4P/Faye

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
4P/Faye
Discovery
Discovered by Hervé Faye
Discovery date November 23, 1843
Alternative
designations
P/1843 W1, P/1850 W1, 4P
Orbital characteristics A
Epoch 2008-Jan-01
(JD 2454466.5)
Aphelion 6.026 AU
Perihelion 1.666 AU
Semi-major axis 3.846 AU
Eccentricity 0.5666
Orbital period 7.55 a
Inclination 9.032°
Last perihelion November 15, 2006
Next perihelion May 29, 2014[1]

4P/Faye (also known as Faye's Comet or Comet Faye) is a periodic Jupiter-family comet discovered in November 1843 by Hervé Faye at the Royal Observatory in Paris. It will next come to perihelion (closest approach to the Sun) on May 29, 2014,[1] when it is expected to reach about apparent magnitude 12.5.[2]

The comet was first observed by Faye on 23 November, but bad weather prevented its confirmation until the 25th.[3] It was so faint that it had already passed perihelion about a month before its discovery, and only a close pass by the Earth had made it bright enough for discovery. Otto Wilhelm von Struve reported that the comet was visible to the naked eye at the end of November.[3] It remained visible for smaller telescopes until 10 January 1844 and was finally lost to larger telescopes on 10 April 1844.[3]

In 1844, Thomas James Henderson computed that the comet was a short period comet; by May, its period had been calculated to be 7.43 years.[3] Urbain Le Verrier computed the positions for the 1851 apparition, predicting perihelion in April 1851.[3] The comet was found close to his predicted position on 28 November 1850 by James Challis.[3]

The comet was missed during its apparitions in 1903 and 1918 due to unfavorable observing circumstances.[3] It reached a brightness of about the 9th magnitude in 2006.[4]

The comet is estimated at about 3.5 km in diameter.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Syuichi Nakano (2011-11-01). "4P/Faye (NK 2145)". OAA Computing and Minor Planet Sections. Retrieved 2012-02-18. 
  2. ^ Seiichi Yoshida (2010-07-29). "4P/Faye (2014)". Seiichi Yoshida's Comet Catalog. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Kronk, Gary W. (2001–2005). "4P/Faye". Retrieved 2005-12-25.  (Cometography Home Page)
  4. ^ Seiichi Yoshida (2008-10-12). "4P/Faye (2006)". Seiichi Yoshida's Comet Catalog. Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  5. ^ "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 4P/Faye". Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 2008-04-09 last obs. Retrieved 2010-02-25. 

External links[edit]

Periodic comets (by number)
Previous
3D/Biela
4P/Faye Next
5D/Brorsen