalto University School of Business (Aalto BIZ).

University of Art and Design Helsinki[edit]

Leo Mechelin served as one of the first presidents of the school of art and design.

The University of Art and Design Helsinki has been the largest art university in the Nordic countries. It was founded in 1871. Media Centre Lume - the National Research and Development Center of audiovisual media - is also located in the university. The university awarded the following academic degrees: Bachelor of Arts, Master of Arts, and Doctor of Arts.

The university has been active in establishing research projects and industrial collaborations via the private sector. During the rectorship of Yrjö Sotamaa the university was active in integrating design into Finnish innovation networks.

Following the merger, the university was briefly renamed Aalto University School of Art and Design. In 2012, the Department of Architecture, which historically has been a part of the Helsinki University of Technology, was moved to the school, and the name was changed to Aalto University School of Art, Design and Architecture (Aalto ARTS).

Administration and organisation[edit]

Governance[edit]

The university, which is incorporated as Aalto University Foundation, is governed by the seven-member Aalto University Foundation Board. The Board decides on the Foundation's strategy, operation and financial issues, is responsible for any far-reaching plans and appoints the University president and vice rectors. The first President of Aalto University is Tuula Teeri, a molecular geneticist and former deputy president of Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm, Sweden). The university is organized into six schools with their respective deans and administrative structures.

Schools[edit]

The university is organized since the beginning of 2011 into six schools formed out of the three merged universities. Each school has several departments and separate laboratories as well as a number of separate research and other units.

Other units and institutes[edit]

Academics[edit]

University rankings
Global
Times[6] 251-275
QS[7] 196

Studies[edit]

Study in Science and Technology[edit]

A lecture of mathematics for undergraduates inside the main building.

All engineering programmes offered by the schools of science and technology lead to the degree of diplomi-insinööri (M.Sc. (Tech.), Master of Science in Technology), a five-year taught Master's degree, which is fairly similar to the German Diplom-Ingenieur degrees. From 2005, according to the Bologna process, all students must also complete a Bachelor's degree (B.Sc. (Tech), Bachelor of Science in Technology), in Finnish tekniikan kandidaatti or TkK, before the DI or architect's degree. However, the schools of science and technology do not offer programs terminating in a Bachelor's degree; a student may only be accepted to study for the Master's level degree. The schools of science and technology require a Bachelor's degree from foreign students studying in English, because only Master's studies are offered completely in English.

Undergraduate studies are generally quite similar in between different programs with a considerable part being taken by a tuition of a solid base in mathematics and physics.

Apart from numerous programs in Finnish/Swedish, various international Master's programs are offered exclusively for studies in English [4]. The postgraduate degrees given are tekniikan lisensiaatti (Lic.Sc. (Tech.), Licenciate of Science in Technology) and tekniikan tohtori (D.Sc. (Tech.), Doctor of Science in Technology).

Finnish students are accepted mainly on the basis of result in the national DIA entrance exam. The exam variant taken by most entrants mainly tests quantitative ability in mathematics, physics and chemistry, but specialized tests are available for students applying to a number of programs. The score required for entry to the Aalto University varies much depending on the intended field of study, however, in general the scores required for the Aalto University are higher than for any other university granting entry through the DIA exam. For example, the mean sum of mathematics and physics DIA exam scores was 7.2 in the year 2010, whereas the mean minimum sum of mathematics and physics exam scores for gaining admission to an Aalto program was 17.1-20.1, depending on the priority point distribution.[8] Aalto also contains five of the most selective programs with respect to the matriculation exam scores, out of approximately total of 50 university technology programs in the nation, of which approximately 30 are outside of Aalto, and the three most selective programs with respect to entrance exam and combined scores. The minimum scores required for these top programs are in the 95th-99th percentile range of the whole applicant pool, and approximately 98th-99.8th percentile of what would be the score distribution of the whole age group.

Study in Arts, Design and Architecture[edit]

The School of Arts, Design and Architecture has been a leader in art and design education in Finland for over 138 years. It is an international postgraduate university institution with students from over 50 countries. It offers doctorate, master and bachelor degrees in a wide range of disciplines - fine art, design, new media, art education, visual culture, motion picture and production design. School of Arts, Design and Architecture is a pioneer in research and in developing interdisciplinary study programmes.

The school received its current name in the beginning of 2012 when the architecture department moved in from the School of Engineering (previously part of Helsinki University of Technology).[9] The architecture programmes lead to the Master of Science degrees in architecture and landscape architecture.

Study in Business[edit]

The School of Business offers degrees in economics and business administration at the Bachelor, Master, Licentiate and Doctoral levels, along with MBA programs targeted to business professionals. Many of the degrees and programs are offered in English.[10]

In its degree programs, the school has a two-step program structure with a three-year Bachelors degree followed by a two-year Masters degree. A doctoral degree normally takes four additional years.

The Aalto University School of Business has two campuses. The main campus is located in the center of Helsinki. At this campus, the school offers five Bachelor of Science Programs (out of which two are offered entirely in English) and 15 Master of Science Programs, including the European joint degree CEMS MIM and three joint programs organized between Aalto schools. Nine out of the 15 Master of Science Programs are offered entirely in English. New students start by studying towards the BSc in Economics and Business Administration degree and on completion, are eligible to continue to study for the Master’s degree.

The Mikkeli campus is located 230 km away from Helsinki in Mikkeli and offers an English language Bachelor’s program in International Business (BScBA).

MBA Programs[edit]

Aalto MBA and Executive MBA Programs are organized by Aalto University Executive Education Ltd. MBA and Executive MBA programs are offered in Helsinki, China, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan and Poland and have tuition fees, unlike the degree programs. The MBA program is taught through two-week modules by visiting faculty from some of the top business schools in the world, including Emory University, Rutgers Business School, University of South Carolina, Georgetown University, UCLA, Concordia University, Queen’s University, Rotterdam School of Management, Indiana University, ESADE and INSEAD.[11][12]

CEMS Masters in Management[edit]

The Global Alliance in Management Education (CEMS) is a strategic alliance of 25 member schools around the world – each a top school of its country – and 57 prestigious corporate partners.[13]

The (CEMS) Master's in International Management provides a unique blend of top-level education and professional experience for multilingual, multicultural postgraduate students.[14] The CEMS Corporate Partners of Aalto University are Kone, Nokia and Stora Enso.

Aalto University students have the opportunity to take (CEMS) MIM program in addition to their M.Sc. degree program at Aalto University. CEMS MIM is a one year's specialization program in international management. The CEMS MIM curriculum has been jointly designed by CEMS Schools and the Corporate Partners. At graduation, CEMS students at Aalto ECON receive both M.Sc. degree certificate and CEMS MIM certificate. CEMS MIM has a high recognition among the corporate sector. In 2009, CEMS program was ranked 1st in 2009 and 2nd in 2010 by the Financial Times among Masters in Management programs.[15]

Research[edit]

Radio science done with the receiver in the Planck probe reveals the age and composition of the universe.

Researchers at Aalto University have achieved notability in, among other things, low temperature physics (holding the current world record for the lowest temperature achieved), the development of devices and methods for magnetoencephalography, mobile communications, wood processing, and neural networks, with professor Teuvo Kohonen initiating research in self-organizing maps. Additionally, the first commercialised total synthesis, the synthesis of camphor, was invented by Gustaf Komppa, the first professor of chemistry at TKK[16] and the Nobel laureate (chemistry, 1945) Artturi Virtanen held a professorship in biochemistry at TKK. More recently, the university has notably invested in the research of nanotechnology, operating the largest cleanroom facility in Northern Europe[17] and one of the largest microscopy clusters in Europe.[18] MilliLab, a joint laboratory of VTT and Aalto University, built one of the radio receivers in the Planck probe, which maps the cosmic microwave background for determining the age and composition of the universe.[19]

Centres of Excellence[edit]

Aalto University participates in seven Centres of Excellence (Finnish: huippuyksikkö), selected by the Academy of Finland to represent the top research in the country, and receiving separate, fixed-period funding from the Academy.[20] Currently, the following units are designated Centres of Excellence.[21]

  • Centre of Excellence in Computational Nanoscience [5]
  • Centre of Excellence in Computational Inference [6]
  • Centre of Excellence in Laser Scanning Research
  • Centre of Excellence in Low Temperature Quantum Phenomena and Devices [7]
  • Centre of Excellence in Molecular Engineering of Biosynthetic Hybrid Materials [8]
  • Centre of Excellence in Molecular Systems Immunology and Physiology, together with University of Helsinki and University of Turku
  • Centre of Excellence in Research on Solar Long-Term Variability and Effects, together with University of Oulu and Finnish Meteorological Institute

Network Memberships[edit]

Campuses[edit]

The main university campus is located in Otaniemi, Espoo. The other two campuses are located in Arabia and Töölö in the former premises of TaiK and HSE, respectively, but are set to be gradually moved to Otaniemi, save for the master's level education in economy which is set to stay in Töölö.[22]

Main Campus Otaniemi[edit]

The four Schools of Science and Technology are based in Otaniemi in Espoo, 10 km from the center of Helsinki, on a campus designed by Alvar Aalto. Otaniemi has the highest concentration of high technology in the Nordic countries.[23] Several high-tech companies, the Finnish forest industry's joint experimental laboratory KCL, and business incubators Innopoli and Technopolis are also situated nearby. It is also directly adjacent to Keilaniemi, with Life Science Center and the headquarters of several notable Finnish companies, such as Nokia and Fortum. The Otaniemi campus is connected by a 15-minute bus ride to the center of Helsinki. A metro connection is currently being constructed, set to open in late 2015.

The ‘Teekkarikylä’ Student Village, home to over 2,000 students of technology, is also located in Otaniemi. There are over one hundred student organizations on campus which provide a range of opportunities to take part in pastimes of various kinds, from sports to music.

Culture and student life[edit]

A traditional Finnish technology student's hat (teekkarilakki) photographed on top of a mirror.

The Aalto University students are known for active student life.

An integral part of many student traditions play the brightly colored overalls worn to many events. The color of the overall signals what the student studies (e.g. the economy students are recognized from dollar green overalls). The student community has also organised important charity events. In fact, the name for these events tempaus, has entered common language to describe any carnival-like charity event.[citation needed]

The students of technology (teekkarit) are especially noticeable, as they wear a distinctive hat with a tuft on many occasions (both formal and informal). Technology students are also famous for, and Finland's leading practitioners of, student pranks (jäynä), similar in principle to MIT hacks. Their most widely publicised stunt took place in 1961, when a team of students smuggled a statue of Paavo Nurmi onto the 300-year-old wreck of Regalskeppet Vasa just days before its lifting from the bottom of the sea.[24]

The students of economy are known[citation needed] for their parties in downtown Helsinki, where the economy student building hosts a lavish[citation needed] nightclub, the KY Klubi (the economy student club).

Although student traditions vary in between the different constituent schools common activities started to burgeon early after the foundation of Aalto University. The most noticeable student event of the first year of the university was Aalto on Tracks, where a group of 100 students came together to rent a private train which they traveled 10 000 km on from Helsinki to the Shanghai Expo enjoying multidisciplinary talks and workshops on the way.[25] The event was such a success that the follow-up Aalto on waves is planned to arrange a trip by boat to South America. Aalto on Tracks also spurred students of Tongji University to arrange Tongji on Tracks which essentially takes the journey of Aalto on Tracks in the opposite direction.[26]

Aalto Entrepreneurship Society is a multi-disciplinary society uniting students and graduates of all disciplines of the University. It aims to encourage high-tech, high-growth, scalable entrepreneurship by arranging get-togethers to spark ideas and innovations and aid start-up initiatives among the Aalto students.

Masters of Aalto[edit]

Masters of Aalto (MoA, formerly known as the Masters of Arts festival) is an annual event in May where the new professionals of the multidisciplinary university meet the public.

An extensive exhibition showcases a wide array of works: everything from distinguished theses, individual statements, concepts and products arising from commercial collaboration to works of art. For the graduating students, the exhibition is an opportunity to interact with society, future employers, the media and other influential parties.

In addition to the exhibition, MoA offers a varying program with seminars, discussions, films, workshops and guided tours.[27]

Student Union[edit]

Aalto University Student Union (Finnish: Aalto-yliopiston ylioppilaskunta, AYY in short) is the official student union of Aalto University. Every Bachelor's and Master's degree student enrolled in Aalto University is a member of the Student Union.

The purpose of AYY is to represent the students, look after their interests, and support the community of 15,000 students. AYY provides its members with a variety of services such as healthcare, recreation and housing. The Student Union is financed by membership fees, investments and profits from student housing.

Aalto University Student Union was formed in the beginning of 2010 through a merger between the respective student unions of the merged universities.

The Aalto University is also one of the two universities in Finland to host one or more Nations, a Finnish type of student corporation. AU's only nation is Teknologföreningen (TF) and its goal is to unite Swedish-speaking students at the university. The nation is housed in its peculiar building called Urdsgjallar. Since 1972, when the corresponding Finnish-speaking nation Tekniikan Ylioppilaat was abolished, there are no nations for the Finnish-speaking students, though the 15 regional nations at the University of Helsinki, both Finnish- and Swedish-speaking, do welcome AU students as members.[28][29]

Associations[edit]

The Retuperä WBK is a student band that parodies a volunteer fire brigade brass band. In this picture Retuperä is performing in central Helsinki on top of their fire truck.

In addition to the student union, Aalto university students have formed numerous associations for studies, cultural activity and sports. There are more than 150 associations maintained by university students.

List of student associations[edit]

Currently this list includes only the associations known to have English Wikipedia articles.

Student housing[edit]

The housing area of Otaniemi campus, known as Teekkarikylä (technology student village), is owned mostly by the student union and partly by HOAS (Helsinki Student Housing Fund). The housing is characterised by the presence of foreign students of many nationalities. As of 2005, the village offers housing for approximately 2,600 students.[30]

Construction of the Otaniemi campus was started in 1950, in order for the first buildings to host the athletes of the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki. Some of the building material originally used for the campus was acquired from the former Soviet Union embassy, which had been destroyed during World War II,[31] as a result of bombings by the Soviet Union itself. The student housing has been used for housing athletes again in e.g. the 2005 World Championships in Athletics, sometimes to the dismay of the students that have to move out during the events. The quality of the Otaniemi student housing holds a high standard in international comparison.

Some student housing is also available in the vicinity of the other campuses.

The Otaniemi campus also contains the former student union building Dipoli, named as the second Poli, the successor of the first student union building in downtown Helsinki. Dipoli was designed by Reima and Raili Pietilä and completed in 1966. In 1993, the building was permanently rented to the university to act as a conference and continuing education center and later sold due to high maintenance costs. It is regularly used for conventions, congresses and student parties.

Notable people and famous alumni[edit]

All three constituent schools have played an integral part in educating many of the top names in their respective fields in Finland. After the Second World War Finland's economy grew and Finnish companies became players in the international markets requiring highly educated expertise and leadership. Both the schools of technology and economy catered to this need as the premier schools of their fields in the country. During the latter part of the 20th century the schools had to increase their student intake considerably to meet the demands of the burgeoning markets. Meanwhile the school of arts and design has educated many of the household names of art that created what is today known as the distinctive style of Finnish design.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Private donations were collected over a couple of years. By the deadline of July 2011 a total of 200 million in private donations was collected. The state of Finland has agreed to boost all the collected funding by a factor of 2.5. Totaling the pledged sum to 700 million euros. "Aalto University’s foundation capital has been amassed". Aalto University. 2011-06-30. Retrieved 2011-07-07. 
  2. ^ a b c "Key figures and annual reports". Aalto University. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  3. ^ http://www.microsoft.com/eu/whats-next/article/finlands-model-for-an-innovation-university.aspx
  4. ^ http://www.hs.fi/kotimaa/artikkeli/HS-selvitys+Yliopistot+ker%C3%A4nneet+lahjoituksia+325+miljoonaa+euroa/1135267137616
  5. ^ "Factories: workshops for novel expertise". Aalto University. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  6. ^ "Top 400 – The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2013–2014". The Times Higher Education. 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ "QS World University Rankings (2013/14)". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  8. ^ "2011 Valintaopas". 
  9. ^ "School of Arts, Design and Architecture began operations at the start of the year". Aalto University. 2 January 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  10. ^ http://studies.aalto.fi/en/programs/business/
  11. ^ http://www.aaltoee.fi/en
  12. ^ http://studies.aalto.fi/en/program/business/
  13. ^ http://www.cems.org/general/programme/about_cems_mim.htm
  14. ^ http://www.cems.org/about
  15. ^ http://rankings.ft.com/businessschoolrankings/masters-in-management
  16. ^ Kemia-lehti. http://www.kemia-lehti.fi/pdf/gustafkomppa.pdf
  17. ^ "VTT inaugurated Microelectronics and Nanotechnology Centre 'Micronova'". Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  18. ^ "TKK Nanomicroscopy Center". Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  19. ^ http://www.iltalehti.fi/ulkomaat/2013032116811280_ul.shtml
  20. ^ http://www.aka.fi/en-GB/A/Centres-of-Excellence-/Aims/
  21. ^ fi: [1] en: [2]
  22. ^ "Aalto University main campus to be located in Otaniemi". Aalto University. 17 June 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  23. ^ http://www.otaniemi.fi/portal/otaniemi_technology_hub/companies/
  24. ^ Ilta-Sanomat 5 July 1961 "Vasan veijarit", scan available at archive.org dump of ttky.fi.
  25. ^ http://aaltoontracks.com/
  26. ^ http://sfc.tongji.edu.cn/index.php?m=article&a=detail&id=26&nav_id=47
  27. ^ http://moa.aalto.fi
  28. ^ Osakunnat – Nationerna. Osakuntien yhteistyövaliokunta ry. Retrieved 1-12-2008. (Finnish)
  29. ^ Suomalainen, M. (2007) Tunnetko jo osakunnan? Polyteekkari 12/2007. Retrieved 1-12-2008. (Finnish)
  30. ^ "Student Union web pages for the student village". Archived from the original on 6 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-21. 
  31. ^ "History of Teekkarikylä". Retrieved 2007-07-21. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 60°11′10″N 24°49′43″E / 60.18611°N 24.82861°E / 60.18611; 24.82861