Bagley Memorial Fountain

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Bagley Memorial Fountain
BagleyMemorialFountainDetroit.jpg
Bagley Memorial Fountain at its new location on Cadillac Square facing Campus Martius
Location Cadillac Square
Detroit, Michigan
Coordinates 42°19′53″N 83°2′42″W / 42.33139°N 83.04500°W / 42.33139; -83.04500Coordinates: 42°19′53″N 83°2′42″W / 42.33139°N 83.04500°W / 42.33139; -83.04500
Built 1885
Architect H. H. Richardson
Architectural style Italian Romanesque[2]
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 71000422[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 05, 1971
Designated MSHS March 3, 1971[3]

The Bagley Memorial Fountain is a historic fountain in Downtown Detroit, Michigan. It has recently been moved from its long-time location in Campus Martius Park to a new location in just down the street in Cadillac Square Park. The fountain was listed on the National Register of Historic Places and designated a Michigan State Historic Site in 1971.[1][3] The John N. Bagley House (1889) at 2921 East Jefferson Avenue in Detroit was constructed for Governor Bagley's son, and is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

John J. Bagley[edit]

Lion detail on fountain
Woodward Avenue c. 1891 showing Bagley Fountain (far left)

John J. Bagley was the 16th governor of Michigan, serving from 1873 to 1877.[4] Bagley also served as a Detroit Alderman from 1860–61 and as Police Commissioner from 1865-72. He was instrumental in the creation of the Detroit Metropolitan Police Commission and the construction of the first Detroit House of Correction.[4] When Bagley died in 1881, his will contained $5,000 for the construction of a drinking fountain for the people of Detroit, having "water cold and pure as the coldest mountain stream."[4]

Fountain[edit]

In 1885, the Bagley family chose Henry Hobson Richardson to design the fountain.[5] In 1887, the Bagley Memorial Fountain was dedicated at the corner of Woodward Avenue and Fort Street. Richardson constructed the fountain entirely out of pink Bragville granite, modeled after a ciborium located in St. Mark’s Basilica in Venice.[4] The Bagley Memorial Fountain stands 21 feet high with a basin 7 feet across. At the center of the fountain, four lion heads distribute water. In the original design, two of the heads produced "normal" temperature water and the other two produced cold water, chilled by ice packed around the fountain pipes.[4] The inscription on the four sides of the cornice reads: TESTAMENTARY GIFT | FOR THE PEOPLE FROM | JOHN JVDSON BAGLEY | A.D. MDCCCLXXXVII.

Later moves[edit]

In 1926 the fountain was moved from its original home at Woodward and Fort to Campus Martius, because of the increase of automobile traffic.[4] In 2000, the fountain was removed from it site, disassembled, and put into storage.[6] In 2007, the fountain was installed in its current location in Cadillac Square; a new lion fountainhead replaced the original, which was stolen.[6] It is the only remaining work by Richardson in the Detroit area.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ Nawrocki, Dennis Alan, Art in Detroit Public Places, Wayne State University Press, Detroit, Michigan, 1980 p. 22
  3. ^ a b "Bagley Memorial Fountain". Michigan State Housing Development Authority. Retrieved September 3, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Bagley Memorial Fountain from the city of Detroit
  5. ^ Jeffrey Karl Ochsner, H.H. Richardson, Complete Architectural Works, MIT Press, 1982, ISBN 0-262-65015-0, p. 400.
  6. ^ a b "Bagley Fountain Makes a Comeback," In the Flow, Detroit Water and Sewerage Department, V7 n1 (Winter 2007)