Babol

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For the administrative subdivision, see Babol County. For the village in Khuzestan Province, see Babol, Khuzestan.
Babol
بابل
city
Babol-Mosaic-Logo.jpg
Babol is located in Iran
Babol
Babol
Coordinates: 36°33′05″N 52°40′44″E / 36.55139°N 52.67889°E / 36.55139; 52.67889Coordinates: 36°33′05″N 52°40′44″E / 36.55139°N 52.67889°E / 36.55139; 52.67889
Country  Iran
Province Mazandaran
County Babol
District Central
Government
 • Mayor Farhad Asgari (acting)
Area
 • Total 32 km2 (12 sq mi)
Elevation -2 up to 50 m (-6 to 150 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 219,467
 • Density 6,900/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Postal Code 48xxx-xxxxx
Area code(s) 011
Vehicle Plate IRAN ج72 , ج82 , ص82
Website www.babolcity.ir

Babol (Persian: بابل‎, About this sound pronunciation , also Romanized as Bābol; formerly known as Bārforush)[1] is the capital of Babol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. Babol is divided into two metropolitan area (Under Iranian law). At the 2012 census, its population was 219,467, in 66,944 families.[2]

Babol is located in the in the north of Iran, between the northern slopes of the Alborz Mountains and southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Babol is and north-east of Tehran and one of the most important cities in the north of Iran. It is the region's chief centre. Babol is a new name for the site of the ancient city of Mamatir, that then was named as Barforush. The city receives abundant rainfall. It is famous for its orange farms, for which it is dubbed "the city of orange blossoms".[3]

History[edit]

Founded in the 16th century, it was built on the site of the ancient city of Mamtir (deriving from "Mah Mithra" "great Mithra). Babol was formerly called Barforushdeh (meaning Market town) and Barforush afterwards.[4]

Geography and climate[edit]

The city is located approximately 20 kilometers south of Caspian Sea on the west bank of BabolRud River and receives abundant annual rainfall. Babol borders Babolsar and Fereydunkenar to the north, Simorgh to the northeast, Qaem Shahr and savad kooh shomali to the east, Savad Kooh to the southeast, Firuzkuhto the South and Amol to the west. Babol Universities is famous for its spectacular scenery.

Map showing the location of Babol county as well as Babol city in Mazandaran.

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot-summer Mediterranean (Csa).[5]

Climate data for Babol
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 12.9
(55.2)
12.7
(54.9)
13.3
(55.9)
16.9
(62.4)
24.3
(75.7)
28.8
(83.8)
29.5
(85.1)
30.4
(86.7)
26.8
(80.2)
23.5
(74.3)
19
(66)
15.4
(59.7)
21.13
(69.99)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.6
(47.5)
8.5
(47.3)
9.4
(48.9)
13.1
(55.6)
20.2
(68.4)
23.5
(74.3)
25.4
(77.7)
26
(79)
22.4
(72.3)
18.9
(66)
14.1
(57.4)
10.5
(50.9)
16.72
(62.11)
Average low °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
4.4
(39.9)
5.5
(41.9)
9.3
(48.7)
16.1
(61)
18.2
(64.8)
21.3
(70.3)
21.7
(71.1)
18.1
(64.6)
14.4
(57.9)
9.2
(48.6)
5.7
(42.3)
12.36
(54.25)
Precipitation mm (inches) 86
(3.39)
69
(2.72)
72
(2.83)
53
(2.09)
25
(0.98)
25
(0.98)
27
(1.06)
34
(1.34)
79
(3.11)
96
(3.78)
99
(3.9)
110
(4.33)
775
(30.51)
Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 0m[5]

Population[edit]

In 2012 population census calculation of the city,the population was 219,467 people (79,837 households) and a population of 495,472 people in the located in the city.

Landmarks[edit]

The ruins of Shah Abbas I's palace are located in the city. Mohammad Hassan Khan's Bridge is also one of the most ancient buildings of Mazandaran. It was built by the king Mohammad Hassan Khan Qajar, the ancestor of Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar as the main road from Babol to Amol. Now it is known as the old road of Babol to Amol. Another nice scenery is Babol Noshirvani Park, which is the biggest park including playground located in the north part of Iran, located almost in the vicinity of Caspian Sea. Babol is home to important and intact forests and jungles. for instance, Shiadeh, the unique and intact forest, is located in south-east Babol. Shiadeh is the name of a rural area near the jungle. here are some views of Noshirvani Park and Shiadeh Jungle.

Economy[edit]

Commerce and trading are the backbone of the city's economy since it is the largest commercial center for Mazandaran province, partially due to its location at the center of the province and also the large population of villages around the city making Babol county the most populated county in the province. Babol produces food and textiles — as well as other processed goods . Including oranges, lemons, and tangerines. There are many rice farms around the city, and, until about 20 years ago, tea, tobacco, and cotton were processed.

Transportation[edit]

By car[edit]

Almost 100% of the city transportation is carrying by car, buses and other road vehicles hence Babol is highly dependent on regional highway network which connects the city to Babolsar at 10 km north, Amol at 30 km west and Qaemshahr at 15 km east. These are all new wide highways.

Airport and train[edit]

Babol has access to airport by 55 km distance and to train station by only15 km distance

By boat[edit]

The ports of Freydoonkenar and Babolsar are both located on the southern coast of the Mazandaran Sea with connection to other Caspian ports.

Colleges and universities[edit]

As the largest commercial center the city of Babol also hosts large number of universities province. Universities include:

  • Babol University of Medical Sciences
  • Babol Noshirvani University of Technology
  • Mazandaran University of Science and Technology
  • Educators University - Education Center Martyr Rajai Babol
  • PNU - Babol Center
  • PNU - Bandpey Unit
  • Islamic Azad University - Babol Unit
  • University of Applied Science - Babol Unit
  • Babol Vocational College of Imam Sadiq
  • Mazandaran Institute of Technology
  • Rahedanesh Institute of Higher Education
  • Tabari Institute of Higher Education
  • Aryan Institute of Science and Technology
  • Institute of Applied Science of Art and Culture - Unit 4 Of Babol
  • Institute of Applied Science Technology Jahad Daneshgahi
  • Institute of Applied Science -Unit Of Western Bandpey
  • Vocational College of Sama - Babol Unit
  • Vocational College of AzZahra - Babol Unit

Sport[edit]

Babol is home to Iranian Basketball Super League side BEEM Mazandaran BC who plays in the city's Shahid Sojoodi Arena. BEEM has also a popular volleyball team in the Iranian super league in 2008-2009.

Famous people[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Babol can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3054341" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ http://www.amar.org.ir/Portals/2/pdf/jamiat_shahrestan_keshvar.pdf%7CIran's population and family city to city in 1390, respectively
  3. ^ Iranian Students' News Agency - ISNA |http://mazandaran.isna.ir/Default.aspx?NSID=5&SSLID=46&NID=18028
  4. ^ http://www.babolcity.ir/HomePage.aspx?TabID=4618&Site=DouranPortal&Lang=fa-IR%7CBabol Municipality
  5. ^ a b "Climate: Babol - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 9 September 2013.