Front page, 2 June 2009
|Founder(s)||Torcuato Luca de Tena y Alvarez-Ossorio|
|Publisher||Catalina Luca de Tena|
|Founded||1 January 1903|
|Political alignment||Conservativism, Monarchism, Right wing|
|Headquarters||Juan Ignacio de Tena 7, Madrid, Spain|
ABC is a Spanish national daily newspaper published in Spain. It is the third largest general-interest newspaper in Spain, and the oldest newspaper still operating in Madrid. ABC is often referred to as a newspaper of record from Spain, along with El País and El Mundo.
History and profile
On 20 July 1936, shortly after the Spanish Civil War began, ABC in Madrid was seized by the republican government, which changed the paper's politics to support the Republicans. A separate ABC printed in Seville supported the Nationalists. In 1939 ABC in Madrid was given back to its original owners, by Francisco Franco, and once again became the largest newspaper in Spain, serving and supporting Franco's dictatorship.
On 25 September 2009, ABC made its complete archives, dating back to 1903, available online, giving modern readers a chance to see contemporaneous news about the Spanish Civil War or Francisco Franco's death.
ABC publishes in compact-sized stapled sheets, noticeably smaller than the loose tabloid format favoured by most Spanish dailies, including El País and El Mundo. Its cover distinctively features a full-size picture.
Its director since 1983, Luis María Ansón, left in 1998 to found another daily, La Razón, which initially catered to even more conservative readers. ABC is known for generally supporting conservative political views and defending the Spanish monarchy. The paper has also a right-wing stance.
Historically, it was noted in its heavy use of photography, and the front page is typically a large photo taking up to one third of the area. Recently, it has been recognized for its coverage of Spanish culture and arts.
From 1975 to 1978 ABC had the highest circulation in Spain. It was 187,484 copies in 1975, 171,382 copies in 1976, 145,162 copies in 1977 and 126,952 in 1978. In the period of 1995–1996 the paper had a circulation of 321,573 copies, making it the second best-selling paper in the country. ABC had a circulation of 263,000 copies in 2003, being the fourth best-selling newspaper in the country. Between June 2006 and July 2007 the paper had a circulation of 230,422 copies. The 2008 circulation of the paper was 228,258 copies. It was 243,154 copies between July 2010 and June 2011.
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