List of Governors of Utah
|Governor of Utah|
|Residence||Utah Governor's Mansion|
|Term length||Four years|
|Inaugural holder||Heber Manning Wells|
|Formation||January 6, 1896|
The Governor of Utah is the head of the executive branch of Utah's government and the commander-in-chief of its military forces. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws as well as the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Utah Legislature. The governor may also convene the legislature on "extraordinary occasions".
The self-proclaimed State of Deseret, precursor to the organization of the Utah Territory, had only one governor, Brigham Young. Utah Territory had 15 territorial governors from its organization in 1850 until the formation of the state of Utah in 1896, appointed by the President of the United States. John W. Dawson had the shortest term of only three weeks and Brigham Young, the first territorial governor, had the longest term at seven years.
There have been 17 governors of the State of Utah, with the longest serving being Calvin L. Rampton, who served three terms from 1965 to 1977. Olene S. Walker served the shortest term, the remaining 14 months of Mike Leavitt's term upon Leavitt's resignation to become head of the Environmental Protection Agency. At the age of 36, Heber Manning Wells was the youngest person to become governor. At the age of 70, Simon Bamberger became the oldest person to be elected, while Olene Walker, at age 72, was the oldest person to succeed to the office.
The current governor is Gary Herbert, who took office on August 11, 2009, upon the resignation of Jon Huntsman, Jr., to become United States Ambassador to China. Governor Herbert was elected to fill the remainder of Huntsman's term in November 2010, and his current term will expire on January 2, 2017.
There is an official seal of the Governor of Utah. Borrowing most of the same symbolism from the State Seal, the Governor's seal includes Roman numerals at the bottom, which represent the Governor himself, and this changes with every new Governor. Each Governor therefore has a seal unique to themselves and their administration. The Roman numerals are currently "XVII", representing Gary Herbert, who is the 17th governor of Utah since Statehood.
State of Deseret
A constitutional convention was convened in Salt Lake City on March 8, 1849, to work on a proposal for federal recognition of a state or territory. The convention resulted in the provisional State of Deseret. Deseret claimed most of present-day Utah, Nevada and Arizona, with parts of California, Colorado, Idaho, New Mexico, Oregon, and Wyoming. Brigham Young was elected governor on March 12, 1849, and the legislature first met on July 2, 1849. The state, having never been recognized by the federal government, was formally dissolved on April 5, 1851, several months after word of the creation of Utah Territory reached Salt Lake City.
Governors of the Territory of Utah
On September 9, 1850, as part of the Compromise of 1850, Utah Territory was organized, encompassing roughly the northern half of Deseret. The news did not reach Salt Lake City until January 1851. Governors of the Utah Territory were appointed by the president of the United States, and other than Brigham Young, they were frequently considered carpetbagger patronage appointees.
The territory initially consisted of present-day Utah, most of Nevada, and portions of Colorado and Wyoming. On February 28, 1861, the creation of Colorado Territory took land from the eastern side of Utah Territory. Nevada Territory was organized from the western section of Utah Territory on March 2, 1861. Also on that date, Nebraska Territory gained area from the northeastern part of Utah Territory. Nevada Territory gained area from Utah Territory on July 14, 1862, and again on May 5, 1866, after becoming a state. Wyoming Territory was created on July 25, 1868, from Nebraska Territory, taking more area from the northeast corner, giving Utah Territory its final borders.
Governors of the State of Utah
The State of Utah was admitted to the Union on January 4, 1896.
The governor has a four-year term, commencing on the first Monday of the January after an election. The Constitution of Utah originally stated that, should the office of governor be vacant, the power be devolved upon the Secretary of State, but the office of Lieutenant Governor was created in 1976, and a 1980 constitutional amendment added it to the constitution. If the office of governor becomes vacant during the first year of the term, the lieutenant governor becomes governor until the next general election; if it becomes vacant after the first year of the term, the lieutenant governor becomes governor for the remainder of the term. The offices of governor and lieutenant governor are elected on the same ticket. The Governor of Utah was formerly limited to serving three terms, but all term limit laws were repealed by the Utah Legislature in 2003; Utah is one of the few states where gubernatorial term limits are not determined by the constitution.
|#||Picture||Governor||Took office||Left office||Party||Lt. Governor
|1||Heber Manning Wells||January 6, 1896||January 2, 1905||Republican||None||2|
|2||John Christopher Cutler||January 2, 1905||January 4, 1909||Republican||1|
|3||William Spry||January 4, 1909||January 1, 1917||Republican||2|
|4||Simon Bamberger||January 1, 1917||January 3, 1921||Democratic||1|
|5||Charles R. Mabey||January 3, 1921||January 5, 1925||Republican||1|
|6||George Dern||January 5, 1925||January 2, 1933||Democratic||2|
|7||Henry H. Blood||January 2, 1933||January 6, 1941||Democratic||2|
|8||Herbert B. Maw||January 6, 1941||January 3, 1949||Democratic||2|
|9||J. Bracken Lee||January 3, 1949||January 7, 1957||Republican||2|
|10||George Dewey Clyde||January 7, 1957||January 4, 1965||Republican||2|
|11||Calvin L. Rampton||January 4, 1965||January 3, 1977||Democratic||None||3|
|Clyde L. Miller|
|12||Scott M. Matheson||January 3, 1977||January 7, 1985||Democratic||David Smith Monson
|13||Norman H. Bangerter||January 7, 1985||January 4, 1993||Republican||W. Val Oveson||2|
|14||Mike Leavitt||January 4, 1993||November 5, 2003||Republican||Olene S. Walker||2 1⁄2
|15||Olene S. Walker||November 5, 2003||January 3, 2005||Republican||Gayle McKeachnie||1⁄2
|16||Jon Huntsman, Jr.||January 3, 2005||August 11, 2009||Republican||Gary Herbert||1 1⁄2
|17||Gary Herbert||August 11, 2009||Incumbent||Republican||Greg Bell / Spencer Cox||1⁄2
As this timeline makes clear, recent governors (Walker and Huntsman) have remained in office for shorter periods of time than their predecessors.
Other high offices held
This is a table of congressional seats, other federal offices, and other governorships held by governors.
- * Denotes those offices that the governor resigned to take.
|Governor||Gubernatorial term||Other offices held||Source|
|James Duane Doty||1863–1865||Delegate from Wisconsin Territory, U.S. Representative from Wisconsin,
Governor of Wisconsin Territory
|Charles Durkee||1865–1869||U.S. Representative and U.S. Senator from Wisconsin|||
|George Lemuel Woods||1871–1875||Governor of Oregon|||
|Samuel Beach Axtell||1875||U.S. Representative from California, Governor of New Mexico Territory*|||
|George Dern||1925–1933||U.S. Secretary of War|||
|Mike Leavitt||1993–2003||Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency*,
U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services
|Jon Huntsman, Jr.||2005–2009||Ambassador to Singapore, Ambassador to China*|||
Living former governors
As of July 2010[update], four former governors are alive. The most recent death of a former governor was that of Calvin Rampton (1965–1977), who died on September 16, 2007. The most recent governor to serve who has died was Scott Milne Matheson, who was Governor from 1977 to 1985 and died on October 7, 1990.
|Governor||Gubernatorial term||Date of birth|
|Norman H. Bangerter||1985–1993||January 4, 1933|
|Mike Leavitt||1993–2003||February 11, 1951|
|Olene S. Walker||2003–2005||November 15, 1930|
|Jon Huntsman, Jr.||2005–2009||March 26, 1960|
- Due to the long distance between Washington and Salt Lake City, and the slow speed of communications and travel of the day, weeks or months could go by between the appointment of a governor and the governor actually taking office. The actual dates governors took office are sometimes vague; the ones in this list are cited mostly with contemporary news coverage, but other resources and almanacs give slightly different dates.
- Alfred Cumming was appointed governor in April 1857, but due to the Utah War did not take office for a year. In September 1857, he departed from Kansas along with a detachment of the U.S. Army. He wintered at Fort Bridger and entered Salt Lake City on April 12, whereupon he was recognized as governor of the territory.
- Resigned early as he felt he would not be reappointed
- Resigned after three weeks in office; combative feelings existed between the governor and the state's Mormon population.
- Died in office
- Vaughan was Secretary of the Territory at the time of Shaffer's death, and so acted as governor until word of his own appointment arrived several days later. His appointment was to be only temporary until President Grant could determine a suitable successor.
- Resigned to become the Governor of New Mexico Territory.
- The office of Lieutenant Governor was created in 1976. Lieutenant governors were elected separately from the governor until 1980; those that represented a different party from their governor are noted.
- The fractional terms of some governors are not to be understood absolutely literally; rather, they are meant to show single terms during which multiple governors served, due to resignations, deaths and the like.
- Represented the Republican Party
- Resigned to take the position as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
- As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term
- Resigned to be United States Ambassador to China.
- Governor Herbert's current term will end on January 2, 2017; he is not term limited.
- As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term until winning a special election to fill the remainder of the term.
- "Utah Governor Gary R. Herbert". State of Utah. Retrieved September 7, 2009.
- "Governors of Utah". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on August 28, 2009. Retrieved September 7, 2009.
- "Governors' Records at the Utah State Archives". Utah State Archives and Records Service. Retrieved April 25, 2010.
- Bancroft, Hubert Howe; Bates, Alfred (1890). History of Utah. San Francisco: History Company. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- Whitney, Orson F. (1892). History of Utah. Salt Lake City: George Q. Cannon and Sons. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
- "Governor Salary". Public Employee Salaries. Media One and Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- UT Const. art. VII, § 5
- UT Const. art. VII, § 4
- UT Const. art. VII, § 8
- UT Const. art. VII, § 6
- "Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo". Library of Congress. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
- McClintock, James H. (1921). Mormon settlement in Arizona. Phoenix: State of Arizona. p. 52. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
- Whitney, Orson Ferguson (1892). History of Utah. Salt Lake City: George Q Cannon and Sons. pp. 393–395. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
- Powell, Allen Kent (1994). Utah History Encyclopedia. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press. p. 139.
- "Thirty-First Congress. Session I Chapter LI.". Compromise of 1850. Library of Congress. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- Whitney, Orson Ferguson (1892). History of Utah. Salt Lake City: George Q Cannon and Sons. pp. 451–452. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
- Murphy, Miriam B. (1994), "Territorial Governors", in Powell, Allan Kent, Utah History Encyclopedia, Salt Lake City, Utah: University of Utah Press, ISBN 0874804256, OCLC 30473917
- Davis, Sam P., ed. (1912). The History of Nevada. Reno: Elms Publishers. p. 192. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- Sloan, Robert W. Utah Gazetteer and Directory of Logan, Ogden, Provo and Salt Lake Cities for 1884. pp. 254–255. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
- "Utah's new capitol grows from humble beginning; first political sessions were held in council house; fight for statehood". Salt Lake Telegram. October 22, 1916. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- Bancroft p. 526
- Whitney p. 610
- Whitney p. 655
- Whitney p. 673
- "Affairs in Utah". The New York Times. June 17, 1861. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
- "Alfred Cumming". Utah History to go. State of Utah. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- "Affairs in Utah". The New York Times. December 28, 1861. Retrieved May 18, 2010. "GREAT SALT LAKE CITY, Saturday, Dec. 7, 1861. ... Gov. DAWSON and Superintendent DOTY arrived by the mail-stage to-day."
- "Third Governor was run out of Utah after 3 weeks". Salt Lake Tribune. December 30, 2001. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- McGinnis, Ralph Y.; Calvin N. Smith (1994). Abraham Lincoln and the Western Territories. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-8304-1247-1.
- Bancroft p. 621
- "Know Utah". Salt Lake Telegram. June 16, 1927. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- Bancroft p. 622
- "Home items". Deseret News (Salt Lake City). October 12, 1865. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- "As I remember". Salt Lake Telegram. October 17, 1926. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- "Just history". Salt Lake Telegram. October 31, 1923. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- "As I remember". Salt Lake Telegram. April 20, 1925. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- "As I remember". Salt Lake Telegram. October 25, 1926. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- Bancroft p. 661
- "Off for California". Salt Lake Tribune. October 13, 1874. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- "We don't believe it". Salt Lake Tribune. November 4, 1874. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- "Governor Axtell". Salt Lake Tribune. February 3, 1875. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- "The new Governor". Salt Lake Tribune. June 9, 1875. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- "Axtell, Samuel Beach". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- Improvement Era, Vol. IV, No. 7. Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association. p. 562. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
- Bancroft p. 677
- Bancroft pp. 687–688
- McMullin, Thomas A.; David Allan Walker (1984). Biographical Directory of American Territorial Governors. Meckler. p. 307. ISBN 978-0-930466-11-4. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
- "The new Governor". Deseret News (Salt Lake City). May 12, 1886. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- "The record". The Deseret Weekly (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) 45. 1892. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
- "The Governor goes, the Governor comes". Deseret News (Salt Lake City). May 9, 1893. Retrieved May 14, 2010.[dead link]
- UT Const. art. VII, § 1
- UT Const. original art. VII, §11
- "Taxes, funds hot issues for Legislature". Deseret News (Salt Lake City). January 10, 1976. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
- White, Jean Bickmore (1998). The Utah State Constitution: A Reference Guide. Greenwood Press. p. 98. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
- UT Const. art. VII, § 11
- UT Const. art. VII, § 2
- "Utah set to repeal term limits". National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
- "Utah Governor Michael Okerlund Leavitt". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
- "Utah Governor Jon Huntsman, Jr.". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
- "Doty, James Duane". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- "Durkee, Charles". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- "Oregon Governor George Lemuel Woods". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
- "Utah Governor George Henry Dern". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
- "Utah's longest-serving governor, Calvin Rampton, dead at age 93". Deseret News (Salt Lake City). September 17, 2007. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
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