Rogaland

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Rogaland fylke
County
Pulpit Rock Preikestolen Norway.jpeg
Coat of arms of Rogaland fylke
Coat of arms
Rogaland within Norway
Rogaland within Norway
Country Norway
County Rogaland
Region Vestlandet
County ID NO-11
Administrative centre Stavanger
Government
 • Governor Magnhild Meltveit Kleppa
  (2013–present)
 • County mayor Janne Johnsen
  Conservative Party
  (2011–present)
Area
 • Total 9,378 km2 (3,621 sq mi)
 • Land 8,590 km2 (3,320 sq mi)
Area rank #13 in Norway, 2.82% of Norway's land area
Population (2014)
 • Total 473,600
 • Rank 4 (8.49% of country)
 • Density 51/km2 (130/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 9.8 %
Demonym Rogalending
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02)
Official language form Neutral
Income (per capita) 155,000 NOK
GDP (per capita) 267,340 NOK (2008)
GDP national rank 4 (6.63% of country)
Website www.rogfk.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Rogaland [ˈruːɡɑˈlɑn]  ( listen) is a county in Western Norway, bordering Hordaland, Telemark, Aust-Agder and Vest-Agder. It is the center of the Norwegian petroleum industry, and as a result of this, Rogaland has the lowest unemployment rate of any county in Norway, 1.1%.[1] Rogaland has a fertility rate of 2.18 children per woman, which is the highest in the country, and one of the highest in Europe.[citation needed]

Etymology[edit]

Rogaland is the Norse name of the region – revived in modern times. Until 1919 the name of the county was Stavanger amt. It has been argued that the first element is the plural genitive case of rygir, the name of an old Germanic tribe (see Rugians). The last element is land n 'land, region'. In Norse times the region was alternatively called Rygjafylki (see Ryfylke).

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1974). It shows the old stone cross in Sola, erected in memory of Erling Skjalgsson after his death in 1028.

Geography[edit]

Rogaland is mainly a coastal region with fjords, beaches, and islands, the principal island being Karmøy. Boknafjorden is the largest bay, with many fjords branching off from it.

The third-largest urban area of Norway is located in Rogaland. Stavanger, along with Sandnes, Randaberg and Sola, is ranked above Trondheim.

Cities/towns: Stavanger, Sandnes, Haugesund, Egersund, Sauda, Bryne, Kopervik, Åkrehamn and Skudeneshavn.

Karmøy has large deposits of copper (some of which was used in the construction of the Statue of Liberty). Rogaland is the most important region for oil and gas exploration in Norway, and is one of the country's most important agricultural districts.

History[edit]

In the district are remains from the earliest times, such as the excavations in a cave at Viste[disambiguation needed] in Randaberg (Svarthola). These include the find of a skeleton of a boy from the Stone Age. Various archeological finds stem from the following times, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Many crosses in Irish style have been found. Rogaland was called Rygjafylke in the Viking Age. Before Harald Fairhair and the Battle of Hafrsfjord, it was a petty kingdom. The Rugians were a tribe possibly connected with Rogaland.

Culture and tourism[edit]

Orrestranda in the Jæren district.

A series of festivals and congresses of international fame and profile are arranged, such as The Chamber Music Festival, The Maijazz Festival, The Gladmat (lit. food with a happy smile) Festival, and The ONS event, which has been held in Stavanger every second year since 1974. The ONS is a major international conference and exhibition with focus on oil and gas, and other topics from the petroleum industry. The Concert Hall and Music Complex at Bjergsted and the Stavanger Symphony Orchestra provide important inspiration in the Norwegian musical environment. Another annual event in Stavanger is The World Tour Beach Volleyball. During this tournament, the downtown is converted into a beach volleyball arena.

Rogaland is home to many natural wonders, like Prekestolen, Kjerag and Gloppedalsura. In Stavanger, there is an archeological museum with many artifacts from early history in Rogaland. An Iron Age farm at Ullandhaug in Stavanger is reconstructed on the original farm site dating back to 350-500 AD. The Viking Farm is a museum located at Karmøy.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The county is conventionally divided into traditional districts. These are Haugalandet north of Boknafjorden, Ryfylke in the mountainous east, Jæren to the southwest, Dalane in the far south and the Stavanger region

Location of Rogaland Municipalities

Rogaland has a total of 26 municipalities:

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Rogaland[2][3]
religion percent
Christianity
  
85.47%
Islam
  
1.53%
Buddhism
  
0.24%
Other/atheism
  
12.76%

Total population:[4][5]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1951 211,512 —    
1961 239,052 +13.0%
1971 268,684 +12.4%
1981 305,490 +13.7%
1991 337,906 +10.6%
2001 375,225 +11.0%
2011 436,087 +16.2%
2021 (est.)
525,729 +20.6%
2031 (est.)
594,278 +13.0%

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 58°58′22″N 6°54′37″E / 58.9727°N 6.9104°E / 58.9727; 6.9104