|Zagreb International Airport
Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb
|IATA: ZAG – ICAO: LDZA|
|Elevation AMSL||353 ft / 108 m|
|Number of Passengers||2,300,231|
|Croatian Aeronautical Information Publication|
Zagreb International Airport (IATA: ZAG, ICAO: LDZA), also known as Pleso Airport (pronounced [plɛ̂sɔ]) after the nearby suburb of Pleso, is the main international airport of Croatia and also a base of the Croatian Air Force and Air Defence. Located 10 km (6.2 mi) from Zagreb Central Station in Zagreb, it served 2,300,231 passengers in 2013 and is the hub for the Croatian flag carrier Croatia Airlines.
- 1909 – The first airfield in Zagreb was built in 1909 near the western city neighbourhood of Črnomerec.
- 1927 – Charles Lindbergh made a landing in Borongaj Airfield (east of Zagreb) after his successful crossing of the Atlantic Ocean.
- 1928 – The airfield began serving its first passenger traffic on 15 February.
- 1947 – Commercial services were moved to a former airbase near the village of Lučko, southwest of the city. At its peak in 1959, Lučko served 167,000 passengers.
- 1962 – New airport opens at Pleso in the southeast from Lučko. It first opened with a 2,500 m (8,200 ft) long runway and 1,000 m2 (11,000 sq ft) terminal. A new 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq ft) apron.
- 1966 – Zagreb Airport gets modern 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq ft) passenger terminal
- 1974 – apron and runway expansion. Runway was extended to its current 3,252 m (10,669 ft), and the terminal expanded to 12,000 m2 (130,000 sq ft).
- 2004 – The airport installed a CAT-IIIb instrument landing system (ILS).
- 2008 – VIP Terminal was added and extra amenities, restaurants and bars. Terminal expanded to 15,500 m2 (167,000 sq ft)
- 2010 – 3rd Floor Viewing platform and a bar were added, passenger terminal received major facelift.
- 2012– 2013 – Additional 5,872 m2 (63,210 sq ft), of space being added, with completion dates sometimes in mid to late 2013. Terminal expanded to 22,500 m2 (242,000 sq ft) with increased capacity up to 3.5 million passengers. Airport had also most successful year ever with 2.34 million passengers passing through its gates.
- 2013–2016 – Construction of new 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) passenger terminal officially started on 18 December 2013. Terminal with capacity of 5.5 million passengers in the first phase should be completed by mid to late 2016, 250,000 m2 (2,700,000 sq ft) Airport apron/Airport Ramp will also be added as part of the whole expansion project.
The passenger terminal underwent major design upgrade, new VIP terminal was added to the west of the current terminal in 2008, and new unified facade (at the front of the terminal) was also added in 2009. The passenger terminal has a maximum capacity of around 2.5 million passengers per year with current traffic being around the 2.3 million mark. The main terminal building itself is rather small measuring only 200 m × 58 m (656 ft × 190 ft) or around 20,000 m2 (220,000 sq ft). The apron or airport ramp measures 950 m × 187 m (3,117 ft × 614 ft) and can accommodate around 15 medium and two wide body aircraft. The terminal is planned to accommodate low-cost flights after the construction of the second terminal.
Construction of Terminal 2
A new terminal is planned for the future. The initial plan, made by NACO in 1997, was for 47,000 m² of space, capacity for 11 jetways, and the capability of handling 3 million passengers annually, but the airport authority decided to scrap this plan in favor of a larger terminal. Another master plan was developed by Scott Associates in 2006 and the new terminal was expected to have 12 jetways and a capacity of 3.3 million passengers annually. It would have been approximately 65,600 m2 (706,000 sq ft) in area, nearly five times the size of the current terminal. This plan was also scrapped and a competition was held in hope of an even larger airport.
A competition for the final architectural and urban planning solution took place in August 2009, and the winner (Institut IGH) was declared at the beginning of October. This proposal, designed by Neidhardt architects of Zagreb, includes a retail component with stores, banks, cafes and restaurants. A new luxury hotel with direct underground links to the terminal is planned, directly in front of the new terminal. The new terminal will consist of glass walls and roof in a wavy facade. It will be built in three stages, the first stage being able to cater for over five million passengers. However this number will increase as phase two and three commence directly after. Initial construction is expected to cost €280 million. Air Force operations will move to the south end of the airport due to the construction. Meanwhile the old terminal will have a major face lift and minor expansion expected to cost 6 million euros.
On 12 April 2012, Aeroports de Paris received a 30-year concession of the airport from the Government of Croatia. The contract includes financing, designing and construction of a new passenger terminal. The construction works, lasting three years, will be carried out by Bouygues Bâtiment International in partnership with Viadukt. ZAIC will operate the entire airport for 30 years, including the runways, the current passenger terminal during the entire construction period, the new terminal, the cargo terminal, car parks and future property developments. The concession contract involves a total investment of €324m (£259m): €236 million for the design and construction of the new terminal and €88 million for operation of all airport infrastructure for the entire period of the concession.
Accompanying the terminal will be a second parallel runway. There will also be a new rail line alongside the Eastern bypass of Velika Gorica (currently under construction), which extends from Zagreb across the Homeland Bridge completed in 2007. These elements will create an entirely new east entrance into the city adding to the one via D408 state road. The airport is being built in such manner that more expansions can be conducted easily if needed.
Construction on the new terminal officially started on 18 December 2013 and should be completed by mid to late 2016. According to architectural plans, the main terminal building will be 144x133m with the roof having a slightly larger footprint of 155x165m, with piers extending to a maximum of 670m width with 12 passenger boarding bridges as part of the phase 1, with phase 2, 350m extension to the right pier will be made adding additional 6 passenger boarding bridges. Total size of the terminal once completed will be around 72,500 square meters, excluding future extensions and add-ons.
As part of eco friendly approach the new terminal will also initially include 8500 square meters of solar panels on its roof, which should provide around 10–15% of Terminal's energy requirement, wind turbines could also be installed at some point.
Airlines and destinations
|Trade Air||Ljubljana, Sarajevo|
|Qatar Airways Cargo||Doha|
operated by Farnair Switzerland
|Year||Passengers||Aircraft Landings||Cargo (tonnes)|
|2014 (January – August)||1,613,983||25,364||5,848|
|Munich||Franz Josef Strauss Airport||
|Paris||Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport||
|London||Heathrow Airport and Gatwick Airport||
|Rank||Carrier||Passengers 2013||%||Passenger %
|10||Norwegian Air Shuttle||32,314||1.4||8.24|
|Source: Zagreb Airport|
- AIP from the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation
- Vlada Republika Hrvatska Potpisan Ugovor O Koncesiji za izgradnju (In Croatian) 11 April 2012
- Airports Statistics
Media related to Zagreb Airport at Wikimedia Commons