BMW 3 Series (F30)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
BMW 3-Series (F30)
BMW 328i F30 2012 vl 2.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer BMW
Production October 28, 2011—present
Model years 2012-
Assembly Munich, Germany
Toluca, Mexico (BMW Mexico)
Araquari, Brazil[1]
Regensburg, Germany
Pretoria, South Africa
6th of October City, Egypt(BAG)
Jakarta, Indonesia (CKD)[2]
Kaliningrad, Russia
Shenyang, PRC(BMW Brilliance)[3]
Chennai, India(BMW India)[4] (CKD)
Selangor, Malaysia (CKD) [5][6]
Designer Christopher Weil (Sedan: 2009)[7]
Michael de Bono (Station Wagon: 2009) [8]
Page Beermann (GT: 2010) [9]
Body and chassis
Class Compact executive car
Body style 4-door Sedan (F30)
5-door touring (F31)
5-door hatchback (F34)
Layout FR layout
Related BMW 3-Series
BMW 4 Series
Powertrain
Engine 1.6L N13 I4
2.0 L N20 I4
3.0 L N55 I6
2.0 L Diesel I4
3.0 L Diesel I6
Transmission 6-speed manual
8-speed ZF 8HP automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,810 mm (110.6 in)
2,920 mm (115.0 in) (F35) (GT)
Length 4,624 mm (182.0 in)
4,734 mm (186.4 in) (F35)
Width 1,811 mm (71.3 in)
Height 1,429 mm (56.3 in)
Chronology
Predecessor BMW E90

The BMW F30 is an internal corporate chassis designation for the BMW 3 series of cars. The series is the sixth generation of the BMW 3 Series range of compact executive cars. It is the successor to the E90 model and was unveiled by automaker BMW on October 14, 2011 in Munich, Germany.

The world premiere was broadcast live over the internet through Facebook.[10] It was released as a 2012 model and has been on sale since early 2012. The F30 sedan was launched on February 11, 2012 by BMW Press. The car is also available with different body styles.

The BMW 320d Efficient Dynamics was the most widely used vehicle in the London 2012 Olympics due to BMW's official partnership.[11] New for the US 2012 was the re-introduction of a four-cylinder petrol engine for North America the first since the 318i of the late 1990s.[12] The new 3 Series is also the first to introduce the new BMW face, with flat headlights reaching the BMW kidney grille.

Initial release[edit]

Sedan (2011-)[edit]

Rear view of 3 Series

The vehicle was unveiled in 2012 Geneva Motor Show,[13] followed by 2012 Paris Motor Show.[14]

The 320i, 318d, 316d were added in spring 2012.[15]

320i EfficientDynamics Edition, 316i were added in autumn of 2012.[16]

US models arrives in US showrooms in February 2012 as a 2012 model. Early models included 328i, 335i. 328i xDrive, 335i xDrive went on sale in summer 2012.[17] 320i and 320i xDrive were added in late-Spring 2013.[18] The 328d, launched in 2014, is the first four-cylinder diesel BMW to be sold in the United States.[19]

Touring (AKA Sport Wagon) (2012-)[edit]

BMW 320d Touring (F31)

The touring was unveiled in 21st Auto Mobil International Leipzig 2012.[20] It is designated as F31.

Early models included 328i, 320d, 330d.[21]

320i, 316d, 318d were added in autumn of 2012.[16] 335i was added in spring 2013.

US models went on sale in Spring of 2013. Models included 328i, 328i xDrive, as well as the 328d xDrive, using the same engine tuning as the 320d elsewhere in the world.[22]

Gran Turismo (GT) (2013-)[edit]

It is a variant of the 3 Series Sedan with styling similar to the 5 Series Gran Turismo. At 189.9 inches / 482.4 cm in length, the GT is notably longer than the Sedan and Touring models (Sedan and Touring measuring 182 inches / 462.4cm long). The GT's added length is facilitated in part by an extended wheelbase platform, first marketed in China in 2012, with an increase of 4.3 inches /110mm. The new model also stands 3.11 inches / 79mm taller. [23] It is designated as F34.

The vehicle was unveiled in the 83rd Geneva International Motor Show 2013.[24] Early models included 320i, 328i, 335i, 318d, 320d, with the later introduction of the 325d engine. Several models/powertains are also available with xDrive all-wheel-drive. All launch models include six-speed manual gearbox as standard, and eight-speed automatic as an option for all engine variants. Both gearboxes link up with the fuel-saving Auto Start-Stop function.[25]

In the U.S. market, models went on sale in the summer of 2013 as 2014 model year vehicles. In keeping with BMW's more limited range offered in the U.S., current U.S. models for sale are the all-wheel-drive 328 xDrive GT and 335 xDrive GT. Both are gasoline-powered variants. There are no diesel-powered 3 Series GT offerings in the U.S. market as of the 2015 model year.

Long wheelbase version[edit]

BMW 3 Series F35 in China. The chrome decoration on the doors distinguishes it from the standard F30.

It is a long wheelbase version of BMW 3 Series sedan for China market (designated as F35). The wheelbase is increased by 11 centimetres (4.3 in) which increases rear knee room by 90 millimetres (3.5 in). This vehicle was produced in BMW's Shenyang production plant.

The vehicle was unveiled in 2012 Auto China in Beijing. Early models include 320Li, 328Li, 335Li.[26]

ActiveHybrid 3 (2012-)[edit]

BMW ActiveHybrid 3 at the 2012 Paris Motor Show.

It is a version of BMW 335i Sedan with a 55 PS (40 kW; 54 hp) electric motor, lithium-ion battery integrated underneath the luggage area, optional 18-inch Streamline light-alloy wheels, 2-zone climate control system with stationary air conditioning. The maximum all-electric driving range is 4 km (2.5 mi), with top speed of 75 km/h (47 mph).[27][28]

The BMW ActiveHybrid 3 was unveiled at the North American International Auto Show in January 2012,.[29]

US model arrived in US showrooms in fall 2012 as a 2013 model year vehicle.[27][30]

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rated the 2013 model year ActiveHybrid 3 with a combined fuel economy of 28 mpg-US (8.4 L/100 km; 34 mpg-imp), with 25 mpg-US (9.4 L/100 km; 30 mpg-imp) in the city, and 33 mpg-US (7.1 L/100 km; 40 mpg-imp) in highway, surpassing the ratings of its sibbling the 335i by 5 mpg combined, as well as BMW two other hybrids available in the U.S., the 2013 ActiveHybrid 5 and the 2012 ActiveHybrid 7.[31]

A 2013 BMW 328i Sedan (F30), U.S.-spec, in Melbourne Red Metallic

3 Series task vehicles (2012-)[edit]

BMW 328i Sedan is a camouflaged task vehicle.

BMW 316d Sedan is a paramedic vehicle rated 116 PS (85 kW; 114 hp) and 280 N·m (207 lb·ft).

The vehicles were unveiled in RETTmobil 2012.[32]

3 Series Touring authority vehicle (2012-)[edit]

It is a version of 3 Series Touring built for use by the federal and regional police. Optional features include additional warning devices, additional LED identification lights at the rear, radio, a flashing blue light, optional control of a signal installation via the operating system BMW iDrive supplied as standard.

The vehicles were unveiled in General Police Equipment Exhibition & Conference 2012.[33]

BMW Alpina B3 Bi-Turbo (2013-)[edit]

Available in Sedan and Touring bodies, it is a version of 335i and 335i xDrive with twin turbocharger rated 410 PS (302 kW; 404 hp)@5500-6250rpm and 600 N·m (443 lb·ft)@3000rpm, ZF 8-Speed Sport-Automatic transmission with Switch-tronic (8HP70), adaptive Alpina sport suspension with electronically adjustable dampers in collaboration with performance springs, bump stops and stabilisers; 20-inch Alpina Classic wheels with low profile Michelin Pilot Super Sport tyres, stainless steel exhaust system developed in collaboration with Akrapovic, two elliptical double tailpipes, exhaust system sound control by intelligent exhaust valve via Drive Performance Control, a strut brace and subtle adjustments to camber, toe-in and elastokinematics; 370 mm front and 345 mm rear brake discs, blue aluminium callipers (4-piston front, 2-piston rear) with Alpina lettering, front spoiler, rear spoiler (sedan), leather upholstery, electrically adjustable heated sports seats, automatic climate control, xenon headlights; door sills, floor mats, emblems in the seatbacks, instrumentation, a hand-stitched sports steering wheel in Lavalina leather.[34]

B3 Bi-Turbo Sedan and Touring were unveiled in 2013 Geneva Motor Show.[35][36]

Styling[edit]

Sport Line
Modern Line
Modern Line
Luxury Line
Luxury Line Interior

Designed by Christopher Weil under design chief Adrian Van Hooydonk (till March 1, 2009), the new BMW 3 Series has grown in all dimensions compared to its predecessor.[37][38][39] The styling is similar to previous generations with a sweeping bonnet, short front overhang, and long wheelbase typical of previous generation BMW. The front and back of the BMW 3 Series is now wider (+ 34/77 mm at the front/rear) with a slightly forward-slanting BMW kidney grille. The rectangular headlights extend up to the frame of the kidney grille merging the headlight and grille adding further emphasis to a more broader stance. Exterior mirrors also have integrated turn signal lights. The rear lights return to the traditional BMW L-shaped design positioned at the outer edge of the back end. The interior continues BMW design by angling the cockpit towards the driver by seven degrees. In the driver's area all the lines converge on a single point behind the wheel. Positioned on the horizontally-structured instrument panel is the freestanding iDrive monitor. Large drink holders are now integrated into the centre console in front of the gearshift lever. The BMW 3 Series can also be ordered with three distinct design variants. The Sport Line, Luxury Line, and Modern Line features different exterior and interior design elements for each line, with black trim for the Sport Line, satinated aluminium for the Modern Line and high gloss chrome for the Luxury Line.[40]

Body styles[edit]

Petrol engines
Model Sedan Touring Gran Turismo Long Wheelbase
316i 2012- 2013- ? 2014-
320i 2012- 2012- 2013- 2012-
320i EfficientDynamics Edition 2012- na ? na
320i xDrive 2012- 2013- ? na
328i 2011- 2012- 2013- 2012-
328i xDrive 2012- 2013- ? 2014-
335i 2011- 2013- 2013- 2012-
335i xDrive 2012- 2013- ? na
ALPINA B3 Bi-Turbo 2013?- 2013?- na na
ALPINA B3 Bi-Turbo Allrad 2013?- 2013?- na na
ActiveHybrid 3 2012- na na na
Diesel engines
Model Sedan Touring Gran Turismo Long Wheelbase
316d 2012- 2012- ? na
318d 2012- 2012- 2013- na
320d 2011- 2012- 2013- na
320d EfficientDynamics Edition 2011- 2013- ? na
320d xDrive 2012- 2013- ? na
325d 2013- 2013- 2013- na
330d 2012- 2012- ? na
330d xDrive 2013- 2013- ? na
335d xDrive 2013- 2013- ? na

Engines[edit]

BMW Inline-Four Engine (N20)

Naturally aspirated straight-six engines from 325i/328i/330i are replaced by BMW's new N20 turbocharged inline-four two liter engine already introduced in several other BMW models.[40]

The 316i featuring the 1.6L TwinPower engine was launched in Q4 2012 and is only available in selected markets. Compared to the predecessor 316/318i, it is built in Germany and features better build quality.[41]

Petrol engines[edit]

Model Years Engine code Power Torque
316i 2012- N13B16 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp)@4350 220 N·m (162 lb·ft)@1350
320i*[42] 2012- N20B20 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)@5000 270 N·m (199 lb·ft)@1250-4500
320i
EfficientDynamics Edition
2012- N13B16 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp)@4800 250 N·m (184 lb·ft)@1500
328i**[43] 2011- N20B20 245 PS (180 kW; 242 hp)[44]@5000-6500 350 N·m (258 lb·ft)@1250-4800
335i*** 2011- N55B30 306 PS (225 kW; 302 hp)@5800-6000 400 N·m (295 lb·ft)@1200-5000
ALPINA B3 Bi-Turbo[45] 2013- N55B30 410 PS (302 kW; 404 hp)@5500-6250 600 N·m (443 lb·ft)@3000-4000
ActiveHybrid 3[46] 2012- N55B30
petrol engine
306 PS (225 kW; 302 hp)@5800-6000 400 N·m (295 lb·ft)@1200-5000
synchronous electric motor 55 PS (40 kW; 54 hp) 210 N·m (155 lb·ft)
combined 340 PS (250 kW; 335 hp) 450 N·m (332 lb·ft)

* 320i xDrive Touring and 320i Gran Turismo were released in 2013.
** 328i Touring and 328i xDrive Sedan were released in 2012. 328i Gran Turismo and 328i xDrive Touring were released in 2013.
*** 335i xDrive was released in 2012. 335i Gran Turismo was released in 2013.

Diesel engines[edit]

Model Years Engine code Power Torque
316d 2012- N47D20 116 PS (85 kW; 114 hp)@4000 260 N·m (192 lb·ft)@1750-2500
318d 2012- N47D20 143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp)@4000 320 N·m (236 lb·ft)@1750-2500
320d* 2011- N47D20 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)@4000 380 N·m (280 lb·ft)@1750-2750
320d
EfficientDynamics Edition[47]
2011- N47D20 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp)@4000 380 N·m (280 lb·ft)@1750-2750
325d 2013- N47D20O1 218 PS (160 kW; 215 hp)@4400 450 N·m (332 lb·ft)@1500-2500
330d** 2012- N57D30 258 PS (190 kW; 254 hp)@4000 560 N·m (413 lb·ft)@2000-2750
335d** 2013- N57D30T1 313 PS (230 kW; 309 hp)@4000 630 N·m (465 lb·ft)@1500-2500

* 320d xDrive Touring was released in 2012.
** 330d xDrive was released in 2013.

Transmissions[edit]

Petrol engines[48][49]
Model Years Types
316i 2012- 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
320i 2012- Sedan: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic
Touring: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
Gran Turismo: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic
320i EfficientDynamics Edition 2012- 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic with Steptronic (2013-)
320i xDrive 2012- Sedan: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic
Touring: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
320Li 2012?- 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
328i 2011- 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic
328i xDrive 2012- Sedan: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic
Touring: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
328Li 2012?- 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
335i 2011- Sedan: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic
Touring: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
Gran Turismo: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic
335i xDrive 2012- Sedan: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic
Touring: 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
335Li 2012?- 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
ALPINA B3 Bi-Turbo 2013?- 8-Speed Sport-Automatic transmission with SWITCH-TRONIC (ZF 8HP70)
ALPINA B3 Bi-Turbo Allrad 2013?- 8-Speed Sport-Automatic transmission with SWITCH-TRONIC (ZF 8HP70)
ActiveHybrid 3 2012- 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
Diesel engines
Model Years Types
316d 2012- Sedan: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic
Touring: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
318d 2012- Sedan: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic
Touring: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
Gran Turismo: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic
320d 2011- Sedan: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic, 8-speed automatic with Steptronic (2013-)
Touring: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic
Gran Turismo: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic
320d EfficientDynamics Edition 2011- Sedan: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic
Touring: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
320d xDrive 2012- Sedan: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic
Touring: 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
325d 2013- 6-speed manual, 8-speed automatic, 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
330d 2012- 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
330d xDrive 2013- 8-speed automatic with Steptronic
335d xDrive 2013- 8-speed automatic with Steptronic

Driving Experience Control switch can change the overall character of the car depending on the driving situation. The driver can choose between ECO PRO, COMFORT, SPORT, and SPORT+. Each of these predefined set-ups activates different settings for the relevant powertrain and suspension components.[40]

Performance[edit]

Model 0–100 km/h in seconds Top speed Urban (l/100 km) Extra-urban (l/100 km) Combined (l/100 km) CO2-Emission (g/km)
316i 8.9 (9.2) 210 km/h (130 mph) 7.7 (7.6) 4.8 (4.9) 5.9 (5.9) 137
320i 7.3 (7.3) 235 km/h (146 mph) 8.6 (8.1) 5.0 (4.9) 6.3 (6.0) 147 (141)
320i EfficientDynamics Edition 7.6 230 km/h (143 mph) 7.0 4.4 5.3 124
320i xDrive 7.4 (7.5) 232 km/h (144 mph) 8.8 (8.4) 5.6 (5.4) 6.8 (6.5) 159 (152)
328i 5.9 (6.1) 250 km/h (155 mph) 8.5 (8.1) 5.1 (5.2) 6.4 (6.3) 149 (147)
328i xDrive 5.7 (5.8) 250 km/h (155 mph) 9.0 (8.7) 5.5 (5.5) 6.8 (6.7) 159 (157)
335i 5.5 (5.5) 250 km/h (155 mph) 11.1 (10.2) 6.1 (5.5) 7.9 (7.2) 186 (169)
335i xDrive 5.3 (5.0) 250 km/h (155 mph) 11.6 (10.8) 6.3 (5.8) 8.2 (7.6) 193 (178)
316d 10.9 (11.2) 202 km/h (126 mph) 5.5 (5.4) 3.9 (3.9) 4.5 (4.4) 118 (117)
318d 9.0 (9.2) 212 km/h (132 mph) 5.5 (5.4) 3.9 (3.9) 4.5 (4.5) 118 (118)
320d 7.5 (7.6) 235 km/h (146 mph) 5.8 (5.4) 3.8 (3.9) 4.6 (4.5) 120 (118)
320d EfficientDynamics Edition 8.0 (7.9) 235 km/h (146 mph) 5.2 (5.0) 3.5 (3.6) 4.1 (4.1) 109 (109)
320d xDrive 7.5 (7.4) 233 km/h (145 mph) 6.3 (5.8) 4.1 (4.2) 4.9 (4.8) 128 (125)
325d 6.8 (6.9) 245 km/h (152 mph) 6.2 (5.7) 4.2 (4.2) 4.9 (4.8) 129 (127)
330d (5.6) 250 km/h (155 mph) (6.0) (4.3) (4.9) (129)
330d xDrive (5.3) 250 km/h (155 mph) (6.4) (4.6) (5.2) (137)
335d xDrive (4.8) 250 km/h (155 mph) (6.4) (4.9) (5.4) (143)
  • Figures in brackets are for automatic gearbox.

Equipment[edit]

Also for the first time, the 3 Series features five different "lines", or trim levels. Each "line" includes its own unique details:

The Base/SE, Modern Line, Luxury Line, Sport Line and M Sport Line are offered.

BMW ConnectedDrive[edit]

The BMW ConnectedDrive is a range of technology to help with comfort, information, entertainment, and safety. Technology such as help with safety and information BMW Parking Assist, Surround View, Active Cruise Control with Stop & Go function, and Speed Limit Info with No Passing Info Display. BMW Parking Assist helps driver maneuver into parking spaces automatically through the use of camera and parking sensors. Active Cruise Control with Stop & Go function not only maintains the desired distance to the vehicle in front but can slow the car down to a standstill in heavy traffic. Finally, Speed Limit Info helps alert drivers to current speed limit on the road by continuously scanning road-signs with the integrated camera in the rear-view mirror.[40]

E90 comparison[edit]

E90

The new F30 sedan is 93 mm (3.7 in) longer, 6 mm (0.2 in) wider (42 mm (1.7 in) including mirrors) and 8 mm (0.3 in) taller than its predecessor (E90). The wheelbase is longer by 50 mm (2.0 in). Also boot space is bigger by 20 litres (0.71 cu ft). Even though the new 3 Series is bigger and has more standard equipment than its predecessors, it is lighter than the model it replaces. For example, the new 328i has the same weight as the outgoing 325i and the new 335i is 40 kilograms (88 lb) lighter than the outgoing 335i.[50]

Notable downgrades to the new 3-series from its E90 predecessor include the deletion of LED turn signals in both the headlight and tail light clusters (with the return to traditional bulbs), as well as the replacement of non-intrusive, articulated gas-strut trunk hinges with cheaper, obstructive gooseneck hinges.

Enthusiast magazine reviews were also less than stellar. In their November, 2012, issue, Car and Driver wrote, "We're convinced that the E90 would handily win a comparison test against the F30." [1] In the April, 2012, issue they noted an increase in weight, versus the BMW's suggestion of a loss: "weight gain from our last E90 335i test car is 77 pounds, at least some of which must be from the new optional 19-inch wheels ($900) . . . ." Furthermore, acceleration suffered in comparison to the E90 as well, "A slower 5-to-60 time of 5.9 seconds—we expected mid-fives for that—also indicated that something may have been amiss."

The magazine closed the generally ambivalent article with, "At some point, BMW will have to take a bigger step to move forward or risk falling behind its competitors—but not just yet."[2].

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP[edit]

Euro NCAP test results
BMW 3 Series (2012)[51]
Test Points %
Overall: 5 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 34 95%
Child occupant: 41 84%
Pedestrian: 28 78%
Safety assist: 6 86%


Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)[edit]

IIHS scores[52]
Moderate overlap frontal offset Good
Small overlap frontal offset Marginal
Side impact Good
Roof strength Good

NHTSA[edit]

2013 328i sedan NHTSA scores[53]
Overall: 5/5 stars
Frontal Driver: 4/5 stars
Frontal Passenger: 5/5 stars
Side Driver: 5/5 stars
Side Passenger: 5/5 stars
Side Pole Driver: 5/5 stars
Rollover: 5/5 stars

Production[edit]

BMW ActiveHybrid 3 is produced at BMW Plant Munich.

Marketing in the United States[edit]

As part of the BMW 3 Series Sedan market launch in the US, a series of 6 TV commercials were produced by Kirschenbaum, Bond, Senecal + Partners. Two of the shorts were premiered in ads during Super Bowl XLVI in regions across the U.S.: the first entitled “The Big Grab,” in the New York Tri-State area; and the second, “The Close Call,” in the Southern California-Los Angeles, Atlanta and Houston areas. Beginning in 2012-02-07, select digital shorts began airing online at sites including NBC.com, ABC.com and Hulu. All of the content, including the Super Bowl spots “The Close Call” and “The Big Grab,” where a heated steering wheel saves the day when a group of freezing friends hop into the car, can be viewed online at www.youtube.com/bmwusa.[54]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.press.bmwgroup.com/usa/pressDetail.html?title=groundbreaking-ceremony-for-new-bmw-group-plant-in-brazil&outputChannelId=9&id=T0161924EN_US&left_menu_item=node__5247
  2. ^ "Bavarian Auto Group". Bag-eg.com. 2010-04-09. Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  3. ^ "Brilliance Auto". Brilliance Auto. Retrieved 2010-06-13. 
  4. ^ http://www.bmw.in/in/en/_teaserpool/download/insights/pdf/BMW_India_Company_Profile.pdf
  5. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. Archived from the original on 2 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-13. 
  6. ^ Interone Worldwide GmbH (2008-06-17). "BMW 3 Series Sedan : Introduction". Bmw.com.my. Archived from the original on 18 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-13. 
  7. ^ "The new BMW 3 Series Sedan, Christopher Weil - Exterior Designer (10/2011)". Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  8. ^ https://www.press.bmwgroup.com/global/photoDetail.html?title=exterior-sketch-of-the-bmw-3-series-touring-designer-michael-de-bono-05-2012&docNo=P90092619
  9. ^ "The new BMW 3 Series Gran Turismo - Page Beermann, Exterior Design. (02/2013)". Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "World Premiere". Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  11. ^ "London Olympics Fleet". Bimmerpost. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  12. ^ "3 Series Revealed". Autoguide. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  13. ^ BMW at the 82nd Geneva Motor Show 2012.
  14. ^ BMW at the 2012 Paris Motor Show.
  15. ^ BMW model year update measures for March 2012.
  16. ^ a b BMW model upgrading in autumn 2012.
  17. ^ Introducing The All-New 6th Generation BMW 3 Series Sedan Dynamic, Efficient and Luxurious
  18. ^ The New BMW 320i Sedan.
  19. ^ Hauter, David (July 2014). "Diesel 4 for the 3". Roundel 46 (7): 49–51. ISSN 0889-3225. 
  20. ^ BMW at the 21st Auto Mobil International Leipzig 2012.
  21. ^ The new BMW 3 Series Touring: Dynamic flair and practicality wrapped in a sporty and elegant design.
  22. ^ All-New BMW 3 Series Sports Wagon
  23. ^ http://www.bmw.de/de/neufahrzeuge/3er/limousine/2011/technische-daten.html
  24. ^ BMW at the 83rd Geneva International Motor Show 2013.
  25. ^ The new BMW 3 Series Gran Turismo.
  26. ^ BMW at Auto China 2012 in Beijing.
  27. ^ a b Frank Markus (2012-07-25). "2013 BMW ActiveHybrid 3 First Drive". Motor Trend. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  28. ^ Jeremy Korzeniewski (2012-07-06). "BMW ActiveHybrid 3 is an efficient use of 340 hp". Autoblog. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  29. ^ Jeff Sabatini (2012-01-09). "2012 BMW ActiveHybrid 3 nav system uses altitude to optimize hybrid efficiency". Autoblog. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  30. ^ The All-New BMW ActiveHybrid 3.
  31. ^ "Hybrid Vehicles: Compare side-by-side". U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  32. ^ BMW at RETTmobil 2012.
  33. ^ BMW at the GPEC 2012: The latest models for police operations.
  34. ^ Alpina B3 Bi-Turbo offers Europeans a pre-M3 performance 3er
  35. ^ Alpina B3 Bi-Turbo Offers Europeans a 410 HP 3 Series
  36. ^ 2013 Geneva: ALPINA B3 Biturbo
  37. ^ "2012 BMW 3 Series - Interesting Rendering". Bmwblog.com. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 
  38. ^ "BMW chooses the design for the next generation 3 Series". Bmwblog.com. 2009-03-03. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 
  39. ^ "Exclusive Interview: Christopher Weil - BMW 3 Series Exterior Designer". Bmwblog.com. 2012-02-02. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 
  40. ^ a b c d "BMW 3 Series Press Release". BMW. 
  41. ^ "BMW 3 Series now with 1.6L turbo - a continued trend of downsizing". Malaysia Motoring News. 
  42. ^ BMW Group. "The new BMW 3 Series Gran Turismo". Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  43. ^ BMW Group. "Specifications of the new BMW 3 Series Sedan, 07/2012". Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  44. ^ http://www.f30post.com/forums/showthread.php?t=646824
  45. ^ Kew, Ollie. "BMW Alpina B3 BiTurbo (2013) first official pictures". 
  46. ^ BMW Group. "The BMW ActiveHybrid 3: Intelligence breeds efficiency". Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  47. ^ BMW Group. "The new BMW 3 Series Sedan". 
  48. ^ The new BMW 3 Series Sedan
  49. ^ The BMW ActiveHybrid 3: Intelligence breeds efficiency.
  50. ^ Halvorson, Bengt. "2012 BMW 3-Series Reviews...". The Car Connection. 
  51. ^ "Euro NCAP results for BMW 3 Series". euroncap.com. 2012. 
  52. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: BMW 3 series". Iihs.org. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 
  53. ^ "2013 BMW 328 I 4 DR RWD | Safercar - NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 
  54. ^ BMW of North America Unveils Six Playful Digital Shorts as Part of National Advertising Campaign Launching the All-New BMW 3 Series

External links[edit]