Ashina Jiesheshuai

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Ashina Jieshe'er (Chinese: 阿史那結社爾 / Chinese: 阿史那结社尔[1] Pinyin: āshǐnà jiēshèěr, Wade-Giles: ashihna chieh-she-erh, Middle Chinese: (Guanyun) [ʔɑʃi̯ə˥nɑ˩ kiet.ʑi̯a˥nʑi̯e˥]) or Ashina Jiesheshuai (Chinese: Chinese: 阿史那結社率 / Chinese: 阿史那结社率,[2][3][4][5] Pinyin: āshǐnà jiēshèshuai, Wade-Giles: ashihna chieh-she-shuai, Middle Chinese (Guangyun) [ʔɑʃi̯ə˥nɑ˩ kiet.ʑi̯a˥ʃi̯ue̯t], b: ?- d. summer 639 ) was a member of the Turkic noble family Ashina clan of Eastern Turkic khaganate and general (Zhonglangjang)[6] of the Tang Dynasty.[4]

Background[edit]

He is one of Shibi Khan's sons and the younger brother of Ashina Shibobi (Chinese: 阿史那什钵苾), who was vassal khagan of Tang dynasty and used the title of Tölis Khan[4][1] (Chinese: 突利可汗).

Tang China defeated The Eastern Turkic khaganate and the khaganate became the vassal of Tang China in 630.[7] During this period some Turkic nobles were enrolled in Chinese army. Ashina Jiesheshuai was among these nobles. He was planning to assassinate Taizong.

Jiucheng Palace raid[edit]

By summer 639, as Ashina Jiesheshuai had not been favored by Tang Dynasty's Emperor Taizong (because he had falsely accused his brother Ashina Shibobi of treason, which Emperor Taizong found despicable), he formed a conspiracy with Ashina Shibobi's son Ashina Hexiangu (Chinese: 阿史那賀暹鶻) to assassinate Emperor Taizong at his summer palace, Jiucheng Palace (九成宮, in modern Linyou County, Shaanxi). They had planned to wait for Li Zhi the Prince of Jin to depart from the palace in the morning and use that opportunity to attack the palace. On the day they planned, May 19,[8] however, Li Zhi did not leave the palace due to storm and immediately afterwards raining heavily rain. Ashina Jiesheshuai attacked the palace anyway, engaging the palace guards, but the palace guards was supported by support troops who came outside. Ashina Jiesheshuai and his comrades went to the stable and stole some 20 horses. They ran away to the north but were arrested by pursuers near the Wei River and killed. Ashina Hexiangu was exiled to Lingbiao.[3]

After this incident, however, the officials began advocating sending Turks (or Tujue as they were known to the Chinese) away from the heart of the state. In fall 639, Emperor Taizong created a Göktürk-Tujue prince who had served him faithfully, Li Simo (né Ashina Simo) as the khan of a newly recreated Eastern Tujue state (as Qilibi Khan), giving him all of the Tujue and Hu who had surrendered as his subordinates, to be settled north of the Great Wall and the Yellow River. However, the Tujue people were fearful of Xueyantuo and initially refused to head to their new location. Emperor Taizong issued an edict to Xueyantuo's khan Yi'nan that he and Li Simo keep their peace and not attack each other, and after receiving from Yi'nan the assurance that he would not attack, the Tujue people advanced to the new location.[3]

Aftermath[edit]

Jiesheshuai's attempted rebellion was unsuccessful. But in 681 they revolted against Tang dynasty and re-established Eastern Turkic khaganate.

Cultural influences[edit]

A prominent Turkish nationalist Nihal Atsız used some characteristics of Ashina Jiesheshuai for a fictional character named Kür Şad in the novel Bozkurtların Ölümü (The deaths of gray wolves). However in the novel, the father of Kürşad is not Shibi Khan but Chuluo Khan (Çuluk Han).[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Old Book of Tang Vol. 3
  2. ^ New Book of Tang Vol. 2
  3. ^ a b c Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 195.
  4. ^ a b c Old Book of Tang Vol. 194-1
  5. ^ New Book of Tang Vol. 215-1
  6. ^ "中郎將 in wiktionary". En.wiktionary.org. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  7. ^ Jean-Paul Raux:Histoire des Turcs (Ttans:Aykut Kazancıgil,Lale Arslan Özcan) Kabalcı yayınları,İstanbul 2007 ISBN 975-997-091-0 p102
  8. ^ Academia Sinica Chinese-Western Calendar Converter.
  9. ^ Nihal Atsız, Bozkurtlar, Ötüken, 1974, Baskı: 10, p. 31., Nihal Atsız, Bozkurtların destanı, Ötüken Yayınevi, Baskı: 2, 1976, p. 86.