Air transport in Yugoslavia
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This article provides an overview of air transport in Yugoslavia, a country in the Balkans that existed from 1918 until its dissolution in the 1990s.
The first domestic airliner was Aeroput, the predecessor of JAT (Jugoslovenski Aerotransport) created in 1927, which was Yugoslvia's national carrier until the country's dissolution. More airlines were founded during the 1960s, namely Ljubljana-based Adria Airways (initially named Adria Aviopromet, later Inex-Adria Airways), and the Belgrade-based Aviogenex in 1968. During the late 1980s and 1990s a big number of private companies were established.
The first airports in Yugoslavia were created in the first half of the twentieth century. The airline industry and infrastructure was substantially expanded between the 1950s and 1980s. In 1964 there were 7 international airports in Yugoslavia. Until the end of 1970 there were 14 modern airports in Yugoslavia: Belgrade, Zagreb, Ljubljana, Pula, Rijeka, Split, Dubrovnik, Titograd, Mostar, Zadar, Pristina, Skopje, Sarajevo and Ohrid.
List of airports
Yugoslavia contained the following airports, listed here grouped by the country or territory in which they are now located:
- Banja Luka Airport, Banja Luka
- Mostar Airport, Mostar
- Sarajevo Airport, Sarajevo
- Tuzla Airport, Tuzla
- Bol Airport, Bol
- Dubrovnik Airport, Dubrovnik
- Lošinj Airport, Mali Lošinj
- Osijek Airport, Osijek
- Pula Airport, Pula
- Rijeka Airport, Rijeka
- Split Airport, Split
- Zadar Airport, Zadar
- Zagreb Airport, Zagreb
- / Kosovo
After the dissolution of Yugoslavia, each successor country created its own national carrier. During this period, the Yugoslav Wars and the economical sanctions imposed on Yugoslavia significantly contributed to the crisis in the airline sector. After 2000, the growth of the airline industry slightly recovered following the recovery of the tourism sector. The national carriers of the former Yugoslav countries are:
- Bosnia and Herzegovina: B&H Airlines
- Croatia: Croatia Airlines
- R. Macedonia: MAT Airways (defunct)
- Montenegro: Montenegro Airlines
- Serbia: Air Serbia
- Slovenia: Adria Airways
Each country also has a number of privately owned airlines, as well as a number of international airlines with regular flights to airports in the countries of the former Yugoslavia.
|1||Serbia||Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport||Belgrade||3,124,633||3,363,919||3,543,194||5.3%|
|6||Slovenia||Ljubljana Joze Pucnik Airport||Ljubljana||1,369,485||1,198,911||1,321,000||10.2%|
|10||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Sarajevo Airport||Sarajevo||599,596||580,058||665,638||14.8%|
|15||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Mostar Airport||Mostar||36,807||78,055||68,939||11.7%|
|16||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Tuzla Airport||Tuzla||4,527||4,191||61,513||1,367.7%|
|20||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Banja Luka Airport||Banja Luka||8,367||6,424||8,837||37.6%|
|22||Croatia||Lošinj Airport||Mali Lošinj||1,597||794||0||100.0%|
- ITA Bulletin (Institut du transport aérien) 1–25. 1966.
- Review - Yugoslav magazine. 1969. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.