Burning Mountain

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For the Alfred Coppel science fiction novel, see The Burning Mountain. For the Larry Niven fantasy novel Burning Mountain, see Larry Niven.
Burning Mountain
Mount Wingen
Burning Mountain Summit.jpg
View of the summit
Elevation 520 m (1,706 ft)[1]
Prominence 120 m (394 ft)[1]
Location
Burning Mountain is located in New South Wales
Burning Mountain
Burning Mountain
New South Wales, Australia
Coordinates 31°51′54″S 150°54′04″E / 31.86500°S 150.90111°E / -31.86500; 150.90111Coordinates: 31°51′54″S 150°54′04″E / 31.86500°S 150.90111°E / -31.86500; 150.90111[2]
Topo map Murrurundi 9034 (1:100000)
Murrurundi 90324N (1:25000)
Climbing
Easiest route walking track

Burning Mountain, the common name for Mount Wingen, is a hill near Wingen, New South Wales, Australia, approximately 224 km (139 mi) north of Sydney just off the New England Highway.[2] It takes its name from a smouldering coal seam running underground through the sandstone. Burning Mountain is contained within the Burning Mountain Nature Reserve, which is administered by the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS).[3][4]

A trail with information panels runs from the park carpark to the site where smoke emanates from the ground.

Coal seam fire[edit]

The underground fire is estimated to be at a depth of around 30 m (98 ft).[5] The scientific estimate is that the fire has burned for approximately 6,000 years and is the oldest known coal fire.[6]

European explorers and settlers to the area believed the smoke, coming from the ground, was volcanic in origin.[5] It was not until 1829 that geologist C.P.N. Wilton identified it as a coal seam fire.[5]

The fire is generally moving in a southerly direction at a rate of about 1 m (3 ft) per year. The combustion has caused soil discolouration and an uneven ground surface in the area.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Topographic map Murrurundi 90324N
  2. ^ a b "Burning Mountain". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 30 January 2011. 
  3. ^ "Burning Mountain Nature Reserve". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 30 January 2011. 
  4. ^ "Burning Mountain Nature Reserve". Department of Environment, Climate Change & Water. Retrieved 30 January 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d Stone, Derrick (2012). Walks, Tracks and Trails of New South Wales. Csiro Publishing. p. 115. ISBN 0643106928. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  6. ^ Krajick, Kevin (May 2005). "Fire in the hole". Smithsonian magazine (Smithsonian Institution): 54ff. Retrieved 24 October 2006.