Bledisloe Cup

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Bledisloe cup

Rugby Union's Bledisloe Cup is contested by the Australia national rugby union team and New Zealand national rugby union team. It is named after Lord Bledisloe, the former Governor-General of New Zealand who donated the trophy in 1931. The trophy was designed in New Zealand by Nelson Isaac, and crafted by Walker and Hall in London. It is physically the largest trophy in world rugby.

Once played irregularly every few years, Bledisloe Cup matches now happen annually, and include Rugby Championship (formerly Tri Nations) fixtures between the two sides. Their World Cup fixtures do not count as Bledisloe Cup matches, which were always played in Australia or New Zealand. However, 2008 saw a Bledisloe Cup match held outside the two countries for the first time when the teams met in Hong Kong, and a 2009 Bledisloe Cup match was played in Tokyo.[1]

Recently New Zealand has dominated the cup, winning it 11 times in a row (2003–2013).

History[edit]

There is some dispute as to when the first Bledisloe Cup match was played. The Australian Rugby Union (ARU) contend that the one-off 1931 match played at Eden Park was first. However, no firm evidence has been produced to support this claim, and minutes from a New Zealand union management meeting several days later record Lord Bledisloe wishing to present a cup for the All Blacks and Wallabies to play for. The New Zealand Rugby Union (NZRU) believe that the first match was when New Zealand toured Australia in 1932.

Between 1931 and 1981 it was contested irregularly in the course of rugby tours between the two countries. New Zealand won it 19 times and Australia four times in this period including in 1949 when Australia won it for the first time on New Zealand soil. The trophy itself was apparently 'lost' during this period and reportedly rediscovered in a Melbourne store room. In the years 1982 to 1995 it was contested annually, sometimes as a series of three matches (two in 1995) and other times in a single match. During these years New Zealand won it 11 times and Australia three times.

Since 1996 the cup has been contested as part of the annual Tri Nations tournament. Until 1998 the cup was contested in a three match series: the two Tri Nations matches between these sides and a third match. New Zealand won these series in 1996 and 1997, and Australia won it in 1998.

In 1996 and from 1999 through 2005, the third match was not played; during those years, Australia and New Zealand played each other twice as part of the Tri Nations for the cup. If both teams won one of these games, or if both games were drawn, the cup was retained by its current holder. The non-holder had to win the two games 2-0 or 1-0 (with a draw) to regain the Cup. A criticism of this system was that with the closeness in the level of ability between the two sides, years where each team won one game each were very common (1999, 2000, 2002, 2004) and in these years, many rugby fans felt dissatisfied with one team keeping the cup in a series tied at 1-1.

2006 saw the return of the 3-game contest for Bledisloe as the Tri Nations series was extended so that each team played each other 3 times. The 2007 Cup, however, reverted to the two-game contest because the Tri Nations was abbreviated that year to minimise interference with the teams' preparations for the World Cup.

In 2008 it was announced that the Bledisloe Cup would be contested over an unprecedented four matches, with three games played in Australia and New Zealand and a fourth and potentially deciding game in Hong Kong in an effort to promote the game in Asia (the first time Australia and New Zealand played in a third country outside the World Cup).[2] The Hong Kong match, which drew a crowd of 39,000 to see the All Blacks (which had already clinched the Bledisloe Cup) defeat the Wallabies 19–14,[3] proved to be a financial success for the two unions, generating a reported £5.5 million.[4] Even before the match, the two countries' rugby federations were considering taking Cup matches to the United States and Japan in 2009 and 2010. Japan hosted a fourth Bledisloe Test Match on 31 October 2009. Each team is expected to clear at least A$3.8 million/NZ$5 million from the Tokyo match.[1] However a 2010 fourth match was set in Hong Kong and has struggled to attract crowds. [5]

The three-match format for the Bledisloe Cup continued in 2012, with the first two matches taking place as part of the 2012 Rugby Championship.

Results[edit]

Year Date Venue Home Score Away Match

Winner

Trophy

Winner

2013 19 October Otago Stadium, Dunedin  New Zealand 41 – 33  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
24 August Wellington Regional Stadium, Wellington  New Zealand 27 – 16  Australia  New Zealand
17 August Stadium Australia, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 29 – 47  New Zealand  New Zealand
2012 20 October Lang Park, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 18 – 18  New Zealand Draw New Zealand
25 August Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 22 – 0  Australia  New Zealand
18 August Stadium Australia, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 19 – 27  New Zealand  New Zealand
2011 27 August Lang Park, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 25 – 20  New Zealand  Australia New Zealand
6 August Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 30 – 14  Australia  New Zealand
2010 30 October Hong Kong Stadium, Hong Kong  Australia 26 – 24  New Zealand  Australia New Zealand
11 September Stadium Australia, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 22 – 23  New Zealand  New Zealand
7 August Lancaster Park, Christchurch  New Zealand 20 – 10  Australia  New Zealand
31 July Docklands Stadium, Melbourne, Victoria  Australia 28 – 49  New Zealand  New Zealand
2009 31 October National Stadium, Tokyo, Japan  New Zealand 32 – 19  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
19 September Wellington Regional Stadium, Wellington  New Zealand 33 – 6  Australia  New Zealand
22 August Stadium Australia, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 18 – 19  New Zealand  New Zealand
18 July Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 22 – 16  Australia  New Zealand
2008 1 November Hong Kong Stadium, Hong Kong  New Zealand 19 – 14  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
13 September Lang Park, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 24 – 28  New Zealand  New Zealand
2 August Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 39 – 10  Australia  New Zealand
26 July Stadium Australia, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 34 – 19  New Zealand  Australia
2007 21 July Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 26 – 12  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
30 June Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Victoria  Australia 20 – 15  New Zealand  Australia
2006 19 August Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 34 – 27  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
29 July Lang Park, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 9 – 13  New Zealand  New Zealand
8 July Lancaster Park, Christchurch  New Zealand 32 – 12  Australia  New Zealand
2005 3 September Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 34 – 24  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
13 August Stadium Australia, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 13 – 30  New Zealand  New Zealand
2004 7 August Stadium Australia, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 23 – 18  New Zealand  Australia New Zealand
17 July Wellington Regional Stadium, Wellington  New Zealand 16 – 7  Australia  New Zealand
2003 16 August Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 21 – 17  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
26 July Stadium Australia, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 21 – 50  New Zealand  New Zealand
2002 3 August Stadium Australia, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 16 – 14  New Zealand  Australia Australia
13 July Lancaster Park, Christchurch  New Zealand 12 – 6  Australia  New Zealand
2001 1 September Stadium Australia, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 29 – 26  New Zealand  Australia Australia
11 August Carisbrook, Dunedin  New Zealand 15 – 23  Australia  Australia
2000 5 August Wellington Regional Stadium, Wellington  New Zealand 23 – 24  Australia  Australia Australia
15 July Stadium Australia, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 35 – 39  New Zealand  New Zealand
1999 28 August Stadium Australia, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 28 – 7  New Zealand  Australia Australia
24 July Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 34 – 15  Australia  New Zealand
1998 29 August Sydney Football Stadium, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 19 – 14  New Zealand  Australia Australia
1 August Lancaster Park, Christchurch  New Zealand 23 – 27  Australia  Australia
11 July Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Victoria  Australia 24 – 16  New Zealand  Australia
1997 16 August Carisbrook, Dunedin  New Zealand 36 – 24  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
26 July Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Victoria  Australia 18 – 33  New Zealand  New Zealand
5 July Lancaster Park, Christchurch  New Zealand 30 – 13  Australia  New Zealand
1996 27 July Lang Park, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 25 – 32  New Zealand  New Zealand New Zealand
6 July Athletic Park, Wellington  New Zealand 43 – 6  Australia  New Zealand
1995 29 July Sydney Football Stadium, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 23 – 34  New Zealand  New Zealand New Zealand
22 July Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 28 – 16  Australia  New Zealand
1994 17 August Sydney Football Stadium, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 20 – 16  New Zealand  Australia Australia
1993 17 July Carisbrook, Dunedin  New Zealand 25 – 10  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
1992 25 July Sydney Football Stadium, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 23 – 26  New Zealand  New Zealand Australia
19 July Ballymore Stadium, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 19 – 17  New Zealand  Australia
4 July Sydney Football Stadium, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 16 – 15  New Zealand  Australia
1991 24 August Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 6 – 3  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
10 August Sydney Football Stadium, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 21 – 12  New Zealand  Australia
1990 18 August Athletic Park, Wellington  New Zealand 9 – 21  Australia  Australia New Zealand
4 August Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 27 – 17  Australia  New Zealand
21 July Lancaster Park, Christchurch  New Zealand 21 – 6  Australia  New Zealand
1989 5 August Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 24 – 12  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
1988 30 July Concord Oval, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 9 – 30  New Zealand  New Zealand New Zealand
16 July Ballymore Stadium, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 19 – 19  New Zealand   draw
3 July Concord Oval, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 7 – 32  New Zealand  New Zealand
1987 25 July Concord Oval, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 16 – 30  New Zealand  New Zealand New Zealand
1986 6 September Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 9 – 22  Australia  Australia Australia
23 August Carisbrook, Dunedin  New Zealand 13 – 12  Australia  New Zealand
9 August Athletic Park, Wellington  New Zealand 12 – 13  Australia  Australia
1985 29 June Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 10 – 9  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
1984 18 August Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 24 – 25  New Zealand  New Zealand New Zealand
4 August Ballymore Stadium, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 15 – 19  New Zealand  New Zealand
21 July Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 16 – 9  New Zealand  Australia
1983 20 August Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 8 – 18  New Zealand  New Zealand New Zealand
1982 11 September Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 33 – 18  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
28 August Athletic Park, Wellington  New Zealand 16 – 19  Australia  Australia
14 August Lancaster Park, Christchurch  New Zealand 23 – 16  Australia  New Zealand
1980 12 July Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 26 – 10  New Zealand  Australia Australia
28 June Ballymore Stadium, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 9 – 12  New Zealand  New Zealand
21 June Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 13 – 9  New Zealand  Australia
1979 28 July Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 12 – 6  New Zealand  Australia Australia
1978 9 September Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 16 – 30  Australia  Australia New Zealand
26 August Lancaster Park, Christchurch  New Zealand 22 – 6  Australia  New Zealand
19 August Athletic Park, Wellington  New Zealand 13 – 12  Australia  New Zealand
1974 8 June 1974 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 6 – 16  New Zealand  New Zealand New Zealand
1 June 1974 Ballymore Stadium, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 16 – 16  New Zealand draw
25 May 1974 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 6 – 11  New Zealand  New Zealand
1972 16 September 1972 Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 38 – 3  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
2 September 1972 Lancaster Park, Christchurch  New Zealand 30 – 17  Australia  New Zealand
19 August 1972 Athletic Park, Wellington  New Zealand 29 – 6  Australia  New Zealand
1968 22 June 1968 Ballymore Stadium, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 18 – 19  New Zealand  New Zealand New Zealand
15 June 1968 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 11 – 27  New Zealand  New Zealand
1967 19 August 1967 Athletic Park, Wellington  New Zealand 29 – 9  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
1964 29 August 1964 Athletic Park, Wellington  New Zealand 5 – 20  Australia  Australia New Zealand
22 August 1964 Lancaster Park, Christchurch  New Zealand 18 – 3  Australia  New Zealand
15 August 1964 Carisbrook, Dunedin  New Zealand 14 – 9  Australia  New Zealand
1962 22 September 1962 Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 16 – 8  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
8 September 1962 Carisbrook, Dunedin  New Zealand 3 – 0  Australia  New Zealand
25 August 1962 Athletic Park, Wellington  New Zealand 9 – 9  Australia   draw
4 June 1962 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 5 – 14  New Zealand  New Zealand
26 May 1962 Exhibition Ground, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 6 – 20  New Zealand  New Zealand
1958 20 September 1958 Epsom Showgrounds, Auckland  New Zealand 17 – 8  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
6 September 1958 Lancaster Park, Christchurch  New Zealand 3 – 6  Australia  Australia
23 August 1958 Athletic Park, Wellington  New Zealand 25 – 3  Australia  New Zealand
1957 1 June 1957 Exhibition Ground, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 9 – 22  New Zealand  New Zealand New Zealand
25 May 1957 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 11 – 25  New Zealand  New Zealand
1955 17 September 1955 Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 3 – 8  Australia  Australia New Zealand
3 September 1955 Carisbrook, Dunedin  New Zealand 8 – 0  Australia  New Zealand
20 August 1955 Athletic Park, Wellington  New Zealand 16 – 8  Australia  New Zealand
1952 13 September 1952 Athletic Park, Wellington  New Zealand 15 – 8  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
6 September 1952 Lancaster Park, Christchurch  New Zealand 9 – 14  Australia  Australia
1951 21 July 1951 Woolloongabba Ground, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 6 – 16  New Zealand  New Zealand New Zealand
7 July 1951 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 11 – 17  New Zealand  New Zealand
23 June 1951 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 0 – 8  New Zealand  New Zealand
1949 24 September 1949 Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 9 – 16  Australia  Australia Australia
3 September 1949 Athletic Park, Wellington  New Zealand 6 – 11  Australia  Australia
1947 28 June 1947 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 14 – 27  New Zealand  New Zealand New Zealand
14 June 1947 Exhibition Ground, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 5 – 13  New Zealand  New Zealand
1946 28 September 1946 Eden Park, Auckland  New Zealand 14 – 10  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
14 September 1946 Carisbrook, Dunedin  New Zealand 31 – 8  Australia  New Zealand
1938 13 August Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 6 – 14  New Zealand  New Zealand New Zealand
6 August Exhibition Ground, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 14 – 20  New Zealand  New Zealand
23 July Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 9 – 24  New Zealand  New Zealand
1936 12 September Carisbrook, Dunedin  New Zealand 38 – 13  Australia  New Zealand New Zealand
5 September Athletic Park, Wellington  New Zealand 11 – 6  Australia  New Zealand
1934 25 August Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 3 – 3  New Zealand   draw Australia
11 August Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 25 – 11  New Zealand  Australia
1932 23 July 1932 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 13 – 21  New Zealand  New Zealand New Zealand
16 July Exhibition Ground, Brisbane, Queensland  Australia 3 – 21  New Zealand  New Zealand
2 July Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, New South Wales  Australia 22 – 17  New Zealand  Australia

Overall[edit]

Most titles won:

  1. New Zealand - 41 (including 1931)
  2. Australia - 12

Longest time held by Australia: 5 years (1998–2002) (5 Titles)

Longest time held by New Zealand: 28 years (1951–1978) (12 Titles)

By Year[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Matheson, John (2009-02-22). "Fourth Bledisloe Test switched from Denver to Tokyo". Rugby Heaven. Retrieved 2009-02-28. [dead link]
  2. ^ "Hong Kong to host NZ v Australia". BBC Sport. 2008-03-03. Retrieved 2008-03-03. 
  3. ^ "Australia 14-19 New Zealand". BBC Sport. 2008-11-01. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  4. ^ "US & Japan may host Bledisloe Cup". BBC Sport. 2008-10-31. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  5. ^ "Rugby: Bledisloe test locked in for Hong Kong". Otago Daily Times. 13 September 2010. Retrieved 20 September 2011. 

External links[edit]