American Fork, Utah
|American Fork, Utah|
|National Register of Historic Places.|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||June 4, 1853|
|Named for||American Fork River|
|• Total||9.2 sq mi (23.9 km2)|
|• Land||9.2 sq mi (23.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||4,606 ft (1,404 m)|
|• Density||2,853.7/sq mi (1,101.5/km2)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|Area code(s)||385, 801|
|GNIS feature ID||1438194|
American Fork is a city in Utah County, Utah, United States, at the foot of Mount Timpanogos in the Wasatch Range, north of Utah Lake. It is part of the Provo–Orem Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 26,263 at the 2010 census, representing a nearly 20% growth since the 2000 census. The city has grown rapidly since the 1970s.
The area around Utah Lake was used as a seasonal hunting and fishing ground by the Ute Indians. American Fork was settled in 1850 by Mormon pioneers, and incorporated as Lake City in 1852. The first settlers were Arza Adams, followed by Stephen Chipman (grandfather of Stephen L. Chipman, a prominent citizen around the start of the 20th Century), Ira Eldredge, John Eldredge and their families.
The first settlers of American Fork lived in scattered conditions along the American Fork River. By the 1850s, tension between the settlers and Native Americans was increasing. In 1853, Daniel H. Wells, the head of the Nauvoo Legion (the Utah Territorial Militia at the time), instructed settlers to move into specific forts. At a meeting on July 23, 1853 at the schoolhouse in American Fork, Lorenzo Snow and Parley P. Pratt convinced the settlers to follow Wells' directions and all move together into a central fort. A fort was built of 37 acres (150,000 m2) to which the settlers located. Only parts of the wall were built to eight feet high, and none were built to the original plan of twelve feet high.
Settlers changed the name from Lake City to American Fork in 1860. It was renamed after the American Fork River which runs through it the city, as well as to avoid confusion with Salt Lake City. Most residents were farmers and merchants during its early history. By the 1860s, American Fork had established a public school, making it the first community in the territory of Utah to offer public education to its citizens. In the 1870s, American Fork served as a rail access point for mining activities in American Fork Canyon. American Fork had "a literal social feud" with the town of Lehi due to the Utah Sugar Company choosing Lehi as the factory building site in 1890, instead of American Fork. There were several mercantile businesses in American Fork, such as the American Fork Co-operative Association and Chipman Mercantile. For several decades in the 1900s, raising chickens (and eggs) was an important industry in the city.
During World War II the town population expanded when the Columbia Steel plant was built. An annual summer celebration in the city is still called "Steel Days" in honor of the economic importance of the mill, which closed in November 2001. The steel mill was located approximately six miles (10 km) southeast from town, on land on the east shore of Utah Lake.
Several scenes from the 1984 movie Footloose were also filmed in American Fork, including the opening scene inside the church, the front porch scene with Kevin Bacon and his family, and the gas station scene in which Bacon refuels his Volkswagen.
The elevation is 4,566 feet (1,392 m) above sea level.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.2 square miles (23.9 km²), all of it land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 26,263 people in 7,098 households residing in the city. The population density was 2,853.7 people per square mile (1,101.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.8% White (non-Hispanic), 7.4% Hispanic or Latino. 0.9% Asian, 0.5% Native American, 0.5% Pacific Islander, 0.4% African American, and 2.4% from two or more races. 3.5% of the population were foreign-born.
37.7% of the population were under 18 years old (10.6% under 5); 8.7% were 65 or older. 49.9% of the population were female. 7.1% identified themselves as being either bisexual or homosexual. 89.5% of persons over 25 had high school degrees, and 30.9% had Bachelor's degrees or higher.
The median income for a household in the city was $67,124. 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line. The home ownership rate was 77.5%. There were 7,598 housing units. The median value of owner-occupied housing units was $210,600.
In 2007 there were 2,754 businesses in the city, with total retail sales over $724 million.
The first ward of the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in American Fork was organized in 1851 with Leonard E. Harrington as bishop. As of 2009 there are six stakes headquartered in the city.
While the majority of the population are members of LDS Church, there are several other faith communities in the city. The Community Presbyterian Church of American Fork was organized in 1877. In 1973 St. Peter's Catholic Parish was organized in American Fork. Additional faith groups or churches include Jehovah's Witness, Calvary Chapel and Faith Independent Baptist Church.
Public schools in American Fork are part of the Alpine School District and include a senior high school (American Fork High School), junior high school (American Fork Jr. High), and five elementary schools (Barratt Elementary, Forbes Elementary, Greenwood Elementary, Legacy Elementary, Shelley Elementary ). Vern Henshaw is the Superintendent of Schools.
Private schools include the American Heritage School. Provo College, a private, for-profit educational institution that specializes in career education, has a satellite campus in American Fork. The school offers several Associate degrees and diplomas.
- Paul Dayton Bailey - 1906-1987, author and owner of Westernlore Press
- Merrill J. Bateman - emeritus general authority of LDS Church and former President of Brigham Young University
- Wayne Booth - Literary Scholar at The University of Chicago
- Reva Beck Bosone - 1895-1983, first female U.S. Representative from Utah
- Joseph Barlow Forbes - 1840-1927, schoolteacher, member of Forbes family
- Debra Fotheringham - singer/songwriter
- Gary Herbert - Republican, current Governor of Utah
- Brandon Sanderson - fantasy author
- James LeVoy Sorenson - 1921-2008, medical inventor
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2012)|
- The 1984 movie Footloose was filmed on location in American Fork and surrounding communities of Alpine and Lehi; and throughout the Provo-Orem area.
- An estimated 80 percent of the city's population are members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, or Mormon, which is one of the state's highest percentages. The nearest temple is the Mount Timpanogos Utah Temple.
- The town and surrounding area of Utah Valley is nicknamed "Happy Valley" in part due to the popularly depicted high standard of living (i.e. lower crime rates, small town atmosphere, a more stable economy in terms of wages and job opportunities, a more social conservative culture, and community urban planning to prevent "urban blight").
- American Fork has an inter-city exchange program with Indio, California, U.S. in a way similar to an international Sister City.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Arza Adams at SUP Pioneer Stories
- Betty G. Spencer. "American Fork" in Utah History Encyclopedia
- Spencer. Utah History Encyclopedia
- Biography of Joseph B. Forbes, Jacobson Family, Retrieved 2008-05-15
- Taylor, Fred G. (1944). A Saga of Sugar. pp. 76–77. OCLC 1041958.
- Geneva Steel
- LDS Church Almanac, 2008 Edition, p. 285-287
- "Elementary Schools". Alpine School District. Retrieved 2012-11-01.
- "Administration". Alpine School District. Retrieved 2012-06-16.
- American Fork City Official Website
- Media related to American Fork, Utah at Wikimedia Commons
- American Fork, Utah travel guide from Wikivoyage
|Saratoga Springs / Utah Lake||Utah Lake