Another World (video game)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the video game called "The Another World", see Ni no Kuni.
"Outer World" redirects here. For the virtual reality, see Active Worlds. For the Solar System worlds, see outer planets. Not to be confused with Outworld (disambiguation).
Another World
Another World
Cover art created by Éric Chahi
Developer(s) Delphine Software
Interplay Entertainment
(console versions)
Publisher(s) Delphine Software
U.S. Gold
Interplay Entertainment
Virgin Interactive
The Digital Lounge
(15th Anniversary)
Focus Home Interactive
(20th Anniversary)
Designer(s) Éric Chahi
Composer(s) Jean-François Freitas
Platform(s) Amiga, Apple IIGS, Atari ST, MS-DOS, Sega Genesis, SNES, Mac OS, 3DO, Tapwave Zodiac, Mega-CD, Game Boy Advance, Symbian, Windows, OS X, Windows Mobile, iOS, Android, BlackBerry 10, Atari Jaguar, Xbox One, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, PlayStation Vita, Wii U, Nintendo 3DS, Linux
Release date(s) Amiga, Atari ST
1991
Genre(s) Cinematic platformer, action-adventure
Mode(s) Single-player
Distribution Floppy disk, cartridge, CD-ROM, download

Another World, also known as Out of This World in North America and Outer World (アウターワールド Autā Wārudo?) in Japan, is a 1991 cinematic platformer action-adventure game designed by Éric Chahi for Delphine Software. The game tells a story of Lester, a young scientist who, as a result of an experiment gone wrong, finds himself in a dangerous alien world where he is forced to fight for his survival.

Originally developed for the Amiga and Atari ST and later released for the Apple IIGS and DOS platforms, the game was widely ported to other contemporary systems. Later efforts resulted in several game engine recreations for the game that permitted it to run on modern computers, consoles and mobile phones. In 2006, Chahi independently released a 15th Anniversary Edition for modern computers, and a subsequent 20th Anniversary Edition five years later that adapted the game for numerous consoles and mobile computing platforms.

Another World was highly innovative in its use of cinematic effects in both real-time and cutscenes, which earned the game praise amongst critics and commercial success. It also influenced a number of other video games and designers.

Gameplay[edit]

The first level of the Sega Genesis version, with Lester climbing out of the pond that he has been teleported into.

Another World is a platform game, featuring a control scheme wherein the player uses either the keyboard, joystick or gamepad to make the protagonist run, jump, attack and perform other, situation-specific actions, such as rocking a cage back and forth. In the initial part of the game, Lester is unarmed. He is able to kick at small creatures, but is otherwise defenseless.

Later in the game, the player acquires a laser pistol from a fallen foe. The pistol has three capabilities: a standard fire mode, the ability to create force fields to block enemy fire, and a powerful charged shot that can break through force fields and some walls.[4] Eventually, Lester also gains a plasma ball that can be used like a grenade to defeat foes (not featured in the original Amiga release). Enemies also have the same capabilities, requiring the player to take advantage of the three gun modes and the environment to overcome them.

Lester and his alien ally cannot sustain any damage, and the game ends immediately if either of them is struck by a projectile or comes in contact with an animal or an environmental hazard.[5] However, the game uses numerous checkpoints enabling the player to keep restarting at the last point indefinitely. On the Amiga and older consoles without the ability to save a game, the player can write down an alphanumeric code for these checkpoints and re-enter it when restarting the game later. In any given scene, the game provides no clues as to what the player should do next, features no HUD except for an oxygen bar during the swimming sequences, and no on-screen text; and the characters the player meets speak in unintelligible alien language.[6][7]

Plot[edit]

The protagonist of the game is Lester Knight Chaykin, a young genius physicist. In the opening cinematic, Lester arrives at his high-tech underground laboratory in his Ferrari 288 GTO[8] during a thunderstorm and goes to work on his experiment using a particle accelerator, attempting to reconstruct what happened when the universe was born. Immediately before the particles reach their intended destination, a lightning bolt strikes the laboratory and interferes with the accelerator, causing the unforeseen particle fusion and an explosion opening a hole in time and space, teleporting Lester to a barren, alien planet.[6]

After evading a number of dangerous indigenous animals, Lester is captured by a race of humanoid aliens and taken to a subterranean prison camp. Lester escapes along with an alien captive known as "Buddy" and the two of them must evade capture while travelling through a series of dangerous environments, battling alien soldiers and wild creatures while solving numerous puzzles in order to survive. The duo traverse through the prison complex, a cave system and a tower structure.[6][7] In the game's climax, Lester is severely wounded by one of the aliens, but, with the help of his alien friend, manages to kill his attacker and escape. After reaching the top of the tower, Lester collapses, but is promptly joined by Buddy, who picks up Lester and the two escape on a dragon-like creature, flying off to the horizon.

Development[edit]

Éric Chahi, the creator of Another World, at the 2010 Game Developers Conference

The game's French designer Éric Chahi had previously worked as a game programmer and then as a graphic designer for video games since 1983. It was the success of his earlier work with Paul Cuisset as a graphic designer for the adventure game Future Wars for Delphine Software and its royalties that gave him the chance to develop Another World "without any constraint of any sort or any editorial pressure." After Future Wars was released in 1989, Chahi had the choice to either work on Cuisset's next game, Operation Stealth, or create his own game. As "there had been many books and tools released to develop easily on the Amiga at that time," Chahi felt confident that he could go back to programming.[9]

In August 1989, Chahi was impressed by the flat-color animations that the Amiga version of Dragon's Lair had and thought that it would be possible to use vector outlines to create a similar effect using much less computer storage. After first attempting to write the graphical routines in C, he turned to assembly language. He wrote a polygon routine for the Motorola 68000 on an Atari ST to test his theory, with much success. Later, he found that he could run the code on the Amiga platform and achieve a frame rate of about 20 frames per second, later recognizing this as "a major turning point in the creation of the game" and the point where he knew the polygon approach would work.[10] He was able to take advantage of the Amiga's genlock capabilities to create rotoscoped animations with the polygons, using video recordings of himself performing various actions. Though he had tried to use smaller polygons (which Chahi called "pixigons") to construct the backgrounds for the scenes based on Deluxe Paint artwork, the process of creating them was excruciatingly slow, and he returned to using bitmapped images.[10][11]

Another World was influenced by everything I liked at that time of my life — mainly by pictorial art, movies and science fiction books, like Dune or Hyperion. Comics and fantasy art also inspired me; artists like Michael Whelan, Richard Corben, Frank Miller and Frank Frazetta.

Éric Chahi[9]

While Chahi had a clear idea of how to implement his game engine, he mostly improvised when creating the actual content of the game, allowing the game to develop "layer by layer without knowing where it was going."[10][12] He planned on creating a science fiction game that was similar to Karateka and Impossible Mission. Because he wanted to create a dramatic, cinematic experience, the game features no HUD or dialog, giving the player only a representation of the surrounding game world during both gameplay elements and the cutscenes progressing the story. However, with no idea of the technical limitations he would face while building out the story, he focused more on creating ambiance, rhythmic pacing, and narrative tension to the game.[10] Chahi resorted to developing his own tool with a new programming language through GFA BASIC coupled with the game's engine in Devpac assembler, to control and animate the game, interpreted in real-time by the game engine, effectively creating his own animation sequencer.[10][11]

With the creation of the tools needed for building out the rest of the game by December 1989, Chahi began working on the introductory sequence as a means to validate the full capacities of his engine. The introduction sequence also gave Chahi the chance to explore the types of cinematics he could create through the engine. Chahi later considered this the "first step in the improvisation process" that he used throughout the rest of development. He finished the game's introduction sequence in early 1990 and started working on the first level. Chahi worked at the game at a linear pace, developing each section of the game in the chronological order and influenced by his own personal feelings and attitude at the time. For example, as Chahi recognized he was trying to create a game on his own, the first portions of the game evoke loneliness and isolation, reflecting Chahi's mood at the time. He did not have the original intention of the character meeting an ally, but again described the improvisation approach led him to include the alien friend, and had included specific cinematics that showed a close up of the alien to help the player imagine this world.[10]

Later in the game's development, Chahi added laser pistols, including the one that Lester carries for several effects. The idea was influenced by the Star Wars franchise, but added depth to the gameplay by giving the player more options. He also found that repeated laser fire by the enemies also helped to enunciate the rhythm of the game. Chahi would later add in the plasma ball that increased the available strategy to players. Several points in the game use elevators or teleporters to move Lester between levels; Chahi had used these instead of stairways, as it was difficult to produce proper animation for these.[10]

After 17 months of development, Chahi was only about one-third completed with the game, and realized that this rate would have been impractical. He began to take steps to simplify the development, including reusing background graphics and creating building blocks that allowed him to focus more on the game's puzzles. At the same time, he began to seek a publisher for the game. He first spoke to his former employer, Delphine Software, but also sought other distributors. One, Virgin Interactive, were favorable to Chahi's game but had suggested that he change it to a point-and-click style adventure game. Chahi had considered changing the game by this request but realized "the effort to do this would have been too huge, and some friends who played the game loved it."[13] Ultimately, he accepted Delphine's offer in June 1991, and set a tentative release date in November. To meet this deadline, Chahi used storyboards to sketch out the rest of the game's plot, balancing the overall pacing of the game. One ending captured on these storyboards, but abandoned, was Lester becoming the leader of the alien world. The game was finished in 1991, which inspired the game's tagline: "It took six days to create the Earth. Another World took two years"; Chahi noted his own exhaustion at completing this project mirrors in the near-death of Lester at the end of the game.[10]

Upon publishing, Delphine did not perform a playtest of the full game, only having previously tested the first portion of the game. Delphine's U.S. publisher Interplay undertook a full playtest and Chahi fixed a number of bugs that arose from this. Interplay had also requested additional changes in the game, including making the game longer and changing the game's introduction music. Chahi was adamant about retaining the game's opening music, and had attempted to change Interplay's minds by sending them an "infinite fax", a looped piece of paper, with the message "keep the original intro music" on it. Only until Delphine's lawyer got involved and told Interplay they legally could not change the music did Interplay relax this change.[10][14]

Release[edit]

Screenshot of the introduction cutscene to the final level from the original Amiga version. Nintendo requested that all scenes that feature blood, or any blood-like thing, such as the venus flytrap saliva, as well as this brief nudity scene, be redrawn, and so "crack of the naked aliens' bottoms was reduced by 3 pixels."[14]

The game was originally released for the Amiga and Atari ST in 1991, running at a display resolution of 320×200 pixels. These versions received less play-testing than other versions, making for a less-fluid game, but the Amiga's sound capabilities afford it a high sound quality compared to contemporary ports. The game released on the Atari ST is identical, but with a less refined sound, and its colors are less sharp than on Amiga. These versions had code wheel protection that made it difficult to use unauthorized copies, forcing the player to enter a code (series of figures) looked up from a code wheel that came with the game. The player had to turn the wheel according to the number that was requested in the screen whenever the game is loaded in order to reload the game.[14] Another small change between the Amiga and ST versions and the others was that Lester would yell as he grabs the vine in the first area if he was not being chased by the beast in these versions; this feature was omitted from most other versions.

The game was published in North America under the title Out of This World in order to avoid confusion with the popular but unrelated soap opera television series Another World. Coincidentally, the science fiction sitcom Out of This World aired at the same time of the game's USA-Canada release.

Ports[edit]

Reviews praised the game's graphics, sound, and gameplay, but criticized its short span. Chahi, working for 16 hours a day for two months, responded with creating a new level just before the amphitheatre scene, when the alien friend rescues Lester at the end of a long dead-end corridor. Chahi said: "I like this extra level a lot because it reinforces the close relationship between the hero and the alien by developing their mutual aid."[9] Also added were more dangers and more save points. This ended up being the 1992 DOS version, which was coded by Daniel Morais, and had the exact code wheel protection of the Amiga and ST versions. The Macintosh features higher resolution than the DOS version, but is otherwise identical.[14]

Through Interplay Entertainment, the game was ported to the Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES), the Sega Genesis (Mega Drive), and the Apple IIGS in 1992. The SNES, Sega Mega-CD (Sega CD), 3DO and Apple IIGS ports each contain a prologue before the introduction begins, which consists of an entry that comes from Lester's diary. The Mega Drive port's prologue is different from that of the SNES and 3DO ports. The Mega-CD version of Another World combines the original game (with CD quality new music by Freitas) with the sequel, Heart of the Alien,[14] and was released in North America as Heart of the Alien: Out of This World Parts I and II.

All of the console versions include some form of dynamic musical score during gameplay, and in the case of the Sega Mega Drive and Genesis conversions, use arrangements of the music originating in the SNES and Apple IIGS versions. This differs from other versions which only have music for the opening and ending segments. Interplay wanted to add additional tunes by Charles Deenen. They also wanted to exchange Jean-François Freitas's music for a different soundtrack, but Chahi did not agree to the change and Delphine's lawyer helped to keep the original intro music.[14] The Apple IIGS and Super NES versions were programmed by Rebecca Heineman, who said: "Since Interplay wouldn't pay for a Super FX chip, I found a way to do it with static RAM on the cart and DMA which got me a great frame rate. Interplay wouldn't pay for the static RAM either, so I ended up using Fast ROM instruction. Interplay wouldn't pay for a 3.6 MHz ROM either. So, frustrated, I shoved my block move code into the DMA registers and use it as RAM running at 3.6 MHz. It worked. I got fast block moves on slow cartridges and made a game using polygons working on a 65816 with pure software rendering."[15] Another World is the only game directly ported from the Super NES to the Apple IIGS, which has the same 65C816 microprocessor.

The 3DO port was developed by Interplay in 1993, and features very detailed raster graphics backgrounds. However, Chahi believes that this actually detracts from the game, because the polygons do not fit in with this, and thus make the backgrounds look flat. The game's soundtrack was changed again, albeit without any legal troubles, due to Chahi's focus on a new project. Some new tunes were also added, all played from the disc, such as when Lester escapes the big pool in the first level and when he is grabbed by the guard that appears at the end. At the ending, there is a fragment of the introduction of the sequel, Heart of the Alien. Also included in some versions of this 3DO release is a separate minigame "Stalactites", in which the player pushes up stalactites shapes falling from the top of the screen.[16] Another hidden feature of this version is the animation of Bill Heineman getting his head chopped off.[17]

Chahi acquired the rights to Another World '​s intellectual property from Delphine Software International after they closed down in July 2004. Magic Productions then offered to port the game to mobile phones, and it was ported with help from Cyril Cogordan. Chahi saw that the game's playability could be improved, so he used his old Amiga for reprogramming certain parts of the script and made the graphics' shading clearer in order to counter mobile phones' low resolutions.[14] In July 2005, almost a decade and a half after it was first released on the Amiga, the game was released for mobile phone handsets using the Symbian operating system, thanks to Telcogames and developer Magic Productions.[18] In 2006, Magic Productions also released a remastered Pocket PC version for Windows Mobile 5.0 OS or later in QVGA (320×240 resolution).[18] Telcogames entered administration in 2008, closing the Magic Productions studio. The administrator's letter to stakeholders mentions that its assets will be sold, but does not indicate to whom or mention Another World assets by name.[19]

In 2012, an Atari Jaguar port of Another World was confirmed and approved by Chahi. It was released as a limited collector's item in cartridge form, complete with a box and manual published by the association Retro-gaming Connexion (RGC) in 2013. The game engine was rewritten especially for the Atari Jaguar to make use of the console's several processors: the GPU and blitter perform polygon rendering; the GPU performs on-the-fly data decompression; the DSP plays stereo music and sound effects; and the 68000 CPU performs JIT compilation and execution of the scripts. The Jaguar version is playable in the original graphics 16-color mode and Deluxe 15th Anniversary graphics 256-color mode. It can be played in normal and speed-run modes. It supports five languages: English, German, French, Italian, and Spanish.[20][21]

15th Anniversary[edit]

After the release of the Pocket PC version, in 2006 Chahi created a new Windows version targeted at Windows XP. Emmanuel Rivoire increased the resolution to 1280×800 pixels and Chahi created more detailed backgrounds. He found that his original choice to use polygons for the game characters enabled him to use the original character art at a higher resolution. The game still supports the original 320×200 resolution, as well as the original background art (as an option), and it features twice as many checkpoints as the original, which makes it somewhat easier,[14] as well as newly remixed sounds.[22]

The game does not include Interplay's extra music, but it includes the extra level, as well as the added enemies and hazards from the console versions. This version is part of the Another World 15th Anniversary Edition CD-ROM released in 2007, which also includes a development diary, an exclusive postcard autographed by Chahi and a separate soundtrack CD.[23] The CD-ROM version of 15th Anniversary Edition contains strict digital rights management technology – upon installation, the game verifies the user's serial number through the Internet, allowing only for five installations of the game using any given serial number. Uninstallation does not reset the count, so after five installations, the player must purchase a new copy. This problem does not exist on the digital copy sold by GOG.com.[7]

20th Anniversary[edit]

At the 2011 Game Developers Conference, Chahi announced that an Apple iOS port of the title would be created by DotEmu and distributed by BulkyPix.[24] On September 22, 2011, Bulkypix released a special 20th anniversary edition for the iPhone and iPad, featuring a switch between the original and HD graphics, a new intuitive touch controls or classic D-pad, three difficulty modes, and remastered sound effects. The Android version has been released in March 2012, the Steam version was released April 4, 2013 and GOG version was released April 22, 2013 (15th Anniversary Edition is still available on GOG in the same package as 20th Anniversary Edition).[25][26]

Retouching the background in such high resolutions was not so easy. I had to find the equilibrium between details and vectorial design. Recently I’ve been impressed by the visual art of Sword and Sworcery by Capybara Games — how very soft shades of colour can work in pixel art. Finally, I decided to use subtler shades of light than before with some very crisp detail and razor edge polygons.

Éric Chahi[27]

The console versions of the 20th Anniversary port were released by Digital Lounge for Xbox One, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, PlayStation Vita, Wii U, and Nintendo 3DS in June 2014.[28][29] The three PlayStation versions allow cross-platform functionality. According to Digital Lounge, the goal was to "simply to deliver the original experience of Another World faithfully, with the benefits of today’s hardware and a high level of polish. Chahi said the animations were "refined to remove the rough edges revealed by such a high resolution rendering" of up to 2560×1600 pixels.[27]

Fan ports[edit]

The game was unofficially ported to multiple computer and console systems. Some of these ports were later officially authorized by Chahi:

  • In 2004, Cyril Cogordan (nicknamed "Foxy") released an unofficial Game Boy Advance (GBA) port by reverse engineering the official Atari ST version. This version's C code eventually led to a Symbian mobile port. Originally Chahi was against the port, but in 2005 he decided to authorize its distribution.[14] The game was released as freeware for play on the Game Boy Advance on April 28, 2005, via a game engine recreation by FoxySofts.[30] Around the same time, another unofficial GBA source port was made by Gil Megidish. This port was based on the 3DO version, and required the original 3DO CD to run so that only those who already owned the game would be able to play it.[14]
  • A GP32 port of Another World was released on May 31, 2005,[31] and a Dreamcast port on December 31, 2005, via a game engine recreation by Grégory Montoir (cyx) called raw.[14] An unofficial GP32 port was also made by Philippe Simons using reverse engineering by Grégory Montoir. The port won a prize during the GBAX 2005 competition.[14]

In 2011, Fabien Sanglard analysed Another World by reverse engineering and reconstructed a complete C++ source code variant of the internal virtual machine.[32][33]

Reception[edit]

Reception
Aggregate scores
Aggregator Score
GameRankings 93.00% (Mobile)[34]
84.20% (SNES)[35]
84.17% (Genesis)[36]
82.50% (PC)[37]
73.12% (15th Anniversary)[38]
Review scores
Publication Score
Computer and Video Games 94%[40]
IGN 8.5/10[39]
Nintendo Power 3.5/5[41]
Amiga Action 89%[42]
Amiga Computing 89%[43]
Amiga Force 90%[44]
Amiga Format 82%[45]
Amiga Power 89%[46]
CU Amiga 91%[47]
Super Play 81%[48]
The One 93%[49]

Another World was met with widespread critical acclaim. American magazine Computer Gaming World praised the game's graphics and Amiga sound but criticized the brief documentation and short length of gameplay, and called it "one of Europe's most playable and enjoyable arcade efforts."[50] The Lessers of Dragon gave the game 5 out of 5 stars and called it "an adventure that will keep [the player] on the edge of [one's] seat for some time to come."[51] Reviewing the 3DO version, GamePro said "Out of This World is destined to be a classic", but that the 3DO version has too little improvement to be worthwhile for those who have already played the game.[52]

Among many other accolades, it was named as number one top new Amiga game of 1992 by Amiga World[53] and received the award for the Most Innovative New Game of the year from Electronic Gaming Monthly.[54] The game was commercially successful too, selling around 1 million copies during the 1990s.[55] In 2012, Another World became one of the first 14 titles added to the video game art exposition at the Museum of Modern Art.[56][57]

Retrospectively, Kristan Reed of Eurogamer called Another World "one of the most visionary and memorable games of its time."[9] Reviewing the 15th Anniversary Edition in 2010, Eurogamer's John Walker called it "still utterly beautiful", adding that the game's art style is "just fantastic. Chahi's design is exquisitely simple and enormously evocative. Built from spare polygons, its paper-craft-like animation conjures the world, the creatures and the threat wonderfully."[7] In a 2014 review of the 3DS version, Bob Mackey of USGamer opined "Another World is definitely an experience every gamer should have — and not just for the sake of checking out a historical curiosity. Another World still feels incredibly forward-thinking, almost as if Chahi had developed a game for this decade's indie scene without even realizing it."[58]

In 2011, Wirtualna Polska ranked the "visionary" Another World as the 15th best game for the Amiga, remembering it for a cinematic feel and "uncommonly" high difficulty (for a first-time player) and calling it "one of the most important titles in the history of electronic entertainment."[59] In 2012, 1UP.com ranked this "short-but-sweet cinematic action game" as the 99th most essential video game of all time, commenting: "Especially in an age of entertainment where fans cry out for pages upon pages lore and glossaries for the tiniest minutiae of their fiction, Out of this World's dimension contains a sense of mystery that makes it all the more lonely, and often, quietly beautiful. The game can be brutal and heartbreaking, but Chahi's amazing vision makes [it] a thoroughly gripping experience."[6] That same year, Lucas Sullivan of GamesRadar named it as number one top "cult-classic franchise" that should be rebooted in a way Prince of Persia was, commenting that "despite a small cast of characters, minimalist gameplay, and some truly grueling difficulty, Another World ... resonated with gamers in ways they weren't expecting. The game's vivid vector graphics were utterly stunning at the time, and the pacing of the heavy, nicely animated platforming naturally melded with taking in the sights of the sublime alien landscape," and adding that "slowly adapting to the hostile surroundings offered a hard-earned satisfaction and a surprisingly moving story."[5]

The alien "Beast" creature from the game's first level was ranked sixth on the GameSpot's 1999 top list of best monsters in gaming[60] and IGN ranked the game's laser gun as the 86th best weapon in gaming history in 2012.[4] The alien "Buddy" was ranked third on GameSpot's list of the ten best sidekicks in 2000, along with a comment that the "groundbreaking" Another World "is one of those rare games that everybody seemed to love."[61] Discussing "Buddy" in 2013, Rock, Paper, Shotgun's Adam Smith called him still "one of gaming’s greatest companions".[62]

Legacy[edit]

I think the story is complete. It has a lot of mystery, so doing a sequel would be very tricky. It could break the magic it has.

Eric Chahi[63]

A sequel titled Heart of the Alien was developed by Interplay and released exclusively for the Sega Mega-CD in 1994. The game is similar in graphics and gameplay, as the player plays as Lester's alien friend Buddy. Chahi had nothing to do with the development of the sequel, beyond suggesting "redesigning the game from the alien point of view," by which he meant making an alternative version of the original game but was misunderstood.[14] In 2014, Polish filmmaker Bartek Hławka created a live-action fan film titled Another World: The Movie.[64] Chahi has stated in several interviews that has no intention in making a sequel, as he wants the ending of the original to remain ambiguous and fans could make their own conclusion to the franchise.[65][66]

The company that produced Another World, Delphine Software, has since gone into administrative receivership and Another World remains their most recognized game. Paul Cuisset's 1992 game Flashback, also released by Delphine, but created without any involvement from Chahi, features similar gameplay and graphics and makes a few nods to Another World, including the use of personal force fields in combat, a nearly identical end text in the ending cutscene, and an almost exact motion recreation of the gun pickup cutscene. A very similar plot premise was used in 1999's Outcast by Infogrames Entertainment, SA.[7] The game had also a big influence on several game other designers. Fumito Ueda cited it as an inspiration for his creation of Ico.[67] Hideo Kojima, creator of the Metal Gear Solid series, said that it was one of the five games that influenced him the most.[68] Video game designer Goichi Suda called it his favourite game.[69]

Chahi returned to the concept of cinematic platform games after leaving Delphine. In 1998, he and his company Amazing Studio made Heart of Darkness, which is in many ways a spiritual successor to Another World. After that, Chahi disappeared from the game industry for several years, but in 2005 he regained interest in making video games.[70] In 2011, Ubisoft released his next game, From Dust.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Architect, Ink (2011-09-07). "Explore Another World On Your iPhone This Month - News". Game Informer. Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  2. ^ Hillier, Brenna (2013-04-04). "Another World – 20th Anniversary Edition out now on Steam". VG247. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  3. ^ "Classic Platformer Another World is Coming to PS4 Next Week". playstationblog.com. 2014-06-17. Retrieved 2014-06-17. 
  4. ^ a b "Tenchi Muyo GXP - Volume 1: Out of This World (Collector's Box) - #86: Laser Gun (Another World) - IGN's Top 100 Video Game Weapons". IGN. 2012-03-26. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  5. ^ a b Sullivan, Lucas (2012-10-12). "The Top 7 ... Cult-classic franchises we'd love to see rebooted". GamesRadar. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  6. ^ a b c d Mackey, Bob. "The Essential 100, No. 99: Out of this World". 1UP. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Walker, John (2010-04-24). "Retrospective: Another World 15th Anniversary Edition". Eurogamer. The Eurogamer Network. Retrieved 2012-10-25. 
  8. ^ Cousseau, Pierre. Out of this World Manual. Interplay. p. 3. 
  9. ^ a b c d Reed, Kristan (2007-01-30). "Another World: 15th Anniversary Edition". Eurogamer. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i Nutt, Christian (2011-03-03). "GDC 2011: Eric Chahi Retro Postmortem: Another World". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on 2011-03-06. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  11. ^ a b "Another World: Realisation". Éric Chahi. Archived from the original on 2 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  12. ^ "Another World: Genesis". Eric Chahi. Archived from the original on 2008-08-29. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  13. ^ "How 'Another World' almost became a point-and-click adventure". joystiq.com. 2001-03-03. Retrieved 2013-05-09. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Versions". Another World. Archived from the original on 2008-08-02. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  15. ^ Heineman, Rebecca. Interview: Rebecca Heineman. Interview with Jess Johnson. GrokCode. Retrieved June 24, 2014. 
  16. ^ Meston, Zach; Arnold, J. Douglas (1996). 3DO Games Secrets: Book Two. Semantix Design Llc. p. 135. ISBN 9781884364204. 
  17. ^ Rovin, Jeff (1995). Gamemaster: The Complete Video Game Guide 1995. St. Martin's Press. p. 227. ISBN 9780312954390. 
  18. ^ a b Grant, Christopher (2006-04-15). "Out of this World remastered with high-res graphics". Joystiq. AOL Inc. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  19. ^ Andrews, Robert (2008-04-24). "UK Mobile Games Outfit Telcogames In Administration; Management Buy-Out?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  20. ^ "Pré-commande Another World (Jaguar) - asso RGC". Mleguludec.free.fr. Retrieved 2013-04-22. 
  21. ^ "Pre-Orders Open For The Atari Jaguar Port Of Eric Chahi's Another World (Out Of This World)". RetroCollect. 2012-12-18. Retrieved 2013-04-22. 
  22. ^ "Another World (15th Anniversary Edition) – PC". IGN. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  23. ^ "The Adventure Collection – gra Another World – 15th Anniversary Edition" (in Polish). IQ Publishing. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  24. ^ "Another World's Creator Eric Chahi Chooses BulkyPix And DotEmu To Port His Iconic Game to iPhone And iPad" (Press release). GamerPress. 2011-03-03. Archived from the original on 2011-03-05. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  25. ^ Iragne, Jessica (2012-03-14). "Another World: 20th Anniversary now available on Android devices". DotEmu. Retrieved 2012-04-18. 
  26. ^ "Another World: 20th Anniversary Edition discovered on Steam, page 1 - Forum - GOG.com". 2013-04-22. Retrieved 2013-06-13. 
  27. ^ a b "Classic Platformer Another World is Coming to PS4 Next Week – PlayStation.Blog". Blog.us.playstation.com. 2014-06-17. Retrieved 2014-06-24. 
  28. ^ "Another World - 20th Anniversary Edition Trailer - Eurogamer". YouTube. 2014-06-03. Retrieved 2014-06-24. 
  29. ^ "Classic platform adventure Another World out next week - CVG". Computerandvideogames.com. 2014-06-17. Retrieved 2014-06-24. 
  30. ^ "Another World GBA". FoxySofts. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  31. ^ "Project Log: Another World for the GP32". Distant Earth. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  32. ^ Patterson, Blake (2011-12-26). "A Fascinating Look Under the Hood of 'Another World'". toucharcade.com. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  33. ^ Sanglard, Fabien (2011-12-23). ""Another World" Code Review". fabiensanglard.net. Retrieved 2013-01-14. I spent two weeks reading and reverse engineering further the source code of Another World ("Out Of This World" in North America). I based my work on Gregory Montoir's "binary to C++" initial reverse engineering from the DOS executable. I was amazed to discover an elegant system based on a virtual machine interpreting bytecode in realtime and generating fullscreen vectorial cinematic in order to produce one of the best game of all time. 
  34. ^ "Another World for Mobile". GameRankings. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  35. ^ "Out of This World for SNES". GameRankings. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  36. ^ "Out of This World for Genesis". GameRankings. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  37. ^ "Out of This World for PC". GameRankings. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  38. ^ "Another World: 15th Anniversary Edition for PC". GameRankings. 2007-02-23. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  39. ^ Buchanan, Levi (2008-02-06). "Out of This World Review". IGN. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  40. ^ "Another World review". Computer and Video Games 150: 99. May 1994. 
  41. ^ Nintendo Power 41 (October 1992)
  42. ^ Jackson, Neil (February 1992). "Another World review". Amiga Action 29: 82. 
  43. ^ Whitehead, Daniel (April 1992). "Another World review". Amiga Computing 47: 74–75. 
  44. ^ Price, James (May 1993). "Another World review". Amiga Force 5: 12–13. 
  45. ^ Webb, Trenton (February 1992). "Another World review". Amiga Format 31: 62–64. 
  46. ^ Ramshaw, Mark (February 1992). "Another World review". Amiga Power 10: 28–30. 
  47. ^ Keen, Steve (February 1992). "Another World review". CU Amiga: 44–45. 
  48. ^ Super Play (September 1993)
  49. ^ Presley, Paul (January 1992). "Another World review". The One for Amiga Games 40: 48–50. 
  50. ^ Greenberg, Allen (July 1992). "John Carter of Interplay". Computer Gaming World. pp. 44, 46. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  51. ^ Lesser, Hartley; Lesser, Patricia & Lesser, Kirk (August 1992). "The Role of Computers". Dragon (184): 57–64. 
  52. ^ "ProReview: Out of This World". GamePro (61) (IDG). August 1994. p. 72. 
  53. ^ Amiga World 110 (December 1992)
  54. ^ "Electronic Gaming Monthly's Buyer's Guide". 1993. 
  55. ^ Bramwell, Tom (2007-01-30). "Another World's Eric Chahi drops new game hints". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  56. ^ The Week Editorial Saff, The 14 video games New York's MoMA just classified as art, Yahoo.com, November 29, 2012
  57. ^ Jonathan Ore, Museum of Modern Art launches videogames collection, CBC News, November 30, 2012
  58. ^ Mackey, Bob (2014-06-20). "Virtual Spotlight: Another World 20th Anniversary Edition 3DS". USgamer. Retrieved 2014-06-24. 
  59. ^ "30 najlepszych gier na Amigę – 15. Another World". Wirtualna Polska. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  60. ^ "TenSpot – The Best Monsters in Gaming: The Beast". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2010-06-21. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  61. ^ "TenSpot – The Ten Best Sidekicks: Alien". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2004-08-04. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  62. ^ Adam Smith, Gaming Made Me: Another World, Rock, Paper, Shotgun, April 5th, 2013.
  63. ^ "Another World with Eric Chahi". Retro Gamer (96). 2011. 
  64. ^ "Another World's intro gets a stunning live-action remake". Polygon. Retrieved 2014-06-24. 
  65. ^ Reed, Kristan. "Another World: 15th Anniversary Edition". EuroGamer.net. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  66. ^ "Interview with Eric Chahi". eBoredom. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  67. ^ Nutt, Christian (2010-09-17). "A Complex Journey: Ninja Theory's Enslaved". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  68. ^ Ashcraft, Brian. "Five Games That Matter In Hideo Kojima's Life". Kotaku. Retrieved 2012-02-17. 
  69. ^ RisingStarGames. "Suda-51 Hoshi interview". YouTube. Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  70. ^ "More GDC". gamedevblog.com. 2005-03-11. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 

External links[edit]