1988 World Rally Championship season

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1988 World Rally Championship season
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The 1988 World Rally Championship season was the 16th season of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) World Rally Championship (WRC). The season consisted of 13 rallies, following the same schedule as the previous season.

Martini Lancia followed their successful previous season with an even more dominant performance in 1988, winning ten of the eleven rallies in which manufacturer points were awarded. The Lancia Delta HF 4WD proved fast and reliable in the hands of returning drivers Finn Markku Alén and Italian Miki Biasion. During the season, the car was replaced by the Delta Integrale, which was an immediate success. Biaison would take the drivers' title, with his Finnish teammate placing second behind him. Third driver Frenchman Bruno Saby also contributed to the effort with a rally win, though was not a major contender for the title. Jolly Club driver, Italian Alex Fiorio, would take third place in the driver championship at the wheel of a Lancia Delta as well.

Ford Motor Company struggled to compete, though it was the only other manufacturer besides Lancia to win a rally, with primary driver Didier Auriol winning the Tour de Corse in his Sierra RS Cosworth. Auriol would only reach 6th in the drivers' competition, while Spanish teammate Carlos Sainz would struggle to reach 11th in the standings. Stig Blomqvist, racing for Rallysport Sweden in a Sierra, would finish best amongst Ford drivers, taking 4th in the championship standings.

1988 marked the withdrawal of Audi Sport from the WRC, although a number of small teams and privateers were successful enough using Audi Quattro versions for the manufacturer to place 3rd amongst manufacturers despite the lack of a works effort. Mazda Rally Team Europe made a significant effort to compete with Finn Timo Salonen as their primary driver for the Mazda 323 4WD. Timo would garner 5th place in the driver standings while the manufacturer gained 4th place.

In addition to the primary driver and manufacturer championships, WRC also awarded the FIA Cup for Drivers of Production Cars for a second season. Belgian Pascal Gaban won the hotly contested condest in a Mazda 323 against Argentine Jorge Recalde in his Lancia Delta while Italian Giovanni Del Zoppo, another Delta pilot, finished well behind in third place.


Teams and Drivers[edit]

Team Constructor Car Tyre Drivers Rounds
Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta HF 4WD
Delta Integrale
M Italy Miki Biasion 1, 3–4, 6–7, 9, 12
France Bruno Saby 1, 5
France Yves Loubet 1, 5
Sweden Mikael Ericsson 2–3, 6, 10, 13
Finland Markku Alén 2–3, 6, 10, 12–13
Kenya Vic Preston Jr 4
Argentina Jorge Recalde 9
Japan Mazda Rally Team Europe Mazda 323 4WD M Finland Timo Salonen 1–2, 6, 10, 13
Finland Hannu Mikkola 1–3, 6, 10, 13
Sweden Ingvar Carlsson 1, 3
Belgium Pascal Gaban 2–3, 6, 10–13
New Zealand Rod Millen 7
New Zealand Ray Wilson 8
Italy Jolly Club Lancia Delta 4WD
Delta Integrale
P Italy Alex Fiorio 1–3, 6–7, 10, 12
France Yves Loubet 3, 6, 12
Italy Dario Cerrato 12
France Philips Renault Elf Renault 11 Turbo M France Alain Oreille 1
Portugal Inverno Amaral 3
Portugal Bento Amaral 3
United Kingdom Ford Motor Company Ford Sierra RS Cosworth M
P
Sweden Stig Blomqvist 2–3, 10, 12–13
France Didier Auriol 3, 5, 10, 12
Spain Carlos Sainz 3, 5, 10, 12–13
Portugal Joaquim Santos 3
Kenya John Hellier 4
United Kingdom Mark Lovell 13
United Kingdom GM Euro Sport Opel
Vauxhall
Kadett GSI 16V
Astra GTE
M Sweden Mats Jonsson 2, 10, 13
United Kingdom Malcolm Wilson 2, 6, 13
Finland Hannu Mikkola 4
Austria Sepp Haider 4, 8
United Kingdom Derek Bell 13
United Kingdom David Metcalfe 13
United Kingdom Chris Birkbeck 13
Germany Volkswagen Motorsport Volkswagen Golf GTI 16V P Germany Erwin Weber 3–4
Sweden Lars-Erik Torph 4
Germany Audi Sport Audi 200 Quattro
Coupe Qoattro
90 Quattro
M United Kingdom David Llewellin 3
Austria Georg Fischer 3, 7, 9
Austria Rudi Stohl 4, 6, 9, 11
United States John Buffum 7
New Zealand Malcolm Stewart 8
Italy Paola de Martini 12
Germany Armin Schwarz 13
Japan Toyota Team Europe Toyota Supra Turbo
Celica GT-Four ST165
P Finland Juha Kankkunen 4–6, 10, 12–13
Sweden Kenneth Eriksson 4–5, 10, 12–13
Sweden Björn Waldegård 4, 6, 13
United Kingdom Jimmy McRae 13
Japan Fuji Heavy Industries Subaru RX Turbo D New Zealand Possum Bourne 4, 8
Kenya Ian Duncan 4
Chile José Celsi 9
Japan Nissan Motorsports International Nissan 200SX D Sweden Per Eklund 4
France Alain Ambrosino 4, 11
Kenya Mike Kirkland 4
Kenya Jayant Shah 4
Greece Stratis Hatzipanayiotou 6
Belgium Flory Roothaert 6
New Zealand Paddy Davidson 8
France Bastos Motul BMW BMW M3 P France Bernard Béguin 5
France François Chatriot 5
Belgium Marc Duez 5
Finland Ari Vatanen 10
Italy Andrea Zanussi 12
Japan Mitsubishi Ralliart Europe Mitsubishi Galant VR-4 M Japan Kenjiro Shinozuka 8, 13
Finland Ari Vatanen 13
Austria Lancia Rally Team Austria Lancia Delta Integrale M Austria Franz Wittmann 9

Events[edit]

1988 World Rally Championship event map
WRC-1986.png
Black = Tarmac Brown = Gravel Blue = Snow/Ice Red = Mixed Surface
1988 World Rally Championship schedule and results
Round Rally name Stages Podium finishers
Rank Driver Co-driver Team Car Time
1 Monaco
56ème Rallye Automobile de Monte-Carlo
(16–21 January)
26 stages
624 km
Tarmac
1 France Bruno Saby France Jean-François Fauchille Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta HF 4WD 7:19.11
2 Italy Alex Fiorio Italy Luigi Pirollo Italy Jolly Club Lancia Delta HF 4WD 7:30.01
3 France Jean-Pierre Ballet France Marie-Christine Lallement France Enjolras Sport Peugeot 205 GTI 7:42.46
2 Sweden
38th International Swedish Rally
(4–6 February)
35 stages
491 km
Snow/Ice
1 Finland Markku Alén Finland Ilkka Kivimäki Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta HF 4WD 5:02.31
2 Sweden Stig Blomqvist Sweden Benny Melander Sweden Rallysport Sweden Ford Sierra XR 4x4 5:04.08
3 Sweden Lars-Erik Torph Sweden Tina Thörner Sweden Team VAG Sweden Audi Coupe Quattro 5:10.03
3 Portugal
22º Rallye de Portugal Vinho do Porto
(1–6 March)
37 stages
589 km
Gravel/Tarmac
1 Italy Miki Biasion Italy Carlo Cassina Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 6:44.01
2 Italy Alex Fiorio Italy Luigi Pirollo Italy Jolly Club Lancia Delta HF 4WD 6:52.47
3 France Yves Loubet France Jean-Bernard Vieu Italy Jolly Club Lancia Delta HF 4WD 6:53.23
4 Kenya
36th Marlboro Safari Rally
(31 March – 4 April)
82 controls
4205 km
Gravel
1 Italy Miki Biasion Italy Tiziano Siviero Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 2:51.04
2 Kenya Mike Kirkland Kenya Robin Nixon Japan Nissan Motorsports International Nissan 200SX 3:03.57
3 Sweden Per Eklund United Kingdom Dave Whittock Japan Nissan Motorsports International Nissan 200SX 3:38.26
5 France
32ème Tour de Corse – Rallye de France
(3–6 May)
30 stages
623 km
Tarmac
1 France Didier Auriol France Bernard Occelli United Kingdom Ford Motor Company Ford Sierra RS Cosworth 7:12.04
2 France Yves Loubet France Jean-Bernard Vieu Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 7:15.09
3 France Bruno Saby France Jean-François Fauchille Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 7:16:53
6 Greece
35th Acropolis Rally
(29 May – 1 June)
36 stages
526 km
Gravel
1 Italy Miki Biasion Italy Tiziano Siviero Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 7:03.00
2 Sweden Mikael Ericsson Sweden Claes Billstam Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 7:04.43
3 Italy Alex Fiorio Italy Luigi Pirollo Italy Jolly Club Lancia Delta Integrale 7:10.40
7 United States
23rd Olympus Rally
(23–26 June)
36 stages
502 km
Gravel
1 Italy Miki Biasion Italy Tiziano Siviero Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 5:28.44
2 Italy Alex Fiorio Italy Luigi Pirollo Italy Jolly Club Lancia Delta Integrale 5:34.07
3 United States John Buffum Canada John Bellefleur Germany Audi Sport Audi Coupe Quattro 5:44.59
8 New Zealand
18th Rothman's Rally New Zealand[1]
(9–12 July)
39 stages
611 km
Gravel
1 Austria Sepp Haider Austria Ferdi Hinterleitner United Kingdom GM Euro Sport Opel Kadett GSI 16V 7:38.39
2 New Zealand Ray Wilson New Zealand Stuart Lewis New Zealand Mobil 1 Racing Mazda 323 4WD 7:57.16
3 New Zealand Malcolm Stewart New Zealand John Kennard New Zealand Audi New Zealand Audi Coupe Quattro 8:02.25
9 Argentina
8º Marlboro Rally Argentina
(2–6 August)
29 stages
588 km
Gtavel
1 Argentina Jorge Recalde Argentina Jorge del Buono Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 7:05.16
2 Italy Miki Biasion Italy Tiziano Siviero Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 7:08.51
3 Austria Franz Wittmann Austria Jörg Pattermann Austria Lancia Rally Team Austria Lancia Delta Integrale 7:34.13
10 Finland
38th 1000 Lakes Rally
(26–28 August)
39 stages
496 km
Gravel
1 Finland Markku Alén Finland Ilkka Kivimäki Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 4:35.29
2 Sweden Mikael Ericsson Sweden Claes Billstam Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 4:38.24
3 France Didier Auriol France Bernard Occelli United Kingdom Ford Motor Company Ford Sierra RS Cosworth 4:45.15
11 Ivory Coast
20ème Rallye Côte d'Ivoire[1]
(20–24 September)
80 controls
3421 km
Gravel
1 France Alain Ambrosino France Daniel Le Saux Kenya Marlboro Africa Team Nissan 200SX +3:34.51 pen
2 Belgium Pascal Gaban Belgium Willy Lux Belgium Mazda Rally Team Belgium Mazda 323 4WD +5:06.33 pen
3 France Patrick Tauziac France Claude Papin Japan Ralliart Mitsubishi Starion Turbo +7:20.20 pen
12 Italy
30º Rallye Sanremo – Rallye d'Italia
(10–14 October)
39 stages
531 km
Tarmac/Gravel
1 Italy Miki Biasion Italy Tiziano Siviero Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 6:06.41
2 Italy Alex Fiorio Italy Luigi Pirollo Italy Jolly Club Lancia Delta Integrale 6:07.34
3 Italy Dario Cerrato Italy Giuseppe Cerri Italy Jolly Club Lancia Delta Integrale 6:08.35
13 United Kingdom
37th Lombard RAC Rally
(20–24 November)
52 stages
602 km
Tarmac/Gravel
1 Finland Markku Alén Finland Ilkka Kivimäki Italy Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 7:15.37
2 Finland Timo Salonen Finland Voitto Silander Japan Mazda Rally Team Europe Mazda 323 4WD 7:19.43
3 Sweden Björn Waldegard United Kingdom Fred Gallagher United Kingdom Toyota Team Great Britain Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165 7:22.16
  1. ^ a b Event not included in the Manufacturers' Championship

Championship for manufacturers[edit]

1988 World Rally Championship for Manufacturers
Rank Manufacturers Event Total
points
Monaco
MON
Sweden
SWE
Portugal
POR
Kenya
KEN
France
FRA
Greece
GRC
United States
USA
Argentina
ARG
Finland
FIN
Italy
ITA
United Kingdom
GBR
1 Italy Lancia (20) (20) (20) 20 (17) 20 20 20 20 20 20 140
2 United States Ford 17 10 20 14 10 8 79
3 Germany Audi 7 14 4 10 14 12 (2) (2) 10 71
4 Japan Mazda 10 12 9 6 12 17 66
5 Japan Toyota 12 8 4 8 14 46
6 France Renault 12 4 8 8 32
7 Germany BMW 13 12 25
8 Japan Nissan 17 6 23
9 Japan Subaru 8 10 18
10 France Peugeot 14 1 15
11 Germany Volkswagen 6 4 4 14
12 Germany Opel 10 1 2 13
13 Japan Suzuki 8 1 9
14 Japan Mitsubishi 7 7
15 Italy Alfa Romeo 4 4
16 Italy Fiat 2 2

Championship for drivers[edit]

1988 World Rally Championship for Drivers
Rank Driver Event Total
points
Monaco
MON
Sweden
SWE
Portugal
POR
Kenya
KEN
France
FRA
Greece
GRC
United States
USA
New Zealand
NZL
Argentina
ARG
Finland
FIN
Ivory Coast
CIV
Italy
ITA
United Kingdom
GBR
1 Italy Miki Biasion 20 20 20 20 15 20 115
2 Finland Markku Alén 20 6 10 20 10 20 86
3 Italy Alex Fiorio 15 15 12 15 4 15 76
4 Sweden Stig Blomqvist 15 8 8 4 6 41
5 Finland Timo Salonen 8 10 15 33
6 France Bruno Saby 20 12 32
France Didier Auriol 20 12 32
8 Sweden Mikael Ericsson 15 15 30
9 Argentina Jorge Recalde 1 6 20 27
10 France Yves Loubet 12 15 27
11 Spain Carlos Sainz 8 6 8 4 26
12 Sweden Kenneth Eriksson 10 6 6 22
13 Austria Rudi Stohl 3 8 10 21
14 Austria Sepp Haider 20 20
France Alain Ambrosino 20 20
16 Belgium Pascal Gaban 1 15 16
17 Sweden Björn Waldegård 4 12 16
18 Kenya Mike Kirkland 15 15
New Zealand Ray Wilson 15 15
20 France Jean-Pierre Ballet 12 12
Sweden Lars-Erik Torph 12 12
Sweden Per Eklund 12 12
United States John Buffum 12 12
New Zealand Malcolm Stewart 12 12
Austria Franz Wittmann 12 12
France Patrick Tauziac 12 12
Italy Dario Cerrato 12 12
28 France Alain Oreille 10 1 11
29 Italy Giovanni Del Zoppo 3 8 11
30 Sweden Erik Johansson 10 10
Finland Hannu Mikkola 10 10
France François Chatriot 10 10
Austria Georg Fischer 10 10
Australia David Officer 10 10
France Alain Oudit 10 10
Finland Pentti Airikkala 10 10
37 Sweden Håkan Eriksson 8 8
Finland Juha Kankkunen 8 8
New Zealand Ross Meekings 8 8
Chile José Celsi 8 8
France Adolphe Choteau 8 8
Germany Armin Schwarz 8 8
43 France François Chauche 6 6
Sweden Björn Johansson 6 6
Kenya Ian Duncan 6 6
Greece Jigger 6 6
New Zealand Marty Roestenburg 6 6
Argentina Juan Maria Traverso 6 6
Belgium Didier Monin 6 6
50 Monaco Christophe Spiliotis 4 4
Sweden Bror Danielsson 4 4
West Germany Erwin Weber 4 4
France Bernard Béguin 4 4
Greece Stratissino 4 4
Japan Nobuhiro Tajima 4 4
New Zealand Joe McAndrew 4 4
Argentina Marcelo Raies 4 4
Italy Roberto Ambrosoli 4 4
59 United Kingdom Malcolm Wilson 3 3
Portugal Inverno Amaral 3 3
France Paul Rouby 3 3
Greece Kóstas Apostolou 3 3
New Zealand Rod Millen 3 3
Japan Tetsuo Sano 3 3
Chile Claudio Israel 3 3
Sweden Harry Joki 3 3
Ivory Coast Soumare Mafell 3 3
Austria Raimund Baumschlager 3 3
Sweden Stig-Olov Walfridsson 3 3
70 Sweden Tomas Jansson 1 2 3
Sweden Mats Jonsson 1 2 3
72 France Pierre Bos 2 2
Finland Sebastian Lindholm 2 2
Portugal Carlos Bica 2 2
New Zealand 'Possum' Bourne 2 2
France César Baroni 2 2
Belgium Flory Roothaert 2 2
New Zealand Alan Carter 2 2
New Zealand Dave Strong 2 2
Argentina José Luis Grasso 2 2
Ivory Coast Michel Molinie 2 2
Italy Paola De Martini 2 2
83 France Richard Frau 1 1
Kenya Jim Heather-Hayes 1 1
Hong Kong Michael Lieu 1 1
New Zealand Murray Walker 1 1
Chile Fernando Urrutia 1 1
Ivory Coast Samir Assef 1 1
Italy Paolo Alessandrini 1 1
Sweden Kalle Grundel 1 1
1988 World Rally Championship point awards for drivers
Points awarded by finish 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
20 15 12 10 8 6 4 3 2 1

Cup for production car drivers[edit]

1988 FIA Cup for Drivers of Production Cars
Rank Driver Event Total
points
Monaco
MON
Sweden
SWE
Portugal
POR
Kenya
KEN
France
FRA
Greece
GRC
United States
USA
New Zealand
NZL
Argentina
ARG
Finland
FIN
Ivory Coast
CIV
Italy
ITA
United Kingdom
GBR
1 Belgium Pascal Gaban 10 13 13 7 2 45
2 Argentina Jorge Recalde 13 10 13 7 43
3 Italy Giovanni Del Zoppo 10 13 7 30
4 Belgium Grégoire de Mévius 3 13 16
5 San Marino Massimo Ercolani 5 5 5 15
6 France François Chauche 13 13
Sweden Sören Nilsson 13 13
France César Baroni 13 13
New Zealand Dave Strong 13 13
Italy Andrea Aghini 13 13
11 France Richard Frau 7 5 12

See also[edit]