Algerian National Navy
|Algerian National Navy|
|Active||January 2, 1962 – July 13, 1972|
|Size||6000 personnel |
|Anniversaries||February 2, 1967|
|Equipment||28 vessels, 10 helicopters|
The Algerian National Navy (ANN; Arabic: القوات البحرية الجزائرية) is the naval branch of the Military of Algeria. The navy operates from multiple bases along the country's nearly 1,000 km (620 mi) coastline, fulfilling its primary role of monitoring and defending Algeria's territorial waters against all foreign military or economic intrusion. Additional missions include coast guard and maritime safety missions as well a projection of marine forces (fusillers marins). Algerian forces are an important player in the Western Mediterranean.
As with other Algerian military branches, the navy was built and structured with assistance from the Soviet Union during the Cold War, but has also relied on other sources for equipment in some areas. Since the end of the Cold War, Russia has remained an important partner, but Algeria has increasingly sought additional sources for equipment as well as building its own shipbuilding capacity.
Principal naval bases are located at Algiers, Annaba, Mers el-Kebir, Oran, Skikda and Tamentfoust. Mers el Kébir is home to the OMCN/CNE shipbuilding facilities where several Algerian vessels have been built. Algeria's naval academy at Tamentfoust provides officer training equivalent to that of the army and the air force academies. The navy also operates a technical training school for its personnel at Tamentfoust.
The bulk of the Algerian Navy is still based on Cold War designs, although work is being done to both acquire new platforms as well as modernize existing equipment. The surface fleet is equipped with a mixture of smaller ships well suited to coastal and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) patrol work. The fleet is led by three Koni class frigates which have been updated with more modern systems. These are due to be augmented in the coming years by a pair of MEKO A-200 frigates which will represent the most modern equipment of the navy when they enter service, also, Algeria signed a contract with China Shipbuilding Trading Company for the construction of three light frigates about 2,800 tons full load. A mixture of six corvettes and off-shore patrol vessels complement the frigates, while a large number of smaller boats cover the role of coastal patrol. Algeria had maintained a relatively large fleet of Osa class fast attack craft by the end of the Cold War, but it is questionable whether any of these remain in operational use.
Algeria has had a small submarine presence in the Mediterranean with a pair of Kilo class patrol submarines, though the recent acquisition of an additional two upgraded boats will expand this presence significantly. Their amphibious warfare capacity has traditionally been limited with a small group of landing ships essentially for coastal transport roles. This capacity will be greatly upgraded with the planned acquisition of an amphibious transport dock capable of supporting more robust operations. In the area of civil support, the purchase of seagoing rescue tugs will mark the first ability of an African nation to provide valuable services to economic and commercial operators in the Western Mediterranean.
The Algerian military has long maintained a strong veil of secrecy over its organization and equipment, making an exact accounting of operational vessels difficult to ascertain. Open sources are known to vary widely in their reports of several aspects of Algerian equipment.
|MEKO A200 ||2015-2016||Under construction.|
|Koni-class frigate||901||Mourad Rais||1980||Ex-Soviet SKR-482, re-fitted in 2011 at Kronshtadt|
|902||Rais Kellich||1982||Ex-Soviet SKR-35, currently being re-fitted at Kronshtadt|
|903||Rais Korfo||1985||Ex-Soviet SKR-129, re-fitted in 2000 at Kronshtadt|
|C28A ||2015||Under construction.|
|Project 20382 "Tigr" corvette ||2014-2015||Under construction.|
|Nanuchka-class corvette||801||Rais Hamidou||1980||Ex-Soviet MRK-21, Project 1234E built by Vympel Shipyards in Rybinsk, Russia|
|802||Salah Rais||1981||Ex-Soviet MRK-23, Project 1234E built by Vympel Shipyards in Rybinsk,|
|803||Rais Ali||1982||Ex-Soviet MRK-22, Project 1234E built by Vympel Shipyards in Rybinsk,|
|Patrol Boats (12)|
|Djebel Chenoua Class patrol boat||351||Djebel Chenoua||1988||Based on Bazan's Spanish patrol boat Cormorán. Built by OMCN / CNE in Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria.|
|Kebir class patrol boat||341||El Yadekh||1982||Built by Brooke Marine|
|344||El Moutarid||1985||Built by ONCM / CNE at Mers el-Kebir in Algeria|
|Patrol Submarines (6)|
|Kilo Class 636M||021||Messali el Hadj||2010||Project 636M 'Improved Kilo' submarine built by Admiralty Shipyard in Saint Petersburg, Russia|
|022||Akram Pacha||2010||Project 636M 'Improved Kilo' submarine built by Admiralty Shipyard in Saint Petersburg, Russia|
|Kilo Class 636M||2016-2017|||
|Kilo Class 877EKM||012||Rais Hadi Mubarek||1987||Project 877EKM Paltus (Kilo) submarines built in Admiralty Shipyard in Saint Petersburg|
|013||El Hadj Slimane||1988|
Amphibious warfare vessels
|Amphibious Assault Ships (1)|
|Kalaat Béni Abbès Class||Kalaat Béni Abbès||2014||Improved San Giorgio, Ordered in 2011|
|Landing Ships (3)|
|Kalaat Beni Hammed||472||Kalaat Beni Hammed||1984||Built by Brooke Marine in Lowestoft, UK|
|473||Kalaat Beni Rached||1984||Built by Vosper Thornycroft in Woolston, UK|
|Polnocny||471||1976||Built by Stocznia Północna at Gdańsk, Poland|
|El Idrissi||673||El Idrissi||1980||540 ton ship built by Matsukara Zosen in Hirao, Japan|
|Soummam||937||Soummam||2006||5500 tons (full load)|
|El Mourafik||261||El Mourafik||1990||Built in China|
|AgustaWestland AW101||Search and rescue||6||Ordered in 2007, in service by 2011|
|Super Lynx Mk.130||Search and rescue||4 (+6 ordered in 2012)||In service 2011|
- three corvettes C28A. Radar and electronic equipment Thales be mounted in Algeria. -They have been built at the same yard as the F22 vessels sold by China to Pakistan and could be similar or slightly smaller-.
- 21 units of the type FPB98 MKI Ocea -patrol boat- 
- 12 units of Alusafe 2000 high speed rescue and patrol vessel 
Djebel Chenoua-class corvette El Kirch (353) built by ECRN in Mers-el-Kebir
- RBS-15 Mk. III  III will equip the two MEKO 200 frigates under construction for the Algerian National Navy. Delivery is scheduled for 2015-2016.
- SS-N-25 
- C-802 
- SSC-3 Styx 
- 3M-14E 
- Years listed in italics indicated planned commissioning dates.
- Surface Forces: MEKO A200
- "REFILE-ThyssenKrupp wins 400 mln euro Algeria deal-report". Reuters. 5 April 2012.
- L'Algérie commande deux frégates à TKMS | Mer et Marine
- "Algerian Navy signs deal with ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems for 2+2 Meko A200 Frigates: Details". March 26, 2012.
- Russia to Upgrade Two Warships for Algerian Navy
- Severnaya Verf Shipyard, Algerian Navy Sign Modernization Contract
- Russia to build two Tiger corvettes for Algerian navy | Russia | RIA Novosti
- "Italian shipyard Fincantieri launched Algerian Navy future amphibious ship (BDSL program)". January 10, 2014.
- Le nouveau bâtiment de projection algérien, meretmarine.com 13/09/2012
- فرقاطتين المانيتين و 3 كورفيت صينية للجزائر
- Navantia to modernise Algerian Navy warships
- "Algerian Navy signs deal with ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems for 2+2 Meko A200 Frigates: Details". Navyrecognition.com. 2012-07-25. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- Ahmed, Hamid Ould (5 April 2012). "ThyssenKrupp wins 400 mln euro Algeria deal". In Billingham, Erica. Reuters. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
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- Colombaro, Mike (7 March 2012). "Future of the Algerian Navy". Combat Fleets of the World. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
- DefenceWeb (1 July 2011). "Algerian Navy purchases two Tiger corvettes". Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- DefenceWeb (4 April 2012). "Algeria orders two Meko frigates". Retrieved 22 May 2012.
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- RIA Novosti (30 June 2011). "Russia to build two Tiger corvettes for Algerian navy". Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- Russian-Ships.info. "Guard Ships - Project 1159". Retrieved 13 May 2012.
- Russian-Ships.info. "Large submarines - Project 877 Paltus". Retrieved 13 May 2012.
- Russian-Ships.info. "Small Missile Ships - Project 1234 Ovod". Retrieved 13 May 2012.
- StrategyWorld.com. "Surface Forces: MEKO A200". Retrieved 22 May 2012.
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