1991 NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Tournament

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1991 NCAA Women's Division I
Basketball Tournament
1991WomensFinalFourLogo.jpg
Teams 48
Finals site Lakefront Arena
New Orleans, Louisiana
Champions Tennessee (3rd title)
Runner-up Virginia (1st title game)
Semifinalists Stanford (2nd Final Four)
Connecticut (1st Final Four)
MOP Dawn Staley Virginia
NCAA Women's Division I Tournaments
«1990 1992»

The 1991 NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Tournament began on March 13 and ended on March 31. The tournament featured 48 teams. The Final Four event was hosted by the University of New Orleans, and held at the Lakefront Arena in New Orleans.[1] The Final Four teams consisted of Tennessee, Stanford, Connecticut, and Virginia, with Tennessee defeating Virginia 70-67 (OT) to win its third NCAA title.[2] Virginia's Dawn Staley was named the Most Outstanding Player of the tournament.[3]

This tournament was the first to adopt the NBA's 10ths-second clock during the final minute of each period.

Notable events[edit]

James Madison earned an 8 seed and beat the 9 seed, Kentucky in a first round match-up. This set up a game between the Dukes, and the number 1 seed in the East Regional Penn State, with the game played on the Penn State home court. The game started out in favor of the home team, as they scored the first eleven points of the game, forcing JMU coach Sheila Moorman to call a timeout. The lead extended, with the Nittany Lions pulling out to a 24–9. The coach decided to stress defense and it helped, but Penn State held a 41–29 lead at halftime. The team continued to stress defense in the second half, and the Dukes held Penn State to six points in the first eight minutes of the second half. The Dukes took a lead, and were up by four points with under twelve minutes to go. Penn State cut the lead to two points, and with 19 seconds to go attempted a three point shot for the win, but the shot was blocked, and JMU would upset the top seed. It was only the second time in the ten year history of the NCAA tournament that a number 1 seed had failed to advance to the regional. Coincidentally, first time was in 1986 when number 1 seeded Virginia failed to reach the regional when they were defeated by James Madison.[4]

10th seeded Vanderbilt upset 7th seeded South Carolina, then went on to defeat the second seeded Purdue 69–63, to advance to the regional, where they would lose to Auburn. 10th seeded Lamar upset 7th seeded Texas, then went on to a 20 point victory over second seeded LSU. Oklahoma State faced Michigan State in a game that would go to three overtimes. Oklahoma State won 96–64.

Connecticut defeated Clemson in the Regional Final to earn their first trip to a Final Four. There they would take on one seeded Virginia. Connecticut's coach, Geno Auriemma started his women's basketball college coaching career as an assistant coach under Debbie Ryan at Virginia. In a game identified in 2009 as one of the top ten games in UConn history, Tonya Cardoza scored 16 points for the Cavaliers, including four three throws in the final second to help Virginia defeat Connecticut 61–55. Tonya Cardoza would go on to become an assistant coach at Connecticut for many years.[5]

In the other semifinal game, Tennessee defeated Stanford 68–60 to advance to the championship game against Virginia. The Cavaliers would lead by five points with under two minutes to go, but Tennessee's Dena Head scored, was fouled, and converted the free throw to cut the margin to two points. Virginia failed to score, then fouled Head with seconds to go, who sank the free throws to send the game to overtime. Head continued to hit free throws in overtime, and the Volunteers went on to win the game and the national championship 70–67.[6]

Qualifying teams - automatic[edit]

Forty-eight teams were selected to participate in the 1991 NCAA Tournament. Twenty-one conferences were eligible for an automatic bid to the 1991 NCAA tournament. [7]

Automatic Bids
    Record  
Qualifying School Conference Regular
Season
Conference Seed
Appalachian State University Southern Conference 19–13 5–5 12
University of Arkansas at Little Rock Southwest 27–3 15–1 3
University of Connecticut Big East 26–4 14–2 3
DePaul University North Atlantic Conference 19–11 11–3 12
Florida State University Metro 24–6 12–2 5
California State University, Long Beach Big West Conference 23–7 15–3 4
Louisiana Tech University America East 18–11 9–3 10
Louisiana State University SEC 24–6 5–4 2
Southwest Missouri State University Gateway 25–4 16–2 8
University of Montana Big Sky Conference 26–3 16–0 11
North Carolina State University ACC 26–5 9–5 2
Oklahoma State University–Stillwater Big Eight 25–5 11–3 5
Pennsylvania State University Atlantic 10 29–1 17–1 1
Purdue University Big Ten 26–2 17–1 2
University of Richmond Colonial 26–4 11–1 7
Stanford University Pac-12 23–5 16–2 2
Stephen F. Austin State University Southland 25–4 14–0 8
Tennessee Technological University Ohio Valley Conference 22–7 11–1 9
University of Toledo MAC 23–6 13–3 11
University of Utah WAC 20–9 9–3 12
Western Kentucky University Sun Belt Conference 28–2 6–0 4

Qualifying teams - at-large[edit]

Twenty-seven additional teams were selected to complete the forty-eight invitations.[7]

At-large Bids
    Record  
Qualifying School Conference Regular
Season
Conference Seed
Auburn University Southeastern 24–5 7–2 3
California State University, Fullerton Big West 24–7 14–4 7
Clemson University Atlantic Coast 20–10 8–6 4
Fairfield University Metro Atlantic 25–5 15–1 12
The George Washington University Atlantic 10 22–6 15–3 10
University of Georgia Southeastern 26–3 9–0 1
College of the Holy Cross Patriot 24–5 12–0 11
University of Iowa Big Ten 20–8 13–5 6
James Madison University Colonial 24–4 11–1 8
University of Kentucky Southeastern 20–8 4–5 9
Lamar University American South 26–3 12–0 10
University of Maryland, College Park Atlantic Coast 17–12 9–5 6
Michigan State University Big Ten 21–7 13–5 4
University of Mississippi Southeastern 20–8 4–5 9
Northwestern University Big Ten 20–8 12–6 6
Providence College Big East 25–5 13–3 5
Rutgers University Atlantic 10 23–6 15–3 6
University of South Carolina Metro 22–8 12–2 7
University of Southern California Pacific-10 17–11 11–7 5
University of Tennessee Southeastern 25–5 6–3 1
University of Texas at Austin Southwest 21–8 14–2 7
Texas Tech University Southwest 23–7 12–4 9
University of Nevada, Las Vegas Big West 24–6 15–3 8
Vanderbilt University Southeastern 17–11 4–5 10
University of Virginia Atlantic Coast 27–2 14–0 1
University of Washington Pacific-10 23–4 15–3 3
Washington State University Pacific-10 18–10 10–8 11

Bids by conference[edit]

Twenty-one conferences earned an automatic bid. In ten cases, the automatic bid was the only representative from the conference. Two conferences, Metro Atlantic and Patriot sent a single representative as an at-large team. Twenty-five additional at-large teams were selected from ten of the conferences.[7]

Bids Conference Teams
7 Southeastern LSU, Auburn, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee, Vanderbilt
4 Atlantic Coast North Carolina St., Clemson, Maryland, Virginia
4 Big Ten Purdue, Iowa, Michigan St., Northwestern
4 Pacific-10 Stanford, Southern California, Washington, Washington St.
3 Atlantic 10 Penn St., George Washington, Rutgers
3 Big West Long Beach St., Cal St. Fullerton, UNLV
3 Southwest Arkansas, Texas, Texas Tech
2 American South Louisiana Tech, Lamar
2 Big East Connecticut, Providence
2 Colonial Richmond, James Madison
2 Metro Florida St., South Carolina
1 Big Eight Oklahoma St.
1 Big Sky Montana
1 Metro Atlantic Fairfield
1 Mid-American Toledo
1 Missouri Valley Missouri St.
1 North Star DePaul
1 Ohio Valley Tennessee Tech
1 Patriot Holy Cross
1 Southern Appalachian St.
1 Southland Stephen F. Austin
1 Sun Belt Western Ky.
1 Western Athletic Utah

First and second rounds[edit]

1991 NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Tournament is located in USA
Providence
Providence
Piscataway
Piscataway
Harrisonburg
Harrisonburg
Richmond
Richmond
Tallahassee
Tallahassee
Nashville
Nashville
Springfield
Springfield
Worcester
Worcester
Evanston
Evanston
Stillwater
Stillwater
Nacogdoches
Nacogdoches
Austin
Austin
Missoula
Missoula
Las Vegas
Las Vegas
Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Fullerton
Fullerton
1991 NCAA first round
1991 NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Tournament is located in USA
Clemson
Clemson
Storrs
Storrs
University  Park
University Park
Raleigh
Raleigh
West  Lafayette
West Lafayette
Bowling Green
Bowling Green
Knoxville
Knoxville
Auburn
Auburn
Stillwater
Stillwater
Charlottesville
Charlottesville
Beaumont
Beaumont
Fayetteville
Fayetteville
Stanford
Stanford
Athens
Athens
Seattle
Seattle
Long  Beach
Long Beach
1991 NCAA second round

In 1991, the field remained at 48 teams. The teams were seeded, and assigned to four geographic regions, with seeds 1-12 in each region. In Round 1, seeds 8 and 9 faced each other for the opportunity to face the 1 seed in the second round, seeds 7 and 10 played for the opportunity to face the 2 seed, seeds 5 and 12 played for the opportunity to face the 4 seed, and seeds 6 and 11 played for the opportunity to face the 3 seed. In the first two rounds, the higher seed was given the opportunity to host the first round game. In most cases, the higher seed accepted the opportunity. The exceptions:[8]

  • Seventh seeded South Carolina played tenth seeded Vanderbilt at Vanderbilt
  • Sixth seeded Maryland played eleventh seeded Holy Cross at Holy Cross
  • Sixth seeded Iowa played eleventh seeded Montana at Montana
  • Fourth seeded Michigan State played fifth seeded Oklahoma State at Oklahoma State
  • Second seeded LSU played tenth seeded Lamar at Lamar


The following table lists the region, host school, venue and the thirty-two first and second round locations:

Region Rnd Host Venue City State
East 1 Providence College Alumni Hall (Providence) Providence Rhode Island
East 1 Rutgers University Louis Brown Athletic Center Piscataway New Jersey
East 1 James Madison University James Madison University Convocation Center Harrisonburg Virginia
East 1 University of Richmond Robins Center Richmond Virginia
East 2 Clemson University Littlejohn Coliseum Clemson South Carolina
East 2 University of Connecticut Harry A. Gampel Pavilion Storrs Connecticut
East 2 Pennsylvania State University Recreation Building (Rec Hall) University Park Pennsylvania
East 2 North Carolina State University Reynolds Coliseum Raleigh North Carolina
Mideast 1 Florida State University Tully Gymnasium Tallahassee Florida
Mideast 1 Vanderbilt University Memorial Gymnasium (Vanderbilt University) Nashville Tennessee
Mideast 1 Southwest Missouri State University Hammons Student Center Springfield Missouri
Mideast 1 Holy Cross Hart Center Worcester Massachusetts
Mideast 2 Purdue University Mackey Arena West Lafayette Indiana
Mideast 2 Western Kentucky University E.A. Diddle Arena Bowling Green Kentucky
Mideast 2 University of Tennessee Thompson-Boling Arena Knoxville Tennessee
Mideast 2 Auburn University Memorial Coliseum (Beard–Eaves–Memorial Coliseum) Auburn Alabama
Midwest 1 Northwestern University Welsh-Ryan Arena Evanston Illinois
Midwest 1 Oklahoma State University Gallagher-Iba Arena Stillwater Oklahoma
Midwest 1 Stephen F. Austin University William R. Johnson Coliseum Nacogdoches Texas
Midwest 1 University of Texas Frank Erwin Center Austin Texas
Midwest 2 Oklahoma State University Gallagher-Iba Arena Stillwater Oklahoma
Midwest 2 University of Virginia University Hall (University of Virginia) Charlottesville Virginia
Midwest 2 Lamar University Montagne Center Beaumont Texas
Midwest 2 University of Arkansas Barnhill Arena Fayetteville Arkansas
West 1 University of Montana Dahlberg Arena Missoula Montana
West 1 University of Nevada at Las Vegas Thomas and Mack Center Paradise Nevada
West 1 University of Southern California Lyon Center Los Angeles California
West 1 California State University, Fullerton Titan Gym Fullerton California
West 2 Stanford University Maples Pavilion Stanford California
West 2 University of Georgia Georgia Coliseum (Stegeman Coliseum) Athens Georgia
West 2 University of Washington Hec Edmundson Pavilion Seattle Washington
West 2 Long Beach State University Gym (Gold Mine) Long Beach California

Regionals and Final Four[edit]

1991 NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Tournament is located in USA
Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Knoxville
Knoxville
Austin
Austin
Las Vegas
Las Vegas
New Orleans
New Orleans
1991 NCAA Regionals and Final Four

The Regionals, named for the general location, were held from March 22 to March 24 at these sites:

Each regional winner advanced to the Final Four, held March 30 and March 31 in New Orleans, Louisiana at the Lakefront Arena,

Bids by state[edit]

The forty-eight teams came from thirty states, plus Washington, D.C. California and Texas had the most teams with four each. Twenty states did not have any teams receiving bids.[7]

NCAA Women's basketball Tournament invitations by state 1991
Bids State Teams
4 California Long Beach St., Stanford, Cal St. Fullerton, Southern California
4 Texas Stephen F. Austin, Lamar, Texas, Texas Tech
3 Tennessee Tennessee Tech, Tennessee, Vanderbilt
3 Virginia Richmond, James Madison, Virginia
2 Connecticut Connecticut, Fairfield
2 Illinois DePaul, Northwestern
2 Kentucky Western Ky., Kentucky
2 Louisiana Louisiana Tech, LSU
2 North Carolina Appalachian St., North Carolina St.
2 South Carolina Clemson, South Carolina
2 Washington Washington, Washington St.
1 Alabama Auburn
1 Arkansas Arkansas
1 District of Columbia George Washington
1 Florida Florida St.
1 Georgia Georgia
1 Indiana Purdue
1 Iowa Iowa
1 Maryland Maryland
1 Massachusetts Holy Cross
1 Michigan Michigan St.
1 Mississippi Mississippi
1 Missouri Missouri St.
1 Montana Montana
1 Nevada UNLV
1 New Jersey Rutgers
1 Ohio Toledo
1 Oklahoma Oklahoma St.
1 Pennsylvania Penn St.
1 Rhode Island Providence
1 Utah Utah

Brackets[edit]

First and second round games played at higher seed except where noted.

Mideast Regional - Knoxville, TN[edit]

  First round
March 13
Second round
March 16-17
Regional semifinals
March 21
Regional finals
March 23
                                     
        
  1  Tennessee 55  
    8  Missouri St. 47  
8  Missouri St. 94
9  Tennessee Tech 64  
  1  Tennessee 68  
  4  Western Kentucky 61  
        
        
  4  Western Kentucky 72
    5  Florida St. 69  
5  Florida St. 96
12  Appalachian St. 57  
  1  Tennessee 69
  3  Auburn 65
        
        
  2  Purdue 63
    10  Vanderbilt 69  
7  South Carolina 64
10  at Vanderbilt 73  
  10  Vanderbilt 45
  3  Auburn 58  
        
        
  3  Auburn 84
    11  Holy Cross 58  
6  Maryland 74
11  at Holy Cross 81  

West Regional - Las Vegas, NV[edit]

  First round
March 13
Second round
March 16-17
Regional semifinals
March 21
Regional finals
March 23
                                     
        
  1  Georgia 86  
    8  UNLV 62  
8  UNLV 70
9  Texas Tech 65  
  1  Georgia 87  
  4  Long Beach St. 77  
        
        
  4  Long Beach St. 83
    5  Southern California 58  
5  Southern California 63
12  Utah 52  
  1  Georgia 67
  2  Stanford 75
        
        
  2  Stanford 91
    7  Cal St. Fullerton 67  
7  Cal St. Fullerton 84
10  Louisiana Tech 80  
  2  Stanford 73
  3  Washington 47  
        
        
  3  Washington 70
    6  Iowa 53  
6  Iowa 64
11  at Montana 53  

East Regional - Philadelphia, PA[edit]

  First round
March 13
Second round
March 16-17
Regional semifinals
March 21
Regional finals
March 23
                                     
        
  1  Penn State 71  
    8  James Madison 73  
8  James Madison 70
9  Kentucky 62  
  8  James Madison 55  
  4  Clemson 57  
        
        
  4  Clemson 103
    5  Providence 91  
5  Providence 88
12  Fairfield 87  
  4  Clemson 57
  3  Connecticut 60
        
        
  2  North Carolina St. 94
    10  George Washington 83  
7  Richmond 62
10  George Washington 73  
  2  North Carolina St. 71
  3  Connecticut 82  
        
        
  3  Connecticut 81
    11  Toledo 80  
6  Rutgers 65
11  Toledo 83  

Midwest Regional - Austin, TX[edit]

  First round
March 13
Second round
March 16-17
Regional semifinals
March 21
Regional finals
March 23
                                     
        
  1  Virginia 74  
    8  Stephen F. Austin 72  
8  Stephen F. Austin 73
9  Mississippi 62  
  1  Virginia 76  
  5  Oklahoma St. 61  
        
        
  4  Michigan St. 94
    5  at Oklahoma St. 96 (3OT)  
5  Oklahoma St. 81
12  DePaul 80  
  1  Virginia 85
  10  Lamar 70
        
        
  2  LSU 73
    10  at Lamar 93  
7  Texas 63
10  Lamar 77  
  10  Lamar 91
  3  Arkansas 75  
        
        
  3  Arkansas 105
    6  Northwestern 68  
6  Northwestern 82
11  Washington St. 62  

Final Four - New Orleans, LA[edit]

National Semifinals
March 30
National Championship
March 31
           
1ME Tennessee 68
2W Stanford 60
1ME Tennessee 70
1MW Virginia 67 (OT)
3E Connecticut 55
1MW Virginia 61


Record by conference[edit]

Seventeen conferences had more than one bid, or at least one win in NCAA Tournament play:[7]

Conference # of Bids Record Win % Round
of 32
Sweet
Sixteen
Elite
Eight
Final
Four
Championship
Game
Southeastern 7 11–6 .647 5 4 3 1 1
Atlantic Coast 4 7–4 .636 3 3 2 1 1
Pacific-10 4 5–4 .556 3 2 1 1
Big Ten 4 2–4 .333 4
Big West 3 3–3 .500 3 1
Atlantic 10 3 1–3 .250 2
Southwest 3 1–3 .250 1 1
Big East 2 4–2 .667 2 1 1 1
American South 2 3–2 .600 1 1 1
Colonial 2 2–2 .500 1 1
Metro 2 1–2 .333 1
Big Eight 1 2–1 .667 1 1
Gateway 1 1–1 .500 1
Mid-American 1 1–1 .500 1
Patriot 1 1–1 .500 1
Southland 1 1–1 .500 1
Sun Belt 1 1–1 .500 1 1

Seven conferences went 0-1: Big Sky Conference, MAAC, North Star Conference, Ohio Valley Conference, Southern Conference,and WAC [7]

All-Tournament Team[edit]

Game Officials[edit]

  • Mike Brooks (Semi-Final)
  • June Courteau (Semi-Final)
  • Art Bomengen (Semi-Final)
  • John Morningstar (Semi-Final)
  • Patty Broderick (Final)
  • Lou Pitt (Final) [7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Important Dates in Privateer History". University of New Orleans. Retrieved 11 April 2012. 
  2. ^ Gregory Cooper. "1991 NCAA National Championship Tournament". Archived from the original on 2009-10-21. Retrieved 2007-04-16. 
  3. ^ "CHN Basketball History: Most Outstanding Player". Retrieved 2007-04-16. 
  4. ^ "2009-10 JMU Women's Basketball Guide". James Madison University. p. 110. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "UConn Moments: Top 10 Women's Games". Hartford Courant. October 18, 2009. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  6. ^ "Tennessee tips Virginia women in NCAA final". Bangor Dailey News. 1 April 1991. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h Nixon, Rick. "Official 2022 NCAA Women's Final Four Records Book". NCAA. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "Attendance and Sites". NCAA. Retrieved 19 March 2012.