Abutilon

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Abutilon
Abutilon-3.jpg
Abutilon pictum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Malveae
Genus: Abutilon
Mill.[1]
Species

about 200, see text

Synonyms

Abortopetalum O.Deg.[1]
Beloere Shuttlew. ex A. Gray[1]

Abutilon /əˈbjuːtɨlɒn/[2] is a large genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. It is distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics[3] of the Americas, Africa, Asia, and Australia.[4] General common names include Indian mallow[5] and velvetleaf.[6] The genus name is an 18th-century New Latin word[7] that came from the Arabic ’abū-ṭīlūn (أبو طيلون),[8] the name given by Avicenna to this or a similar genus.[9]

Description[edit]

Plants of this genus include herbs, shrubs, and trees.[3] They range in height from about 0.5 to 3 meters (1.5 to 10 feet).[10] The herbage is generally hairy to woolly or bristly.[11] The leaf blades are usually entire, but the occasional species has lobed leaves. They are palmately veined and have wavy or serrated edges. Flowers are solitary, paired, or borne in small inflorescences in the leaf axils or toward the branch tips. The calyx is bell-shaped with five lobes. The corolla is usually bell-shaped to wheel-shaped, with five petals joined at the bases. The flowers of wild species are most often yellow or orange,[3] but can be red or pinkish, sometimes with a darker center. The stamens are fused into a tube lined at the mouth with anthers. Inside the tube is the branching style with head-like stigmas. The fruit is a rounded or hemispherical schizocarp with up to 20 segments, each containing a few seeds.[3][11]

Species[edit]

There are about 200 species in the genus.[3][11]

Species include:[5][12]

Hybrids[edit]

Formerly placed here[edit]

Cultivation[edit]

Some abutilons are cultivated as garden plants. Several hybrids and cultivars have been developed.

Cultivars, hybrids, and species that have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit include:

  • A. megapotamicum[15]
  • A. × milleri[16]
  • 'Canary Bird'[17]
  • 'Cannington Carol'[18]
  • 'Cannington Peter'[19]
  • 'Jermyns'[20]
  • 'Kentish Belle'[21]
  • 'Linda Vista Peach'[22]
  • 'Souvenir de Bonn'[27]
  • 'Veronica Tennant'[28]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Abutilon Mill.". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. 2012-06-08. Retrieved 2012-06-08. 
  2. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book. 1995. 606–07.
  3. ^ a b c d e Abutilon. Flora of China.
  4. ^ Esteves, G. L. and A. Krapovickas. (2002). New species of Abutilon (Malvaceae) from Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Kew Bulletin 57(2), 479-82.
  5. ^ a b Abutilon. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
  6. ^ Genus: Abutilon Mill. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).
  7. ^ "abutilon". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. 
  8. ^ Porcher, Michel H. (2006). "Sorting plant names: Arabic index". Multilingual, Multiscript Plant Name Database. University of Melbourne. 
    Transcribed as abū-taylūn in the Plant Index. The New Oxford American Dictionary (3rd edition) gives ūbūṭīlūn
  9. ^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Abutilon". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. : written aubūtīlūn in both Britannica and the OED.
  10. ^ Hildyard, A. Endangered Wildlife and Plants of the World. Marshall Cavendish. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-7614-7194-3. 
  11. ^ a b c Abutilon. The Jepson eFlora 2013.
  12. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Abutilon". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  13. ^ Britton, N. L.; C. F. Millspaugh (1920). "Malvaceae". The Bahama Flora. p. 264. 
  14. ^ Britton & Millspaugh, p. 266
  15. ^ RHS Plant Selector Abutilon megapotamicum AGM / RHS Gardening
  16. ^ RHS Plant Selector Abutilon × milleri hort. AGM / RHS Gardening
  17. ^ RHS Plant Selector Abutilon 'Canary Bird' AGM / RHS Gardening
  18. ^ RHS Plant Selector Abutilon 'Cannington Carol' (v) AGM / RHS Gardening
  19. ^ RHS Plant Selector Abutilon 'Cannington Peter' (v) AGM / RHS Gardening
  20. ^ RHS Plant Selector Abutilon × suntense 'Jermyns' AGM / RHS Gardening
  21. ^ RHS Plant Selector Abutilon 'Kentish Belle' AGM / RHS Gardening
  22. ^ RHS Plant Selector Abutilon 'Linda Vista Peach' AGM / RHS Gardening
  23. ^ RHS Plant Selector Abutilon 'Marion' AGM / RHS Gardening
  24. ^ RHS Plant Selector Abutilon 'Nabob' AGM / RHS Gardening
  25. ^ RHS Plant Selector Abutilon 'Orange Glow' (v) AGM / RHS Gardening
  26. ^ RHS Plant Selector Abutilon 'Savitzii' (v) AGM / RHS Gardening
  27. ^ RHS Plant Selector Abutilon 'Souvenir de Bonn' (v) AGM / RHS Gardening
  28. ^ RHS Plant Selector Abutilon vitifolium 'Veronica Tennant' AGM / RHS Gardening