105th New York State Legislature

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105th New York State Legislature
NYSCapitolPanorama.jpg
New York State Capitol (2009)

Duration: January 1 – December 31, 1882

President of the State Senate: Lt. Gov. George G. Hoskins (R)
Temporary President of the State Senate: vacant
Speaker of the State Assembly: Charles E. Patterson (D)
Members: 32 Senators
128 Assemblymen
Senate Majority: unclear[1]
Assembly Majority: Democratic (67-61)

Sessions
1st: January 3 – June 2, 1882
<104th 106th>

The 105th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 3 to June 2, 1882, during the third year of Alonzo B. Cornell's governorship, in Albany.

Background[edit]

Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators and 128 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts; senators for a two-year term, assemblymen for a one-year term. The senatorial districts were made up of entire counties, except New York County (seven districts) and Kings County (three districts). The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards,[2] forming a contiguous area, all within the same county.

At this time there were two major political parties: the Republican Party and the Democratic Party. The Greenback Party and the Prohibition Party also nominated tickets.

Elections[edit]

The New York state election, 1881 was held on November 8. Of the statewide elective offices up for election, five were carried by the Republicans and one by a Democrat. The approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for Secretary of State, was: Republican 417,000; Democratic 404,000; Greenback 16,000; and Prohibition 4,500.

Sessions[edit]

The Legislature met for the regular session at the State Capitol in Albany on January 3, 1882; and adjourned on June 2.

The Senate had 15 Republicans, 14 Democrats and 3 Tammany men; the Assembly had 61 Republicans, 59 Democrats and 8 Tammany men. In both Houses, the Tammany men were in a balance of power position, and deadlock ensued. Tammany Boss John Kelly objected to the election of John C. Jacobs as President pro tempore of the State Senate, and the office remained vacant throughout the session.

On February 2, Charles E. Patterson (D) was elected Speaker with 59 votes against 51 for Thomas G. Alvord (R).[3]

On February 20, John W. Vrooman (R) was re-elected Clerk of the State Senate with the votes of the Tammany men;[4] and the right to appoint the standing committees was transferred to Lt. Gov. George G. Hoskins (R).[5]

State Senate[edit]

Districts[edit]

  • 1st District: Queens and Suffolk counties
  • 2nd District: 1st, 2nd, 5th, 6th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 12th and 22nd Ward of the City of Brooklyn, and the towns of Flatbush, Gravesend and New Utrecht in Kings County
  • 3rd District: 3rd, 4th, 7th, 11th, 13th, 19th, 20th, 21st and 23rd Ward of the City of Brooklyn
  • 4th District: 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 24th and 25th Ward of the City of Brooklyn, and the towns of New Lots and Flatlands in Kings County
  • 5th District: Richmond County and the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th, 8th, 14th and parts of the 4th and 9th Ward of New York City
  • 6th District: 7th, 11th, 13th and part of the 4th Ward of NYC
  • 7th District: 10th, 17th and part of the 15th, 18th and 21st Ward of NYC
  • 8th District: 16th and part of the 9th, 15th, 18th, 20th and 21st Ward of NYC
  • 9th District: Part of the 18th, 19th and 21st Ward of NYC
  • 10th District: Part of the 12th, 19th, 20th, 21st and 22nd Ward of NYC
  • 11th District: 23rd and 24th, and part of the 12th, 20th and 22nd Ward of NYC
  • 12th District: Rockland and Westchester counties
  • 13th District: Orange and Sullivan counties
  • 14th District: Greene, Schoharie and Ulster counties
  • 15th District: Columbia, Dutchess and Putnam counties
  • 16th District: Rensselaer and Washington counties

Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.

Members[edit]

The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature. Charles H. Russell, John W. Browning and Shepard P. Bowen changed from the Assembly to the Senate.

District Senator Party Notes
1st James W. Covert Democrat
2nd John J. Kiernan Democrat
3rd Charles H. Russell* Republican
4th John C. Jacobs* Democrat re-elected
5th John G. Boyd Tammany
6th Thomas F. Grady Tammany
7th James Daly Democrat
8th John W. Browning* Democrat
9th James Fitzgerald Democrat
10th Joseph Koch Democrat
11th Frank P. Treanor Tammany
12th Henry C. Nelson Democrat
13th James Mackin Democrat
14th Addison P. Jones Democrat
15th Homer A. Nelson Democrat
16th Charles L. MacArthur Republican
17th Abraham Lansing Democrat
18th Webster Wagner* Republican re-elected; died on January 13, 1882
Alexander B. Baucus Democrat elected on February 28, to fill vacancy
19th Shepard P. Bowen* Republican
20th Dolphus S. Lynde* Republican re-elected
21st Frederick Lansing Republican
22nd Robert H. Roberts Democrat
23rd Alexander M. Holmes Republican
24th Edward B. Thomas Republican
25th Dennis McCarthy* Republican re-elected
26th David H. Evans Republican
27th Sumner Baldwin Republican
28th George P. Lord* Republican re-elected
29th Edmund L. Pitts* Republican re-elected
30th Timothy E. Ellsworth Republican
31st Robert C. Titus Democrat
32nd Norman M. Allen Republican

Employees[edit]

  • Clerk: John W. Vrooman
  • Sergeant-at-Arms: John W. Corning
  • Doorkeeper: Charles F. Brady
  • Stenographer: Hudson C. Tanner

State Assembly[edit]

Assemblymen[edit]

The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.

District Assemblymen Party Notes
Albany 1st Michael J. Gorman Democrat
2nd Aaron Fuller Democrat
3rd Amasa J. Parker, Jr. Democrat
4th John McDonough Democrat
Allegany Washington Moses Republican
Broome Francis B. Smith Democrat
Cattaraugus 1st Elisha M. Johnson[6] Republican
2nd Elijah R. Schoonmaker Republican
Cayuga 1st Thomas Hunter* Republican
2nd William Leslie Noyes Republican
Chautauqua 1st Albert B. Sheldon* Republican
2nd Milton M. Fenner* Republican
Chemung Orville P. Dimon Democrat
Chenango Silas W. Berry Republican
Clinton Benjamin D. Clapp Republican
Columbia Abram L. Schermerhorn Democrat
Cortland Alburtis A. Carley* Republican
Delaware Chester H. Treadwell Republican
Dutchess 1st Alfred Bonney Republican
2nd John O'Brien Democrat
Erie 1st Jeremiah Higgins* Democrat
2nd Frank Sipp* Republican
3rd Arthur W. Hickman* Ind. Rep.
4th Timothy W. Jackson Democrat
5th Job Southwick, Jr. Republican
Essex James W. Sheehy* Republican
Franklin William T. O'Neil Republican
Fulton and Hamilton James W. Green Democrat
Genesee Joseph W. Holmes* Republican
Greene Samuel H. Nichols Democrat
Herkimer Albert M. Ross Republican
Jefferson 1st Isaac L. Hunt, Jr. Republican
2nd Henry Binninger* Republican
Kings 1st John Shanley* Democrat
2nd Michael J. Hannan Democrat
3rd James G. Tighe Democrat
4th Daniel M. Kelly Democrat
5th Thomas J. Sheridan* Democrat
6th Patrick H. McCarren Democrat
7th George H. Lindsay Democrat
8th Moses Engle* Democrat
9th James W. Monk Republican
10th Richard J. Newman* Democrat
11th Alfred C. Chapin Democrat
12th Jaques J. Stillwell* Democrat
Lewis G. Henry P. Gould Democrat
Livingston Kidder M. Scott* Republican
Madison Ladurna Ballard Republican
Monroe 1st Judson F. Sheldon Republican
2nd Charles S. Baker Republican
3rd Alexander P. Butts Democrat
Montgomery Cornelius Van Buren* Republican
New York 1st Michael C. Murphy* Democrat
2nd Thomas Maher Tammany
3rd William H. McIntyre Democrat
4th John F. Ahearn Democrat
5th Thomas Bogan* Tammany
6th Matthew Patten* Tammany
7th Lucas L. Van Allen Republican
8th John E. Brodsky* Republican
9th James D. McClelland Democrat
10th John C. Niglutsch[7] Republican
11th J. Hampden Robb Democrat
12th David Gideon Democrat
13th Henry L. Sprague Republican
14th James J. Costello Tammany
15th Jacob Cooper Democrat
16th James Edward Morrison Democrat
17th Michael J. Costello Democrat
18th John J. Cullen Tammany
19th John McManus Tammany
20th James Haggerty Tammany
21st Theodore Roosevelt Republican
22nd Edward C. Sheehy Tammany
23rd Leroy Bowers Crane Republican
24th Matthew P. Breen Democrat
Niagara 1st Joseph W. Higgins Democrat
2nd Thomas V. Welch Democrat
Oneida 1st Patrick Griffin Republican
2nd Morris R. Jones Democrat
3rd Frank A. Edgerton Republican
Onondaga 1st Thomas G. Alvord* Republican
2nd Elbert O. Farrar Republican
3rd John Lighton Democrat
Ontario John Raines* Republican
Orange 1st Joseph Lomas Democrat
2nd William Harvey Clark* Democrat
Orleans Henry M. Hard Republican
Oswego 1st William A. Poucher Democrat
2nd Byron Helm Republican
Otsego 1st J. Stanley Browne*[8] Democrat
2nd Henry T. Harris Republican
Putnam Robert A. Livingston Republican
Queens 1st Townsend D. Cock* Democrat
2nd John J. Mitchell Democrat
Rensselaer 1st Charles E. Patterson* Democrat elected Speaker
2nd Richard A. Derrick* Republican
3rd Rufus Sweet Democrat
Richmond Erastus Brooks* Democrat
Rockland John Cleary* Democrat
St. Lawrence 1st Abel Godard Republican
2nd Worth Chamberlain* Republican
3rd George Z. Erwin Republican
Saratoga 1st Benjamin F. Baker* Republican
2nd Delcour S. Potter* Republican
Schenectady John D. Campbell Democrat
Schoharie Edwin D. Hager Democrat
Schuyler Minor T. Jones Republican
Seneca Albert M. Patterson Republican
Steuben 1st Orange S. Searl Democrat
2nd Allen A. Van Orsdale Republican
Suffolk George M. Fletcher Republican
Sullivan Edward H. Pinney* Democrat
Tioga Jacob B. Floyd Republican
Tompkins John E. Beers Republican
Ulster 1st George H. Sharpe* Republican
2nd Eugene F. Patten Democrat
3rd Thomas E. Benedict* Democrat
Warren Nelson W. Van Dusen Democrat
Washington 1st Robert Armstrong, Jr. Republican
2nd George Northup Democrat
Wayne 1st Oscar Weed Republican
2nd William E. Greenwood Republican
Westchester 1st Edwin R. Keyes Democrat
2nd William H. Catlin* Democrat
3rd George W. Robertson Republican
Wyoming Henry N. Page Republican
Yates John T. Andrews 2nd Republican

Employees[edit]

  • Clerk: Edward M. Johnson, from February 15
  • Sergeant-at-Arms: vacant
  • Doorkeeper: Henry Wheeler
  • Stenographer: James M. Ruso

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At first there were 15 Republicans, 14 regular Democrats and 3 Tammany men. Republican Webster Wagner died on January 13, and there remained 14 Republicans, 14 regular Democrats and 3 Tammany man. The Senate was organized on February 20 without a President pro tempore, and the Republican Clerk was elected with the votes of the Tammany men. Democrat Alexander B. Baucus was elected to fill the vacancy on February 28, and seated in March, so that there were then 15 regular Democrats, 14 Republicans and 3 Tammany men.
  2. ^ Except New York City where the wards were apportioned into election districts, and then some whole wards and some election districts of other wards were gerrymandered together into Assembly districts.
  3. ^ YIELDING TO TAMMANY in NYT on February 3, 1882
  4. ^ TAMMANY IN THE SENATE; HELPING TO ELECT THE CLERK in NYT on February 21, 1882
  5. ^ TAMMANY MEN EXULTANT; GIVEN IMPORTANT PLACES IN THE SENATE COMMITTEES in NYT on February 22, 1882
  6. ^ Elisha Martin Johnson (born 1844), nephew of assemblymen James G. Johnson (in 1848), Marcus H. Johnson (in 1844 and 1848) and Elisha A. Martin (in 1848)
  7. ^ Capt. John C. Niglutsch (died 1887), see JOHN C. NIGLUTSCH'S SUICIDE in NYT on November 8, 1887
  8. ^ J. Stanley Browne, see Bio until 1892

Sources[edit]