Buskerud

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Buskerud fylke
County
Hydnefossen5.jpg
Coat of arms of Buskerud fylke
Coat of arms
Buskerud within Norway
Buskerud within Norway
Country Norway
County Buskerud
Region Østlandet
County ID NO-06
Administrative centre Drammen
Government
 • Governor Kirsti Kolle Grøndahl
  Arbeiderpartiet
  (1999–present)
 • County mayor Morten Eriksrød
  Conservative Party
  (2011–present)
Area
 • Total 14,908 km2 (5,756 sq mi)
 • Land 13,794 km2 (5,326 sq mi)
Area rank #12 in Norway, 4.53% of Norway's land area
Population (2014)
 • Total 271.252
 • Rank 8 (5.29% of country)
 • Density 18/km2 (50/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 6.7 %
Demonym Buskerudfolk
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02)
Official language form Neutral
Income (per capita) 155,400 NOK
GDP (per capita) 227,626 NOK (2001)
GDP national rank 7 (3.57% of country)
Website www.bfk.no
Data from Statistics Norway
Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1951 156,220 —    
1961 168,351 +7.8%
1971 198,852 +18.1%
1981 214,571 +7.9%
1991 225,261 +5.0%
2001 238,833 +6.0%
2011 261,110 +9.3%
2021? 300,142 +14.9%
2031? 332,808 +10.9%
Source: Statistics Norway.[1]
Religion in Buskerud[2][3]
religion percent
Christianity
  
83.01%
Islam
  
3.14%
Buddhism
  
0.31%
Other
  
13.54%

Buskerud [ˈbʉskəˈrʉːd]  ( listen) is a county in Norway, bordering Akershus, Oslo, Oppland, Sogn og Fjordane, Hordaland, Telemark, and Vestfold. The county administration is located in Drammen.

Map of Buskerud County

Geography[edit]

Winter in Blefjell

Buskerud extends from Hurum at the Oslofjord to the Halling mountains and Hardanger. The county is conventionally divided into traditional districts. These are Eiker, Ringerike, Numedal and Hallingdal. Hønefoss is the district capital of Ringerike. Drammen and its vicinity (Røyken, Lier and Hurum) is often considered a separate district, but is also at times considered part of the Eiker district. Buskerud's western part is a mountainous plateau with forested valleys and high, grassy pastures; its eastern part contains a lowland basin with many lakes and streams. Tyrifjorden and Krøderen are the biggest lakes. Numedalslågen, the third longest river in Norway, starting in Hordaland, runs through Buskerud unto Vestfold where it reaches the sea, while river Begna sweeps into lake Sperillen.

History[edit]

Buskerud was separated from Akershus as an amt of its own in 1685, but the area of this one it was smaller than today. (It then consisted of the present municipalities of Flå, Gol, Hemsedal, Hol, Hole, Krødsherad, Modum, Nedre Eiker, Nes, Ringerike, Sigdal, Øvre Eiker and Ål.) The area of the present municipalities of Flesberg, Hurum, Kongsberg, Lier, Nore og Uvdal, Rollag and Røyken were transferred from Akershus amt to Buskerud amt in 1760. The name Buskeruds amt was changed to Buskerud fylke in 1919. The municipality of Skoger was transferred from Vestfold to Buskerud in 1964.

The area Ringerike may once have been a small kingdom. During the 10th century, Norway's kings Olav Trygvason and Olav Haraldsson grew up at Bønsnes in Ringerike. In the Numedal valley, silver has been mined in Kongsberg from the 17th century but was discontinued in 1957. Weapons industry had been developed in Kongsberg from 1814, and various high tech industry companies now represent the town's major employers. At Modum there once was a Cobalt pigment production works (Blaafarveværket, "The Blue Colour Works").

Economy[edit]

Today, agriculture, lumber, wood-pulp mills, and other related industries are the county's main economic activities; ample hydroelectric power is produced by Begna and Rands rivers. Buskerud has also has the largest amount of trees in Norway.[citation needed] Substantial income is derived from the high tech industries located in Kongsberg. Other significant income comes from the cabin areas in northern Buskerud.

Etymology[edit]

The county is named after the old farm Buskerud (Buskerud hovedgård, Old Norse: Biskupsruð) located on the west side of the Drammen River in Åmot in Modum municipality. The first element is the genitive case of biskup m 'bishop' (referring to the bishop of Oslo or Hamar), the last element is ruð n 'clearing, farm'. The farm is one of the largest in Buskerud, and the original name of the farm (before it became a benefice) was probably Modum. At the time of the Reformation (ca. 1536–39) the farm became property of the Crown and the farm then served as the residence of the king's bailiffs until 1668.

Coat of arms[edit]

Buskerud's coat of arms (created in April 1966) features a blue bear whose colours are symbolic of the blue colour works. The silver background of Buskerud's coat of arms represents the silver industry in Kongsberg.

Notable people from Buskerud[edit]

Sports figures[edit]

Other (Musician, TV-Star, TV-Hosts)[edit]

Municipalities[edit]

Municipalities in Buskerud
Rank Name Inhabitants[4] Area km2
1 Drammen kommune Drammen 62,566 136
2 Ringerike kommune Ringerike 28,806 1,437
3 Kongsberg kommune Kongsberg 24,714 761
4 Lier kommune Lier 23,267 283
5 Nedre Eiker kommune Nedre Eiker 22,687 116
6 Røyken kommune Røyken 18,894 112
7 Øvre Eiker kommune Øvre Eiker 16,616 421
8 Modum kommune Modum 12,911 468
9 Hurum kommune Hurum 9,045 156
10 Hole kommune Hole 5,976 135
11 Ål kommune Ål 4,672 1,083
12 Gol kommune Gol 4,479 517
13 Hol kommune Hol 4,422 1,669
14 Sigdal kommune Sigdal 3,514 813
15 Nes kommune Nes 3,420 776
16 Flesberg kommune Flesberg 2,578 542
17 Nore og Uvdal kommune Nore og Uvdal 2,514 2,281
18 Krødsherad kommune Krødsherad 2,117 341
19 Hemsedal kommune Hemsedal 2,087 715
20 Rollag kommune Rollag 1,390 484
21 Flå kommune Flå 998 674
Total Buskerud Fylke Buskerud 257,673 12,336

References[edit]

Hydnefossen5.jpg

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 60°30′00″N 09°30′00″E / 60.50000°N 9.50000°E / 60.50000; 9.50000