C/2014 E2 (Jacques)

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C/2014 E2 (Jacques)
Comet Jacques.jpg
Image of 2014 E2 (Jacques) in the constellation Antlia at magnitude 10.5
Discovery
Discovered by Cristóvão Jacques
Eduardo Pimentel
João Ribeiro de Barros
Discovery date 13 March 2014
Orbital characteristics [Heavens AboveIAU Minor Planet Center A]
Epoch 2014 May 23.0 TT
(JD 2456800.5)
Aphelion ~1600 AU (epoch 1950)[1]
Perihelion 0.6638 AU (q)
Eccentricity 0.99912 (e)
Orbital period ~22,000 years inbound (Barycentric solution for epoch 1950)[1]
~12,000 years outbound
(Barycentric solution for epoch 2050)[1]
Avg. orbital speed 27 km/s
Max. orbital speed 51.7 km/s
Inclination 156.4° (i)
Last perihelion 2014 July 2

C/2014 E2 (Jacques), provisionally designated as S002692,[2] is a long-period comet discovered by the Brazilian astronomers Cristóvão Jacques Lage de Faria, Eduardo Pimentel and João Ribeiro de Barros on the night of 13 March 2014.[3] It was the second comet discovered by the SONEAR Observatory team after comet C/2014 A4.

Overview[edit]

Observations were made with a 0.45-meter (17.7-inch) f/2.9 wide-field reflector telescope with equatorial assembly and CCD camera at the Southern Observatory for Near Earth Asteroids Research (SONEAR), located near Oliveira, Minas Gerais, Brazil.[4]

In late March 2014, C/2014 E2 (Jacques) appeared to contain a dense, bright coma (11.5-12 magnitude), visible with an 8-inch telescope.[4] It crossed the celestial equator on 8 May 2014 becoming a northern hemisphere object.[5] From 3 June 2014 until 17 July 2014 it had an elongation less than 30 degrees from the Sun.[5] The comet was visible in LASCO C3 on 21 June 2014.[6] C/2014 E2 peaked around apparent magnitude 6 in mid-July and was visible in binoculars above the glow of morning twilight.[7][8]

C/2014 E2 passed 0.085 AU (12,700,000 km; 7,900,000 mi) from Venus on 13 July 2014.[9] On 20 July 2014 the comet was near the naked eye star Beta Tauri.[10] On 22 August 2014 it passed Epsilon Cassiopeiae. It reached perigee (closest approach to Earth) on 28 August 2014, at 0.56 AU (84,000,000 km; 52,000,000 mi).[2] The comet passed about 3 degrees from Deneb from 4-5 September 2014.[11] On 14 September the comet was near Albireo.[12]

By October 2014 the comet had fainted to magnitude 10.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Horizons output. "Barycentric Osculating Orbital Elements for Comet C/2014 E2 (Jacques)".  (Solution using the Solar System Barycenter and barycentric coordinates. Select Ephemeris Type:Elements and Center:@0)
  2. ^ a b "C/2014 E2 Jacques" (in Portuguese). Costeira1 e Cometas/REA. Retrieved 2014-03-31. 
  3. ^ Villamarin, Jenalyn (2014-03-17). "2014 Comet Jacques: SONEAR Team in Brazil Spots New Comet C/2014 E2, Closest Approach to the Sun to Occur on June 29". International Business Times AU. Retrieved 2014-03-31. 
  4. ^ a b King, Bob (2014-03-15). "New Comet Jacques May Pass 8.4 million miles from Venus this July". Universe Today. Retrieved 2014-03-31. 
  5. ^ a b "Elements and Ephemeris for C/2014 E2 (Jacques)". The International Astronomical Union Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  6. ^ Rob Kaufman – comets-ml
  7. ^ Yoshida, Seiichi (2014-07-20). "Weekly Information about Bright Comets (2014 July 19: North)". aerith.net. Retrieved 2014-10-21. 
  8. ^ Seiichi Yoshida. "C/2014 E2 ( Jacques )". Seiichi Yoshida's Comet Catalog. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  9. ^ "JPL Close-Approach Data: C/2014 E2 (Jacques)" (last observation: 2014-10-05; arc: 206 days). Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  10. ^ "Catch Comet Jacques near Venus at dawn". AstroBob. 2014-07-15. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  11. ^ https://www.flickr.com/photos/47833278@N02/14962858201/
  12. ^ David Dickinson (2014-09-09). "Tales (Tails?) Of Three Comets". Universe Today. Retrieved 2014-09-12. 
  13. ^ Yoshida, Seiichi (2014-10-05). "Weekly Information about Bright Comets (2014 Oct. 4: North)". aerith.net. Retrieved 2014-10-21. 

External links[edit]