19P/Borrelly

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19P/Borrelly
Comet Borrelly Nucleus.jpg
Discovery
Discovered by Alphonse Borrelly
Designations
1905 II; 1911 VIII; 1918 IV;
1925 VIII; 1932 IV; 1953 IV;
1960 V; 1967 VIII; 1974 VII;
1981 IV; 1987 XXXIII; 1994 XXX
Orbital characteristics
Epoch September 8, 2001 (JD 2452160.5)
Aphelion 5.83 AU
Perihelion 1.35 AU
(May 28, 2015)[1]
3.59 AU
Eccentricity 0.624
6.8 a
Inclination 30.3°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 8×4×4 km[2]
Mean radius
2.4 km[3]
Mass 2×1013 kg[4]
Mean density
0.3 g/cm³[5]
Albedo Albedo: 0.03[6]
The orbits of three periodic comets, 1P/Halley, 19P/Borrelly and 153P/Ikeya-Zhang, set against the orbits of the outer planets.

Comet Borrelly or Borrelly's Comet (official designation: 19P/Borrelly) is a periodic comet, which was visited by the spacecraft Deep Space 1 in 2001. The comet next comes to perihelion (closest approach to the Sun) on May 28, 2015.[1]

Discovery[edit]

The comet was discovered by Alphonse Borrelly during a routine search for comets at Marseilles, France on December 28, 1904.

Deep Space 1 flyby[edit]

On September 21, 2001 the spacecraft Deep Space 1, which was launched to test new equipment in space, performed a flyby of Borrelly. It was steered toward the comet during the extended mission of the craft, and presented an unexpected bonus for the mission scientists. Despite the failure of a system that helped determine its orientation, Deep Space 1 managed to send back to Earth what were, at the time, the best images and other science data from a comet.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Seiichi Yoshida (2014-08-10). "19P/Borrelly". Seiichi Yoshida's Comet Catalog. Retrieved 2014-10-29. 
  2. ^ Weaver, H. A.; Stern, S.A.; Parker, J. Wm. (2003). "Hubble Space Telescope STIS Observations of Comet 19P/BORRELLY during the Deep Space 1 Encounter". The American Astronomical Society 126 (1): 444–451. Bibcode:2003AJ....126..444W. doi:10.1086/375752. Retrieved 2008-12-16. 
  3. ^ http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=Com_19PBorrelly&Display=Facts&System=Metric
  4. ^ Using the volume of an ellipsoid of 8x4x4km * a rubble pile density of 0.3 g/cm³ yields a mass (m=d*v) of 2.0E+13 kg.
  5. ^ D. T. Britt; G. J. Consol-magno SJ; W. J. Merline (2006). "Small Body Density and Porosity: New Data, New Insights". Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVII. Archived from the original on 17 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-16. 
  6. ^ Robert Roy Britt (2001-11-29). "Comet Borrelly Puzzle: Darkest Object in the Solar System". Space.com. Archived from the original on 22 January 2009. Retrieved 2008-12-16. 

External links[edit]

Periodic comets (by number)
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18D/Perrine-Mrkos
19P/Borrelly Next
20D/Westphal