After School (band)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
After School
After School in AfterSchool's Beauty Bible.jpg
After School at the After School's Beauty Bible production presentation on 15 January 2014 (Uee not pictured)
Background information
Origin Seoul, South Korea
Genres K-pop
Years active 2009 (2009)–present
Labels
Associated acts
Website a-school.co.kr
Members
Past members
Korean name
Hangul 애프터스쿨
Revised Romanization Aepeuteoseukul
McCune–Reischauer Aep'ŭt'ŏsŭk'ul

After School (Hangul: 애프터스쿨, Katakana: アフタースクール, often stylized as AFTERSCHOOL, abbreviated as A.S.) is a South Korean girl group formed by Pledis Entertainment in 2009,[1] with an admissions and graduation concept.[2] The band currently consists of eight members: Jungah, Jooyeon, Uee, Raina, Nana, Lizzy, E-Young and Kaeun. After School officially debuted in January 2009. Later that year they released "Because of You", which was ranked number 1 on multiple music charts.

The group debuted in Japan in 2011[3][4] under Avex Trax with a remake of their Korean hits "Bang!", "Diva", "Shampoo" and "Because of You". Their Japanese debut was successful, and they entered the Oricon Weekly Chart at number seven.[5] The group also released an original Japanese song, "Rambling Girls", in January 2012. The group's debut Japanese album, Playgirlz, debuted at number eight on the Oricon Weekly Album Chart.

History[edit]

Predebut[edit]

After School was first formed following Kahi's departure from Korean-American girl group, "S-Blush". Kahi contacted friends at Pledis Entertainment where they planned to produce a new group together. The first member other than Kahi was Bekah, who was a trainee while Kahi was in S-Blush. Bekah was brought from Hawaii to South Korea, and had been strongly recommended by the CEO due to her sexiness. Before joining the group, they were then introduced to Jungah, followed by the admission of Jooyeon and Soyoung to form a five-member group.

After School, as a group, made an unofficial first appearance on 29 December 2008 at the SBS Song Festival where Kahi and Jungah performed "Play Girlz" alongside Son Dam Bi. The remaining members, Soyoung, Jooyeon and Bekah served as backup dancers for Son Dam Bi's performance at the event.

2009: Debut, "New Schoolgirl", Soyoung's graduation, "Diva" and "Because of You"[edit]

In the beginning of 2009, a few days before After School's debut, Pledis Entertainment officially announced that the group's music concept is heavily influenced by the Pussycat Dolls.[6] The group released their debut single alongside the rest of the single album, New Schoolgirl, on 15 January.[7][8] On 17 January, After School made their live debut on MBC's, Music Core.[9] Following promotional activities for "AH!", After School planned to continue to promote New Schoolgirl with "Bad Guy", the third track from their single. However, the track was deemed unsuitable and was banned from broadcast because a single word of profanity was in the lyrics.

During the month of April, the group announced a new member, Uee, was joining the group.[10][11][12][13] The group released their second single, "Diva"[11] on 9 April 2009.[12] They first performed the song on 9 April 2009 on M! Countdown.[14] The single went on to win the "Rookie of the Month" award for the month of April 2009 at the Cyworld Digital Music Awards.[15]

After School on July 19, 2009.

On 21 May, the group released their third single, a cover of Morning Musume's "Love Machine", entitled "Dream Girl".[16] In July, it was announced that the group would collaborate with popular artist, Son Dam Bi for digital single, "Amoled".[13][17] It was released on 16 July, and was part of promotions for Samsung phones.[18] After School was the opening act for The Pussycat Dolls's 2009 Doll Domination Tour along with label-mate Son Dam-bi for the Asian dates of the tour.[19]

On 29 October 2009, Soyoung officially graduate from the group to pursue an acting career. Two new members were added to the group, Raina and Nana.[7] After School had a comeback on 25 November 2009 with the single "Because of You".[7][20] The song marked a change for the group to a more mature and sophisticated concept.[7] "Because of You" became popular, winning three Mutizen awards[21][22][23] and achieving a real-time, daily and weekly "all-kill" on various online music charts. The song also topped the Gaon Monthly Singles Chart for December 2009, which was a rarity for rookie groups.[24]

2010: "Bang!", Orange Caramel and Happy Pledis 1st Album[edit]

At the start of the year, After School won the best rookie award at the Billboard Japan Music Awards and Seoul Music Awards.[25][26]

On 25 March, the single album Bang! was released.[27] The single's concept displayed the group wearing sexy marching band outfits, and it was later revealed that Kahi was the mastermind behind the concept. Kahi stated after watching the American film Drumline, she fell in love with the marching band style and had wanted to do a marching band concept ever since she took to the stage as an After School member. For this concept, the group practiced playing the drums for five months with a trainer. It was the first release to feature new member Lizzy. The title track reached number 29 on the 2010 Gaon year-end digital chart with 2,374,731 digital downloads sold.

In June 2010, Raina, Nana, and Lizzy formed a sub-unit, Orange Caramel, and released their first mini-album. Orange Caramel's concept is more lighthearted and sweet unlike many girl groups that have taken on darker, sexier concepts.

On 6 December 2010, Pledis Entertainment released Happy Pledis 1st Album that consisted of four tracks: the title song "Love Love Love", "Someone Is You", and instrumentals versions of the two songs. The album was a surprise gift for the fans, and included After School, Son Dam-bi and Orange Caramel. A portion of the profits from the "Happy Pledis" album were donated to the "Save the Children" organization. Bekah did not take part nor participate in the promotions for this album due to her two-month break in Hawaii visiting her parents.

2011: Virgin, Bekah's graduation, Japanese debut, A.S. Red/Blue and Happy Pledis 2011[edit]

On 27 January, Pledis Entertainment announced that they had signed a contract with a Japanese record label in order to begin activities in Japan by the end of March.[28] After School then started their Japanese activities by collaborating with Japanese R&B superstar Namie Amuro; featuring in the song "Make It Happen" for her collaboration album.[29] In March 2012, the song was nominated for Best Collaboration at the MTV Music Video Awards Japan 2012.

Also in 2011, After School made a cameo as a female idol group, Pure, in the Korean horror film White: The Melody of the Curse. They performed segments of their hit song, "Bang."

A sample of the album's lead single, "Shampoo."

Problems playing this file? See media help.

After School's first studio album, Virgin, was released on 29 April and was the first to feature new member E-Young. The title track, "Shampoo", was composed by Japanese producer Daishi Dance,[30] and the music video was released later that day. The music video for "Let's Step Up", the intro track on the album, featured After School performing a tap-dance routine, which was praised internationally by tap dancers such as Joseph Wiggan.[31][32] After School began promotions for the "Shampoo" starting with KBS's Music Bank.[33] On 23 July 2011, the album was released in the Philippines, along with Bang! and Happy Pledis 1st Album, and it debuted at number one on the Philippines AstroChart, while Bang! debuted at number two and Happy Pledis 1st Album debuted at number three.[34]

In July, Pledis announced that After School would separate into two sub-units, A.S. Red & Blue as part of the group's second comeback project for the year.

After School officially debuted in Japan on 17 August, with the release of their first Japanese single, "Bang!", which peaked at number seven on the Oricon Weekly Chart.[35] After School participated in the prestigious 'a-nation' concert tour as part of their Japanese promotions.[36] They held a solo concert on 17 July at Akasaka BLITZ in Tokyo.[3] However, Bekah graduated from the group prior to the Japanese debut to become a designer. After School's second Japanese single, "Diva", was released on 23 November. The single was accompanied with a new Japanese song called "Ready to Love".[37]

Happy Pledis 2011 was released on 1 December. It is a family album that featured all Pledis artists, including Son Dam Bi and an yet-to-debut band called Pledis Boys. A portion of the "Happy Pledis" earnings were donated to UNICEF, and the album was also a gift to the fans.[38] The group also partnered with SHIBUYA109 for a Christmas campaign, which included a concert.[39][40][41]

After School ended the year by headlining the MTV EXIT live concert along with American band The Click Five on 17 December 2011 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.[42][43]

2012: Playgirlz, Japanese tour, "Lady Luck/Dilly Dally", Kahi's graduation and "Flashback"[edit]

After School's third Japanese single was a double A-side single consisting of two songs, "Rambling Girls" and a Japanese remake of their 2009 hit "Because of You". The single was released on 25 January 2012, and debuted at number six on the Oricon Daily Singles Chart. The single then debuted at number seven on the Oricon Weekly Singles Chart with sales of 12,110.[44] Since then, the single has sold over 17,000 copies in Japan.

On 29 February 2012, After School released a promotional digital single, "Just in Time", to promote the new album which was released the following month.[45] "Just in Time" is also used in a Samantha Thavasa commercial featuring After School, who are models for the fashion company.[46]

After School's first Japanese album, Playgirlz, was released on 14 March 2012.[47] The album contains all their Japanese singles plus a Japanese version of their latest Korean single, "Shampoo", and six original Japanese songs. The regular edition of the album also included a Japanese version of Orange Caramel's "Shanghai Romance" as a bonus track. The album debuted at number six on the Oricon Daily Album Chart, with estimated sales of around 11,000 on the first day, and number nine on iTunes Japan.[48] The album debuted at number eight on the Oricon Weekly Album Chart with sales of 16,000.[49] After School started their promotion tour for the album in late April. With a total of four dates, the tour kicked off at Zepp Tokyo on 27 April, followed by Zepp Nagoya on 28 April and Namba, Osaka on 30 April. The tour finished on 17 June at Tokyo Dome City Hall which was also the last time Kahi performed with the group. It was later officially confirmed that Kahi would graduate from the group to pursue a solo career, as well as to study acting. She stayed with the group until September, at which point she departed from the group.

On 23 April 2012, Avex Trax announced that After School would release their fourth Japanese single, "Lady Luck/Dilly Dally", on 13 June 2012. The single is a double A-side single and the regular edition also contains an additional track, "Slow Love", which is the song used on the Eyefull Home commercial.[50] The single debuted at number 3 on Oricon's daily Singles Chart with sales of 7,648 and at number 6 on Oricon's weekly Singles Chart with sales of 13,424 respectively.[51][52] As of the end of 2012, the single has sold over 17,000 copies in Japan.

After School's fifth Korean single album, Flashback, and a music video for the title track were released on 20 June.[53] This is was the first appearance of new member Kaeun.[54] The title track, "Flashback", went on to achieve an "all-kill" by topping all major online music charts in South Korea.[55]

2013: Fan meetings, "First Love" and Japanese comeback[edit]

After School held a fan meeting in Thailand on 23 February 2013 and performed in front of over 3,000 fans.[56] Due to the success of the fan meeting in Bangkok, After School held another fan meeting in Taiwan on 30 March. This meeting was also held as a charity event with the proceeds from the ticket sales going to children in need.[57] A total of 1,000,000 Taiwan dollars was raised for charity.

The group released their first compilation album, The Best of AFTERSCHOOL, on 27 March along with their first live DVD of their Playgirlz Japanese concert.

Their sixth Korean maxi-single, "First Love", was released on 13 June, and was produced by Brave Brothers. This single marked the first time the group had worked with the producer since "Because of You" in 2009.[58]

Their fifth Japanese single "Heaven", was released on 2 October.[59] "Heaven" debuted at number 6 on the Oricon Daily Singles Chart with over 18,596 copies sold during its debut week.

On 19 December, the music video for "Shh", the group's sixth Japanese single, was released on YouTube.[60]

2014: Dress to Kill and "Dress to SHINE" Japanese tour[edit]

After School's second full-length Japanese album, Dress to Kill, was released on 19 March. The album has twelve tracks including "Heaven", "Shh", "Overture", "Interlude", and "Miss Independent", the title track. The album was released in three versions: a CD + DVD version which includes music videos and a special fanmeeting video, a CD version with a bonus track of the Japanese version of "Flashback", and another CD version (Mu-mo special) with the bonus track "Lucky Girl".[61]

On 20 February, After School released a single titled "Week" in collaboration with Brave Brothers for his 10th anniversary project. On 22 February it was announced that the single scored number 1 on various music charts.[62]

At the beginning of 2014, After School began filming their new show After School's Beauty Bible, which focuses on the members becoming Beauty Editors and providing the viewers with information and tips about Korean beauty, with topics ranging from makeup to style and trends. The show became quite successful and aired in over 100 countries. The second season of the show began airing in September.

After School's second Japanese tour, "Dress to SHINE", began on November 21, 2014 in Tokyo and ended on November 24, 2014 in Osaka.

Members[edit]

After School has an admission-graduation system, where members are added or withdrawn in a "natural" manner.[63]

Current Members[64][65][66]
Stage name Birth name Date of Birth
Romanized Hangul Romanized Hangul Hanja
Jungah 정아 Kim Jung-Ah 김정아 金廷娥 (1983-08-02) 2 August 1983 (age 31)
Jooyeon 주연 Lee Jooyeon 이주연 李周妍 (1987-03-19) 19 March 1987 (age 27)
Uee 유이 Kim Yujin 김유진 金幽珍 (1988-04-09) 9 April 1988 (age 26)
Raina 레이나 Oh Hye-Rin 오혜린 吳慧璘 (1989-05-07) 7 May 1989 (age 25)
Nana 나나 Im Jin-Ah 임진아 林珍兒 (1991-09-14) 14 September 1991 (age 23)
Lizzy 리지 Park Soo-Young 박수영 朴修映 (1992-07-31) 31 July 1992 (age 22)
E-Young 이영 Noh Yi-Young 노이영 盧俐英 (1992-08-06) 6 August 1992 (age 22)
Kaeun 가은 Lee Ka-Eun 이가은 李佳恩 (1994-08-20) 20 August 1994 (age 20)

Graduated members[edit]

Graduated Members[64]
Stage name Birth name Date of Birth
Romanized Hangul Romanized Hangul Hanja
Soyoung 소영 Joo So-Young 주소영 朱小英 (1986-03-29) 29 March 1986 (age 28)
Bekah 베카 Rebekah Kim 레베카 김 N/A (1989-08-11) 11 August 1989 (age 25)
Kahi 가희 Park Ji-Young 박지영 朴祉映 (1980-12-25) 25 December 1980 (age 34)

Timeline[edit]

Sub-units[edit]

Orange Caramel[edit]

Main article: Orange Caramel

Orange Caramel is the first After School unit group, consisting of Raina, Nana and Lizzy. They debuted in June 2010.

A.S. Red & Blue[edit]

A.S. Red & Blue were special unit groups decided by fan voting.[67][68] The line-ups were finalized on 11 July 2011.[69] A.S. Red consisted of Kahi, Jungah, Uee and Nana, while A.S. Blue consisted of Jooyeon, Raina, Lizzy, and E-Young. Two single albums were released on 20 July 2011. The Red single album had two songs, "In The Night Sky" and "Hollywood", and the Blue single album also had two songs, "Wonder Boy" and "Lady". NU'EST and Seventeen's Seungcheol served as back-up dancers for the "Wonder Boy" music video and during live performances on stage.

Endorsements[edit]

After School collaborated with Hello Kitty for the release of their Japanese debut single "Bang!", and again in 2012 for their first Japanese album, Playgirlz. They were also models for Shibuya109, starring in a Christmas campaign commercial which featured their third Japanese single, "Rambling Girls/Because of You". In 2012, the group were representatives for the Japanese food company Hanryuen, and starred in a commercial for the deodorant brand Rexena, which featured a preview of After School's fourth Japanese single, "Dilly Dally".[70]

On February 2013, After School and their label-mate Son Dam Bi became the new faces of the women's SPA (Specialty Private Apparel) brand ‘Mixxo‘! They were the endorsement models for Mixxo in the Korean, Chinese, and Japanese markets.[71]

List of CFs & Endorsements[edit]

Year Commercial
2009 Adidas
Samsung
2011 Shibuya109
The Saem Cosmetic
2011-2012 Landrover
Hello Kitty
2012 Samantha Thavasa
Hanryuen
Rexena
Cecil McBee
2013- 2014 Mixxo

Discography[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Reality shows[edit]

  • 2009: MTV Diary of After School
  • 2010: Playgirlz School
  • 2013–2014: After School's Beauty Bible
  • 2014–present: After School's Beauty Bible 2014 F/W

Dramas[edit]

Movies[edit]

DVD[edit]

  • 2013: AFTERSCHOOL First Japan Tour 2012 -PLAYGIRLZ- DVD

Radio[edit]

  • 2012–present: AFTERSCHOOL Playgirlz Radio ~ 1st Japan Radio Show

Tours[edit]

Headlining[edit]

Supporting[edit]

Awards and nominations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "After School's profile at PLEDIS website" (in Korean). PLEDIS. Retrieved 17 June 2011. 
  2. ^ Vitalsign (3 May 2011). "After School discusses their admissions and graduation system". Allkpop.com. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  3. ^ a b 本命!AFTERSCHOOL日本デビュー (1/2ページ) (in Japanese). Sanspo.com. 3 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2011. 
  4. ^ "After School to debut in Japan this summer". 6Theory Media. 2 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2011. 
  5. ^ "애프터스쿨, 日 a-nation 투어 성공..'뱅' 주문 폭주" (in Korean). Naver. 5 September 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "Son Dam-bi's management releases new girl group, After School". Korea JK News (in Korean). 31 December 2008. Archived from the original on 23 January 2009. Retrieved 16 January 2009. 
  7. ^ a b c d 人터뷰, 애프터스쿨 "크리스마스 선물로 1위 트로피 받고 싶어요". 쿠키뉴스 (in Korean). 15 December 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  8. ^ "방과후처럼 Ah 5人5色 끼맘껏". Focus News Network (in Korean). 10 February 2009. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  9. ^ 태군-애프터스쿨, '쇼! 음악중심'서 첫 데뷔무대 가져. Sports Chosun (in Korean). 17 January 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  10. ^ "Uee练习孙谭菲舞蹈视频公开 网路聚拢人气". CNNB (in Chinese). 22 April 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  11. ^ a b "组合After School新成员U-ie公开宣传视频(图)". Sina (in Chinese). 8 April 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  12. ^ a b "HD동영상 애프터스쿨의 신입생, 베일을 벗다!". Chosun (in Korean). 8 April 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  13. ^ a b "Battle of Girl Groups Under Way". The Korea Times. 14 July 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  14. ^ "[HD동영상] 애프터스쿨의 신입생, 베일을 벗다!". Chosun (in Korean). 8 April 2009. Retrieved 31 January 2010. 
  15. ^ "섹시디바 애프터스쿨, 'Diva'로 '디지털 뮤직 어워드' 신인상". Hankyung.com (in Korean). 11 June 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  16. ^ 애프터스쿨, 日모닝구 '러브머신' 리메이크...'대동경소녀' 주제곡 불러. My Daily (in Korean). 19 May 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  17. ^ "Son Dam Bi hợp sức After School "lăng xê" Samsung Jet". Tin nhanh (in Vietnamese). 10 August 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  18. ^ "女子组合AfterSchool成为Anycall模". Sina (in Chinese). 24 July 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  19. ^ a b Garcia, Cathy Rose A. (7 June 2009). "Pop Group Pussycat Dolls Sizzle in Seoul". The Korea Times (Hankook Ilbo). Retrieved 22 June 2009. 
  20. ^ 애프터스쿨 ‘너 때문에’ 강세 여전..하반기 신드롬 일으키나. Joins (in Korean). 7 December 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2009. [dead link]
  21. ^ Lynn, Kim (21 December 2009). "2PM, After School top TV music charts". Asia Economy. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  22. ^ 손담비·애프터스쿨 합동공연, 누리꾼 폭발적 반응!. Asia Economy (in Korean). 4 January 2010. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  23. ^ 애프터스쿨 2주연속 뮤티즌송, 3주연속 1위 도전장!. Joins (in Korean). 3 January 2010. Retrieved 4 January 2010. [dead link]
  24. ^ 애프터스쿨, 데뷔 후 첫 가요프로 1위 할까? (in Korean). 매일경제. 7 December 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  25. ^ 애프터스쿨, 빌보드 재팬 어워드 '한국 대표'. Hankooki (in Korean). 26 January 2010. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  26. ^ Hicap, Jonathan M (4 February 2010). "Girls Generation, Super Junior dominate 19th High1 Seoul Music Awards". Manila Bulletin Publishing Corporation. Retrieved 10 February 2010. 
  27. ^ 애프터스쿨의 새 멤버 '리지' [After School's New Member]. Today Korea (in Korean). 17 March 2010. Retrieved 20 March 2010. 
  28. ^ 애프터스쿨 "카라사태 영향無..3월 日 진출" (in Korean). Star News. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  29. ^ 애프터스쿨, 극비리에 日 '섹시퀸' 아무로 나미에 앨범 참여 (in Korean). Nate. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  30. ^ 애프터스쿨, 원태연+다이시댄스 곡으로 4월말 컴백 (in Korean). Nate. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  31. ^ 애프터스쿨 탭댄스, 해외 팬들 극찬! (in Korean). Nate. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  32. ^ 애프터스쿨 탭댄스, "전세계에서 손색 없어" 월드5위 탭퍼 극찬 (in Korean). Nate. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  33. ^ [단독] 애프터스쿨 탭댄스에 ‘뮤뱅’ 무대 무너졌다 (in Korean). Nate. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  34. ^ "After School ranks 1 -3 in Philippines album chart". 
  35. ^ "AFTERSCHOOLのCD・DVDリリース情報、AFTERSCHOOLのプロフィールならオリコン芸能人事典-ORICON STYLE" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  36. ^ "a-nation's participating artists" (in Japanese). a-nation. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  37. ^ "Diva<Japan Ver.> AFTERSCHOOLのプロフィールならオリコン芸能人事典-ORICON STYLE". Oricon (in Japanese). Retrieved 24 September 2011. 
  38. ^ "News + Teaser Flick: Pledis Family for ‘Happy Pledis 2011′". Afterschooldaze.wordpress.com. 14 November 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  39. ^ "Info + Flick: After School To hold a Christmas Concert". Afterschooldaze.wordpress.com. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  40. ^ "HQ Flicks: After School for SHIBUYA109's Upcoming Christmas Campaign in Japan". Afterschooldaze.wordpress.com. 17 November 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  41. ^ "News + Promo Flick: After School and Son Dambi for ‘Happy Pledis 2011′ – A Family Album". Afterschooldaze.wordpress.com. 17 November 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  42. ^ "MTV EXIT RETURNS TO CAMBODIA TO FIGHT HUMAN TRAFFICKING". MTV Exit. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  43. ^ "MTV Exit feast for music fans | Lifestyle | The Phnom Penh Post – Cambodia's Newspaper of Record". The Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  44. ^ "CDシングル 週間ランキング-音楽ランキング". Oricon.co.jp. 6 February 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  45. ^ "「着うたフル®」・「着うた®」なら「レコチョク」 – 楽曲検索". Recochoku.jp. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  46. ^ "After School Becomes Official Models for Samantha Thavasa « Playgirlz World. Com / An International Fansite for After School". Playgirlzworld.com. 5 November 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  47. ^ "Info: After School's First Japanese Full Length Album "PlayGirlz"". Afterschooldaze.wordpress.com. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  48. ^ [1][dead link]
  49. ^ "CDアルバム 週間ランキング-ORICON STYLE ランキング". Oricon.co.jp. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  50. ^ [2][dead link]
  51. ^ [3][dead link]
  52. ^ "CDシングル 週間ランキング-音楽ランキング". Oricon.co.jp. 25 June 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  53. ^ "After School releases MV for "Flashback"". allkpop.com. 19 June 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  54. ^ [4][dead link]
  55. ^ "After School achieves an all-kill on real time charts with "Flashback"". allkpop.com. 20 June 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  56. ^ Park, Hani (25 February 2013). "After School Holds Successful Fan Meeting in Thailand". CJ E&M enewsWorld. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  57. ^ "After School holds their first Taiwanese fan meeting". allkpop.com. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  58. ^ Benjamin, Jeff (14 June 2013). "After School 'First Love' Comeback: Pole Dancing & Topless Melancholy". Billboard K-Town. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  59. ^ Benjamin, Jeff (1 October 2013). "After School Go to Disco 'Heaven' in New Japanese Single". Billboard K-Town. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  60. ^ Avex Network (19 December 2013). "AFTERSCHOOL / 「Shh」MUSIC VIDEO". YouTube. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  61. ^ "After School to release 2nd Japanese album 'Dress To Kill' - Latest K-pop News - K-pop News | Daily K Pop News". Dkpopnews.net. 12 January 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  62. ^ jennywill (22 February 2014). "After School's 'Week' scores number 1 on music charts". allkpop.com. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  63. ^ Vitalwarning (19 May 2011). "After School responds to rumors about "graduating", living separately, and revealing their personal lives". Allkpop.com. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  64. ^ a b "After School artist info". Hanteo Chart. Hanteo Information System. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  65. ^ MelOn artist profiles:
  66. ^ "Kaeun's Google+". Google+. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  67. ^ "애프터스쿨 `레드vs블루` 두 유닛 격돌" (in Korean). Nate. 4 July 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2011. 
  68. ^ 애프터스쿨, 최초 두 팀 유닛 활동..'7월 동시컴백' (in Korean). Naver. 24 June 2010. Retrieved 2 July 2011. 
  69. ^ "애프터스쿨 새 유닛 멤버 확정... ‘강렬’ vs ‘상큼’" (in Korean). Chosun. 11 July 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2011. 
  70. ^ After School endorses deodorant brand 'Rexena' + another photo of new member Gaeun 10 April 2012 allkpop
  71. ^ Son Dam Bi and After School are the new muses of 'Mixxo' 22 February 2013 allkpop

External links[edit]