Kraljevo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kraljevo
Краљево
City
Monument in the city center
Monument in the city center
Coat of arms of Kraljevo
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Kraljevo within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Kraljevo within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°43′25″N 20°41′15″E / 43.72361°N 20.68750°E / 43.72361; 20.68750Coordinates: 43°43′25″N 20°41′15″E / 43.72361°N 20.68750°E / 43.72361; 20.68750
Country  Serbia
District Raška
Settlements 92
Government
 • Mayor Dragan Jovanović
Area[1]
 • Municipality 1,530 km2 (590 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 68,749
 • Municipality 125,488
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 36000
Area code +381 36
Car plates KV
Website kraljevo.org

Kraljevo (Serbian: Краљево / Kraljevo; [krǎːʎɛʋɔ] ( )) is a city in Serbia, built beside the river Ibar, 7 kilometres (4 miles) west of its confluence with the Western Morava. It is located in the midst of an upland valley, between the mountains of Kotlenik in the north, and Stolovi in the south.

In 2011 the city had a population of 68,749 (administrative area: 125,488). It is the administrative center of the Raška District. The city administrative area consists of 16 settlements. In 1991, Kraljevo administrative area had 80,559 inhabitants. Because of the enormous number of internally displaced persons from Kosovo (around 18,500), the population of Kraljevo today is estimated to be close to 100,000.

On November 3, 2010 a 5.4 magnitude earthquake occurred in this city, damaging many buildings and killing two people.[3]

Name[edit]

Formerly known as Rudo Polje (Рудо Поље), Karanovac (Карановац) and Rankovićevo (Ранковићево), Kraljevo received its present name, meaning "the King's Town", from King Milan I of Serbia.

History and sights[edit]

According to the assumptions, "lower" Ibar region is the first area where Serbs organized cultural, political and economical life. Serbian state with name Raška was formed in 11th century and most active part of the state was in area of today's Kraljevo. As evidence of that there are numerous monasteries such as Studenica (1188), Žiča (1219) as a seat of the archbishopric and place of crowning of seven Serbian kings, Ljubostinja, Gradac, Stara Pavlica and medieval fortress Maglič. The village of Rudo Polje, from which Kraljevo arise, was settled during 14th century. This area was occupied by the Turks in period between 1458-1459. During Turkish rule Rudo Polje became known as Karanovac. Karanovac became important settlement during war between Austria and Turkey in period 1718-1739. After the Požarevac peace from 1718th border beetwen Austria and Turkey is established on the river Morava so Karanovac became a place where Turks fled from Austrians. During the first uprising of the Serbs in 1805th Karanovac was heavily damaged and after that Turks left the city and the Serbs continue development of the city. Karanovac became a county capitol at 1819th. During WWII Kraljevo was in the middle of the fights beetwen German occupation army and Serbian people. During uprise in 1941st Partizans and Četniks together fought against German garnison settled in Kraljevo. As a retaliation for heavy looses that Geermans had they made so called Kraljevo massacre on 14.10.1941st. After that in the night of 15/16.10.1941st and two days after that another group of civilians were shooted. During the November 1944th heavy batles were for Kraljevo and area of the city. On one side there were Soviet army and Yugoslav forces and on other German forces (Army group E). Kraljevo was liberated on 29.11.1944th. During NATO bombardment of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1999th Kraljevo suffered a lot too. First rocket that felt on Yugoslavia was the one that hited airport Lađevci nearby Kraljevo.

Kraljevo City Museum

By far its most interesting feature is the Coronation church belonging to Žiča monastery. Here seven kings are said to have been crowned (seven crowns on coat of arms represents seven kings). The church is Byzantine in style, and has been partially restored; but the main tower dates from the year 1210, when it was founded by Saint Sava, the patron saint of Serbia.

The famous monastery of Studenica, 39 km (24 mi) south by west of Kraljevo, stands high up among the south-western mountains, overlooking the Studenica, a tributary of the Ibar. It consists of a group of old-fashioned timber and plaster buildings, a tall belfry, and a diminutive church of white marble, founded in 1190 by King Stefan Nemanja, who himself turned monk and was canonized as Saint Simeon. The carvings round the north, south and west doors have been partially defaced by the Turks. The inner walls are decorated with Byzantine frescoes, among which only a painting of the Last Supper, and the portraits of five saints, remain un-restored. The dome and narthex are modern additions. Besides the silver shrine of Saint Simeon, many gold and silver ornaments, church vessels and old manuscripts, there are a set of vestments and a reliquary, believed by the monks to have been the property of Saint Sava who founded the first hospital in Studenica in the 13th century.

From 1929 to 1941, Kraljevo was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

2010 earthquake[edit]

Kraljevo was shaken by a Mw 5.4 earthquake on 3 November 2010. Two people were killed and over 100 suffered light injuries. A number of buildings suffered damage, and several hundreds, chiefly older buildings, were rendered unusable.[4][5] There were several weaker aftershocks including a 4.3 Mw earthquake on November 4.[6][7]

Settlements[edit]

At 1,530 square kilometres (591 sq mi) Kraljevo is the largest municipality of Serbia by area. Apart from the city, municipality of Kraljevo includes 92 settlements:

Of those, Adrani, Centar, Čibukovac, Grdica, Higijenski Zavod, Jarčujak, Konarevo, Mataruge, Mataruška Banja, Metikoš, Ratina, Ribnica, Stara Čaršija, Vitanovac, Vrba, Zaklopača, Zelengora and Žiča lie within the proper city limits.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic groups in the town of Kraljevo: (2011 census)

Ethnic group population
Serbs 120,267
Roma 1,266
Macedonians 224
Yugoslavs 106
Croats 162
Total 125,488

Famous residents[edit]

NBA player Vlade Divac started his career in Kraljevo, while playing for "Sloga" basketball club (his wife is from Kraljevo). He now donates to the club. Another NBA player, Nenad Krstić was born in Kraljevo, and played for "Mašinac" basketball club from Kraljevo. Kraljevo is the birthplace of international footballer Aleksandar Luković.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kraljevo is twinned with:

Sport[edit]

The most popular sports in Kraljevo are basketball, volleyball and football. The town is known as "Serbian Bologna" because it is home of KK Sloga and KK Mašinac both playing in Top Serbian basketball division - Naša Sinalko Liga. Kraljevo's volleyball team OK Ribnica recently became one of the best teams in Serbia. FK Sloga Kraljevo is the best Kraljevo football team.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]