Dream City (1996), rusting steel, at the Yorkshire Sculpture Park
|Birth name||Anthony Alfred Caro|
8 March 1924 |
New Malden, England
|Training||Christ's College, Cambridge, Regent Street Polytechnic|
|Movement||Constructed Steel sculpture, Abstract art, Modernism|
|Influenced by||Henry Moore, David Smith|
|Influenced||Phillip King, Isaac Witkin, Tim Scott, William G. Tucker, Peter Hide, and Richard Deacon|
Sir Anthony Alfred Caro, OM, CBE (born 8 March 1924 in New Malden, then in Surrey) is an English abstract sculptor whose work is characterised by assemblages of metal using 'found' industrial objects.
Background and early life 
Caro was educated at Charterhouse School and Christ's College, Cambridge, earning a degree in engineering. In 1946, after time in the Royal Navy, he studied sculpture at the Regent Street Polytechnic before pursuing further studies at the Royal Academy Schools from 1947 until 1952.
Professional career 
Anthony Caro found modernism when working as an assistant to Henry Moore in the 1950s. After being introduced to the American sculptor David Smith in the early 1960s, he abandoned his earlier figurative work and started constructing sculptures by welding or bolting together collections of prefabricated metal, such as I-beams, steel plates and meshes. Often the finished piece is then painted in a bold flat colour.
Caro found international success in the late 1950s and for a time was popular in the US. He was also influential as a tutor at St Martins School of Art, now Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design in London inspiring a younger generation of abstract British Sculptors led by former students and assistants like Phillip King, Tim Scott, William G. Tucker, Peter Hide, and Richard Deacon; as well as a reaction group including Bruce McLean, Barry Flanagan, Richard Long, David Hall and Gilbert and George. He and several former students were asked to join the seminal 1966 show at the Jewish Museum in New York entitled, Primary Structures representing the British influence on the "New Art". Caro taught at Bennington College from 1963 to 1965, along with painter Jules Olitski and sculptor David Smith.
He is often credited with the significant innovation of removing the sculpture from its plinth, although Smith and Brâncuşi had both previously taken steps in the same direction. Caro's sculptures are usually self-supporting and sit directly on the floor. In doing so, they remove a barrier between the work and the viewer, who is invited to approach and interact with the sculpture from all sides.
In 1980, Caro was trying to organise an exhibition of British abstract art in South African townships when he met Robert Loder. In 1981, when staying in New York State, the pair developed the idea of running workshops for professional artists which became the Triangle Arts Trust. They held the first Triangle workshop in 1982 for thirty sculptors and painters from USA, the United Kingdom and Canada at Pine Plains, New York.
In the 1980s, Caro's work changed direction by introducing more literal elements with a series of figures drawn from classical Greece. Latterly he has also attempted large scale installation pieces. One of these large pieces, Sea Music, stands on the quay at Poole in Dorset. He was knighted in 1987 and received the Order of Merit in May 2000.
In 2008, Caro opened his "Chapel of Light" installation in the Saint Jean-Baptiste Church of Bourbourg (France), and exhibited four figurative head sculptures at the National Portrait Gallery, London. In 2011, the Metropolitan Museum of Art installed five works by Caro on their rooftop. Currently, at 87 years of age, Caro is working on an immense, multipart sculpture that will occupy three blocks of Midtown Park Avenue, to be installed in 2012.
Caro's work has been featured in many museums and galleries worldwide spanning the last fifty years. In 1956 he held his first solo exhibition at the Galleria del Naviglio in Milan, and the following year he had his first solo show in London at the Gimpel Fils Gallery. In 1963, the Whitechapel Art Gallery organized a solo show of Caro’s work that brought the artist important critical attention. In 2004 to honor his 80th birthday, seven institutions including the C. Grimaldis Gallery in Baltimore and the Artemis Greenberg van Doren and Garth Clark Gallery in New York, Galerie Josine Bokhoven in Amsterdam, Mitchell-Innes & Nash in New York, Galerie Daniel Templon in Paris and the Tate Britain held exhibitions of his work.
The C. Grimaldis Gallery has had a strong relationship with the artist for more than three decades, producing four solo exhibitions in twenty five years. A fifth exhibition is scheduled for fall of 2012. Grimaldis in particular shows his small scale table pieces and works in bronze, which, as noted by John Dorsey in the Baltimore Sun, "is in a line of work that descends from the 1960s and that grew out of Caro's desire to create table pieces that would not be seen as merely smaller versions of large sculptures."
Art market 
Private life 
In 1949, Caro married the painter Sheila Girling and they have two sons Timothy (born 1951) and Paul (born 1958).
- Mr Anthony Caro (1924–1969)
- Mr Anthony Caro CBE (1969–1987)
- Sir Anthony Caro CBE (1987–2000)
- Sir Anthony Caro OM CBE (2000–present)
- Geraldine Norman A collector who backs his own hunches: Trends mean nothing to Robert Loder. Abstract Expressionism is his great love and he wants us to share it The Independent Sunday 31 July 1994
- Anthony Caro Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice.
- Sylviane Gold (December 7, 2012), Small-Scale Works That Surprise at Every Turn New York Times.
- Sir Anthony Caro (b. 1924) Hollis Taggart Galleries, New York.
Suggested reading 
- Busch, Julia M., A Decade of Sculpture: the New Media in the 1960s (Philadelphia: The Art Alliance Press & London: Associated University Presses, 1974). ISBN 0-87982-007-1.
- Whelan, Richard, Anthony Caro (New York: E. P. Dutton & Co., Inc., 1975). ISBN 0-525-47400-5.....
- Barker, Ian, Anthony Caro: Quest for the New Sculpture (Aldershot: Lund Humphries, 2004) ISBN 978-0-85331-910-8.
- Reid, Mary, Anthony Caro: Drawing in Space (Farnham: Lund Humphries, 2009) ISBN 978-1-84822-030-0.
- Wilkin, Karen, Anthony Caro: Interior and Exterior (Farnham: Lund Humphries, 2009) ISBN 978-1-84822-031-7.
- Julius Bryant, Julius, Anthony Caro: Figurative and Narrative Sculpture (Farnham: Lund Humphries, 2009) ISBN 978-1-84822-032-4.
- Westley Smith, H.F., Anthony Caro: Small Sculptures (Farnham, Lund Humphries, 2010) ISBN 978-1-84822-051-5.
- Moorhouse, Paul, Anthony Caro: Presence (Farnham, Lund Humphries, 2010) ISBN 978-1-84822-053-9.
- Saunders, Wade, Anthony Caro Recent Sculptures (Baltimore, C. Grimaldis Gallery, 1987).
- Millard, Charles, Anthony Caro Works of the 1980s (Baltimore, C. Grimaldis Gallery, 1989).
- Payton, Neal, "Anthony Caro Sculpture: Towards Architecture, Recent Bronzes" (Baltimore, C. Grimaldis Gallery, 1994) ASIN B0006RO25G.
- Adams, Virginia K., "Anthony Caro A Survey " (Baltimore, C. Grimaldis Gallery, 2004) ASIN B003X59K3C.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Anthony Caro|
- Official website
- Anthony Caro in the National Gallery of Australia's Kenneth Tyler Collection
- Anthony Caro tells his life story at Web of Stories
- Exhibition at the Tate Britain, 2005
- Leading sculptors mark school's 75th birthday, The Guardian, 2 June 2003
- Anthony Caro at Mitchell-Innes & Nash
- Caro's work in focus on Tate Online
- Sir Anthony Caro on his metal, The Independent, 2008
- Represented by C. Grimaldis Gallery, Baltimore, Maryland