BMW i3

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the gasoline-powered city car manufactured by Aixam, see Mega City (car).
BMW I3
BMW i3 01.jpg
2014 BMW i3
Overview
Manufacturer BMW
Also called BMW Mega City Vehicle
Production 2013–present
Model years 2014–present
Assembly Leipzig, Germany
Designer Richard Kim[1][2]
Body and chassis
Class City car
Body style 5-door hatchback
Layout Rear-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine 25 kW 647 cc, two-cylinder generator (optional) with a fuel tank capacity of
9 L (2.4 US gal) in Europe[3]
7.2 L (1.9 US gal) in the U.S.[4]
Electric motor 130 kW (170 hp)[5]
Transmission Single speed with fixed ratio[6]
Battery 18.8 kWh lithium-ion battery[7]
Electric range BEV
130 km (81 mi) EPA[8]
130 to 160 km (80 to 100 mi) NEDC[6]
REx (with range extender)
116 km (72 mi) (EPA)[9]
Total: 240 km (150 mi) (EPA)[9]
Plug-in charging 7.4 kW on-board charger on IEC Combo AC, optional Combo DC
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,570 mm (101 in)[6]
Length 3,999 mm (157.4 in)[6]
Width 1,775 mm (69.9 in)[6]
Height 1,578 mm (62.1 in)[6]
Curb weight 1,195 kg (2,635 lb)[6]
1,315 kg (2,899 lb) (with range extender)[6]

The BMW i3, previously Mega City Vehicle (MCV), is a five-door urban electric car developed by the German manufacturer BMW. The i3 is part of BMW's "Project i" and was launched as a new brand, BMW i.[10][11][12][13][14] The i3 is BMW's first zero emissions mass-produced vehicle due to its electric powertrain, and BMW is the first company to launch a volume production vehicle on the market featuring carbon-fiber reinforced plastic to improve the vehicle's energy consumption.[15]

The BMW i3's official range is 130 to 160 km (80 to 100 mi) under the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC), and up to 200 km (120 mi) in the most efficient driving mode.[6] Under the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) cycle the official range is 130 km (81 mi) with combined fuel economy of 124 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent —MPGe— (1.90 L/100 km; 149 mpg imp). BMW is offering a range extender (“REx”) option powered by a 647 cc two-cylinder gasoline engine with a small fuel tank that engages when the battery level drops to a pre-specified point, acting purely as a generator to produce electricity to extend the range to between 260 to 290 km (160 to 180 mi) in everyday driving conditions.[4] Under EPA testing cycle, the i3 REx total range is 240 km (150 mi).[9] As of July 2014, the BMW i3 is the most fuel efficient EPA-certified vehicle of all years regardless of fuel type, and the i3 REx is the most efficient EPA-certified current year vehicle with a gasoline engine.[16][17]

Mass production of the i3 began in September 2013 and retail deliveries started in Europe in November 2013.[18][19] Deliveries in the U.S. began in May 2014.[20] The i3 concept car was unveiled at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show.[10][21] BMW showcased a BMW i3 prototype during the 2012 Summer Olympics in London,[22] and the production version was unveiled in July 2013.[23] Pricing in the United States starts at US$42,275 before any government incentives, and the range extender option costs an additional US$3,850. Prices in Germany start from €34,950 (US$46,400).[11][23] Pricing in the UK starts at GB£30,680 (US$47,195) before the applicable government grant.[24] As of September 2014, the United States, Germany, Norway and the UK were the top selling markets.[25] Global sales passed 10,000 units in September 2014.[26]

Among other awards and recognition, the BMW i3 won two World Car of the Year Awards selected as 2014 World Green Car of the Year and also as 2014 World Car Design of the Year. The i3 was also given an iF Product Design Gold Award, and, in the first UK Car of the Year Awards, it won in two categories: UK Car of the Year 2014 and Best Super-mini of 2014.

Project i[edit]

BMW's "Project i" is a program created to develop lightweight eco-friendly urban electric car concepts designed to address the mobility and sustainability needs for people who live in megacities.[13][27] According to BMW, "Project i" has three phases. The Mini E demonstration was the first phase of this project, and it was followed by a similar field testing that began in January 2012 with the BMW ActiveE all-electric vehicle. The ActiveE is based on the BMW 1 Series Coupe and is built based on the lessons learned from the Mini E trial. The last phase of "Project i" is the development of the i3 and i8 electric cars.[12][13][28]

First sketch of the Mega City Vehicle (MCV).

The automaker expects that its first series production all-electric drive vehicle will help it achieve an overall fleet fuel economy average of 6.63 L/100 km (35.5 mpg) by 2016, as mandated by U.S. federal regulations. BMW expects high volume sales of the i3 to allow the company to continue selling several of its high-performance cars with low fuel economy in the U.S.[12]

In February 2011, BMW announced a new sub-brand, BMW i, to market the vehicles produced under Project i. BMW i vehicles are to be sold separately from BMW or Mini. The first two production models are the battery electric Mega City Vehicle, now called BMW i3, and a plug-in hybrid called BMW i8, which is the production version of the Vision Efficient Dynamics concept unveiled at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show and has an all-electric range of 50 kilometres (31 mi). Production of both plug-in electric cars is scheduled to start in Leipzig in 2013.[14][29]

The BMW i3 Concept Coupé exhibited at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show.

BMW unveiled the i3 Concept Coupé study at the 2012 Los Angeles Auto Show. The carmaker developed the concept car to demonstrate the potential for conceivably extending the model range. The three-door coupe, like the five-door i3 electric sedan, is propelled by an electric motor developed by the BMW Group, with a maximum output of 125 kW/170 hp and peak torque of 250 N·m (184 lb-ft). Power delivery to the rear wheels is via a single-speed transmission. The li-ion battery pack is placed under the floor and can deliver an all-electric range of 160 km (99 mi), but a gasoline engine referred to as "REx", can be added to extend the car's range to 320 km (200 mi).[30][31]

Design and technology[edit]

The BMW ActiveE began field testing in early 2012 with several of the same electronic components proposed to be used in the BMW i3.

BMW explained that taking advantage of the fact that the vehicle does not need an internal combustion engine up front, the i3 is being designed from the ground up, but avoiding to look podlike, with a dynamic sweep of the roof and the beltine to make it look sportier than most electrics.[27] In order to achieve a lightweight car, the i3 will be the first mass production car to have most of its internal structure and body being made of carbon-fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP).[15][22][27] As of November 2010, BMW has only demonstrated the light weight of the passenger compartment, and the automaker's Chief Executive said they have already decided on the basic design of the car and that road-testing prototypes began soon after.[32]

The i3 features four doors and seating for four occupants with dimensions being slightly larger than the Mini Cooper and the BMW 1 Series, but smaller than the BMW 3 Series. The i3 is powered by a newly developed powertrain consisting of a 130-kilowatt (170 hp) electric motor running on lithium-ion batteries and driving the rear axle.[22] BMW aimed to achieve a range of 160 km (100 mi), the same range that was expected for the BMW ActiveE, but in order to reduce weight with a battery capacity of 16 kWh instead of the ActiveE's 30 kWh.[12]

BMW i3 concept car exhibited at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show

The BMW i3 has two pedals like all automatic transmissions cars. The acceleration pedal acts as both accelerator and engine brake. When the driver releases the pedal, the vehicle's kinetic energy is regenerated by the vehicle drivetrain to recharge the battery. This has the effect of slowing the car down. During the field testing of the Mini E, which features an accelerator that recharges the battery in this way, and consists of brakes that only apply to the rear wheels, BMW has learned that drivers tend to rely on the engine brake: around 75% of all deceleration maneuvers are initiated without the brake pedal in urban traffic areas.[12] BMW also expected the i3 to use the same type of battery and powertrain that is being tested in the BMW ActiveE trials.[13]

The prototype presented at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show had a 22 kWh (79 MJ) lithium-ion battery pack that is expected to deliver between 130 to 160 km (80 to 100 mi) and the battery was fully charged in about four hours with the 240-volt charging unit. The i3 was expected to go from 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 60 mph) in less than eight seconds.[10][21] The BMW i3 features a 130 kW (170 hp) electric motor mounted on the rear axle to drive the rear wheels and the top speed is limited to 150 km/h (93 mph).[5]

BMW i3 charging

BMW designed the i3 eDrive powertrain based on the premise that the battery would only need to be recharged once every two to three days. The charging frequency was derived from field trial results taken from the BMW ActiveE and MINI E vehicles in Asia, Europe and the U.S., whereby the typical commuting use between the pilot users' homes and workplaces was calculated.[33]

In June 2012 an updated version of the BMW i3 concept car was unveiled at the opening of the first BMW i store, located on Park Lane in London, UK. The updated i3 concept consists of a new interior colour and materials concept. The seat covers combine responsibly sourced wool and leather naturally tanned with an olive oil leaf-based agent. The almost symmetrical curving dash is inlaid with treated eucalyptus wood that, according to BMW, is sourced from sustainably managed European forests.[34][35]

Information is provided to the driver through a 16.5 cm (6.5 in) freestanding instrument cluster and a 22.3 cm (8.8 in) central information display. The bench-derived front seats replace the center tunnel that bisected the cabin and a floor-mounted transmission, brake levers or center console are also absent.[34][35]

Charging and connectivity[edit]

Main controls and digital screens of the BMW i3.

The i3 allows the owner to charge the battery from a conventional socket. The BMW i3 has a number of charging functions. AC fast charging can take less than 3 hours with the use of the BMW i Wallbox Pure, when charging from 0 to 80%. The i3 also has a rapid charging option suitable for public DC charging stations and can take less than 30 minutes to charge from 0% to 80%.[36] In the US, it can also be charged from any public charging station with an SAE J1772 connector.[37]

BMW claims that the i3 is the first fully online all-electric vehicle,[38] but the Tesla Model S has had full 3G Internet connectivity since 2012.[39]

Operating modes[edit]

The BMW i3 allows the driver to select the car energy consumption through three different drive modes: COMFORT, ECO PRO or ECO PRO+ mode. In the standard COMFORT mode the i3 delivers a range between 130 to 160 km (80 to 100 mi) in everyday driving conditions, while the i3 REx delivers between 260 to 290 km (160 to 180 mi).[4][40] The ECO PRO mode increases the driving range by around 12% through a different accelerator pedal mapping which uses less power. In ECO PRO+ mode, all settings are geared to achieving the maximum possible range, increasing the driving range by about 24% compared with COMFORT mode. In this mode the maximum speed of the BMW i3 is limited to 90 km/h (56 mph) and electrical devices such as the heating and air conditioning are switched to energy-saving mode.[4][40][41][42]

Range extender option[edit]

BMW is offering a gasoline range extender engine as an option.[22] The range extender is powered by the same 647 cc two-cylinder gasoline engine used in the BMW C650 GT motorcycle. The range extender engine only engages when the battery level drops to a pre-specified point, acting purely as a generator to produce electricity to extend the range to about 320 km (200 mi) for the European version.[43] The European version has a 9 L (2.0 imp gal; 2.4 US gal) gasoline tank while the American version has a smaller 7.2 L (1.6 imp gal; 1.9 US gal).[3] Under EPA five-cycle testing, the i3 REx has a total range of 240 km (150 mi).[9]

The electric motor is located between the rear wheels. The empty space at the right of the motor is reserved to accommodate the range-extending gasoline engine.

The i3 performance in range-extending mode may be more limited than when it is running on battery power, as BMW clarified that the range extender is designed not for long-distance travel but purely as an emergency backup to keep the electric system going until the next recharging location.[44]

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's 2014 edition of the "Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends" introduced utility factors for plug-in hybrids to represent the percentage of miles that will be driven using electricity by an average driver, in electric only or blended modes. The BMW i3 REx, classified as a plug-in hybrid by the EPA, has a utility factor in EV mode of 83%, compared with 66% for the Chevrolet Volt, 65% for the Cadillac ELR, 45% for the Ford Energi models, 37% for the BMW i8, 33% for the Honda Accord Plug-in Hybrid, and 29% for the Toyota Prius PHV.[45]

California's classification

The range-extender option of the BMW i3 was designed to meet the California Air Resources Board (CARB) regulation for an auxiliary power unit (APU) called REx. According to rules adopted in March 2012 by CARB, the 2014 BMW i3 with a REx unit fitted is the first car ever to qualify as a range-extended battery-electric vehicle or "BEVx." CARB describes this type of electric vehicle as "a relatively high-electric range battery-electric vehicle (BEV) to which an APU is added." The unit, which maintains battery charge at about 30% after the pack has been depleted in normal use, is strictly limited in the additional range it can provide, and delivers a minimum 75 mi (121 km) electric range.[46][47]

CARB classified the i3 with the REx option as a "Transitional Zero Emission Vehicle" (TZEV), the same classification as other plug-in hybrids such as the Chevrolet Volt and the Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid. This classification makes the i3 REx eligible for California's green sticker that identifies the vehicles allowed to be operated by a single occupant in California's high-occupancy vehicle lanes (HOV), or carpool or diamond lanes, but not for the white sticker reserved for pure electric cars, such as the BMW i3 without REx.[48][49] In addition, CARB certification of the i3 REx as BEVx allows the i3 with range extender to be eligible for a US$2,500 Clean Vehicle Rebate, the same amount eligible pure electric cars are entitled to. Other plug-in hybrids are only eligible for a US$1,500 purchase rebate.[47][50]

Fuel economy and range[edit]

Under the New European Driving Cycle the official range is 130 to 160 km (80 to 100 mi), and up to 200 km (120 mi) in the most efficient driving mode.[6] Under its five-cycle testing, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rated the 2014 all-electric BMW i3's energy consumption at 27 kWh/100 miles (0.169 kWh/km) with a combined fuel economy at 124 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent - MPGe - (1.90 L/100 km; 149 mpg imp) with an all-electric range of 130 km (81 mi).[8] These ratings allow the BMW i3 to become the most fuel efficient EPA-certified vehicle sold in the United States of all years regardless of fuel type.[16] The range-extended model has lower ratings than the all-electric i3 due to the extra weight of the twin-cylinder gasoline engine used in the i3 REx.[9] Nevertheless, the i3 REx replaced the Chevrolet Volt as the most efficient EPA-certified current year vehicle with a gasoline engine.[16][17] The following are the EPA ratings for the all-electric and range-extended models.

BMW i3 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ratings [8][17][51]
Model Year
model
Fuel/EV range Combined City Highway Notes
BEV 2014 81 mi (130 km) 124 mpg-e
(27 kW-hrs/100 mi)
137 mpg-e
(25 kW-hrs/100 mi)
111 mpg-e
(30 kW-hrs/100 mi)
Since May 2014 the all-electric BMW i3 is the most fuel efficient
EPA-certified vehicle of all years regardless of fuel type.[16]
REx 2014 Electricity only
72 mi (116 km)
117 mpg-e
(29 kW-hrs/100 mi)
97 mpg-e 79 mpg-e The EPA classifies the i3 REx as a series plug-in hybrid or EREV[8][51][52]
while CARB as a range-extended battery-electric vehicle (BEVx).[47]
Since June 2014 the BMW i3 REx is the most fuel efficient
EPA-certified vehicle current year vehicle with a gasoline engine.[16][17]
Gasoline only
78 mi (126 km)
39 mpg 41 mpg 37 mpg
Total: 150 mi (240 km)

Safety[edit]

2014 i3 frontal view
2014 i3 rear view

The European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP) awarded the i3 a four-star car safety rating, resulting in the following ratings for each criteria:

Euro NCAP test results
BMW i3 (2013)[53]
Test Points %
Overall: 4 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 31 86%
Child occupant: 40 81%
Pedestrian: 21 57%
Safety assist: 5 55%

The BMW i3's overall ratings are lower than the other six best-selling plug-in electric vehicles, the Volvo V60 Plug-in Hybrid, Renault Zoe, Nissan Leaf, Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV, Chevrolet Volt and Opel Ampera, all of which were rated five stars.[54]

Additional mobility[edit]

BMW i is planning to offer additional mobility packages for trips where the range of an BMW i3 would not be enough to allow customers to cover longer distances, such as providing a conventional BMW vehicle on a given number of days per year.[33] BMW is also offering a roadside assistance program in areas of high sales. The assistance vehicle will provide a charge so the i3 can travel to the next charging station. In addition, the i3 digital display panel shows the location of nearby recharging stations to alleviate range anxiety.[55]

Production[edit]

The BMW i3 REx has the gasoline fuel door located at the right front side of the car.

BMW is manufacturing carbon strands that form the basis of the i3's carbon-fiber reinforced plastic bodywork at a new US$100 million plant built in Moses Lake, Washington, using raw material shipped from Japan. This location was selected to take advantage of the abundant hydroelectric power available in this U.S. region because carbon-fiber production requires considerable energy and would otherwise emit much carbon dioxide. Electricity in this region also costs about one-seventh of what it costs in Germany, providing a financially beneficial reason for the Moses Lake location. The carbon fiber is then shipped to Landshut, Germany, where the carbon-fiber reinforced plastic parts are fabricated, and the vehicle assembly line is located in Leipzig.[12]

In November 2010, the Leipzig plant was inaugurated, with an investment in the production that amounts to €400 million euros (US$561 million) through 2013. The plant is located at BMW's complex that already produces variants of the 1 Series model.[32] A concept version of the BMW i3 Coupe reflecting the current status of ongoing development was presented at the March 2013 Geneva Motor Show.[33] The production vehicle was officially unveiled simultaneously in New York, London and Beijing on 29 July 2013.[23] Series production for retail customers began on 18 September 2013, and the first vehicle off the production line was handed over to German marathon runner Jan Fitschen. The car was used as the lead vehicle at the 2013 Berlin Marathon on September 29.[18][56]

As of February 2014, BMW was producing an average of 70 cars a day, about half the planned production. The lower production output is being caused by a high defect rate in the carbon parts. The company plans to invest about €100 million in the production of carbon parts in order to solve the supply problems. According to BMW, there were 11,000 orders globally as of January 2014, including 1,200 from U.S. customers. As a result of high demand and the slow production rate, delivery waiting time extends until September 2014.[57][58]

Markets[edit]

Production version of the BMW i3 at the 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show.

The first i3 deliveries to retail customers in Europe took place at an official market launch ceremony held in Munich on 15 November 2013.[59] As of mid January 2014, BMW reported that it had logged 11,000 formal orders worldwide for the i3.[60] The first delivery to a retail customer in the U.S. took place in May 2014.[20] As of September 2014, the U.S., Germany, Norway and the UK were the top selling markets, with the Norwegian market having the largest i3 penetration due to its population size.[25] As of November 2014, global sales totaled 15,326 units, of which, 1,477 were registered in 2013,[61] and 13,849 units sold between January and November 2014.[62]

Asia-Pacific[edit]

BMW plans to offer the BMW i3 in South Korea and Japan. Sales in Korean market were scheduled to begin in April 2014.[63] Deliveries in Singapore are slated for late 2014.[64]

Australia

Deliveries in Australia are scheduled to begin in November 2014. Pricing starts at A$63,990 (US$60,050) for the all-electric version and A$69,900 (US$65,600) for the model with the range extender option.[65]

China

Retail sales began on 21 September 2014. Pricing starts at CN¥449,000 (~US$73,000). Initial sales are limited to seven dealerships in Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen and Shenyang. BMW expects combined sales of around 1,000 units for its i3 and i8 models through December 2014.[66] In Shanghai, where new car registrations are limited to 50,000 vehicles a year and sold by public auction, owners of the BMW i3 are eligible for one of 3,000 free license plates available for imported electric cars. Due to the inadequate charging infrastructure in China, BMW will install 50 charging stations in Shanghai in partnership with State Grid Shanghai Electric Vehicle Co.[67]

Europe[edit]

Since July 2013 a total of 1,477 units were registered in Europe through December 2013,[61] including about 400 press fleet vehicles and dealer demonstrators.[68] During the first quarter of 2014 registrations totaled 2,022 units,[69] capturing a market share of 18% of European all-electric car sales, and ranking as the third best selling electric car during the quarter after the Nissan Leaf and Tesla Model S.[70] A total of 4,853 BMW i3s were sold in Europe during the first half of 2014, representing a market share of 18.1% of sales in the all-electric segment, again ranking third after the Leaf and the Model S.[71]

BMW i3 charging at an Autolib' carsharing station in Paris.
France

Pricing in France starts at €34,990 before the applicable government incentive, and the range extender option costs an additional €4,710.[72] The BMW i3 is one of the plug-in electric cars that is compatible with Autolib' charging network in Paris. The i3 is also compatible with the carsharing networks of Bluely in Lyon and Bluecub in Bordeaux. Private owners can access this network through a montlhy or annual subscription.[73] A total of 68 units were registered in the country during 2013.[74] Cumulative registrations reached 222 units by the end of September 2014.[74][75][76]

Germany

Prices in Germany start from €34,950[11] and deliveries to retail customers began in Munich on 15 November 2013.[59] A total of 559 were registered during 2013.[77] The BMW i3 ranked as the top selling plug-in electric car in the country during the first quarter of 2014, with 638 units registered, representing 34.5% of the segment sales.[78] and continued leading the segment sales through September 2014 with 1,871 units sold.[79][80] As of October 2014, cumulative registrations totaled 2,563 units.[77][81] Most of the i3s sold in Germany are equipped with the range-extender engine.[82]

Italy

Released in October 2013 a total of 34 units were sold in Italy in 2013.[83] Cumulative sales totaled 162 units through July 2014, of which, 45 are REx models sold during the first seven months of 2014.[83][84]

Netherlands

Prices in the Netherlands start at €35,500 and the range extender option costs an additional €4,490. Deliveries are scheduled to begin in November 2013.[85] A total of 252 units were registered in the country during 2013.[86] Cumulative sales totaled 722 i3s through September 2014.[86][87]

Norway

Deliveries of the BMW i3 in Norway began on 16 November 2013 at a price of 237,100 kroner, with a choice of three "trims" presented to consumers.[88] According to BMW, there were more than 2,000 orders in the country, but only 50 units were allocated for the Norwegian market in 2013; BMW planned to deliver another 1,500 in 2014, thus extending deliveries far into 2015.[89] Sales through December 2013 totaled 51 units.[90] Accounting for new car sales during the first nine months of 2014, the i3 is listed as the 18th best selling new passenger car in Norway with 1,634 units, and a market share of 1.5% of new car sales in the country.[91] Cumulative sales reached 1,815 units through October 2014.[90][92]

BMW i3 test drives in Birmingham, UK.
Spain

Launched in November 2013, a total of 27 units were sold in 2013.[93] As of September 2014, cumulative sales totaled 165 units.[93][94]

Sweden

A total of 11 units were sold in 2013. Of these, 10 units sold with the range extender option, which in Sweden is classified as plug-in hybrid. The all-electric version is accounted separately.[95] As of September 2014, cumulative sales totaled 182 units, of which, 61.5% are REx models (112 units).[95][96]

Switzerland

Cumulative sales reached 363 units through August 2014.[97] During the first half of 2014 the i3 was the third best selling plug-in electric car in the country, with a 20% market share of the plug-in segment sales.[98]

United Kingdom

The BMW i 3 was officially launched in the UK on 6 November 2013. The i3 is available in the UK with four different interiors: Standard, Loft, Lodge and Suite.[19] Pricing in the UK starts at GB£30,680 before the applicable government grant. Leasing for a 36-month contract starts at GB£369 per month including VAT, plus an initial payment of GB£2,995 including VAT.[24][99] Pricing of the BMW i3 with the range extender option starts at GB£33,830 before government incentives and leasing for the model with Suite interior is GB£480 per month including VAT.[19]

As of March 2014, i3 sales totaled 513 units.[100] Sales of the REx model accounted for 355 units during the first half of 2014, representing 25.6% of the UK plug-in hybrid and range extender sales to the end of June.[101] As of September 2014, about 1,000 had been sold in the UK, of which, 60% were REx models.[102] According to BMW, the UK is one of the main i3 markets.[25]

North America[edit]

Canada

Sales began in Canada in May 2014, starting at a price of CA$44,950 before any available government incentives. The optional range extender costs an additional CA$4,000.[103][104] A total of 139 units have been sold through September 2014.[105]

United States

The first delivery to a retail customer in the U.S. took place in Boston on 2 May 2014.[20] During the first three months, U.S. bounded production will be restricted to a special "Launch Edition" i3, with the full option package and the Tera World interior. The only choices customers have are the exterior paint color, the 20″ Sport wheels, and the range extender. Production of normal custom ordered models is scheduled to begin in June. As thanks for their participation in the trial lease program, ActiveE drivers enjoy priority ordering and the first batch of i3s was allocated to these customers. ActiveE customers were allowed to order the i3 with any option they select and will receive the heated seats and DC quick charge options free of charge. Also, BMW created some unique features for the i3 cars of ActiveE drivers, such as embroidered front trunk liner and BMW i floor mats, and interior, exterior and door sill badging. BMW is calling these cars the “Electronaut Edition i3″ and they can only be purchased by ActiveE customers.[106]

Several BMW i3s with California's HOV lane access stickers. The i3 with range-extender has the green sticker while the pure electric i3 displays the white sticker.

The American market launch is limited to Los Angeles, San Francisco, Sacramento, San Diego, Austin and New York City, plus the suburban areas of New Jersey and Connecticut.[107][108] Pricing in the U.S. starts at US$42,275 before any applicable government incentives, and the range extender option costs an additional US$3,850.[11][23] Both the all-electric and REx versions are eligible for a federal tax credit of up to US$7,500.[109] In California both the all-electric and REx versions are also eligible for a Clean Vehicle Rebate of US$2,500.[110] However the REx (BEx) version is eligible for California's green sticker reserved for plug-in hybrids that allows access to California's high-occupancy vehicle lanes (HOV), while the BEV version is eligible for the white sticker reserved for pure electric cars.[48][49]

The i3 is available in three trim levels, Mega World, the standard model in the US, Giga World and the top-of-the-line Tera World. The base Mega World comes standard with 19-inch forged aluminum wheels, BMW Navigation, BMW ConnectedDrive with eCall, the BMW i Remote, an alarm, 7.4 kW on-board charger and LED headlights, DRLs and tail lights. The interior is donned in bright, lightweight Sensatec and sustainable cloth, which is made from recycled materials. It also features a leather trimmed steering wheel and grained dash trim. The next level Giga World has all the features of the Mega with the addition of Giga-specific 19-inch wheels and an interior wrapped in leather and wool cloth. A universal garage door opener is included for easy access to the i3's BMW i Charging Station. It also has Comfort Access, a sunroof, and satellite radio. The Tera World adds unique 19-inch wheels, luxury full leather, olive leaf-tanned interior with textile accents and contrasting stitching, and anthracite floors mats.[41]

Available for every trim is the technology and driving assist and the parking assist packages. The driving assist package includes the wide-screen Navigation Professional with advanced real-time traffic and the new touch pad, Traffic Jam Assist, BMW Assist with Enhanced Bluetooth and USB with BMW Apps, Online Information services, Deceleration Assistant, ACC Stop & Go, Speed Limit info, BMW ConnectedDrive services, Forward Collision Warning, Pedestrian Protection and City Collision Mitigation. The parking assist package includes a rear-view camera, Park Assistant, which helps take advantage of tight parallel parking opportunities, and Front Auto Park Distance Control.[41]

A total of 5,079 BMW i3s have been sold in the U.S. between May and November 2014.[111] Although BMW does not report the break down of U.S. sales by BEV and REx trim, based on production figures, it is estimated that as of June 2014, the REx/BEV ratio for the American market is to 3:2.[112] BMW i 3 sales represented almost 2% of BMW passenger car sales in the American market during its first month in the market, and climbed to 5.4% in September 2014.[113]

Mexico

Deliveries to retails customers began in Mexico City in late September 2014.[114][115]

South America[edit]

Brazil
BMW i3 REx exhibited at the 2014 São Paulo International Motor Show. Initially only the range-extender version is available in Brazil.

In September 2014 the BMW i3 became the first plug-in electric car available for retail sales in Brazil. Due to the country's high import taxes and lack of government incentives for electric drive vehicles, the i3 pricing starts at R$225,900 (~ US$98,500) for the all-electric model and at R$235.950 (~ US$102,600) for the REx model.[116][117] The i3 is available only in eight cities: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Curitiba, Brasilia, Belo Horizonte, Salvador, Recife, and Joinville.[117] BMW announced that a stock of 130 units has been reserved for the Brazilian market.[118] Owners of the i3 registered in São Paulo are exempted from the city's driving restriction scheme (Portuguese: rodízio veicular).[117] About 30 units have been sold in São Paulo by the end of September 2014.[119]

Colombia

Presales started in October 2014 and the first shippings are expected to be made in early December 2014. Prices start at COP$140 millions (~US$70,000)[120]

Other countries

Deliveries in other Latin America countries are scheduled to begin by late 2014, including Chile.[121]

Global sales[edit]

The following table presents retail sales and registrations for the top selling national markets by year through September 2014.

BMW i3 sales/registrations by country
2013 – September 2014
Country Cumulative
2013–2014(1)
2014
CYTD
2013
 United States[122] 3,104 3,104
 Germany[77][79] 2,430 1,871 559
 Norway[90][91] 1,685 1,634 51
 United Kingdom[102] 1,000 1,000
 Netherlands[86][87] 722 470 252
 Japan[123] 400 400(2)
  Switzerland[97] 393 287 106
 Belgium[124][125] 279 247 32
 Austria[126][127] 271 251 20
 France[74][75][76] 222 154 68
 Sweden[95][96] 182 171 11
 Italy[83][128] 182 148 34
 Spain.[93][129] 165 138 27
 Canada[105] 139 139
Global sales[61][130] 11,676 10,199 1,477
Notes: (1) CYTD sales through 30 September 2014. (2) Sales in Japan between April and August 2014.

Reception[edit]

The BMW i3 was selected by the Green Car Journal as one of the five finalists for the 2012 Green Car Vision Award.[131][132] In July 2013, the Wired and The Christian Science Monitor media sources published favorable reviews for the model.[133]

The BMW i3 won the Car Design of the Year award for 2013 in the production category at the 2014 Geneva Auto Show. The i3 was selected by a panel of senior design directors. The other runners up in the production category were the Jaguar F-Type Coupe and Porsche 918 Spyder.[134] The i3 also received an iF Product Design Gold Award for "the incorporation of sustainability in all facets of the interieur and exterieur design.”[135]

The BMW i3 was selected as finalist in three categories for the 2014 World Car of the Year Awards.[136][137] At the 2014 New York International Auto Show was announced as the winner of the 2014 World Green Car of the Year and also 2014 World Car Design of the Year.[138]

In the first UK Car of the Year Awards, the BMW i3 won in two categories, UK Car of the Year 2014 and Best Super-mini of 2014. The winners in each category were voted for by a panel of 27 motoring journalists in the UK.[139] The i3 was also a finalist of the 2014 European Car of the Year awards. It ended up voted in second place.[140] The i3 was ranked first in Kelley Blue Book Top 10 Best Green Cars for 2014.[141] At the 2014 Los Angeles Auto Show the BMW i3 was announced as the winner of Green Car Journal's 2015 Green Car of the Year Award.[142]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Kim - Exterior Designer BMW i3 i8. You Tube. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  2. ^ Phil Patton (2011-11-10). "At BMW’s New Electric Subbrand, a Young Designer Makes His Mark". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-02-09. 
  3. ^ a b Nikki Gordon-Bloomfield (2014-04-23). "U.S. Spec BMW i3 REX: Smaller Gas Tank, No Range Hold, Limited Speed?". Transport Evolved. Retrieved 2014-05-02. 
  4. ^ a b c d BMW USA. "The BMW i3 with Range Extender - Features & Specs". BMW USA. Retrieved 2014-05-25. 
  5. ^ a b "Preview: BMW i3 and i8 plug-in cars". Consumer Reports. 2011-08-03. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Jay Cole (2013-07-29). "BMW i3 Range Extender To Offer Up to 87 More Miles, Decreases Performance". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-07-29. 
  7. ^ "BMW i3 Technical Data". Retrieved 2014-03-19. 
  8. ^ a b c d United States Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2014-07-04). "Compare Side-by-Side: 2014 BMW i3 BEV & 2014 BMW i3 REx". fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2014-07-04. 
  9. ^ a b c d e Antony Ingram (2014-05-21). "2014 BMW i3 REx Window Sticker Revealed, 39 MPG On Gasoline: BREAKING". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2014-05-25.  See details in EPA window sticker
  10. ^ a b c Jack Ewing (2010-07-29). "Will Plug-In BMWs Turn Enthusiasts On?". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-10-02. 
  11. ^ a b c d Jay Cole (2013-02-26). "First BMW i3 Electric Car Test Ride, 2.3 Gallon Range Extender Option To Cost About $4,000". Inside EVs. Retrieved 2013-07-05. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f Tom Murphy (2010-05-19). "Mini E Only Beginning of BMW EV Strategy". Wards Auto. Archived from the original on 24 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  13. ^ a b c d Joe Lorio (May 2010). "Green: Rich Steinberg Interview: Electric Bimmer Man". Automobile Magazine. Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  14. ^ a b "BMW introduces new i sub-brand, first two vehicles i3 and i8; premium mobility services and new venture capital company". Green Car Congress. 2011-02-21. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  15. ^ a b "BMW Group: Megacity Vehicle to launch in 2013". BMW (press release). 2010-04-22. Retrieved 2010-08-03. 
  16. ^ a b c d e U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2014-07-25). "Most Efficient EPA Certified Vehicles". fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2014-07-25.  Current Model Year excludes all-electric vehicles.
  17. ^ a b c d U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2014-07-25). "Fueleconomy.gov's Top Ten EPA-Rated Fuel Sippers (1984 to present) - All Years". fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2014-07-25.  Excludes all-electric vehicles. Click on the tab "EPA Rated - All Years. The 2013-2014 Chevrolet Volt has a combined fuel economy of 62 MPG-e.
  18. ^ a b Sebastian Blanco (2013-09-18). "BMW i3 starts production in Germany using local wind power, US carbon fiber". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  19. ^ a b c BMW Group (2013-11-06). "The new BMW i3 - Press pack". BMW Group Press Club UK. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  20. ^ a b c Eric Loveday (2014-05-02). "BMW Announces Delivery Of First US i3". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-05-02. 
  21. ^ a b Shaun Bailey (2011-09-13). "BMW i3 Concept - 2011 Frankfurt Auto Show". Road & Track. Retrieved 2011-10-02. 
  22. ^ a b c d Viknesh Vijayenthiran (2010-07-20). "First Major Outing For BMW Megacity Vehicle At 2012 London Olympic Games". Motor Authority. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  23. ^ a b c d Benjamin Preston (2013-07-29). "BMW Unveils i3 Electric Car". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-07-29. 
  24. ^ a b Jay Cole (2013-07-22). "BMW Sets Lease Price On i3 At $565 In The UK (£369) – Priced from £25,680". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-07-29. 
  25. ^ a b c Luca Ciferri (2014-06-06). "BMW sales boss bullish on 'born electric' range". Automotive News Europe. Retrieved 2014-06-11. 
  26. ^ Jeff Cobb (2014-10-03). "BMW Increasing i3 and i8 Availability In US". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  27. ^ a b c Phil Patton (2010-07-03). "Envisioning a Small Electric BMW for the World’s Very Big Cities". New York Times. Archived from the original on 9 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-03. 
  28. ^ "Mini Says Half of Last Year's Mini E Lessees Renewed for Another Year". Edmunds.com. 2010-05-12. Archived from the original on 18 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  29. ^ "BMW’s "CO2 Champion" Performance Concept is a Plug-in Diesel Hybrid; 50 km/31 mile All-Electric Range; Thermo-electric Generator for Waste Heat Recovery". Green Car Congress. 2009-08-30. Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  30. ^ BMW Group Press Club (2012-11-28). "BMW presents i3 Concept Coupé battery-electric vehicle at the LA Auto Show; focus on connectivity for driver assistance and intermodal mobility". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  31. ^ Chris Woodyard (2012-11-28). "BMW builds buzz for electric i3 coupe concept". USA Today. Retrieved 2012-11-28. 
  32. ^ a b Jack Ewings (2010-11-05). "BMW Inaugurates a Factory for Electric Cars". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-11-07. 
  33. ^ a b c Philippe Crowe (2013-03-05). "BMW Reveals i3 Coming This Year". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2013-03-06. 
  34. ^ a b Nikki Gordon-Bloomfield (2012-06-13). "First BMW i Store Opens in London, i3 Concept Gets New Interior". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2012-06-13. 
  35. ^ a b Levent Ozler (2012-06-13). "First BMW i Store Opens in London: New BMW i3 Concept and BMW i Pedelec Concept". Dexigner. Retrieved 2012-06-13. 
  36. ^ "Charging and Connectivity". BMW UK. Retrieved 2013-09-12. 
  37. ^ "Press Release". BMW Group. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  38. ^ "Connectivity features". BMW. Retrieved 2013-11-16. 
  39. ^ "CNET Tesla 2012 Model S review". CNET. Retrieved 2013-11-16. 
  40. ^ a b BMW USA. "The BMW i3 - Features & Specs". BMW USA. Retrieved 2014-05-25. 
  41. ^ a b c Damon Lowney (2013-07-29). "BMW i3 gets official worldwide [UPDATE]". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2013-07-29.  See details in press release.
  42. ^ BMW Group (2013-04-03). "BMW i3 Concept Coupe: European premiere plus intelligent range-enhancing solutions". BMW Press Release. Retrieved 2013-08-14. 
  43. ^ Greg Kable (2013-02-24). "First rides in BMW i8 hybrid sportscar and all-electric i3". Autocar. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  44. ^ John Voelcker (2013-03-12). "BMW i3 Electric Car: ReX Range Extender Not For Daily Use?". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2013-03-12. 
  45. ^ U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (October 2014). "Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through 2014". EPA. Retrieved 2014-10-14.  See Table 7.2 - MY 2014 Alternative Fuel Vehicle Powertrain and Range.
  46. ^ John Voelcker (2013-10-23). "2014 BMW i3 Electric Car: Why California Set Range Requirements, Engine Limits". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2014-01-19. 
  47. ^ a b c John Voelcker (2014-05-02). "2014 BMW i3 Range-Extended Model Gets Full $2,500 CA Rebate For Electric Cars". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2014-05-02. 
  48. ^ a b Eric Loveday (2014-04-28). "Breaking: BMW i3 REx Gets Green HOV Sticker, TZEV Rating". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  49. ^ a b Nikki Gordon-Bloomfield (2014-04-29). "BMW i3 BEVx Approved for Coveted Californian Green HOV-Lane Sticker (Finally)". Transport Evolved. Retrieved 2014-04-29. 
  50. ^ Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (CVRP) (May 2014). "Eligible Vehicles". California Center for Sustainable Energy. Retrieved 2014-05-02. 
  51. ^ a b United States Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2014-07-23). "Model Year 2014 Fuel Economy Guide - Electric vehicles". fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2014-07-25.  pp. 33 and 35
  52. ^ John Voelcker (2014-05-01). "2014 BMW i3 Electric Car Rated At 81 Miles, 124 MPGe: BREAKING". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2014-05-01.  See details in EPA window sticker.
  53. ^ "Euro NCAP results for BMW i3". euroncap.com. 2013. 
  54. ^ Eric Loveday (2013-11-27). "BMW i3 Scores Only 4 Stars in Euro NCAP Crash Tests (w/videos)". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-11-27. 
  55. ^ Jack Ewing (2013-07-15). "With i3 Electric Car, BMW Tries to Ease Range Anxiety". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-08-11. 
  56. ^ Eric Loveday (2013-09-18). "German Marathon Runner Gets First Production BMW i3". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  57. ^ Michael Freitag (2014-02-19). "Elektromobil - Produktionsprobleme beim BMW i3" [Electric car - Production problems with the BMW i3] (in German). Manager Magazine. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  58. ^ Jason Siu (2014-01-31). "2014 BMW i3 Orders already hit 11,000 Globally". Auto Guide. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  59. ^ a b BMW Press Release (2013-11-15). "BMW i3 market launch". BMW Group USA. Retrieved 2013-11-16. 
  60. ^ Eric Loveday (2014-01-13). "BMW i3 Hits the Stage in Detroit – BMW Confirms May 2014 For US Launch – i3 Orders Exceed 11,000". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  61. ^ a b c Mat Gasnier (2014-07-19). "World Full Year 2013: Discover the Top 1000 best-selling models!". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2014-07-27.  A total of 1,477 i3s were registered in 2013. Includes press fleet vehicles and dealer demonstrators.
  62. ^ "BMW Group achieves new sales record in November" (Press release). Munich: BMW Group PressClub UK. 2014-12-10. Retrieved 2014-12-11. 
  63. ^ Lee Ji-yoon (2014-03-20). "Korea expected to play role in BMW’s i3 strategy". The Korea Herald. Retrieved 2014-04-12. 
  64. ^ Eric Loveday (2014-08-27). "BMW i3 Shows Up In Singapore With On-Sale-Soon Status". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-08-29. 
  65. ^ Mike Stevens (2014-04-10). "BMW i3 Priced From $63,900 For Australia, Launching In November". The Motor Report. Retrieved 2014-05-10. 
  66. ^ "BMW Takes Aim at Chinese Consumers with High-End Electric Car". Associated Press (Wall Street Journal). 2014-09-22. Retrieved 2014-09-23. 
  67. ^ Richard Lane (2014-09-23). "BMW’s costly electric cars reach China". Ecomento.com. Retrieved 2014-09-23. 
  68. ^ Neil Winton (2013-12-19). "New i3 Electric Car Trickles To Market As BMW Worries About Quality". Forbes. Retrieved 2013-12-21. 
  69. ^ KBA-betrieb (2014-05-06). "BMW i3: Euphorie-Welle lässt nach" [BMW i3: euphoria-wave diminishes] (in German). Kraftfahrt-Bundesamtes(KBA). Retrieved 2014-05-10. 
  70. ^ Automotive Industry Data (AID) (2014-05-02). "Battle mounts for Europe’s electric car sales crown". AID Newsletter. Retrieved 2014-05-10. 
  71. ^ Automotive Industry Data (AID) (2014-08-01). "Nissan’s Leaf remains West Europe’s top-selling electric car". AID Newsletter. Retrieved 2014-08-01. 
  72. ^ Michaël Torregrossa (2013-07-30). "Voiture électrique - La BMW i3 officiellement révélée" [Electric car - the BMW i3 officially revealed] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). Retrieved 2013-07-31. 
  73. ^ "BMW i électriques : homologuées sur les bornes de charge des réseaux Autolib' à Paris, Bluely à Lyon et Bluecub à Bordeaux" [BMW i electric: approved on the charging of Autolib networks in Paris, Bluely in Lyon and Bluecub in Bordeaux] (Press release) (in French). France: BMW Group. 2014-07-18. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  74. ^ a b c Automobile Propre. "Chiffres de vente & immatriculations de voitures électriques en France" [Sales figures & electric car registrations in France] (in French). Automobile Propre. Retrieved 2014-10-03.  See "Ventes de voitures électriques" for 2013 and 2014 registrations.
  75. ^ a b Michaël Torregrossa (2014-02-04). "Voitures électriques – La Nissan Leaf en tête des ventes en janvier" [Electric Cars - The Nissan Leaf topped sales in January] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). Retrieved 2014-03-09.  A total of 9 i3s were registered in January 2014.
  76. ^ a b AVERE-France (2014-10-01). "Un mois historique pour les immatriculations de véhicules électriques !" [A historic month for registrations of electric vehicles!] (in French). France Mobilité Électrique - AVERE France. Retrieved 2014-10-03. 
  77. ^ a b c Kraftfahrt-Bundesamtes (KBA) (January 2014). "Neuzulassungen von Personenkraftwagen im Dezember 2013 nach Segmenten und Modellreihen" [New registrations of passenger cars in December 2013 by segment and model series] (in German). KBA. Retrieved 2014-05-10.  A total of 559 units were registered in Germany in 2013.
  78. ^ Mark Kane (2014-04-10). "EV Sales In Germany – BMW i3 Leads The Way in Q1 Of 2014". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-05-10.  A total of 1,845 electric vehicles were registered in Germany during 1Q 2014, led by the BMW i3 with 638 units.
  79. ^ a b Kraftfahrt-Bundesamtes (KBA) (October 2014). "Neuzulassungen von Personenkraftwagen nach Segmenten und Modellreihen im September 2014" [New registrations of passenger cars in September 2014 by segment and model] (in German). KBA. Retrieved 2014-10-10.  A total of 1,871 units were registered in Germany during the first nine months of 2014.
  80. ^ Jose Pontes (2014-10-15). "Germany September 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 2014-11-09.  Before 2013 the Prius PHV was accounted with regular hybrid electric vehicles.
  81. ^ Kraftfahrt-Bundesamtes (KBA) (November 2014). "Neuzulassungen von Personenkraftwagen nach Segmenten und Modellreihen im Oktober 2014" [New registrations of passenger cars in October 2014 by segment and model] (in German). KBA. Retrieved 2014-11-09.  A total of 2,004 units were registered in Germany during the first ten months of 2014.
  82. ^ Automotive Industry Data (AID) (2014-07-31). "Germany/Electric - Range anxiety still rules". AID Newsletter. Retrieved 2014-08-01. 
  83. ^ a b c Luca Moroni (2014-01-03). "I dati di vendita di auto elettriche e ibride a dicembre 2013 in Italia" [Sales figures of electric and hybrid cars in Italy through December 2013] (in Italian). Green Start. Retrieved 2013-01-03. 
  84. ^ Luca Moroni (2014-08-07). "I dati di vendita di auto elettriche e ibride a luglio 2014 in Italia" [Sales figures of electric and hybrid cars in Italy through July 2014] (in Italian). Green Start. Retrieved 2013-08-19. 
  85. ^ Eric Loveday (2013-07-22). "Official: BMW i3 Range Extender Option Adds 4,490 Euros ($5,919 US) to Price Tag in Netherlands". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-07-29. 
  86. ^ a b c RAI (2014-01-24). "Verkoopstatistieken - Meer marktinformatie" [Sales Statistics - More Market Information] (in Dutch). RAI Vereniging. Retrieved 2014-06-08.  Download pdf file for detailed sales in 2013 ("Download nieuwverkoop personenautos 201312").
  87. ^ a b Matt Gasnier (2014-10-06). "Netherlands September 2014: Peugeot 308, Opel Corsa & Volvo V40 fight hard". Best Selling Car Blog. Retrieved 2014-10-10.  Between January and September 2014 a total of 470 i3s were sold in the Netherlands.
  88. ^ Petter Haugneland (2013-07-30). "Elbilen BMW i3 blir enda billigere" [BMW i3 electric car gets even cheaper] (in Norwegian). Norsk Elbilforening (Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association). Retrieved 2013-08-03. 
  89. ^ Knut Mange Arne Markussen (2013-12-03). "Luksusproblem for BMW" [Luxury problem for BMW] (in Norwegian). Din Side. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  90. ^ a b c Ståle Frydenlund (2014-01-02). "7.882 nye elbiler registrert i 2013" [7882 new electric cars registered in 2013] (in Norwegian). Norsk Elbilforening (Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association). Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  91. ^ a b Norwegian Road Federation (OFV) (October 2014). "Bilsalget i september" [Car sales in September] (in Norwegian). OFV. Retrieved 2014-10-03.  Click on "Modellfordelt" to display the top 20 selling new cars in Norway.
  92. ^ Norwegian Road Federation (OFV) (November 2014). "Bilsalget i oktober" [Car sales in October] (in Norwegian). OFV. Retrieved 2014-11-09.  Click on "Modellfordelt" to display the top 20 selling new cars in Norway. A total of 1,764 i3s have been sold between January and October 2014..
  93. ^ a b c Asociación Nacional de Importadores de Automóviles, Camiones, Autobuses y Motocicletas (ANIACAM) (2014-01-03). "Datos de Mercado: Diciembre 2013 - Matriculaciones de automóviles" [Market data: December 2013 - Automobiles registrations] (in Spanish). ANIACAM. Retrieved 2014-01-03. Download the file DossierAutomóviles_diciembre13.xls (929KB)* with current month and cumulative sales for 2013.
  94. ^ Asociación Nacional de Importadores de Automóviles, Camiones, Autobuses y Motocicletas (ANIACAM) (October 2014). "Datos de Mercado: Septiembre 2014 - Matriculaciones" [Market data: September 2014 - Registrations] (in Spanish). ANIACAM. Retrieved 2014-10-05.  Download the file "DossierAutomóviles_septiembre14.xls (929KB)" with current month and cumulative sales during 2014 through September.
  95. ^ a b c Bil Sweden (2014-01-02). "Nyregistreringar december 2013 prel" [New registrations in December 2013 prel] (in Swedish). Bil Sweden. Retrieved 2014-01-03.  Download file "Nyregistreringar december 2013 prel.pdf" see table "NYREGISTRERADE SUPERMILJÖBILAR DECEMBER 2013" with summary of PEV sales by model for 2013 and 2012.
  96. ^ a b Bil Sweden (2014-10-01). "Nyregistreringar september 2014" [New registrations in September 2014] (in Swedish). Bil Sweden. Retrieved 2014-10-04.  Download file "Nyregistreringar september 2014.pdf" see table "Nyregistrerade miljöpersonbilar september 2014" and "Nyregistrerade supermiljöbilar september 2014" with summary of PEV sales by model between January and september 2014.
  97. ^ a b Vereinigung Schweizer Automobil-Importeure. "Autoverkäufe nach Modellen - Modellstatistik" [Passenger cars by model - Statistics by model] (in German). Auto Schweiz Suisse. Retrieved 2014-10-28.  Under "Modellstatistik" download the xls file "Januar - September 2014" for 2014 sales, and under "Modellstatistiken 2008–2013" click "2013 Statistik" to download the file "ModellePW2013" with sales by model for 2013.
  98. ^ Jose Pontes (2014-07-15). "Switzerland June 2014". EVSales.com. Retrieved 2014-07-27. 
  99. ^ Leo Wilkinson (2013-07-29). "BMW i3 revealed". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-07-29. 
  100. ^ Ben Lane (2014-08-06). "UK electric fleet passes 13,000 mark". UK: Next Green Car. Retrieved 2014-08-17. 
  101. ^ Alex Grant (2014-07-08). "Japanese manufacturers lead growing UK electric and hybrid vehicle sales". Fleet World. Retrieved 2014-07-27. 
  102. ^ a b Jack Rix (2014-10-14). "BMW i8 waiting list over a year long". Auto Express. Retrieved 2014-11-03. 
  103. ^ Graeme Fletcher (2013-08-09). "BMW's i-Series have answer to 'range anxiety'". The Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  104. ^ Glen Woodcock (2013-07-23). "BMW Reveals i3 Canadian Pricing". Autonet. Retrieved 2013-07-29. 
  105. ^ a b Timothy Cain (October 2014). "BMW i3 Sales Figures". Good Car Bad Car. Retrieved 2014-10-10. 
  106. ^ Tom Moloughney (2014-02-10). "US BMW i3 Orders Limited to Special "Launch Edition" Package For First Three Months". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  107. ^ "As BMW i3, i8 electric cars charge to market, more tech details emerge". Consumer Reports. 2011-10-05. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  108. ^ Robert Grattan (2013-08-09). "BMW of Austin to open downtown showroom, launch electric car". Austin Business Journal. Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  109. ^ Bengt Halvorson (2014-08-20). "Federal Tax Credits For Plug-In Hybrids, Electric Cars: What You Need To Know". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 
  110. ^ "CVRP Eligible Vehicles". Center for Sustainable Energy California. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 
  111. ^ Jay Cole (2014-12-03). "November 2014 Plug-In Electric Vehicle Sales Report Card". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-12-04. 
  112. ^ George Betak (2014-07-08). "BMW i3 BEV/REx Production Breakdown For US – BMW i8 Too". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-07-27. 
  113. ^ Mark Kane (2014-10-09). "Almost 6% Of BMW Car Sales In U.S. Are i3, i8". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-10-10. 
  114. ^ "BMW Group México entrega el primer BMW i3 en el país" [BMW Group Mexico delivers the first BMW i3 in the country] (Press release) (in Spanish). Mexico D.F.: BMW Group. 2014-09-29. Retrieved 2014-10-18. 
  115. ^ Owner receives the first 2015 BMW i3 in Mexico (2014-10-03). "Propietario recibe el primer BMW i3 2015 en México". Auto Cosmos (in Spanish). Retrieved 2014-10-18. 
  116. ^ Luciana de Oliveira (2014-09-10). "BMW lança seu 1º carro elétrico no Brasil a partir de R$ 225,9 mil" [BMW launches its first electric car in Brazil starting at R$225.9 thounsand]. Auto Esporte (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2014-09-20. 
  117. ^ a b c Leonardo Felix (2014-09-10). "Elétrico, BMW i3 chega com preço de 9 populares e isenção do rodízio em SP" [BMW i3 electric arrives with price of nine popular cars and exempted from São Paulo's driving restriction]. Universo Online (UOL) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2014-09-20. 
  118. ^ Staff (2014-08-19). "BMW inicia pré-venda do elétrico i3 no Brasil" [BMW begins pre-sales of electric i3 in Brazil]. Carplace Virgula UOL (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2014-09-04. 
  119. ^ Graeme Roberts (2014-10-01). "A BMW i3 will cost you $100,000 in Brazil". Just-Auto (AutoblogGreen). Retrieved 2014-10-01. 
  120. ^ "Importador local de BMW inició la preventa de su primer vehículo eléctrico" [BMW local importer started presales of their first electric vehicle.] (Press release) (in Spanish). Bogotá D.C.: Diario La República. 2014-10-23. Retrieved 2014-10-23. 
  121. ^ Claudio Pereda Madrid (2014-07-06). "El impacto de la línea eléctrica de BMW llega a América Latina" [The impact of BMW electric line up arrives to Latin America]. América Economía (in Spanish). Retrieved 2014-08-03. 
  122. ^ Jeff Cobb (2014-10-02). "September 2014 Dashboard". HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates. Retrieved 2014-10-10.  See sections: "U.S. Battery Electric sales for September 2014"
  123. ^ Hiromi Sato (2014-09-16). "Big Subsidies for Foreign Electric Cars in Japan". Nikkei Business. Retrieved 2014-10-28. 
  124. ^ Jose Pontes (2014-01-18). "Belgium December 2013". EV Sales. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  125. ^ Jose Pontes (2014-10-26). "Belgium September 2014". EV Sales. Retrieved 2014-10-28. 
  126. ^ KFZ- Wirtschaftsverlag (2014-01-01). "Aktuelle Zulassungsstatistik" [current registration statistics] (in German). Automotive.co.at. Retrieved 2014-04-20.  See data for "Jän - Dez 2013" and "Jän - Dez 2012"
  127. ^ "Statistik Elektroautos (IX.2014)" [Statistics Electric Cars (09.2014)] (in German). Myampera.wordpress.com. October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-28. 
  128. ^ Luca Moroni (2014-10-13). "I dati di vendita di auto elettriche e ibride a settembre 2014 in Italia" [Sales figures of electric and hybrid cars in Italy up to September 2014] (in Italian). Green Start. Retrieved 2014-10-28. 
  129. ^ Asociación Nacional de Importadores de Automóviles, Camiones, Autobuses y Motocicletas (ANIACAM) (October 2014). "Datos de Mercado: Septiembre 2014 - Matriculaciones de automóviles" [Market data: September 2014 - Automobiles registrations] (in Spanish). ANIACAM. Retrieved 2014-10-10.  Download the file "DossierAutomóviles_septiembre14.xls (929KB)" with current month and cumulative sales between January and September 2014.
  130. ^ Andreas Wehner (2014-10-10). "BMW legt im September weiter zu" [BMW Sales Growth Continues In September] (in German). KFZ-betrieb. Retrieved 2014-10-10.  A total of 10,199 i3s were sold between January and September 2014.
  131. ^ Danny King (2012-01-13). "Tesla Model S, BMW i3 among 2012 Green Car Vision finalists". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2012-01-13. 
  132. ^ Sebastian Blkanco (2012-01-26). "Ford C-Max Energi wins 2012 Green Car Vision Award". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2012-01-26. 
  133. ^ John Upton (31 July 2013). "BMW’s i3 electric car earns gushing praise". Grist.org. Grist Magazine, Inc. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  134. ^ Car Design News (2014-03-10). "Nissan IDX and BMW i3 Win Annual Design Awards, Marcello Gandini Honoured for Lifetime Achievement". Newspress. Retrieved 2014-03-12. 
  135. ^ Electric Cars TV (2014-03-15). "Video: BMW i3 Wins Gold iF Award For Design". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  136. ^ Philippe Crowe (2014-02-12). "2014 World Green Car Finalists Revealed". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  137. ^ Eric Loveday (2014-03-05). "BMW i3 and Volkswagen XL1 Get Shortlisted For 2014 World Green Car Award". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-03-06. 
  138. ^ Jim Henry (2014-04-17). "New York Auto Show: BMWi3 Is The 2014 World Green Car Of The Year". Forbes. Retrieved 2014-04-17. 
  139. ^ Paul Lucas (2014-02-28). "BMW i3 electric car named UK Car of the Year". The Green Car Website (UK). Retrieved 2014-03-06. 
  140. ^ Eric Loveday (2014-03-03). "Peugeot 308 Beats BMW i3 and Tesla Model S For European Car of the Year Award". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-03-06. 
  141. ^ Eric Loveday (2014-04-21). "BMW i3 Named Kelley Blue Book’s Best Green Car Of 2014". InsideEvs.com. Retrieved 2014-04-21. 
  142. ^ Alisa Priddle (2014-11-20). "BMW i3 named 2015 Green Car of the Year". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 2014-11-21. 

External links[edit]

Video