55th New York State Legislature

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55th New York State Legislature
Old State Capitol at Albany NY.jpg
The Old State Capitol (1879)

Duration: January 1 – December 31, 1832

President of the State Senate: Lt. Gov. Edward P. Livingston (J)
Temporary President of the State Senate:
Speaker of the State Assembly: Charles L. Livingston (J)
Members: 32 Senators
128 Assemblymen
Senate Majority: Jacksonian (24-8)
Assembly Majority: Jacksonian

Sessions
1st: January 3 – April 26, 1832
1st: June 21 – July 2, 1832
<54th 56th>

The 55th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 3 to July 2, 1832, during the fourth year of Enos T. Throop's governorship, in Albany.

Background[edit]

Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1821, 32 Senators were elected on general tickets in eight senatorial districts for four-year terms. They were divided into four classes, and every year eight Senate seats came up for election. Assemblymen were elected countywide on general tickets to a one-year term, the whole Assembly being renewed annually.

Canal Commissioner Henry Seymour (J) resigned in May 1831. Gov. Throop appointed Jonas Earll, Jr. (J) to fill the vacancy temporarily.

At this time, there were three political parties: the Jacksonian Democrats (supporting President Andrew Jackson; led by Martin Van Buren), the Anti-Masons, and the National Republicans (supporting Henry Clay for the presidency).

Elections[edit]

The State election was held from November 7 to 9, 1831. Harman B. Cropsey (1st D.), Allan Macdonald (2nd D.), Josiah Fisk (4th D.), Robert Lansing (5th D.), Jehiel H. Halsey (7th D.); and Assemblymen John W. Edmonds (3rd D.), John G. McDowell (6th D.) and John Birdsall (8th D.) were elected to the Senate. Birdsall was an Anti-Mason, the other seven were Jacksonians.

Sessions[edit]

The Legislature met for the regular session at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 3, 1832; and adjourned on April 26.

Charles L. Livingston (J) was elected Speaker.

On January 9, the Legislature upheld Gov. Throop's recess appointment, electing Jonas Earll, Jr. as Canal Commissioner.

On February 6, the Legsilature re-elected Secretary of State Azariah C. Flagg, State Comptroller Silas Wright, Jr., State Treasurer Abraham Keyser, Jr., Attorney General Greene C. Bronson and Surveyor General Simeon De Witt.

The Anti-Masonic state convention met on June 21, and nominated again Assemblyman Francis Granger for Governor and Samuel Stevens, of New York City, for Lieutenant Governor. They also nominated a full ticket of presidential electors, apparently composed of some supporters of William Wirt, and some of Henry Clay, but not pledged to any candidate.

The Legislature met for a special session on June 21; and the Assembly adjourned on June 30, the Senate on July 2. This session was called to re-apportion the congressional districts, and to direct sanitary measures concerning the cholera epidemic.

The National Republican state convention met on July 26, Ambrose Spencer was Chairman. They endorsed The Anti-Masonic nominees Granger and Stevens. They also endorsed the ticket of presidential electors nominated by the Anti-Masons, who—if they won the election—should vote for Henry Clay if this would help to defeat Jackson, otherwise for Wirt. In effect, both parties were in the process of merging, becoming eventually the Whig Party.

The Jacksonian state convention met on September 19 at Herkimer, Samuel Young was Chairman. They nominated U.S. Senator William L. Marcy for Governor, and Judge John Tracy for Lieutenant Governor.

State Senate[edit]

Districts[edit]

Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.

Members[edit]

The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature. John W. Edmonds, John G. McDowell and John Birdsall changed from the Assembly to the Senate.

District Senators Term left Party Notes
First Stephen Allen* 1 year Jacksonian
Alpheus Sherman* 2 years Jacksonian
Jonathan S. Conklin* 3 years Jacksonian
Harman B. Cropsey 4 years Jacksonian
Second Samuel Rexford* 1 year Jacksonian
Nathaniel P. Tallmadge* 2 years Jacksonian
David M. Westcott* 3 years Jacksonian
Allan Macdonald 4 years Jacksonian also Postmaster of White Plains
Third Lewis Eaton* 1 year Jacksonian
William Dietz* 2 years Jacksonian in November 1832, elected a presidential elector
Herman I. Quackenboss* 3 years Jacksonian
John W. Edmonds* 4 years Jacksonian also Recorder of the City of Hudson
Fourth John McLean Jr.* 1 year Jacksonian
Isaac Gere* 2 years Jacksonian
William I. Dodge* 3 years Jacksonian
Josiah Fisk 4 years Jacksonian
Fifth William H. Maynard* 1 year Anti-Mason died on August 28, 1832
Alvin Bronson* 2 years Jacksonian
Henry A. Foster* 3 years Jacksonian
Robert Lansing 4 years Jacksonian
Sixth John F. Hubbard* 1 year Jacksonian
Levi Beardsley* 2 years Jacksonian
Charles W. Lynde* 3 years Anti-Mason
John G. McDowell* 4 years Jacksonian also Postmaster of Chemung
Seventh Hiram F. Mather* 1 year Anti-Mason
Thomas Armstrong* 2 years Jacksonian also Supervisor of Butler
William H. Seward* 3 years Anti-Mason
Jehiel H. Halsey 4 years Jacksonian
Eighth Philo C. Fuller* 1 year Anti-Mason
Albert H. Tracy* 2 years Anti-Mason
Trumbull Cary* 3 years Anti-Mason
John Birdsall* 4 years Anti-Mason

Employees[edit]

State Assembly[edit]

Districts[edit]

Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.

Assemblymen[edit]

The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.

The party affiliations follow the vote on the state officers on January 9 and February 6;[1] and participation in the Jacksonian caucus on February 2.[2]

District Assemblymen Party Notes
Albany Abijah C. Disbrow Jacksonian
Philip Lennebacker Jacksonian
William Seymour Jacksonian
Allegany John B. Collins Anti-Mason
Broome Vincent Whitney Anti-Mason
Cattaraugus George A. S. Crooker Nat. Rep.
Cayuga John Beardsley Jacksonian
George H. Brinkerhoff Jacksonian
John W. Sawyer Jacksonian
George S. Tilford* Jacksonian
Chautauqua Theron Bly Anti-Mason
Squire White* Anti-Mason
Chenango Noah Ely Anti-Mason
Joseph Juliand* Anti-Mason
Edmond G. Per Lee Anti-Mason
Clinton John Walker* Jacksonian died on January 13 or 14, 1832.[3]
John Palmer Jacksonian elected to fill vacancy, seated on February 24, 1832[4]
Columbia Medad Butler Jacksonian
Tobias L. Hogeboom Jacksonian
Leonard W. Ten Broeck Jacksonian
Cortland Andrew Dickson Jacksonian
Jonathan L. Woods Jacksonian
Delaware James Coulter Jacksonian
James Hughston Jacksonian
Dutchess Robert Coffin Jacksonian
Ely Hamblin Jacksonian
Michael S. Martin Jacksonian
Israel Shadbolt Jacksonian
Erie Horace Clark Anti-Mason
William Mills Anti-Mason
Essex Isaac Vanderwarker Jacksonian
Franklin James B. Spencer* Jacksonian
Genesee Seth M. Gates Anti-Mason
Henry Hawkins Anti-Mason
James Sprague 2d Anti-Mason
Greene Erastus Hamilton Jacksonian
Dumah Tuttle Jacksonian
Hamilton and
Montgomery
Silas Philips Jacksonian
Jacob Van Arnum Jacksonian
Peter Wood Jacksonian
Herkimer William C. Crain Jacksonian
Daniel Dygert Jacksonian
David Thorp Jacksonian
Jefferson William H. Angel Jacksonian
Philip Maxwell Jacksonian
Nathan Strong Jacksonian
Kings Coe S. Downing* Jacksonian
Lewis Andrew W. Doig Jacksonian
Livingston George W. Patterson Anti-Mason
John Young Anti-Mason
Madison Nehemiah Batcheler Anti-Mason
Daniel M. Gillet Anti-Mason
John Head 2d Anti-Mason
Monroe Samuel G. Andrews* Anti-Mason
Ira Bellows Anti-Mason
William B. Brown Anti-Mason
New York Nathan T. Arnold Jacksonian
Judah Hammond Jacksonian
Charles L. Livingston* Jacksonian elected Speaker
John McKeon Jacksonian
Philip E. Milledoler Jacksonian
James Morgan* Jacksonian
Mordecai Myers* Jacksonian
Gideon Ostrander* Jacksonian
Silas M. Stilwell* Jacksonian
Myndert Van Schaick Jacksonian
Isaac L. Varian* Jacksonian
Niagara Henry Norton* Anti-Mason
Oneida Nathaniel Fitch Jacksonian
Lemuel Hough Jacksonian
Rutger B. Miller Jacksonian
David Moulton* Jacksonian in November 1832, elected a presidential elector
Daniel Twitchell Jacksonian
Onondaga Miles W. Bennett Jacksonian
Elijah W. Curtis Jacksonian
Elisha Litchfield* Jacksonian
Ichabod Ross Jacksonian
Ontario Francis Granger Anti-Mason
Jonathan Mason Anti-Mason
Robert C. Nicholas Anti-Mason
Orange John Barker Jacksonian
Isaac R. Van Duzer Jacksonian
Charles Winfield Jacksonian
Orleans William J. Babbitt Anti-Mason
Oswego Avery Skinner Jacksonian
Otsego Samuel Colwell Jacksonian
Gilbert Cone Jacksonian
William Kirby Jacksonian
Amasa Thompson Jacksonian
Putnam Reuben D. Barnum Jacksonian
Queens John A. King Nat. Rep.
Rensselaer Hosea Bennett Jacksonian
Henry J. Genet Jacksonian
John C. Kemble Jacksonian
Nicholas M. Masters Jacksonian
Richmond Jacob Mersereau Jacksonian
Rockland Isaac I. Blauvelt Jacksonian
St. Lawrence William Allen Jacksonian
Edwin Dodge Jacksonian
Saratoga James Brisbin Jr. Jacksonian
Ebenezer Couch Jacksonian
Oran G. Otis* Jacksonian
Schenectady Abraham Dorn Jacksonian
Schoharie Alexander Crookshank Jacksonian
Jedediah Miller Nat. Rep.
Seneca Reuben D. Dodge Jacksonian
Erastus Woodworth Jacksonian
Steuben Edward Howell Jacksonian also D.A. of Steuben County;
in November 1832, elected to the 23rd U.S. Congress
John McBurney Jacksonian
Suffolk Samuel L'Hommedieu Jr. Jacksonian
John M. Williamson Jacksonian
Sullivan Hiram Bennett Nat. Rep.
Tioga Nathaniel Smith Jacksonian
Joel Tallmadge Jr. Jacksonian
Tompkins John Ellis* Anti-Mason
Horace Mack Jacksonian
John James Speed Jr. Jacksonian
Ulster Leonard Hardenbergh Jacksonian
Heman Landon Jacksonian
Warren Allen Anderson Jacksonian
Washington Isaac W. Bishop Jacksonian
John McDonald Nat. Rep.
James Stevenson Nat. Rep.
Wayne James Humeston Jacksonian
Ambrose Salisbury Jacksonian
Westchester John W. Frost Nat. Rep.
Thomas Smith Nat. Rep.
Israel H. Watson Jacksonian
Yates Aaron Remer* Jacksonian

Employees[edit]

  • Clerk: Francis Seger
  • Sergeant-at-Arms: James D. Scollard
  • Doorkeeper: Alonzo Crosby
  • Assistant Doorkeeper: James Courter (1st session)
    • Oliver Scovil (2nd session)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ see Journal of the Assembly (55th session; pg. 66f and 208ff)
  2. ^ see The Voice of the People and the Facts in Relation to the Rejection of Martin Van Buren by the U.S. Senate (1832; pg. 5f)
  3. ^ Walker attended the session on January 13, and was found dead in his bed shortly before noon on January 14, having died in his sleep from the "rupture of a blood vessel near the heart"; see Assembly Journal pg. 93 and 99; and death notice in American Rail-Road Journal (pg. 62)
  4. ^ see Assembly Journal, pg. 306

Sources[edit]