5.3 million units
Jakarta, Indonesia (Gaya Motor) (1986-1996)
Los Andes, Chile
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3-door hatchback
|Layout||Front engine, front-wheel drive / four-wheel drive (T16 only)|
|Engine||954 cc (1.0 l) I4
1,124 cc (1.1 l) I4
1,294 cc (1.3 l) I4
1,360 cc (1.4 l) I4
1,580 cc (1.6 l) I4
1,769 cc (1.8 l) I4 Diesel
1,905 cc (1.9 l) I4
|Wheelbase||95.2 in (2,418 mm)|
|Length||3,705 mm (145.9 in)|
|Width||1,572 mm (61.9 in)|
|Height||1,365 to 1,376 mm (54 to 54 in)|
The styling of the 205 is often thought to be a Pininfarina design, however Gerard Welter claims it as an in-house; Pininfarina only styled the Cabriolet. It is often credited as the car which turned Peugeot's fortunes around. Before the 205, Peugeot was considered the most conservative of France's "big three" car manufacturers, producing large saloons such as the 504 and 505. The genesis of the 205 lay within Peugeot's takeover in 1978 of Simca, which had the necessary expertise in making small cars. Early 205s used the X engine (commonly nicknamed the Douvrin "Suitcase Engine") from the older Peugeot 104, although these were later (1987-1988) replaced with the newer XU and TU-series engines, which were of PSA design. Engines ranged from 954 cc to 1905 cc engine displacement, in carburetor or fuel injected petrol and diesel versions. Its use of the now standard PSA Peugeot Citroën suspension layout of Macpherson struts at the front, with torsion bar suspension rear suspension, that debuted in the Peugeot 305 estate, was a key ingredient of the success of the 205. This is fully independent using torsion bars (Torsion spring) and trailing arms. It is very compact and was designed to minimise suspension intrusion into the boot, giving a wide flat loadspace, while providing excellent ride and handling.
It was launched on 24 February 1983. Shortly after its launch, it was narrowly pipped to the European Car of the Year award by the similar sized Fiat Uno, but ultimately (according to the award organizers) it would enjoy a better image and a longer high market demand than its Italian competitor.
The diesel models employed the XUD PSA Diesel inline-four engine, lifted from the Citroën BX which was introduced in 1982. These XUD engines has a capacity of 1769 cc (XUD7) and 1905 cc (XUD9) and are closely related to the XU5 and XU9 petrol engines in the BX16 and BX19 of the time respectively, as well as the engines later used in the 205 GTI 1.6 and Automatic (also 1.6) and GTI 1.9 respectively (other Peugeot/Citroën [PSA] products, such as the 305 and Talbot Horizon as well as the BX, used the XUD9 1905 cc Diesel engine of the same capacity as the 205 GTI 1.9 and Citroën BX 19 petrol engined models). The XUD7 (and XUD9) Diesel Engines were world-beating and so petrol-like that many buyers were won over by petrol car performance combined with diesel economy. The 205 GRD (1.8 Diesel, 59 bhp (44 kW), 78 lb·ft (105.8 N·m)), for instance, was as fast yet smoother than the 205 GR (1.4 Petrol, 59 bhp (44 kW), 78 lb·ft (105.8 N·m)), due to the engine developing peak torque at much lower rpm, while using much less fuel.[dubious ]
There were also various versions intended for commercial use, such as the two-seater XA-series. There was also the "205 Multi", a tall-bodied special version on XA or XE-basis built by independent coachbuilders like Gruau and Durisotti. Gruau called their XA-based two-seater version the "VU", while the five-seat XE-based version was called the "VP". Durisotti began building the 205 Multi in 1986; it was called the "205 Multi New Look".
The DTurbo and the end of an era
In 1991, the 205 DTurbo was launched with a powerful, turbocharged version of the 1769 cc diesel engine. This was considered to be the diesel equivalent of the GTi models. The 205 was an instant hit, and the styling parameters that it set were echoed in every Peugeot model that was to follow. The exterior styling was never face lifted or significantly altered in its 15-year production run. There was a dashboard redesign for the 1988 model year, and in late 1990 the 205 received new door design and cards, clear front indicators, new 'smoked' rear light clusters, single point petrol injection and catalytic converters were introduced, to meet the new 1992 pollution limits. The engines were continuously updated, with the new "TU" engines introduced in 1988.
The Peugeot 205 was discontinued in the UK in 1996, 205s have been known to be registered as late as August 1996 putting them on a "P" plate, late 205 models are easily found registered in 1995 which puts them on an "N" plate both models are generally found sporting the "Style" or "Forever" brandings with decals on the doors and wings with a "205" decal on both doors. It is believed that the 1996 model 205s are most commonly found in two colours consisting of either Red or a Metallic Blue/Grey, the metallic colour more seldom seen than the Red - but both cars on a "P" plate are quite rare. The single biggest visual difference between very late 205s (1993 on) and earlier ones, is the deletion of the black louvred plastic panel between the rear lights on the tailgate. It is just painted body colour.
In Continental Europe, 205 production was gradually slowed down following the introduction of the joint replacement models, the 106, and 306. The Peugeot 205 was still offered in the "Sacré Numéro" and "Génération" models until the end of the production in 1999, the last models were GLD 1.7 configuration and were sold in Argentina. Due to the pressure from the market, the company finally built a direct replacement in the 206, which was launched in 1998. 5,278,050 Peugeot 205s have been sold, and a significant percentage of them were still in circulation as of 2009. As of March 2013, there are now fewer than 14,000 on the road in the UK, compared to the peak high of 374,773 as of December 1994.
The 205 was first available as a GTI in 1984 and was initially powered by a 1.6 petrol engine. The 1.9 GTI was launched in 1986 and the 1.9 engine was also used in the GTI version of the larger 309.
|Type||Body Style||Produced||Engine type||Fuel||Transmission|
|205 Junior||3/5-door Hatchback||1986–1993||4-cyl 954 cc or 1094cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 Base||5-door Hatchback||1983–1984||4-cyl 954 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 XE||3-door Hatchback||1985–1992||4-cyl 954 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 GE||5-door Hatchback||1984–1988||4-cyl 954 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 Look||3-door Hatchback||1989–1994||4-cyl 1124 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 Style||3-door Hatchback||1990–1995||4-cyl 1124 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 Style||5-door Hatchback||1990–1996||4-cyl 1124 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 XL||3-door Hatchback||1985–1989
|4-cyl 954 cc
4-cyl 1124 cc
|205 XL Automatic||3-door Hatchback||1990–1993||4-cyl 1580 cc||Petrol||Automatic|
|205 GL||5-door Hatchback||1983–1993||4-cyl 1124 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 Rallye||3-door Hatchback||1987–1992||4-cyl 1294 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 XR||3-door Hatchback||1984–1988
|4-cyl 1124 cc
4-cyl 1360 cc
|205 GR||5-door Hatchback||1983–1992
|4-cyl 1360 cc
4-cyl 1124 cc
|205 SR||5-door Hatchback||1983–1990||4-cyl 1360 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 Automatic||5-door Hatchback||1986–1994||4-cyl 1580 cc||Petrol||Automatic|
|205 Sunset||5-door Hatchback||1993–1997||4-cyl 1124 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 XT||3-door Hatchback||1990–1994||4-cyl 1360 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 XS||3-door Hatchback||1986–1992||4-cyl 1360 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 GT||5-door Hatchback||1983–1987
|4-cyl 1360 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 GTX||3-door Hatchback||1986–1991||4-cyl 1592 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 Roland Garros||3-door Hatchback & 2-door Convertible||1989–1992||4-cyl 1360 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 CJ||2-door Convertible||1986–1994||4-cyl 1360 cc||Petrol||Manual|
|205 GTi||3-door Hatchback||1984–1994
|4-cyl 1580 cc
4-cyl 1905 cc
|205 CTi||2-door Softtop||1985–1992
|4-cyl 1580 cc
4-cyl 1905 cc
|205 Style Diesel||3-door Hatchback||1990–1995||4-cyl 1769 cc||Diesel||Manual|
|205 Style Diesel||5-door Hatchback||1990–1996||4-cyl 1769 cc||Diesel||Manual|
|205 XLD||3-door Hatchback||1984–1994||4-cyl 1769 cc||Diesel||Manual|
|205 GLD||5-door Hatchback||1983–1994||4-cyl 1769 cc||Diesel||Manual|
|205 GRD||5-door Hatchback||1983–1994||4-cyl 1769 cc||Diesel||Manual|
|205 DTurbo||3-door Hatchback||1991–1995||4-cyl 1769 cc||Diesel||Manual|
Most of the versions had manual transmission. The 205 had a rather unusual trim level scheme for its models; three-door models (apart from the GTI) were badged 'X' and five-door models were badged 'G'.
Trim levels were:
- XA and XAD, two-seater commercial versions. There was also the "Multi", tall-bodied special versions built by independents such as Gruau and Durisotti.
- 1.1 petrol, 4-cylinder - 54 PS (40 kW; 53 hp), 1124 cc
- 1.8 diesel, 4-cylinder - 59 PS (43 kW; 58 hp), 1769 cc
- XE, available with:
- 1.0 petrol, 4-cylinder - 44 PS (32 kW; 43 hp), 954 cc
- 1.1 petrol, 4-cylinder - 54 PS (40 kW; 53 hp), 1124 cc
Five-door versions were badged GE
- XL, available with:
- 1.0 petrol, 4-cylinder - 44 PS (32 kW; 43 hp), 954 cc
- 1.1 petrol, 4-cylinder - 50 PS (37 kW; 49 hp), 1124 cc
- 1.1 petrol, 4-cylinder - 54–60 PS (40–44 kW; 53–59 hp), 1124 cc (in Spain, 1,118 cc Simca/Talbot engine)
- 1.8 diesel, 4-cylinder - 59 PS (43 kW; 58 hp), 1769 cc
- 1.6 petrol, 4-cylinder - 79 PS (58 kW; 78 hp), 1580 cc Automatic
Five-door versions were badged GL (Note: The 1.0 GL was not offered in the UK). The 1.8 GLD diesel model was popular, and What Car? magazine recommended it as a Used Car Buy in August 1992. It was also a Which? magazine best buy for five years running in the late 1980s and early 1990s. It was, (and is as a used buy), a better car than the 106 diesel that replaced it.
- XR, available with:
- 1.1 petrol, 4-cylinder - 54–60 PS (40–44 kW; 53–59 hp), 1124 cc (higher output for fuel injected and catalyzed version)
- 1.4 petrol, 4-cylinder - 69 PS (51 kW; 68 hp), 1360 cc
- 1.3 petrol, 4-cylinder - 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp), 1294 cc (In Spain, Simca/Talbot engine)
- 1.6 petrol, 4-cylinder
- 1.9 petrol, 4-cylinder - 102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp), 1905 cc Automatic
- 1.8 diesel - 59 PS (43 kW; 58 hp), 1769 cc
Five-door versions were badged GR. The 1.4 GR was a five-door version only, launched in 1986. A 1.4 XR three-door was also available, 1991-92.
- 1.2 petrol, 4-cylinder - 63 PS (46 kW; 62 hp), 1204 cc (In Spain, Simca/Talbot engine)
- XT, available with:
- 1.4 petrol, 4-cylinder - 79 PS (58 kW; 78 hp), 1360 cc (catalyzed)
- 1.4 petrol, 4-cylinder - 84 PS (62 kW; 83 hp), 1360 cc (In Spain, Simca/Talbot engine)
- 1.4 petrol, 4-cylinder - 83 PS (61 kW; 82 hp), 1442 cc (In Spain, Simca/Talbot engine)
- XS, available with:
- 1.3 petrol, 4-cylinder - 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp), 1,294 cc (In Spain, Simca/Talbot engine)
- 1.4 L petrol I4 - 85 bhp 1,360 cc TU3S engine.
- 1.6 L (1,580 cc) petrol
The 5 door model was called the GT, and used the same 1,360 cc TU3s engine as the XS (UK)
- GTX, only available in Spain with:
- 1.6 petrol, 4-cylinder - 94 PS (69 kW; 93 hp), 1592 cc (Simca/Talbot engine)
- GTX (UK Version), 1993-94.
- 1360 cc TU3M/Z PSA engine with Bosch Mono-jetronic injection system with Catalytic converter.
- Power output (75 bhp) 0-62 mph in 10.6 sec.
- Fuel consumption (MPG) constant speed driving: 56 mph (90 km/h) = 50.4 mpg-imp (5.60 L/100 km; 42.0 mpg-US) & 75 mph (121 km/h) = 38.2 mpg-imp (7.39 L/100 km; 31.8 mpg-US).
- 3 and 5-door versions were available with sliding sunroof, remote central locking, 5 speed MA gearbox.
From 1994, the X/G trim scheme was replaced by Mardi Gras, Colorline, Forever and Accent. 'GT' versions were now offered only in Continental Europe with a 1.6-litre engine; the UK models were badged Mardi Gras. However, GTI versions continued unchanged.
High performance variants
The 1.6 GTI was launched in 1984, and came with a XU5J engine, producing 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp), for the 1987 model year the XU5J received the cylinder head with larger valves from the 1.9 GTI's XU9JA engine thus becoming XU5JA. The new engine was quoted for 115 bhp (86 kW; 117 PS) . The 1.9 GTI came with an XU9JA engine producing 128 PS (94 kW; 126 hp), although later models with a catalytic converter produced 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp) . Internally these engines are very similar, the main differences on 1.9-litre versions being the longer stroke, oil cooler, and some parts of the fuel injection system. The shorter stroke 1.6-litre engine is famed for being revvy and eager, while the 1.9-litre feels lazier and torquier. Outside the engine bay the main differences between the 1.6 GTI and the 1.9 GTI are half-leather seats (1.9 GTI) vs. cloth seats (1.6 GTI); and disc brakes all-round (1.9 GTI) vs. discs at the front and drum brakes at the back (1.6 GTI); as well as the 14-inch (360 mm) alloy wheels (1.6 GTI) vs. 15 inch alloys (1.9 GTI).
The 205 is still often treated as a benchmark in group car tests of the newest GTI models or equivalent. Peugeot itself has never truly recreated this success in future GTI models, although they came very close with the highly regarded GTI-6 variant of the Peugeot 306. A cabriolet version of the 205, known as the CJ (or CT in France), was designed and partially assembled by Pininfarina of Italy. A CTi version, with the same plastic arches and wheels as the 1.6 GTI was also available. Some later models incorporated the catalysed 1.9 engine.
The main aesthetic difference between the GTI/CTi versions and other 205 models were the plastic wheel arches and trim, beefier front and rear bumper valances. The shell also underwent some minor changes, including larger wheel arches (to suit the larger wheels on the GTI and CTi), and the suspension was redesigned and sat lower on the GTI with stiffer springs, different wishbones and a drop-linked anti-roll bar.
With the early success of the 205 GTI in Europe, Motor Trend reported in 1984 that Peugeot was seriously considering adding it to its US lineup, even though Peugeot had a more upmarket image in the United States. Nothing ever came of such rumours, however, and any talk of Peugeot expanding its presence in US became moot when it was forced to pull out in 1991.
Sales of the GTI in the United Kingdom in the early 1990s were badly hit by soaring insurance premiums, brought about by high theft and 'joyriding' of cars of this sort. Increasingly stringent emissions regulations meant the 1.6 GTI went out of production in 1992, while the 1.9 was sold for a couple more years thanks to re-engineering of the engine to enable it to work properly with a catalytic converter, which dropped power to 122 bhp (91 kW; 124 PS).
Special 205 GTI editions
Peugeot produced some limited edition 205 GTI models over the car's life:
In 1990, 1200 GTIs were made in the then new colours of Miami blue and Sorrento Green (a very dark metallic green). The cars were made in an equal mix of 300 blue 1.6, 300 green 1.6, 300 blue 1.9 and 300 green 1.9. The cars had power steering and full grey leather interior as standard, together with grey carpets. These paint colours were later added to the list of available colours for ordinary models.
The Gentry was a limited edition 205, although arguably not a GTI model at all, as it used the track control arm front suspension of the regular 205 rather than the GTI's 'wishbone' design and a detuned 105 bhp (78 kW; 106 PS) 1.9 engine with auto gearbox. Only 300 models were made in Sorrento Green and Aztec Gold (sometimes called Mayfair Beige). They came with full-leather and wood effect interior, power assisted steering, ABS and heated mirrors. The Gentry came with the same body side trims as the GTI, which led to the Gentry often being mistaken for a GTI.
The Griffe was a special GTI edition for mainland Europe, and was sold in France, Germany and the Netherlands. It was bright green (called 'Laser' Green or 'Vert Fluorite'), and came equipped with all available vendor options at that time except air-conditioning, but including full black leather interior, ABS, power steering and sunroof. 1,652 Griffes were made, all in laser green and with dark grey anodised alloy wheels with a silver rim.
The 1FM was produced for the UK in 1992 to coincide with the 25th birthday of BBC Radio 1. Only 25 were made and each car was individually numbered with a small brass plate. The car was only available in black with 'Radio 1FM 25th' bodywork decals, grey speedline alloy wheels and came with all options fitted as standard. A special stereo system including a CD changer and an acoustic rear shelf was specified by Clarion. Radio 1 ran a competition on air to win one.
In 1993 Peugeot introduced the 205 and 405 STDT, a higher performance diesel model to sit between the standard diesel range and the higher end GTI cars. The 205 STDT (special trim diesel turbo) was available only in the 3-door bodyshell with a 1769cc turbo diesel engine with the trim and luxuries of the 205 GTI. The car was initially marketed towards executives, with soft cloth bucket seats in Beige with matching carpet and dashboard, as also found in the Gentry models. The car featured PAS, central locking, electric windows and also electrically heated mirrors. Many were fitted with a large, vacuum-seal slide sunroof.
The 205 STDT is only found in three colours; 'Oberon Green', 'Steel Grey' and 'Aztec Gold' production of the car was approximately one year between 1993-1994.
As of 2013, there are only 108 examples of the STDT left licensed on the roads in the United Kingdom making the car quite sought after with collectors and fans of the 205, STDT models are often found selling for more than the GTI model due to their economy and relative rarity.
From 1988 to 1992 Peugeot produced another variant of the 205, the 205 Rallye, which was engineered and produced by Peugeot-Talbot sport. This edition of the 205 was positioned as a cost effective alternative to the 205 GTI, retaining its sporty character, but being less expensive to buy or maintain.
To achieve this, Peugeot used a derivative of the TU-series engine used in the post-1987 205s, which was designated TU24. The engine is essentially the same engine as was in the 1.1-litre 205 with the cylinders bored out to a total engine displacement of 1294 cc, a sports camshaft and twin Weber carburetors. The 1.3-litre engine produced 103 PS (76 kW; 102 hp) at 6800 rpm. The car got the 1.6 GTI front suspension with ventilated brake discs, and the 1.6 GTI rear axle with drum brakes.
The 205 Rallye was completely stripped of almost all soundproofing, electrical systems or other luxury items, bringing down the weight to no more than 794 kg (1,750 lb). Its minimalistic equipment, together with the high revs needed to unleash all of the engine's horsepower gives the 205 Rallye a very spartan character and makes it a difficult but rewarding car to drive hard, which is one of the reasons it is now very popular among 205 GTI enthusiasts. Peugeot expected to build around 5000 Rallye's. In the end 30,111 Rallye's were produced, they were only sold in some countries on the European mainland (including France, Belgium, Portugal, Spain, Italy and The Netherlands).
The distinctive aesthetic features of the 205 Rallye include the squarer wheel arches (which are different from GTI arches), the steel body-coloured wheelrims and the rainbow-coloured Peugeot-Talbot sport decals on the front grille and the tailgate. They were only available in white and yellow. The Rallye was sold with a reduced-weight interior with the Peugeot-Talbot sport logo embroidered in the front seats.
From 1990 to 1992 Peugeot also built a 1.9-litre version of the 205 Rallye. Only about 1000 of them were produced and they were only sold in Germany, because the 1.3 version did not meet German road regulations. The 1.9 Rallye is just a 105 bhp (78 kW) 1.9 GTI with the Rallye bodyshell and the new-style clear indicators and rear light units. Although they are even rarer than the 1.3 Rallye, they are less popular among Peugeot enthusiasts, because they lack the raw and spartan character of the 1.3 Rallye and are 150 kg (331 lb) heavier. Peugeot also released a right hand drive Rallye version of the 205 in the United Kingdom, it used a TU3.2 engine of 1.4-litre capacity, which produced 75 bhp (56 kW; 76 PS) and achieved 107 mph (172 km/h) with a 0-60 mph of 11.7 seconds.
After the 205 Rallye, Peugeot again used the 'Rallye' designation for some of its 106 and 306 models.
205 Turbo 16 (T16)
To homologate the 205 T16 ("Turbo 16" in France) Group B rally car, Peugeot had to produce 200 road-going examples. Apart from the appearance, the road variants had practically nothing in common with the regular production model and shared the transverse mid-engine, four-wheel drive layout of the rally car, but had less than half the power; at around 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp). The T was for Turbo; the 16 stands for 16 valves. The road going Turbo 16 205s were built by Heuliez. Outwardly similar to a normal 205, the T16 had wider wheel arches, and the whole rear section lifted up to give access to the engine. Underneath, the complex drivetrain from the rally car was kept to abide by the Group B rules. All 200 built were left-hand drive.
Peugeot Talbot Sport's factory 205 T16s under Jean Todt were the most successful cars to compete in the last two years of the World Rally Championship's Group B era, winning the 1985 and 1986 Constructors' and Drivers' titles with Timo Salonen and Juha Kankkunen respectively against such notable competition from Audi, Lancia and Ford, with an Evolution 2 model being introduced for the latter of those two seasons.
- "Driven: Peugeot 205 GTI and T16 | Features | octane". Classicandperformancecar.com. 23 February 1983. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
- "Previous winners". Car of the year. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
- Bellu, René, ed. (September, 1990). "Salon: Toutes les Voitures du Monde 90/91". l'Auto Journal (in French) (Paris: Homme N°1) (14 & 15): 182–183. ISSN 0005-0768.
- Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (March 8, 1990). Automobil Revue 1990 (in German/French) 85. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 487. ISBN 3-444-00495-8.
- Olly Smith. "Combined stats (70 models) PEUGEOT 205 - How Many Left?". Howmanyleft.co.uk. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
- Picture: "Serie Specjalne: Griffe". Peugeot 205 Fan Klub. Archived from the original on 2007-11-07.
- Scott Mills Show, BBC Radio 1, broadcast 25 September 2007
- Jean Todt, Peugeot 205: The Story of a Challenge(Flammarion, 1985), p. 27, ISBN 2-08-201823-7
- Legg, A. K.; Mead, John S. (1996), Peugeot 205: Service and Repair Manual, Sparkford, Nr Yeovil, Somerset, UK: Haynes Publishing, ISBN 1-85960-189-8
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Peugeot 205.|
- CarClassic.com website : French & Swiss peugeot 205 Turbo 16 Specialist, race and road versions.
- www.205gti1fm.co.uk - A guide to the limited edition Peugeot 205 GTi 1fm
- www.205rolandgarros.co.uk - A guide to the limited edition Peugeot 205 Roland Garros
- www.planete-205.com - French website and forum dedicated to all the version of the Peugeot 205
- www.peugeot205xs.co.uk - Website dedicated to the Peugeot 205 XS
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|Convertible||205 Cabriolet||206 CC||207 CC|
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