Ariana Afghan Airlines

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Ariana Afghan Airlines
هواپیمایی آریانا
آريانا افغان هوايي شرکت
Ariana Afghan Airlines logo.svg
IATA
FG
ICAO
AFG
Callsign
ARIANA
Founded 27 January 1955 (1955-01-27)
Hubs Kabul International Airport
Secondary hubs Kandahar International Airport
Frequent-flyer program Reward Club[1]
Fleet size 7
Destinations 11
Parent company Pashtany Bank
Headquarters Kabul, Afghanistan
Key people
Website www.flyariana.com

Ariana Afghan Airlines Co. Ltd. (Persian: هواپیمایی آریانا‎, Pashto: آريانا افغان هوايي شرکت‎), also known as Ariana, is the largest airline of Afghanistan and serves as the country's national carrier.[3] Founded in 1955, Ariana is the oldest airline of Afghanistan.[citation needed] The company has its main base at Kabul International Airport, from where it operates domestically, and also provides international connections that link Afghanistan with China, Germany, India, Iran, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey.[4] The carrier is headquartered in Shāre Naw, Kabul,[5][6] and it is wholly owned by the Afghan government.[citation needed]

Ariana Afghan Airlines has been on the list of air carriers banned in the European Union since October 2006 (2006-10).

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

An Ariana Afghan Airlines DC-10-30 is seen here on approach to London Heathrow Airport in 1980. Throughout its history, the airline operated a single aircraft of the type that was sold in the mid-1980s, following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.[7]

The airline was set up on 27 January 1955.[8] It was established as Aryana Airlines with the assistance of Indamer Co. Ltd., which initially held a 49% interest, and the government of Afghanistan owned the balance.[9] At the beginning, services were operated to Bahrain, India, Iran, and Lebanon, with a fleet of three Douglas DC-3s.[9] In 1957, Pan American World Airways became the minor shareholder of the airline when it took over the 49% interest from Indamer.[10] Domestic scheduled services started the same year.[10] By April 1960 (1960-04), a fleet of three DC-3s was being used for linking Kabul with Amritsar, Delhi, Jeddah, and Karachi, as well as with some points within Afghanistan, while a single DC-4 operated the Kabul–Kandahar–TehranDamascusBeirutAnkaraPragueFrankfurt service, so-called “Marco Polo” route.[10] In the early 1960s, US$1,100,000 ($8,769,066 in 2014) from US aid to Afghanistan was used to capitalise the company.[11]

By March 1970 (1970-03), the airline had 650 employees. At this time, the fleet comprised one Boeing 727-100C, one CV-440, one DC-3 and two Douglas DC-6s that worked on routes serving the Middle East, India, Pakistan, the USSR, and Istanbul, Frankfurt and London.[12] Domestic services were then operated by Bakhtar Alwatana, which was established by the government in 1967 to this specific purpose.[13]

The carrier's first widebody aircraft, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, entered the fleet in early October 1979 (1979-10).[14] By March 1985 (1985-03), the aircraft park consisted of the DC-10 and two Boeing 727-100Cs.[15] In the mid-1980s, during the Soviet-Afghan War, the carrier was forced to sell the DC-10 to British Caledonian, as the Soviets wanted the carrier to fly the Tupolev Tu-154 as a replacement.[7] In October 1985 (1985-10), Ariana was taken over by Bakhtar, which became the country's new national airline.[13][16] In 1986, Bakhtar ordered two Tupolev Tu-154Ms;[17] the airline took possession of these aircraft in April 1987 (1987-04).[16] In February 1988 (1988-02), Bakhtar was merged back into Ariana, thus creating an airline which could serve both short and long haul routes.[18][additional citation needed]

Taliban era[edit]

After the end of the Soviet war in 1989 and collapse of Najibullah's government, the Taliban took over Kabul in 1996. Afghanistan faced substantial economic sanctions from the international sector during the Taliban regime. The sanctions, along with the Taliban government's control of the company and the grounding of many of the carrier's international flights, had a devastating effect on the economic health of the company through the 1990s. The fleet was reduced to only a handful of Russian and Ukrainian built An-26s, Yakovlev Yak-40s and three Boeing 727s, which were used on the longest domestic routes. In October 1996, Pakistan provided a temporary maintenance and operational base at Karachi. With no overseas assets, by 1999 Ariana's international operations consisted of flights to Dubai only;[19] also, limited cargo flights continued into China's western provinces. However, sanctions imposed by UN Security Council Resolution 1267 forced the airline company to suspend overseas operations. In November 2001 (2001-11), the airline was grounded completely.[20]

According to the Los Angeles Times:[21]

With the Taliban's blessing, Bin Laden effectively had hijacked Ariana, the national civilian airline of Afghanistan. For four years, according to former U.S. aides and exiled Afghan officials, Ariana's passenger and charter flights ferried Islamic militants, arms, cash and opium through the United Arab Emirates and Pakistan. Members of Bin Laden's Al Qaeda terrorist network were provided false Ariana identification that gave them free run of airports in the Middle East.

According to people interviewed by the Los Angeles Times, Viktor Bout's companies helped in running the airline.[22]

Post-Taliban era[edit]

An Ariana Afghan Airlines Airbus A300B4-200 on approach to Dubai International Airport in 2004. With registration YA-BAD, this aircraft was written off as a result of an overrun episode at Atatürk Airport in March 2007 (2007-03).[23][24]

Following the overthrow of the Taliban government during Operation Enduring Freedom, Ariana began to rebuild its operations in December 2001 (2001-12).[25][26] About a month later, the UN sanctions were finally lifted, permitting the airline to resume international routes again.[27] In 2002, the government of India gave the carrier a gift of three ex-Air India Airbus A300s.[28][29][30] Ariana's first international passenger flight since 1999 landed at Indira Gandhi International Airport in January 2002 (2002-01),[31] followed by routes to Pakistan and Germany in June and October the same year, respectively.[32][33][34] In 2005, India signed an agreement on aviation cooperation with Afghanistan, with Air India training some 50 officials for Ariana.[35]

EU ban[edit]

Due to safety regulations, Ariana was mostly banned from flying into European Union airspace in March 2006 (2006-03), with the European Commission allowing the carrier to fly only a single France-registered Airbus A310 into the member states;[36][37] the ban was extended to the entire fleet in October of that year.[38] The ban was confirmed in subsequent updates of the list released in late 2009[39] and March 2010 (2010-03).[40] In November 2010 (2010-11), all Afghanistan-registered aircraft were banned from operating in the European Union.[41][42] Ariana was still included in the six latest updates of the list, released in April 2012 (2012-04),[43] December 2012 (2012-12),[44] July 2013 (2013-07),[45] December 2013 (2013-12),[46] April 2014 (2014-04),[47] and December 2014 (2014-12).[48]

Destinations[edit]

As of August 2014, Ariana Afghan Airlines serves three domestic points and seven international destinations; most of the routes radiate from Kabul.[49]

Fleet[edit]

An Ariana Afghan Airlines Airbus A310-300 on short final to Sheremetyevo Airport in 2010.

The Ariana Afghan Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft, as of August 2014:[50]

Ariana Afghan Airlines Fleet
Aircraft In Fleet Orders Passengers Notes
J Y Total
Airbus A310-300 1 0 18 192 210
1 0 0 237 237
Airbus A320-200 1 0 12 138 150
1 0 8 152 160
1 0 0 180 180
Boeing 737-400 2 0 8 134 142

Historic[edit]

An Ariana Afghan Airlines Boeing 727-200 Advanced at Atatürk International Airport in 2006.

Ariana operated the following equipment all through its history:[51]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

According to Aviation Safety Network, as of October 2012 Ariana Afghan Airlines has written off 19 aircraft involved in 13 events, seven of them being deadly. Casualties totaled 154 souls.[52] The following list includes occurrences that led to at least one fatality, resulted in a write-off of the aircraft involved, or both.

Date Location Aircraft Tail number Aircraft damage Fatalities Description Refs
2 November 1959  Greece Douglas C-47A YA-AAD W/O Unknown Unknown [53]
21 November 1959 Lebanon Off Beirut DC-4 YA-BAG W/O 24/27 Crashed shortly after takeoff from Beirut International Airport, during initial climbout. The aircraft was due to operate the second leg of an international scheduled Frankfurt–Beirut–TehranKandaharKabul passenger service as Flight 202. [54]
5 January 1969 United Kingdom London Boeing 727-100C YA-FAR W/O 50 Crashed on approach to London Gatwick Airport when attempting to land in dense fog as it descended below the glideslope. Forty-eight people were killed on the plane, as well as two on the ground. The aircraft was completing an international scheduled Kabul–Kandahar–Beirut–Istanbul–Frankfurt–London passenger service as Flight 701. [55]
15 January 1969 Afghanistan Kabul Douglas C-47DL YA-BAD W/O Unknown Ground collision. [56]
10 December 1988  Pakistan An-26 Unknown W/O 25/25 The aircraft was shot down by Pakistani fighters when it was flying a domestic Khost–Kabul passenger service. [57]
18 June 1989 Iran Zabol An-26 YA-BAK W/O 6/39 Crashed into a hill when attempting to land at Zabol Airport following an in-flight opening of the ramp door. The aircraft was operating a domestic scheduled Kabul–Zaranj passenger service. [58]
1 August 1992 Afghanistan Kabul Tu-154M YA-TAP W/O 0/0 Destroyed by a rocket while sitting at Kabul Airport. [59]
28 August 1992 Afghanistan Kabul An-26 YA-BAN W/O Unknown [60]
11 September 1995 Afghanistan Jalalabad An-26B YA-BAO W/O 3/46 The aircraft was completing a domestic scheduled Kabul–Jalalabad passenger service when it apparently ran out of fuel, crashing on approach to Jalalabad Airport. [61]
29 October 1997 Afghanistan Jalalabad Yak-40 YA-KAE W/O 1 Crashed on landing at Jalalabad Airport. [62]
19 March 1998 Afghanistan Charasyab Boeing 727-200 YA-FAZ W/O 45/45 Crashed in bad weather into mountainous terrain on approach to Kabul Airport. It was completing the last leg of an international non-scheduled Sharjah–Kabul–Kandahar passenger service. [63][64]
October 2001 Afghanistan Kabul An-12B YA-DAA W/O 0/0 Destroyed during a U.S. bombing raid. [65]
An-12BK YA-DAB W/O 0/0 [66]
An-24 Unknown W/O 0/0 [67]
An-24B YA-DAH W/O 0/0 [68]
An-24RV YA-DAJ W/O 0/0 [69]
Boeing 727-100C YA-FAU W/O 0/0 [70]
Boeing 727-100C YA-FAW W/O 0/0 [71]
23 March 2007 Turkey Istanbul A300B4-200 YA-BAD W/O 0 Overran the runway on landing at Istanbul Atatürk Airport. [23][24][72]
8 May 2014 Afghanistan Kabul Boeing 737-4Y0 YA-PIB W/O 0 Slid off the runway on landing at Kabul Airport. [73]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Reward Club Card". Ariana Afghan Airlines. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "About Ariana Afghan Airlines". Ariana Afghan Airlines.  Archived 10 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "EU To Impose Ban On Afghan Planes". Airwise News. 22 November 2010. Archived from the original on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012. Kabul-based Safi is the country's No. 2 airline after national carrier Ariana Afghan Airlines. 
  4. ^ "Route Map". Ariana Afghan Airlines. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "Contact Us." (Archive) Ariana Afghan Airlines. Retrieved on April 30, 2013. "Ariana Afghan Airlines (Corporate Headquarters) Char-Rahi Shaheed, Shahr-e-Naw, P.O.Box # 76, Kabul, Afghanistan"
  6. ^ "Contact Us – Our Offices". Ariana Afghan Airlines. Archived from the original on 16 April 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012.  "P.O. Box 76, Kabul, Afghanistan"
  7. ^ a b "USSR forced Ariana DC-10 sale". Flight International: 5. 27 April 1985. Archived from the original on 18 August 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Addendum – Ariana Afghan Airlines". Flight International: 107. 26 March 2002 – 1 April 2002. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 10 October 2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  9. ^ a b "World airline directory – Aryana Airlines Co., Ltd.". Flight: 597. 3 May 1957. Archived from the original on 17 August 2012. Retrieved 17 August 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c "Airlines of the world – Ariana Afghan Airlines Co Ltd". Flight: 493. 8 April 1960. Archived from the original on 17 August 2012. Retrieved 17 August 2012. 
  11. ^ "Brevities". Flight: 27. 1 July 1960. Archived from the original on 17 August 2012. Retrieved 17 August 2012. US sources say that of about £1.7 million US aid to Afghanistan, £1.1 million went into the airline. 
  12. ^ a b "World airlines 1970 – Ariana Afghan Airlines Co Ltd". Flight International 97 (3184). 26 March 1970. Archived from the original on 6 December 2013. 
  13. ^ a b "World airline directory – Bakhtar Afghan Airlines". Flight International: 54. 26 March 1988. Archived from the original on 21 August 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  14. ^ "Air transport". Flight International: 1262. 20 October 1979. Archived from the original on 18 August 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012. Ariana Afghan Airlines took delivery of its first widebodied airliner, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, on October 5. 
  15. ^ "World airline directory – Ariana Afghan Airlines". Flight International: 55. 30 March 1985. Archived from the original on 18 August 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  16. ^ a b "Market place". Flight International: 5. 23 May 1987. Archived from the original on 18 August 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012. Afghanistan has bought two Tupolev Tu-154Ms to replace the McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30s sold in the West after Soviet pressure. Bakhtar Afghan Airlines president Muhammad Fedawi and chief pilot Salaam Nadran took delivery of the aircraft in late April. Bakhtar absorbed Ariana two years ago, and is now the sole Afghan carrier. 
  17. ^ "Market place". Flight International: 6. 24 May 1986. Archived from the original on 21 August 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2012. Bakhtar Airlines, the Afghani flag carrier, has ordered two Tupolev Tu-154s. The carrier has also just taken delivery of two new Antonov An-26 aircraft which will be put into operation soon. Bakhtar currently flies two Boeing 727s, two An-26s, and two An-24s, two Yak-40s and a Twin Otter on 19 domestic and six international routes. 
  18. ^ "World airline directory – Ariana Afghan Airlines". Flight International: 58. 1 April 1989. Archived from the original on 21 August 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  19. ^ Crossette, Barbara (7 October 1999). "U.S. Presses Security Council for Sanctions Against the Taliban". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 6 September 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012. The Afghan airline, Ariana, flies only to the United Arab Emirates; India and Saudi Arabia have stopped flights. Taliban officials say they have no overseas assets. 
  20. ^ Clark, Kate (8 November 2001). "Afghan airline grounded". BBC News. Archived from the original on 19 August 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  21. ^
  22. ^ "On the Trail of a Man Behind Taliban's Air Fleet". Los Angeles Times. 19 May 2002.  Archived 11 August 2014 at WebCite
  23. ^ a b c d "Ariana A300 overruns while landing at Istanbul Ataturk". Flightglobal.com. Flight International. 3 April 2007. Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  24. ^ a b c d "Pictures: Ariana A300 skids off Istanbul runway". Flightglobal.com. 23 March 2007. Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2012. 
  25. ^ George, Marcus (12 December 2001). "Afghan airline battles for the skies". BBC News. Archived from the original on 19 August 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  26. ^ Johnston, Alan (4 December 2001). "Afghan airline returns to the skies". BBC News. Archived from the original on 19 August 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  27. ^ "Expansion under way as Ariana takes A300". Flightglobal. Flight International. 20 August 2002. Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012. 
  28. ^ "India gifts third airbus to Afghanistan". The Times of India. PTI. 7 March 2003. Archived from the original on 19 August 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  29. ^ Ionides, Nicholas (23 July 2002). "Ariana set to take delivery of first Indian A300". Singapore: Flightglobal. Flight International. Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012. 
  30. ^ "India offers planes to Afghan airline". BBC News. 9 May 2002. Archived from the original on 19 August 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  31. ^ "Ariana resumes operations with New Delhi flight". The Times of India. PTI. 24 January 2002. Archived from the original on 19 August 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012. 
  32. ^ "Ariana Afghan back on Western Europe route". Flightglobal.com. Flight International. 1 October 2002. Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012. 
  33. ^ "Routes". Flightglobal.com. Flight International. 24 September 2002. Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012. Ariana Afghan Airlines has resumed services between Kabul and Frankfurt, via Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates and Istanbul, after a break of 20 years. It has also selected Sharjah as its hub for Middle Eastern and European operations. 
  34. ^ "Indo-Afghan ties touch new high". The Times of India. PTI. 24 February 2005. Archived from the original on 6 September 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012. 
  35. ^ "Painted Black: a study of the EU unsafe airlines ban". Flightglobal (London). Flight International. 6 April 2006.  Archived 16 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  36. ^ Straus, Brian (23 March 2006). "Africa bears brunt of European Union blacklist". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 24 January 2013. 
  37. ^ Buyck, Cathy (13 October 2006). "EC updates blacklist". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 24 January 2013. 
  38. ^ "Other News - 12/01/2009". Air Transport World. 2 December 2009. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. 
  39. ^ "New EU blacklist features Iran Air, Philippine carriers". Air Transport World. 31 March 2010. Archived from the original on 7 September 2012. 
  40. ^ Buyck, Cathy (24 October 2010). "New airlines added to EU blacklist". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 24 January 2013. 
  41. ^ Hofmann, Kurt (23 November 2010). "EC bans Afghan airlines from European airspace". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 24 January 2013. 
  42. ^ "List of air carriers of which all operations are subject to a ban within the EU". European Commission – Mobility & Transport. 3 April 2012. Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. 
  43. ^ "List of airlines banned within the EU". European Commission. 4 December 2012. Archived from the original on 5 December 2012. 
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^
  48. ^ "Ariana Afghan Airlines frontpage".  Archived 10 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  49. ^ "Ariana Afghan Airlines - Fleet". Ariana Afghan Airlines.  Archived 10 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  50. ^ "Profile for: Ariana Afghan Airlines". AeroTransport Data Bank. 24 August 2012. Archived from the original on 25 August 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  51. ^ "Ariana Afghan Airlines accident record". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
  52. ^ Accident description for YA-AAD at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 24 August 2012.
  53. ^ Accident description for YA-BAG at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 24 August 2012.
  54. ^ Accident description for YA-FAR at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 3 October 2012.
  55. ^ Accident description for YA-AAB at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 10 October 2012.
  56. ^ Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 28 August 2012.
  57. ^ Accident description for YA-BAK at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 28 August 2012.
  58. ^ Accident description for YA-TAP at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 28 August 2012.
  59. ^ Accident description for YA-BAN at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 27 September 2012.
  60. ^ Accident description for YA-KAE at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 27 September 2012.
  61. ^ Accident description for YA-KAE at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 27 August 2012.
  62. ^ Accident description for YA-FAZ at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 27 August 2012.
  63. ^ "Ariana Afghan crash". Flightglobal. Flight International. 1 April 1998.  Archived 11 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  64. ^ Accident description for YA-DAA at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 24 August 2012.
  65. ^ Accident description for YA-DAB at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 24 August 2012.
  66. ^ Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 24 August 2012.
  67. ^ Accident description for YA-DAH at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 24 August 2012.
  68. ^ Accident description for YA-DAJ at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 24 August 2012.
  69. ^ Accident description for YA-FAU at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 24 August 2012.
  70. ^ Accident description for YA-FAW at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 24 August 2012.
  71. ^ Accident description for YA-BAD at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 24 August 2012.
  72. ^ Accident description for YA-PID at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 8 May 2014.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Official website