Archbishop of Dublin

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Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin, the episcopal seat of the pre-Reformation and Church of Ireland archbishops.
St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin, the episcopal seat of the Roman Catholic archbishops.

The Archbishop of Dublin is an archiepiscopal title which takes its name after Dublin, Ireland. Since the Reformation, there have been parallel apostolic successions to the title: one in the Church of Ireland and the other in the Roman Catholic Church. The archbishop of each denomination also holds the title of Primate of Ireland.

History[edit]

The diocese of Dublin was formally established by Sigtrygg (Sitric) Silkbeard, King of Dublin in 1028,[1] and the first bishop, Dúnán, was consecrated in about the same year.[2][3] The diocese of Dublin was subject to the Province of Canterbury until 1152. At the Synod of Kells, held in March 1152, Dublin was raised to an ecclesiastical province with the archbishop of Dublin having the jurisdiction over the bishops of Ferns, Glendalough, Kildare, Leighlin and Ossory. In 1214, the dioceses of Dublin and Glendalough were united, which was confirmed by Pope Innocent III on 25 February 1216 and by Pope Honorius III on 6 October 1216. After the Reformation, there are apostolic successions of Church of Ireland and Roman Catholic archbishops.

In the Church of Ireland

From 1846 to 1977, the Church of Ireland diocese of Dublin and Glendalough was united with the see of Kildare. The current Church of Ireland archbishop is the Most Reverend Michael Jackson, Archbishop of the Diocese of Dublin and Glendalough.

In the Roman Catholic Church

Sometime after the Reformation, Glendalough was dropped from the Roman Catholic archdiocese title. The current Roman Catholic archbishop is the Most Reverend Diarmuid Martin, Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Dublin, who succeeded to the title on 3 May 2003 and installed at St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin on 30 August 2003.

Pre-Reformation bishops and archbishops[edit]

Bishops of Dublin
From Until Incumbent Notes
1028 1074 Dúnán Consecrated in circa 1028; died 6 May 1074; also known as Donat, Donagh or Donatus
1074 1084 Gilla Pátraic OSB Consecrated in 1074; died 10 October 1084; also known as Patricius
1085 1095 Donngus Ua hAingliu OSB Consecrated after August 1085; died 22 November 1095; also recorded as Donngus Ua hAingliu and Donat O'Haingly
1096 1121 Samuel Ua hAingliu Possibly a Benedictine monk; consecrated 27 April 1096; died before September 1121
1121 1152 Gréne Consecrated bishop 2 October 1121; elevated to archbishop at the Synod of Kells in March 1152
Pre-Reformation Archbishops of Dublin
1152 1162 Gréne Elevated from bishop to archbishop in March 1152; died 8 October 1161; also known as Gregorius
1162 1180 St Laurence O'Toole
(Irish: Lorcán Ua Tuathail)
Formerly Abbot of Glendalough 1154–1162; consecrated archbishop in 1162; died 14 November 1180
1181 1212 John Comyn Elected 6 September 1181 and consecrated 21 March 1181; died circa November 1212; also known as John Cumin
1213 1228 Henry de Loundres Elected before March 1213 and consecrated August 1213; became archbishop of the diocese of Dublin and Glendalough when the two dioceses were united in 1214, and confirmed in 1216; died before November 1228; also known as Henry of London
1230 1255 Luke Elected before 13 December 1228; appointed before 11 October 1229; consecrated after May 1230; died 12 December 1255
1256 1271 Fulk Basset Appointed 26 July 1256 and consecrated before 25 March 1257; died 4 May 1271; also known as Fulk de Sandford
1279 1284 John de Derlington OP Appointed 28 January and consecrated 27 August 1279; died 29 March 1284
1286 1294 John de Sandford Dean of St Patrick's, Dublin 1275-1284; elected archbishop before 20 July 1284 and confirmed 30 May 1285; consecrated 7 April 1286; died 2 October 1294; also recorded as John de Stanford
1295/99 (Thomas de Chadworth) Dean of St Patrick's, Dublin; elected archbishop before 28 April 1295 and again 14 February 1299, however, was not consecrated. It is possible he may have served as archbishop
1296 1298 William Houghton OP Appointed 24 April 1296 and consecrated circa November 1297; died 27 August 1298
1299 1306 Richard de Ferings Appointed circa June and consecrated before 1 July 1299; died 17 October 1306
1307 1310 (Richard de Haverings) Precentor of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin; elected archbishop in March 1307 and appointed 10 July 1307; received possession of the see's temporalities 13 September 1307; he was never consecrated and after enjoying the dignity and profits resigned 21 November 1310
1311 1313 John de Leche Appointed 16 May and consecrated before 18 May 1311; died 10 August 1313
1317 1349 Alexander de Bicknor Appointed 20 August and consecrated 25 August 1317; also was Lord Chancellor of Ireland c.1325-1343; died 14 July 1349
1349 1362 John de St Paul Appointed 4 September 1349 and consecrated 14 February 1350; died 9 September 1362
1363 1375 Thomas Minot Appointed 20 March and consecrated 16 April 1363; died 10 July 1375
1375 1390 Robert Wikeford Appointed 12 October 1375; also was Lord Chancellor of Ireland 1377-79; died 29 August 1390
1390 1395 Robert Waldby OESA Translated from Aire, France 14 November 1390; translated to Chichester 25 October 1395, later to York 5 October 1396
1395 1397 Richard Northalis OCarm Translated from Ossory 25 October 1395; also was Lord Chancellor of Ireland 1393-1397; died 20 July 1397
1397 1417 Thomas Cranley Appointed before 26 September 1397 and consecrated after that date; also was Lord Chancellor of Ireland 1401-10 & 1413-14; died 25 May 1417
1417 1449 Richard Talbot Previously Archbishop-elect of Armagh. Elected Archbishop of Dublin before May and appointed 20 December 1417; consecrated before August 1418; also was Lord Chancellor of Ireland 1423-41; died 15 August 1449
1449 1471 Michael Tregury Appointed before 24 October 1449; died 21 December 1471
1472 1484 John Walton OSA Appointed 4 May and consecrated before 27 August 1472; resigned 14 June1484
1484 1511 Walter Fitzsimon Appointed 14 June and consecrated 26 September 1484; also was Lord Chancellor of Ireland 1496-98; died 14 May 1511
1512 1521 William Rokeby Translated from Meath 28 January 1512; also was Lord Chancellor of Ireland 1551-1521; died 29 November 1521
1523 1528 Hugh Inge OP Translated from Meath 27 February 1523; also was Lord Chancellor of Ireland 1527-1528; died 3 August 1528
1528 1534 John Alen Appointed 3 September and consecrated 13 March 1530; also was Lord Chancellor of Ireland 1528-1532; died 28 July 1534
Source(s): [2][3]

Post-Reformation archbishops[edit]

Church of Ireland succession[edit]

Church of Ireland Archbishops of Dublin
From Until Incumbent Notes
1536 1554 George Browne Nominated 11 January and consecrated 19 March 1536; deprived by Queen Mary I in 1554 for having married; died 1556
1555 1567 Hugh Curwen [A] Appointed 21 June and consecrated 8 September 1555; adhered to Roman Catholicism under Queen Mary I but then conformed to Anglicanism under Queen Elizabeth I; resigned the see of Dublin and translated to Oxford 1 September 1567
1567 1605 Adam Loftus Translated from Armagh; nominated 5 June and appointed by letters patent 9 August 1567; died 5 April 1605
1605 1619 Thomas Jones Translated from Meath; nominated 8 October and appointed by letters patent 8 November 1605; died 10 April 1619
1619 1650 Lancelot Bulkeley Nominated 30 April and consecrated 3 October 1619; died 8 September 1650
1650 1661 See vacant
1661 1663 James Margetson Nominated 3 August and consecrated 27 January 1661; translated to Armagh 20 August 1663
1663 1679 Michael Boyle Translated from Cork, Cloyne and Ross; nominated 24 August and appointed by letters patent 27 November 1663; translated to Armagh 27 February 1679
1679 1681 John Parker Translated from Tuam; nominated 22 January and appointed by letters patent 28 February 1679; died 28 December 1681
1682 1693 Francis Marsh Translated from Kilmore and Ardagh; nominated 10 January and appointed by letters patent 14 February 1682; died 16 November 1693
1694 1703 Narcissus Marsh Translated from Cashel; nominated 9 April and appointed by letters patent 24 May 1694; translated to Armagh 18 February 1703
1703 1729 William King Translated from Derry; nominated 16 February and appointed by letters patent 11 March 1703; died 8 May 1729
1730 1742 John Hoadly Translated from Ferns and Leighlin; nominated 26 December 1729 and appointed by letters patent 13 January 1730; translated to Armagh 21 October 1742
1743 1765 Charles Cobbe Translated from Kildare; appointed by letters patent 4 March 1743; died 14 April 1765
1765 The Hon William Carmichael Translated from Meath; nominated 29 May and appointed by letters patent 12 June 1765; died 15 December 1765
1766 1771 Arthur Smyth Translated from Meath; nominated 28 February and appointed by letters patent 14 April 1766; died 17 December 1771
1772 1778 John Cradock Translated from Kilmore; nominated 27 January and appointed by letters patent 5 March 1772; died 10 December 1778
1779 1801 Robert Fowler Translated from Killaloe and Kilfenora; nominated 21 December 1778 and appointed by letters patent 8 January 1779; died 10 October 1801
1801 1809 Charles Agar
The Viscount Somerton (until 1806)
The Earl of Normanton (from 1806)
Translated from Cashel; nominated 7 November and appointed by letters patent 7 December 1801; died 14 July 1809
1809 1819 Euseby Cleaver Translated from Ferns and Leighlin; nominated 29 July and appointed by letters patent 25 August 1809; prior to his death he was found to be of unsound mind, and the functions of the see were discharged by the Archbishop of Cashel; died in December 1819
1820 1822 Lord John Beresford Translated from Clogher; nominated 21 March and appointed appointed by letters patent 21 March 1820; translated to Armagh 17 June 1822
1822 1831 William Magee Translated from Raphoe; nominated 17 June and appointed by letters patent 24 June 1822; died 18 August 1831
1831 1863 Richard Whately Formerly Principal of St Mary Hall, Oxford; nominated 20 October and appointed by letters patent 23 October 1831; became archbishop of the united diocese of Dublin, Kildare and Glendalough in 1846; died 8 October 1863
1864 1884 Richard Chenevix Trench
(before 1873: Richard Trench)
Nominated 18 December 1863 and consecrated 1 January 1864; resigned 28 November 1884; died 28 March 1886
1885 1897 William Conyngham Plunket, 4th Baron Plunket Translated from Meath; elected 18 December and confirmed 23 December 1884; also was the 4th Baron Plunket; died 1 April 1897
1897 1915 Joseph Peacocke Translated from Meath; elected 19 May 1897; resigned 3 September 1915; died 26 May 1916
1915 1919 John Bernard Translated from Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin; elected 7 October 1915; resigned 30 June 1919; died 29 August 1927
1919 1920 Charles D'Arcy Translated from Down, Connor and Dromore; elected 6 August 1919; translated to Armagh 17 June 1920
1920 1939 John Gregg Translated from Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin; elected 10 September 1920; translated to Armagh 1 January 1939
1939 1956 Arthur Barton Translated from Kilmore, Elphin and Ardagh; elected 7 February and confirmed 15 February 1939; resigned 15 November 1956; died 22 September 1962
1956 1969 George Simms Translated from Cork, Cloyne and Ross; elected 4 December and confirmed 11 December 1956; Armagh17 July 1969
1969 1977 Alan Buchanan Translated from Clogher elected 10 September and confirmed 14 October 1969; resigned 10 April 1977
1977 1985 Henry McAdoo Translated from Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin; elected 15 April and confirmed 19 April 1977; resigned in 1985; died 10 December 1998
1985 1996 Donald Caird Translated from Meath and Kildare; elected archbishop in 1985; retired in 1996.[4]
1996 2002 Walton Empey Translated from Meath and Kildare; elected in 1996 and enthroned in June 1996; retired 31 July 2002.[5]
2002 2011 John Neill[6] Translated from Cashel and Ossory; elected 29 August 2002 and enthroned 12 October 2002
2011 present Michael Jackson Translated from Clogher. Elected on 2 February 2011 and enthroned on 8 May 2011.
Source(s): [7][8]

Roman Catholic succession[edit]

Roman Catholic Archbishops of Dublin
From Until Incumbent Notes
1534 1555 See vacant The Holy See made no effort to fill the see during this period
1555 1567 Hugh Curwen [B] Appointed 21 June and consecrated 8 September 1555; adhered to Roman Catholicism under Mary I but then changed adherence to Anglicanism under Elizabeth I; resigned the see of Dublin and translated to Oxford 1 September 1567
1567 unknown See vacant Edmund Tanner, Bishop of Cork and Cloyne was granted special faculties on 10 April 1575 for not only his own diocese, but also for the dioceses of Dublin and Cashel, in the absence of archbishops of those sees.[9] And on 15 May 1591, Cornelius Stanley was appointed vicar general of the sees of Dublin and Meath.
dates unknown Donald There is no record found of his papal brief or appointment. He is mentioned as the last archbishop in the appointment of his successor, Mateo de Oviedo. There is a suggestion that he may have been the Donald (or Daniel) O'Farrell who had kept a school in Dublin in April 1567.
1600 1610 Mateo de Oviedo OFM Appointed 5 May and consecrated before 5 July 1600; died 10 January 1610
1611 1623 Eugene Matthews Translated from Clogher 2 May 1611; died 1 September 1623
1623 1651 Thomas Fleming OFM Appointed 23 October 1623; died 2 August 1651
1657 1665 (James Dempsey) Formerly Dean of Kildare; appointed vicar apostolic by papal brief to administer the see of Dublin 17 April 1657; translated as vicar apostolic of Kildare 24 November 1665
1665 unknown (Richard Butler) Appointed vicar apostolic by papal brief to administer the see of Dublin 24 November 1665
1669 1680 Peter Talbot Appointed 11 January and consecrated 9 May 1669; died 15 November 1680
1683 1692 Patrick Russell Appointed 13 July 1683; died 14 July 1692
1693 1705 Peter Creagh Translated from Cork and Cloyne 6 March 1693; died 20 July 1705
1707 1724 Edmund Byrne Appointed 15 March 1707; died circa June 1724
1724 1729 Edward Murphy Translated from Kildare in September 1724; died in January 1729
1729 1733 Luke Fagan Translated from Meath in September 1729; died 11 November 1733
1734 1757 John Linegar Appointed 20 March 1734, and specifically appointed bishop of Glendalough 31 July 1734, an unusual departure from tradition; died 21 June 1757
1757 1763 Richard Lincoln Appointed coadjutor archbishop 21 November 1755; succeeded 21 June 1757; died 21 June 1763
1763 1769 Patrick Fitzsimons Appointed 20 September 1763; died 24 November 1769
1770 1786 John Carpenter Appointed 10 April and consecrated 3 June 1770; died 29 October 1786
1786 1823 John Troy OP Appointed 3 December 1786; died 11 May 1823
1823 1852 Daniel Murray Appointed coadjutor archbishop 3 May and consecrated 30 November 1809; succeeded 11 May 1823; died 26 February 1852
1852 1878 Paul, Cardinal Cullen Translated from Armagh 3 May 1852; created cardinal 22 June 1866;[10] died 24 October 1878
1879 1885 Edward, Cardinal MacCabe Appointed 4 April and consecrated 25 July 1879; created cardinal 12 March 1882;[11] died 11 February 1885
1885 1921 William Walsh Appointed 23 June and consecrate 2 August 1885; died 9 April 1921
1921 1940 Edward Byrne Appointed coadjutor archbishop 19 August and consecrated 27 October 1920; succeeded 9 April 1921; died 9 February 1940
1940 1971 John Charles McQuaid CSSp Appointed 6 November and consecrated 27 December 1940; resigned 4 January 1971; died 7 April 1973
1971 1984 Dermot Ryan Appointed 29 December 1971 and consecrated 13 February 1972; retired 1 September 1984; died 21 February 1985
1984 1987 Kevin McNamara Translated from Kerry; appointed 15 November 1984; died 8 April 1987
1988 2004 Desmond, Cardinal Connell Appointed 21 January and consecrated 6 March 1988; created cardinal 21 February 2001; retired 26 April 2004.[12]
2004 present Diarmuid Martin Appointed coadjutor archbishop 3 May 2003; succeeded 26 April 2004
Source(s): [13][14][15][16]

Notes[edit]

  • A B Hugh Curwen was archbishop of both post-Reformation successions

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A Brief History. Diocese of Dublin and Glendalough. Retrieved on 31 March 2010.
  2. ^ a b Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 350–351.
  3. ^ a b Moody, Martin & Byrne 1984, Maps, Genealogies, Lists, pp. 309–311.
  4. ^ Church of Ireland notes from the Irish Times. Retrieved on 17 August 2009.
  5. ^ Church of Ireland to elect new Archbishop of Dublin. Retrieved on 17 August 2009.
  6. ^ Profile of the Most Revd Dr John Neill, Archbishop of Dublin. Retrieved on 8 January 2008.
  7. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 391–392.
  8. ^ Moody, Martin & Byrne 1984, Maps, Genealogies, Lists, pp. 423–425.
  9. ^ Brady 1876, The Episcopal Succession in England, Scotland and Ireland, volume 2, p. 86.
  10. ^ Miranda, Salvador. "Paul Cullen". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved 23 June 2009. 
  11. ^ Miranda, Salvador. "Edward MacCabe". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved 23 June 2009. 
  12. ^ Miranda, Salvador. "Desmond Connell". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Archived from the original on 3 January 2010. Retrieved 27 December 2009. 
  13. ^ Brady 1876, The Episcopal Succession in England, Scotland and Ireland, volume 1, pp. 327–348.
  14. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 426–427.
  15. ^ Moody, Martin & Byrne 1984, Maps, Genealogies, Lists, pp. 370–377.
  16. ^ Archdiocese of Dublin at Catholic-Hierarchy Retrieved on 27 December 2009.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]