British Peruvian

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This article is about Peruvian people of British descent. For British people of Peruvian descent, see Peruvian Briton.
British Peruvian
GEORGE YOUNG HOLMES.jpgBayly Jaime IMGP3054.JPG
Notable British Peruvians
Jorge Young Holmes · Diego Bertie · Jaime Bayly · Daniel Hannan
Total population
150,000
Regions with significant populations
Callao · Lima · Arequipa · Moyobamba
Languages
Spanish · English
Religion
Protestantism · Roman Catholicism · Others
Part of a series of articles on
Groups
British Argentines
British Bolivians
British Brazilians
British Chileans
British Colombians
British Costa Ricans
British Dominicans
British Ecuadorians
British Guatemalans
British Hondurans
British Mexicans
British Nicaraguans
British Panamanians
British Paraguayans
British Peruvians
British Puerto Ricans
British Salvadorians
British Uruguayans
British Venezuelans
Languages
Spanish · Portuguese · British English

A British Peruvian is a Peruvian person of British descent. The phrase may refer to someone born in Peru of British descent. Among European Peruvians, the British were the fifth largest group of immigrants to settle in the country after the Spanish, Italians, Germans, the Swiss or/and the French.

History[edit]

Between 1860 and 1950 it is estimated that around 1900 British settled in Peru, although many of them returned to Europe or emigrated to countries like Argentina or Chile. The regions from which most of the British immigrants originated were Southampton and London, as well as Birmingham and Liverpool.

In 1872, the Sociedad de Inmigración Europea ("European Immigration Society") was founded in Peru. Its objective was promoting Old World immigration by covering the costs of their journeys and financially supporting them during their first settler years in Peru.

They mostly interacted with fellow British immigrants, and were usually relatively skilled at a trade. Many of them intermarried and at the beginning they were united, but as time passed many of them broke the circle. The British corporations owned many salitre mines in the Tacna region during World War I when the territory was then Chilean ruled.[citation needed]

Many British Peruvians left the nation in 1960s and 1970s to flee from excessive poverty. Others fled in response to the dictatorship of Gen. Juan Velasco Alvarado and most of these moved to United States, United Kingdom and Spain, while most of the rest to Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The second wave of British Peruvians left during the Alan García regime that led Peru to extreme poverty and hyperinflation. An estimated there 8,000 Peruvians of British descent.[1]

Cultural legacy[edit]

Inca Kola was invented by an English immigrant. In 1911, in Rímac, one of Lima's oldest and most traditional neighborhoods, an immigrant English family began a small bottling company under their family name, Lindley. In 1928, the company was formally chartered in Peru as Corporación José R. Lindley S.A., whereupon Joseph R. Lindley became its first General Manager.[2][3][4][5]

British Peruvian institutions and associations[edit]

  • Cámara de Comercio Peruano-Británica
  • Newton College
  • Markham College
  • San Silvestre School
  • Colegio Peruano-Británico
  • Asociación Cultural Peruano-Británica
  • Teatro Británico de Lima
  • Asociación de descendientes Británicos en Peru
  • Asociación Escocia-Peru
  • Asociación Británico-Peruano

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Los británicos en el Peru" de Brenda Harriman
  2. ^ "Ayuda a Pablo y sé parte de la historia del nuevo comercial de Inca Kola" (in Spanish). Retrieved January 11, 2012. 
  3. ^ "EMPRESAS TRANSNACIONALES EN EL PERÚ: Nestlé Peru S.A." (in Spanish). 
  4. ^ "Créditos Peru" (in Spanish). Retrieved January 11, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Corporación José R. Lindley S.A.". Inca Kola.