List of Governors of Utah

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Governor of Utah
Seal of the Governor of Utah.svg
Gary Herbert crop.jpg
Incumbent
Gary Herbert

since August 11, 2009
Style The Honorable
Residence Utah Governor's Mansion
Term length Four years
Inaugural holder Heber Manning Wells
Formation January 6, 1896
Deputy Greg Bell
Salary $109,900 (2009)[1]
Website www.utah.gov/governor

The Governor of Utah is the head of the executive branch of Utah's government[2] and the commander-in-chief of its military forces.[3] The governor has a duty to enforce state laws[2] as well as the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Utah Legislature.[4] The governor may also convene the legislature on "extraordinary occasions".[5]

The self-proclaimed State of Deseret, precursor to the organization of the Utah Territory, had only one governor, Brigham Young. Utah Territory had 15 territorial governors from its organization in 1850 until the formation of the state of Utah in 1896, appointed by the President of the United States. John W. Dawson had the shortest term of only three weeks and Brigham Young, the first territorial governor, had the longest term at seven years.

There have been 17 governors of the State of Utah, with the longest serving being Calvin L. Rampton, who served three terms from 1965 to 1977. Olene S. Walker served the shortest term, the remaining 14 months of Mike Leavitt's term upon Leavitt's resignation to become head of the Environmental Protection Agency. At the age of 36, Heber Manning Wells was the youngest person to become governor. At the age of 70, Simon Bamberger became the oldest person to be elected, while Olene Walker, at age 72, was the oldest person to succeed to the office.

The current governor is Gary Herbert, who took office on August 11, 2009, upon the resignation of Jon Huntsman, Jr., to become United States Ambassador to China. Governor Herbert was elected to fill the remainder of Huntsman's term in November 2010, and his current term will expire on January 2, 2017.

There is an official seal of the Governor of Utah. Borrowing most of the same symbolism from the State Seal, the Governor's seal includes roman numerals at the bottom, which represent the Governor himself, and this changes with every new Governor. Each Governor therefore has a seal unique to themselves and their administration. The roman numerals are currently "XVII", representing Gary Herbert, who is the 17th governor of Utah since Statehood.

Governors[edit]

The area that became Utah was part of the Mexican Cession obtained by the United States on May 19, 1848, in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo following the Mexican-American War.[6]

State of Deseret[edit]

A constitutional convention was convened in Salt Lake City on March 8, 1849, to work on a proposal for federal recognition of a state or territory. The convention resulted in the provisional State of Deseret. Deseret claimed most of present-day Utah, Nevada and Arizona, with parts of California, Colorado, Idaho, New Mexico, Oregon, and Wyoming. Brigham Young was elected governor on March 12, 1849, and the legislature first met on July 2, 1849.[7][8] The state, having never been recognized by the federal government, was formally dissolved on April 5, 1851,[9] several months after word of the creation of Utah Territory reached Salt Lake City.

Governors of the Territory of Utah[edit]

On September 9, 1850, as part of the Compromise of 1850, Utah Territory was organized, encompassing roughly the northern half of Deseret.[10] The news did not reach Salt Lake City until January 1851.[11] Governors of the Utah Territory were appointed by the president of the United States, and other than Brigham Young, they were frequently considered carpetbagger patronage appointees.[12]

The territory initially consisted of present-day Utah, most of Nevada, and portions of Colorado and Wyoming. On February 28, 1861, the creation of Colorado Territory took land from the eastern side of Utah Territory. Nevada Territory was organized from the western section of Utah Territory on March 2, 1861.[13] Also on that date, Nebraska Territory gained area from the northeastern part of Utah Territory. Nevada Territory gained area from Utah Territory on July 14, 1862, and again on May 5, 1866, after becoming a state. Wyoming Territory was created on July 25, 1868, from Nebraska Territory, taking more area from the northeast corner, giving Utah Territory its final borders.

Picture Governor Took office[note 1] Left office Appointed by Notes
Portrait of a well-dressed nineteenth-century man, sitting. Brigham Young February 3, 1851[15] April 12, 1858 Millard Fillmore
Franklin Pierce
Upper-body portrait of a mid-nineteenth-century man in a suit. Alfred Cumming April 12, 1858[note 2] May 17, 1861[20] James Buchanan [note 3]
Upper-body portrait of a mid-nineteenth-century man in a suit. John W. Dawson December 7, 1861[22] December 31, 1861[23] Abraham Lincoln [note 4]
Upper-body portrait of a mid-nineteenth-century man in a suit. Stephen S. Harding July 7, 1862[24] June 11, 1863[25] Abraham Lincoln
Upper-body portrait of a mid-nineteenth-century man in a suit. James Duane Doty June 22, 1863[26] June 13, 1865[27] Abraham Lincoln [note 5]
Upper-body portrait of a mid-nineteenth-century man in a suit. Charles Durkee September 30, 1865[28] January 9, 1869[29] Andrew Johnson
Upper-body portrait of a mid-nineteenth-century man in a suit. John Shaffer March 20, 1870[30] October 31, 1870[31] Ulysses S. Grant [note 5]
Upper-body portrait of a mid-nineteenth-century man in a suit. Vernon H. Vaughan October 31, 1870[32] February 1, 1871[32] Ulysses S. Grant [note 6]
Upper-body portrait of a mid-nineteenth-century man in a suit. George Lemuel Woods March 10, 1871[33] October 13, 1874[34][35] Ulysses S. Grant
Upper-body portrait of a late-nineteenth-century man in a suit. Samuel Beach Axtell February 2, 1875[36] June 8, 1875[37] Ulysses S. Grant [note 7]
Upper-body portrait of a late-nineteenth-century man in a suit. George W. Emery July 3, 1875[39] January 25, 1880[40] Ulysses S. Grant
Upper-body portrait of a late-nineteenth-century man in a suit. Eli Houston Murray February 28, 1880[41] March 16, 1886[42] Rutherford B. Hayes
Chester A. Arthur
Upper-body portrait of a late-nineteenth-century man in a suit. Caleb Walton West May 12, 1886[43] May 6, 1889[44] Grover Cleveland
Upper-body portrait of a late-nineteenth-century man in a suit. Arthur Lloyd Thomas May 6, 1889[44] May 9, 1893[45] Benjamin Harrison
Upper-body portrait of a late-nineteenth-century man in a suit. Caleb Walton West May 9, 1893[45] January 4, 1896 Grover Cleveland

Governors of the State of Utah[edit]

The State of Utah was admitted to the Union on January 4, 1896.

The governor has a four-year term, commencing on the first Monday of the January after an election.[46] The Constitution of Utah originally stated that, should the office of governor be vacant, the power be devolved upon the Secretary of State,[47] but the office of Lieutenant Governor was created in 1976,[48] and a 1980 constitutional amendment added it to the constitution.[49] If the office of governor becomes vacant during the first year of the term, the lieutenant governor becomes governor until the next general election; if it becomes vacant after the first year of the term, the lieutenant governor becomes governor for the remainder of the term.[50] The offices of governor and lieutenant governor are elected on the same ticket.[51] The Governor of Utah was formerly limited to serving three terms, but all term limit laws were repealed by the Utah Legislature in 2003; Utah is one of the few states where gubernatorial term limits are not determined by the constitution.[52]

      Democratic (6)       Republican (11)

# Picture Governor Took office Left office Party Lt. Governor
[note 8]
Terms
[note 9]
1   Upper-body portrait of an early-twentieth-century man in a suit. Heber Manning Wells January 6, 1896 January 2, 1905 Republican None 2
2   John Christopher Cutler.jpg John Christopher Cutler January 2, 1905 January 4, 1909 Republican 1
3   Upper-body portrait of an early-twentieth-century man in a suit. William Spry January 4, 1909 January 1, 1917 Republican 2
4   Upper-body portrait of an early-twentieth-century man in a suit. Simon Bamberger January 1, 1917 January 3, 1921 Democratic 1
5   Upper-body portrait of an early-twentieth-century man in a suit. Charles R. Mabey January 3, 1921 January 5, 1925 Republican 1
6   Upper-body portrait of an early-twentieth-century man in a suit. George Dern January 5, 1925 January 2, 1933 Democratic 2
7   Henry H. Blood.jpg Henry H. Blood January 2, 1933 January 6, 1941 Democratic 2
8   Herbert B. Maw.jpg Herbert B. Maw January 6, 1941 January 3, 1949 Democratic 2
9   No image.svg J. Bracken Lee January 3, 1949 January 7, 1957 Republican 2
10   No image.svg George Dewey Clyde January 7, 1957 January 4, 1965 Republican 2
11   No image.svg Calvin L. Rampton January 4, 1965 January 3, 1977 Democratic None 3
  Clyde L. Miller
12   Late-twentieth-century man in a suit standing at a podium. Scott M. Matheson January 3, 1977 January 7, 1985 Democratic   David Smith Monson
[note 10]
2
13   No image.svg Norman H. Bangerter January 7, 1985 January 4, 1993 Republican   W. Val Oveson 2
14   Upper-body portrait of an late-twentieth-century man in a suit. Mike Leavitt January 4, 1993 November 5, 2003 Republican   Olene S. Walker 2 12
[note 11]
15   Early-twentieth-century woman standing at a podium. Olene S. Walker November 5, 2003 January 3, 2005 Republican   Gayle McKeachnie 12
[note 12]
16   Upper-body portrait of an late-twentieth-century man in a suit. Jon Huntsman, Jr. January 3, 2005 August 11, 2009 Republican   Gary Herbert 1 12
[note 13]
17   Gary Herbert crop.jpg Gary Herbert August 11, 2009 Incumbent Republican   Greg Bell / Spencer Cox 12
[note 14]
[note 15]

As this timeline makes clear, recent governors (Walker and Huntsman) have remained in office for shorter periods of time than their predecessors.

Other high offices held[edit]

This is a table of congressional seats, other federal offices, and other governorships held by governors.

Denotes those offices that the governor resigned to take.
Governor Gubernatorial term Other offices held Source
James Duane Doty 1863–1865 Delegate from Wisconsin Territory, U.S. Representative from Wisconsin,
Governor of Wisconsin Territory
[55]
Charles Durkee 1865–1869 U.S. Representative and U.S. Senator from Wisconsin [56]
George Lemuel Woods 1871–1875 Governor of Oregon [57]
Samuel Beach Axtell 1875 U.S. Representative from California, Governor of New Mexico Territory* [38]
George Dern 1925–1933 U.S. Secretary of War [58]
Mike Leavitt 1993–2003 Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency*,
U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services
[53]
Jon Huntsman, Jr. 2005–2009 Ambassador to Singapore, Ambassador to China* [54]

Living former governors[edit]

As of July 2010, four former governors are alive. The most recent death of a former governor was that of Calvin Rampton (1965–1977), who died on September 16, 2007.[59] The most recent governor to serve who has died was Scott Milne Matheson, who was Governor from 1977 to 1985 and died on October 7, 1990.

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth
Norman H. Bangerter 1985–1993 (1933-01-04) January 4, 1933 (age 81)
Mike Leavitt 1993–2003 (1951-02-11) February 11, 1951 (age 63)
Olene S. Walker 2003–2005 (1930-11-15) November 15, 1930 (age 83)
Jon Huntsman, Jr. 2005–2009 (1960-03-26) March 26, 1960 (age 54)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Due to the long distance between Washington and Salt Lake City, and the slow speed of communications and travel of the day, weeks or months could go by between the appointment of a governor and the governor actually taking office. The actual dates governors took office are sometimes vague; the ones in this list are cited mostly with contemporary news coverage, but other resources and almanacs give slightly different dates.[14]
  2. ^ Alfred Cumming was appointed governor in April 1857,[16] but due to the Utah War did not take office for a year. In September 1857, he departed from Kansas along with a detachment of the U.S. Army.[17] He wintered at Fort Bridger[18] and entered Salt Lake City on April 12,[19] whereupon he was recognized as governor of the territory.
  3. ^ Resigned early as he felt he would not be reappointed[21]
  4. ^ Resigned after three weeks in office; combative feelings existed between the governor and the state's Mormon population.[23]
  5. ^ a b Died in office
  6. ^ Vaughan was Secretary of the Territory at the time of Shaffer's death, and so acted as governor until word of his own appointment arrived several days later. His appointment was to be only temporary until President Grant could determine a suitable successor.[32]
  7. ^ Resigned to become the Governor of New Mexico Territory.[38]
  8. ^ The office of Lieutenant Governor was created in 1976.[48] Lieutenant governors were elected separately from the governor until 1980; those that represented a different party from their governor are noted.
  9. ^ The fractional terms of some governors are not to be understood absolutely literally; rather, they are meant to show single terms during which multiple governors served, due to resignations, deaths and the like.
  10. ^ Represented the Republican Party
  11. ^ Resigned to take the position as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.[53]
  12. ^ As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term
  13. ^ Resigned to be United States Ambassador to China.[54]
  14. ^ Governor Herbert's current term will end on January 2, 2017; he is not term limited.
  15. ^ As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term until winning a special election to fill the remainder of the term.

References[edit]

General


Constitution


Specific
  1. ^ "Governor Salary". Public Employee Salaries. Media One and Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved April 30, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b UT Const. art. VII, § 5
  3. ^ UT Const. art. VII, § 4
  4. ^ UT Const. art. VII, § 8
  5. ^ UT Const. art. VII, § 6
  6. ^ "Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo". Library of Congress. Retrieved May 20, 2010. 
  7. ^ McClintock, James H. (1921). Mormon settlement in Arizona. Phoenix: State of Arizona. p. 52. Retrieved April 28, 2010. 
  8. ^ Whitney, Orson Ferguson (1892). History of Utah. Salt Lake City: George Q Cannon and Sons. pp. 393–395. Retrieved April 28, 2010. 
  9. ^ Powell, Allen Kent (1994). Utah History Encyclopedia. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press. p. 139. 
  10. ^ "Thirty-First Congress. Session I Chapter LI.". Compromise of 1850. Library of Congress. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  11. ^ Whitney, Orson Ferguson (1892). History of Utah. Salt Lake City: George Q Cannon and Sons. pp. 451–452. Retrieved April 28, 2010. 
  12. ^ Murphy, Miriam B. (1994), "Territorial Governors", in Powell, Allan Kent, Utah History Encyclopedia, Salt Lake City, Utah: University of Utah Press, ISBN 0874804256, OCLC 30473917 
  13. ^ Davis, Sam P., ed. (1912). The History of Nevada. Reno: Elms Publishers. p. 192. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  14. ^ Sloan, Robert W. Utah Gazetteer and Directory of Logan, Ogden, Provo and Salt Lake Cities for 1884. pp. 254–255. Retrieved May 18, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Utah's new capitol grows from humble beginning; first political sessions were held in council house; fight for statehood". Salt Lake Telegram. October 22, 1916. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  16. ^ Bancroft p. 526
  17. ^ Whitney p. 610
  18. ^ Whitney p. 655
  19. ^ Whitney p. 673
  20. ^ "Affairs in Utah". The New York Times. June 17, 1861. Retrieved May 18, 2010. 
  21. ^ "Alfred Cumming". Utah History to go. State of Utah. Retrieved April 30, 2010. 
  22. ^ "Affairs in Utah". The New York Times. December 28, 1861. Retrieved May 18, 2010. "GREAT SALT LAKE CITY, Saturday, Dec. 7, 1861. ... Gov. DAWSON and Superintendent DOTY arrived by the mail-stage to-day." 
  23. ^ a b "Third Governor was run out of Utah after 3 weeks". Salt Lake Tribune. December 30, 2001. Retrieved April 26, 2010. 
  24. ^ McGinnis, Ralph Y.; Calvin N. Smith (1994). Abraham Lincoln and the Western Territories. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-8304-1247-1. 
  25. ^ Bancroft p. 621
  26. ^ "Know Utah". Salt Lake Telegram. June 16, 1927. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  27. ^ Bancroft p. 622
  28. ^ "Home items". Deseret News (Salt Lake City). October 12, 1865. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  29. ^ "As I remember". Salt Lake Telegram. October 17, 1926. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  30. ^ "Just history". Salt Lake Telegram. October 31, 1923. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  31. ^ "As I remember". Salt Lake Telegram. April 20, 1925. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  32. ^ a b c "As I remember". Salt Lake Telegram. October 25, 1926. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  33. ^ Bancroft p. 661
  34. ^ "Off for California". Salt Lake Tribune. October 13, 1874. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  35. ^ "We don't believe it". Salt Lake Tribune. November 4, 1874. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  36. ^ "Governor Axtell". Salt Lake Tribune. February 3, 1875. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  37. ^ "The new Governor". Salt Lake Tribune. June 9, 1875. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  38. ^ a b "Axtell, Samuel Beach". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved April 26, 2010. 
  39. ^ Improvement Era, Vol. IV, No. 7. Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association. p. 562. Retrieved May 18, 2010. 
  40. ^ Bancroft p. 677
  41. ^ Bancroft pp. 687–688
  42. ^ McMullin, Thomas A.; David Allan Walker (1984). Biographical Directory of American Territorial Governors. Meckler. p. 307. ISBN 978-0-930466-11-4. Retrieved May 18, 2010. 
  43. ^ "The new Governor". Deseret News (Salt Lake City). May 12, 1886. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  44. ^ a b "The record". The Deseret Weekly (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) 45. 1892. Retrieved May 18, 2010. 
  45. ^ a b "The Governor goes, the Governor comes". Deseret News (Salt Lake City). May 9, 1893. Retrieved May 14, 2010. [dead link]
  46. ^ UT Const. art. VII, § 1
  47. ^ UT Const. original art. VII, §11
  48. ^ a b "Taxes, funds hot issues for Legislature". Deseret News (Salt Lake City). January 10, 1976. Retrieved April 28, 2010. 
  49. ^ White, Jean Bickmore (1998). The Utah State Constitution: A Reference Guide. Greenwood Press. p. 98. Retrieved May 17, 2010. 
  50. ^ UT Const. art. VII, § 11
  51. ^ UT Const. art. VII, § 2
  52. ^ "Utah set to repeal term limits". National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved April 28, 2010. 
  53. ^ a b "Utah Governor Michael Okerlund Leavitt". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 17, 2010. 
  54. ^ a b "Utah Governor Jon Huntsman, Jr.". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 17, 2010. 
  55. ^ "Doty, James Duane". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved April 26, 2010. 
  56. ^ "Durkee, Charles". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved April 26, 2010. 
  57. ^ "Oregon Governor George Lemuel Woods". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 17, 2010. 
  58. ^ "Utah Governor George Henry Dern". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 17, 2010. 
  59. ^ "Utah's longest-serving governor, Calvin Rampton, dead at age 93". Deseret News (Salt Lake City). September 17, 2007. Retrieved April 30, 2010. 

External links[edit]