From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1200s 1210s 1220s – 1230s – 1240s 1250s 1260s|
|Years:||1234 1235 1236 – 1237 – 1238 1239 1240|
|1237 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1237 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1990|
|Bahá'í calendar||−607 – −606|
|English Regnal year||21 Hen. 3 – 22 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar||丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
3933 or 3873
— to —
丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)
3934 or 3874
|- Vikram Samvat||1293–1294|
|- Shaka Samvat||1159–1160|
|- Kali Yuga||4338–4339|
|Japanese calendar||Katei 3
|Minguo calendar||675 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1780|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1237.|
- Thomas II of Savoy becomes count of Flanders.
- Elbing is founded in the State of the Teutonic Order. Today Elbląg in Poland.
- After turning aside south for 15 years to invade the Caucasus, Asia Minor and Persia—united now under Batu Khan with representatives of all 4 khanates leading 150,000 Mongol, Turkish and Persian troops into Europe, resume the European invasion with the resumption of Mongol invasion of Rus' foreshadowed by.
- December 21 – Mongol invasion of Rus': Sack of Ryazan.
- Gualdo Tadino, Italy, is destroyed by fire.
- The County of Artois is founded in France.
- Baldwin II becomes Latin Emperor of Constantinople.
- Conrad IV of Germany becomes King of Germany.
- The Livonian Brothers of the Sword unite with the Teutonic Knights.
- Battle of Cortenuova: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor defeats the Lombard League.
- A major fire destroys some 30,000 dwellings in the Chinese capital city of Hangzhou.
- September 25 – England and Scotland sign the Treaty of York, establishing the location of their common border.
- February 2 – Joan, Lady of Wales
- April 15 – Richard Poore, English ecclesiastic
- June 6 – John de Scotia, 9th Earl of Huntingdon
- John of Brienne, king of Jerusalem and Latin Emperor of Constantinople (b. c. 1148)
- Pons de Capduelh, French troubadour