Banded palm civet

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Banded palm civet[1]
Hemigalus derbyanus - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria - Genoa, Italy - DSC02708.JPG
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Viverridae
Subfamily: Hemigalinae
Genus: Hemigalus
Jourdan, 1837
Species: H. derbyanus
Binomial name
Hemigalus derbyanus
(Gray, 1837)
Banded Palm Civet area.png
Banded palm civet range

The banded palm civet (Hemigalus derbyanus), also called the banded civet, is a civet found in the Sundaic region and occurs in peninsular Myanmar, peninsular Malaysia, peninsular Thailand and in Indonesia on the islands of Sipura, Sumatra and Borneo. It is listed as Vulnerable because of an ongoing population decline, estimated to be more than 30% over the last three generations, inferred from over-exploitation, decline in habitat quality, and habitat destruction and degradation.[2]

Hemigalus is a monospecific genus that was first named and described by the French zoologist Claude Jourdan in 1837.[3][4]

Characteristics[edit]

Banded palm civet nose, paws, scent glands and genitalia, as illustrated in Pocock's The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma - Mammalia Vol 1[3]

Having roughly the size of a domestic cat, this species of viverrid measures from 41 to 51 cm in total length, and weights from 1 to 3 kg (2.2 to 6.6 lbs).[5]

The banded palm civet has a long pointed face, reminiscent of insectivorous mammals. It has a long body set on short legs, and five toes on each foot with retractable claws. It looks very similar to Owston's palm civet (Chrotogale owstoni), except that it lacks spots on its body, and the hair on its neck points upwards instead of down along the neck. It is also similar to the rare Hose's palm civet (Diplogale hosei), an endemic of northern Borneo - they only differ in shape of muzzle and teeth and Hose's civet does not have the banded pelage of the Banded Civet. Banded Civet has short, dense fur that is generally a dark cream/buff color with four to five dark bands on its back. Its tail has two dark bands and the latter half of the tail is dark brown to black. There is a dark brown stripe that extends down the length of the top of the muzzle, and two stripes that extend from the top middle of the eye to the inside corner of the ears. There are two areas of white above and below each eye, and the muzzle is darker than the rest of the face.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Though it lives in the forests, it spends much of its time on the ground.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 532–628. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ a b Hon, J., Azlan, M. J. and Duckworth, J. W. (2008). "Hemigalus derbyanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 
  3. ^ a b Pocock, R. I. (1939). The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Mammalia. – Volume 1. Taylor and Francis, London. Pp. 452–458.
  4. ^ Jourdan, C. (1837). Mémoire sur deux mammifères nouveaux de l'Inde, considérés comme types des deux genres voisins des Paradoxures, genres Hémigale et Ambliodon. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences: 442–447.
  5. ^ [1] arkive.org