Algerian National Navy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Algerian Navy)
Jump to: navigation, search
Algerian National Navy
Active January 2, 1962 – July 13, 1972
Country  Algeria
Branch Navy
Size 6000 personnel [1]
Garrison/HQ L'AMIRAUTE, Algiers
Anniversaries February 2, 1967
Equipment 28 vessels, 10 helicopters
Commanders
Current
commander
Malek Necib
Insignia
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Algeria.svg
Naval Jack Naval Jack of Algeria.svg

The Algerian National Navy (ANN; Arabic: القوات البحرية الجزائرية‎) is the naval branch of the Military of Algeria. The navy operates from multiple bases along the country's nearly 1,000 km (620 mi) coastline, fulfilling its primary role of monitoring and defending Algeria's territorial waters against all foreign military or economic intrusion. Additional missions include coast guard and maritime safety missions as well a projection of marine forces (fusillers marins). Algerian forces are an important player in the Western Mediterranean.

As with other Algerian military branches, the navy was built and structured with assistance from the Soviet Union during the Cold War, but has also relied on other sources for equipment in some areas. Since the end of the Cold War, Russia has remained an important partner, but Algeria has increasingly sought additional sources for equipment as well as building its own shipbuilding capacity.

Bases[edit]

Principal naval bases are located at Algiers, Annaba, Mers el-Kebir, Oran, Skikda and Tamentfoust. Mers el Kébir is home to the OMCN/CNE shipbuilding facilities where several Algerian vessels have been built. Algeria's naval academy at Tamentfoust provides officer training equivalent to that of the army and the air force academies. The navy also operates a technical training school for its personnel at Tamentfoust.

Equipment[edit]

The bulk of the Algerian Navy is still based on Cold War designs, although work is being done to both acquire new platforms as well as modernize existing equipment. The surface fleet is equipped with a mixture of smaller ships well suited to coastal and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) patrol work. The fleet is led by three Koni class frigates which have been updated with more modern systems. These are due to be augmented in the coming years by a pair of MEKO A-200 frigates which will represent the most modern equipment of the navy when they enter service, also, Algeria signed a contract with China Shipbuilding Trading Company for the construction of three light frigates about 2,800 tons full load. A mixture of six corvettes and off-shore patrol vessels complement the frigates, while a large number of smaller boats cover the role of coastal patrol. Algeria had maintained a relatively large fleet of Osa class fast attack craft by the end of the Cold War, but it is questionable whether any of these remain in operational use.

Algeria has had a small submarine presence in the Mediterranean with a pair of Kilo class patrol submarines, though the recent acquisition of an additional two upgraded boats will expand this presence significantly. Their amphibious warfare capacity has traditionally been limited with a small group of landing ships essentially for coastal transport roles. This capacity will be greatly upgraded with the planned acquisition of an amphibious transport dock capable of supporting more robust operations. In the area of civil support, the purchase of seagoing rescue tugs will mark the first ability of an African nation to provide valuable services to economic and commercial operators in the Western Mediterranean.

The Algerian military has long maintained a strong veil of secrecy over its organization and equipment, making an exact accounting of operational vessels difficult to ascertain. Open sources are known to vary widely in their reports of several aspects of Algerian equipment.

Surface combatants[edit]

Class Photo No. Ship Year[Note 1]
Commissioned
Note
Frigates
MEKO A200 [2][3][4][5] Spioenkop F147.jpg 2015-2016 Under construction.[6]
2015-2016 Under construction.
Koni-class frigate[7] 901 Mourad Rais 901 Mourad Rais[8] 1980 Ex-Soviet SKR-482, re-fitted in 2011 at Kronshtadt
902 Rais Kellich 1982 Ex-Soviet SKR-35, currently being re-fitted at Kronshtadt
903 Rais Korfo 1985 Ex-Soviet SKR-129, re-fitted in 2000 at Kronshtadt
C28A [9][10][11][12][13] F-22P PNS Zulfiquar.JPG 2015 Under construction.
2015 Under construction.
2015 Under construction.
Corvettes
Project 20382 "Tigr" corvette [14][15] Corvette Steregushchiy.jpg 2014-2015 Under construction.
2014-2015 Under construction.
Nanuchka-class corvette[7] 802 Salah Rais 801 Rais Hamidou[8] 1980 Ex-Soviet MRK-21, Project 1234E built by Vympel Shipyards in Rybinsk, Russia
802 Salah Rais 1981 Ex-Soviet MRK-23, Project 1234E built by Vympel Shipyards in Rybinsk,
803 Rais Ali 1982 Ex-Soviet MRK-22, Project 1234E built by Vympel Shipyards in Rybinsk,
Patrol Boats (12)
Djebel Chenoua Class patrol boat 353 El Kirch 351 Djebel Chenoua 1988 Based on Bazan's Spanish patrol boat Cormorán. Built by OMCN / CNE in Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria.
352 El Chihab 1995
353 El Kirch 2002
Kebir class patrol boat 341 El Yadekh 1982 Built by Brooke Marine
342 El Morakeb 1983
343 El Kechef 1984
344 El Moutarid 1985 Built by ONCM / CNE at Mers el-Kebir in Algeria
345 El Rassed 1985
346 El Djari 1985
347 El Saher 1993
348 El Moukadem 1993
349 El Wafi 1993

Submarines[edit]

Class Photo No. Ship Year
Commissioned
Note
Patrol Submarines (6)
Kilo Class 636M Akram Pacha Submarine 022.jpg 021 Messali el Hadj 2010 Project 636M 'Improved Kilo' submarine built by Admiralty Shipyard in Saint Petersburg, Russia
022 Akram Pacha 2010 Project 636M 'Improved Kilo' submarine built by Admiralty Shipyard in Saint Petersburg, Russia
Kilo Class 636M Submarine-Kilo636-Algeria.jpg 2016-2017 [16][17]

[18][19][20]

2016-2017 [16][17]

[18][19][20]

Kilo Class 877EKM Rais Hadi Mubarek 012 Rais Hadi Mubarek 1987 Project 877EKM Paltus (Kilo) submarines built in Admiralty Shipyard in Saint Petersburg
013 El Hadj Slimane 1988

Amphibious warfare vessels[edit]

Class Photo No. Ship Year
Commissioned
Note
Amphibious Assault Ships (1)
Kalaat Béni Abbès Class Italian San Giusto Kalaat Béni Abbès 2014 Improved San Giorgio, Ordered in 2011[21][22]
Landing Ships (3)
Kalaat Beni Hammed 472 Kalaat Beni Hammed 1984 Built by Brooke Marine in Lowestoft, UK
473 Kalaat Beni Rached 1984 Built by Vosper Thornycroft in Woolston, UK
Polnocny Libyan Polnocny class 471 1976 Built by Stocznia Północna at Gdańsk, Poland

Fleet auxiliaries[edit]

Class Photo No. Ship Year
Commissioned
Note
Survey ship
El Idrissi 673 El Idrissi 1980 540 ton ship built by Matsukara Zosen in Hirao, Japan
Training ship
Soummam Soummam 937 Soummam 2006 5500 tons (full load)
Salvage ship
El Mourafik 261 El Mourafik 1990 Built in China

Aircraft[edit]

Aircraft Photo Mission In Service Note
Helicopters
AgustaWestland AW101 RN Merlin Search and rescue 6 Ordered in 2007, in service by 2011
Super Lynx Mk.130 RN Lynx Search and rescue 4 (+6 ordered in 2012)[23] In service 2011

Modernization[edit]

Algerian Sailors conduct Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIO).

The Navy is upgrading itself with thefollowing technological developments. The existing units were modernized, the submarine force strengthened by two new Kilo class submarines(last generation).[24]

  • three corvettes C28A. Radar and electronic equipment Thales be mounted in Algeria. -They have been built at the same yard as the F22 vessels sold by China to Pakistan and could be similar or slightly smaller-.[11][25][26]
  • 21 units of the type FPB98 MKI Ocea -patrol boat- [27][28]
  • 12 units of Alusafe 2000 high speed rescue and patrol vessel [29]

Gallery[edit]

Munitions[edit]

Anti-ship Missiles

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Years listed in italics indicated planned commissioning dates.
Citations
  1. ^ http://www.inss.org.il/upload/%28FILE%291311071604.pdf
  2. ^ Surface Forces: MEKO A200
  3. ^ http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=24773:algeria-orders-two-meko-frigates&catid=51:Sea&Itemid=106
  4. ^ "REFILE-ThyssenKrupp wins 400 mln euro Algeria deal-report". Reuters. 5 April 2012. 
  5. ^ L'Algérie commande deux frégates à TKMS | Mer et Marine
  6. ^ "Algerian Navy signs deal with ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems for 2+2 Meko A200 Frigates: Details". March 26, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Russia to Upgrade Two Warships for Algerian Navy
  8. ^ a b Severnaya Verf Shipyard, Algerian Navy Sign Modernization Contract
  9. ^ http://www.defensenews.com/article/20140131/DEFREG04/301310036/Algeria-Prepares-Receive-LPD-Amid-Defense-Spending-Boost
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ a b c d e f g http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/world-naval-forces/african-navies-vessels-ships-equipment/algeria-algerian-navy-vessels-ships-equipment.html
  12. ^ http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1750
  13. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/36861/dsa-2014-cstc-unveils-algerian-corvette-design
  14. ^ Russia to build two Tiger corvettes for Algerian navy | Russia | RIA Novosti
  15. ^ http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=16804:algerian-navy-purchases-two-tiger-corvettes-from-russia&catid=51:Sea&Itemid=106
  16. ^ a b http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=627
  17. ^ a b http://vpk-news.ru/news/2509/
  18. ^ a b http://lenta.ru/news/2012/09/19/subs/
  19. ^ a b http://www.armstrade.org/files/analytics/315.pdf
  20. ^ a b http://www.km.ru/economics/2012/09/19/692626-alzhir-zakazal-rosoboroneksportu-dve-podvodnye-lodki#.UFsuP5Fc3CM
  21. ^ "Italian shipyard Fincantieri launched Algerian Navy future amphibious ship (BDSL program)". January 10, 2014. 
  22. ^ Le nouveau bâtiment de projection algérien, meretmarine.com 13/09/2012
  23. ^ فرقاطتين المانيتين و 3 كورفيت صينية للجزائر
  24. ^ Navantia to modernise Algerian Navy warships
  25. ^ http://www.defencetalk.com/dutch-ok-military-equipment-supply-to-algeria-48774/
  26. ^ http://www.jeuneafrique.com/ArticlePersonnalite/ARTJAWEB20131115162408/armee-algerienne-a-quoi-va-servir-la-hausse-du-budget-de-la-defense.html
  27. ^ http://www.meretmarine.com/fr/content/ocea-livre-le-dernier-des-21-patrouilleurs-algeriens
  28. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/algeria/navy-equipment.htm
  29. ^ http://www.maritime-partner.com/mp/News/13-06-20/Record_breaking_contract.aspx
  30. ^ "Algerian Navy signs deal with ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems for 2+2 Meko A200 Frigates: Details". Navyrecognition.com. 2012-07-25. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  31. ^ http://www.meretmarine.com/fr/content/lalgerie-commande-deux-fregates-tkms
  32. ^ http://vpk.name/news/41707_indiya_pr...tyi_3m14e.html
Bibliography

External links[edit]