105th New York State Legislature
|105th New York State Legislature|
New York State Capitol (2009)
|Duration: January 1 – December 31, 1882|
|President of the State Senate:||Lt. Gov. George G. Hoskins (R)|
|Temporary President of the State Senate:||vacant|
|Speaker of the State Assembly:||Charles E. Patterson (D)|
|Assembly Majority:||Democratic (67-61)|
|1st: January 3 – June 2, 1882|
The 105th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 3 to June 2, 1882, during the third year of Alonzo B. Cornell's governorship, in Albany.
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators and 128 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts; senators for a two-year term, assemblymen for a one-year term. The senatorial districts were made up of entire counties, except New York County (seven districts) and Kings County (three districts). The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards, forming a contiguous area, all within the same county.
The New York state election, 1881 was held on November 8. Of the statewide elective offices up for election, five were carried by the Republicans and one by a Democrat. The approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for Secretary of State, was: Republican 417,000; Democratic 404,000; Greenback 16,000; and Prohibition 4,500.
The Legislature met for the regular session at the State Capitol in Albany on January 3, 1882; and adjourned on June 2.
The Senate had 15 Republicans, 14 Democrats and 3 Tammany men; the Assembly had 61 Republicans, 59 Democrats and 8 Tammany men. In both Houses, the Tammany men were in a balance of power position, and deadlock ensued. Tammany Boss John Kelly objected to the election of John C. Jacobs as President pro tempore of the State Senate, and the office remained vacant throughout the session.
On February 20, John W. Vrooman (R) was re-elected Clerk of the State Senate with the votes of the Tammany men; and the right to appoint the standing committees was transferred to Lt. Gov. George G. Hoskins (R).
Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature. Charles H. Russell, John W. Browning and Shepard P. Bowen changed from the Assembly to the Senate.
|1st||James W. Covert||Democrat|
|2nd||John J. Kiernan||Democrat|
|3rd||Charles H. Russell*||Republican|
|4th||John C. Jacobs*||Democrat||re-elected|
|5th||John G. Boyd||Tammany|
|6th||Thomas F. Grady||Tammany|
|8th||John W. Browning*||Democrat|
|11th||Frank P. Treanor||Tammany|
|12th||Henry C. Nelson||Democrat|
|14th||Addison P. Jones||Democrat|
|15th||Homer A. Nelson||Democrat|
|16th||Charles L. MacArthur||Republican|
|18th||Webster Wagner*||Republican||re-elected; died on January 13, 1882|
|Alexander B. Baucus||Democrat||elected on February 28, to fill vacancy|
|19th||Shepard P. Bowen*||Republican|
|20th||Dolphus S. Lynde*||Republican||re-elected|
|22nd||Robert H. Roberts||Democrat|
|23rd||Alexander M. Holmes||Republican|
|24th||Edward B. Thomas||Republican|
|26th||David H. Evans||Republican|
|28th||George P. Lord*||Republican||re-elected|
|29th||Edmund L. Pitts*||Republican||re-elected|
|30th||Timothy E. Ellsworth||Republican|
|31st||Robert C. Titus||Democrat|
|32nd||Norman M. Allen||Republican|
- Clerk: John W. Vrooman
- Sergeant-at-Arms: John W. Corning
- Doorkeeper: Charles F. Brady
- Stenographer: Hudson C. Tanner
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.
- Clerk: Edward M. Johnson, from February 15
- Sergeant-at-Arms: vacant
- Doorkeeper: Henry Wheeler
- Stenographer: James M. Ruso
- At first there were 15 Republicans, 14 regular Democrats and 3 Tammany men. Republican Webster Wagner died on January 13, and there remained 14 Republicans, 14 regular Democrats and 3 Tammany man. The Senate was organized on February 20 without a President pro tempore, and the Republican Clerk was elected with the votes of the Tammany men. Democrat Alexander B. Baucus was elected to fill the vacancy on February 28, and seated in March, so that there were then 15 regular Democrats, 14 Republicans and 3 Tammany men.
- Except New York City where the wards were apportioned into election districts, and then some whole wards and some election districts of other wards were gerrymandered together into Assembly districts.
- YIELDING TO TAMMANY in NYT on February 3, 1882
- TAMMANY IN THE SENATE; HELPING TO ELECT THE CLERK in NYT on February 21, 1882
- TAMMANY MEN EXULTANT; GIVEN IMPORTANT PLACES IN THE SENATE COMMITTEES in NYT on February 22, 1882
- Elisha Martin Johnson (born 1844), nephew of assemblymen James G. Johnson (in 1848), Marcus H. Johnson (in 1844 and 1848) and Elisha A. Martin (in 1848)
- Capt. John C. Niglutsch (died 1887), see JOHN C. NIGLUTSCH'S SUICIDE in NYT on November 8, 1887
- J. Stanley Browne, see Bio until 1892
- Civil List and Constitutional History of the Colony and State of New York compiled by Edgar Albert Werner (1884; see pg. 276 for Senate districts; pg. 291 for senators; pg. 298–304 for Assembly districts; and pg. 380f for assemblymen)
- Sketches of the Members of the Legislature in The Evening Journal Almanac (1882)
- THE ASSEMBLY COMMITTEES in the New York Times on February 15, 1882