||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Norwegian (bokmål) Wikipedia. (July 2012)|
Buskerud within Norway
|• Governor||Kirsti Kolle Grøndahl
|• County mayor||Morten Eriksrød
|• Total||14,908 km2 (5,756 sq mi)|
|• Land||13,794 km2 (5,326 sq mi)|
|Area rank||#12 in Norway, 4.53% of Norway's land area|
|• Rank||8 (5.29% of country)|
|• Density||18/km2 (50/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||6.7 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+01)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+02)|
|Official language form||Neutral|
|Income (per capita)||155,400 NOK|
|GDP (per capita)||227,626 NOK (2001)|
|GDP national rank||7 (3.57% of country)|
|Source: Statistics Norway.|
Buskerud extends from Hurum at the Oslofjord to the Halling mountains and Hardanger. The county is conventionally divided into traditional districts. These are Hallingdal, Numedal, Ringerike, Northern Vestfold, and Western Vingulmark. Hallingdal consists of Flå, Nes, Gol, Hemsedal, Ål and Hol. Numedal consists of Flesberg, Rollag and Nore og Uvdal. Ringerike consists of Hole, Krødsherad, Modum, Ringerike and Sigdal. Northern Vestfold consists of Eiker, Drammen, Kongsberg, Lier. Western Vingulmark consists of Hurum and Røyken.
Buskerud's western part is a mountainous plateau with forested valleys and high, grassy pastures; its eastern part contains a lowland basin with many lakes and streams. Tyrifjorden and Krøderen are the biggest lakes. Numedalslågen, the third longest river in Norway, starting in Hordaland, runs through Buskerud unto Vestfold where it reaches the sea, while river Begna sweeps into lake Sperillen.
Buskerud was separated from Akershus as an amt of its own in 1685, but the area of this one it was smaller than today. (It then consisted of the present municipalities of Flå, Gol, Hemsedal, Hol, Hole, Krødsherad, Modum, Nedre Eiker, Nes, Ringerike, Sigdal, Øvre Eiker and Ål.) The area of the present municipalities of Flesberg, Hurum, Kongsberg, Lier, Nore og Uvdal, Rollag and Røyken were transferred from Akershus amt to Buskerud amt in 1760. The name Buskeruds amt was changed to Buskerud fylke in 1919. The municipality of Skoger was transferred from Vestfold to Buskerud in 1964.
The area Ringerike may once have been a small kingdom. During the 10th century, Norway's kings Olav Trygvason and Olav Haraldsson grew up at Bønsnes in Ringerike. In the Numedal valley, silver has been mined in Kongsberg from the 17th century but was discontinued in 1957. Weapons industry had been developed in Kongsberg from 1814, and various high tech industry companies now represent the town's major employers. At Modum there once was a Cobalt pigment production works (Blaafarveværket, "The Blue Colour Works").
Today, agriculture, lumber, wood-pulp mills and other related industries are the county's main economic activities; ample hydroelectric power is produced by Begna and Rands rivers. Buskerud has also has the largest amount of trees in Norway. Substantial income is derived from the high tech industries located in Kongsberg. Other significant income comes from the cabin areas in northern Buskerud.
The county is named after the old farm Buskerud (Buskerud hovedgård, Old Norse: Biskupsruð) located on the west side of the Drammen River in Åmot in Modum municipality. The first element is the genitive case of biskup m 'bishop' (referring to the bishop of Oslo or Hamar), the last element is ruð n 'clearing, farm'. The farm is one of the largest in Buskerud, and the original name of the farm (before it became a benefice) was probably Modum. At the time of the Reformation (ca. 1536–39) the farm became property of the Crown and the farm then served as the residence of the king's bailiffs until 1668.
Coat of arms
Buskerud's coat of arms (created in April 1966) features a blue bear whose colours are symbolic of the blue colour works. The silver background of Buskerud's coat of arms represents the silver industry in Kongsberg.
Notable people from Buskerud
- Frode Andresen, Ringerike
- Christer Basma, Røyken
- Dag Bjørndalen, Modum
- Ole Einar Bjørndalen, Modum
- Håvard Bøkko, Hol
- Kim Christiansen, Drammen
- Ole Gunnar Fidjestøl, Modum
- Tord Asle Gjerdalen, Hole
- Erik Hagen, Ringerike
- Anders Jacobsen, Ringerike
- Jørre Kjemperud, Modum
- Pål Gunnar Mikkelsplass, Nes
- Børre Næss, Kongsberg
- Sigurd Pettersen, Rollag
- Steinar Pettersen, Drammen
- Asbjørn Ruud, Kongsberg
- Birger Ruud, Kongsberg
- Sigmund Ruud, Kongsberg
- Strømsgodset, Gulskogen, Drammen
- Ådne Søndrål, Hol
Other (Musician, TV-Star, TV-Hosts)
- Karin Fossum, Lier
- Morten Harket, Kongsberg
- Thorbjørn Jagland, Lier
- Theodor Kittelsen, Sigdal
- Jonas Lie, Modum
- Jørgen Moe, Hole
- Anne Marie Ottersen, Kongsberg
- Olav Thon, Ål
- Christian Skredsvig, Sigdal
- Carsten Skjelbreid, Kongsberg
- Jonas Fjeld, Drammen
- Elin Sogn, Kongsberg
|17||Nore og Uvdal||2,514||2,281|
- Projected population - Statistics Norway
- Statistics Norway - Church of Norway.
- Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010
- Hallingdal, snl.no
- Numedal, snl.no
- Vol. XIII: A History Of Norway And The Passion And Miracles Of The Blessed Óláfr Viking Society for Northern Research, Anthony Faulkes and Richard Perkins, p. 128
- Munch, Peter Andreas (1849). Historisk-geographisk beskrivelse over kongeriget Norge (Noregsveldi) i middelalderen. W. Gram. p. 168-179.
- Vestfold - gammelt navn, snl.no
- Vingulmark, snl.no
- Statistisk Sentralbyrå (1 January 2010). "www.ssb.no".
- Buskerud fylkeskommune,
- Ringeriks region
- Drammens region
- Vest region
- Media related to Buskerud at Wikimedia Commons
- Buskerud travel guide from Wikivoyage