C. V. Sridhar

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C. V. Sridhar
Sridhar director.jpg
Born Chithamur Vijayaraghavulu Sridhar
(1933-07-22)July 22, 1933
Chithamur, Chengalpattu, Tamil Nadu, India
Died 20 October 2008(2008-10-20) (aged 75)
Chennai
Occupation
Years active 1959–1991
Spouse(s) Devasena
Parents Vijayaraghavulu Chettiar
Thaayarammal

C. V. Sridhar (22 July 1933 – 20 October 2008) was a South Indian screenwriter and film director. He has directed nearly 60 films in Tamil, Hindi and Telugu.

Early life[edit]

Sridhar hailed from Chitthamur, a village near Madurantakam, Tamil Nadu. He studied at St. Joseph's Higher Secondary School (Chengalpattu), where he began writing and staging plays while he was in Grade seven.

Career[edit]

Entry[edit]

In 1951, 18 year old Sridhar went to AVM Productions with his story Latchiyavathi but P. Neelakantan rejected his story.[1] Avvai T. K. Shanmugam was very much impressed by the story and Sridhar wrote the screenplay and dialogues for the drama. It was staged as Raththa Paasam and was one of the most successful dramas staged by TKS brothers. Sridhar was proudly taken to the stage and introduced to the audience as the writer. It was later produced jointly by TKS and Jupiter pictures under Jupiter — Avvai Productions where Jupiter pictures recommended some other writer to write the dialogues for the film. It was T. K. Shanmugam who was staunch that Sridhar should write the screenplay and dialogues. Sridhar made his entry into films as a screen writer in Raththa Paasam. Later AVM Productions produced it in Hindi as Bhaai Bhaai starring Ashok Kumar and Kishore Kumar. The film gave a big commercial break for the music director Madan Mohan.[2]

Sridhar wrote story and dialogues for Edhir Paradhathu. Sridhar wrote the dialogues in Tamil for the Telugu movie Parivartana and the movie was dubbed in 1955 as Latchadhipathi. Sridhar continued on writing for films like Maaman Magal, Maheswari, Amara Deepam, Maadharkula Manikkam, Enga Veettu Mahalatchumi, Yaar Paiyan, Manjal Mahimai, Uthama Puthiran and Punar Jenmam.

While working in Modern Theatres as writer for the film Maheswari, Sridhar had an opportunity to improve his knowledge and skills about film production. T. R. Sundaram had a huge library of international books about great films and directors, about film production, critical and technical essays. Sridhar read those books and gained immense knowledge in film making. Sridhar had a very high esteem on the legendary director V. Shantaram.[3]

Venus Pictures[edit]

In 1956, Sridhar turned producer along with associates Krishnamoorthi, Govindarajan and Sundararajan in Venus Pictures where he scripted Amara Deepam and followed by Uthama Puthiran. Both films had Sivaji Ganesan and Padmini as the main roles. He made his debut as a director with Kalyana Parisu. This movie ran for more than 25 weeks, and is revered to this day as a milestone in the history of Tamil cinema. After this, he had a huge fan following and his name was talked about among the middle class movie going audience.[4]

Chithralaya[edit]

He started his own production company Chithralaya (the emblem was designed by Art director Ganga) in 1961 with his friends Gopu, Vincent, Sundaram and Tiruchi Arunachalam made Then Nilavu. The latter which had Gemini Ganesan and Vyjayanthimala in the lead was the first Tamil film to be shot in Jammu and Kashmir.[5] He made a series of commercially successful films like Nenjil Ore Alayam, Kaadhalikka Neramillai, Vennira Adai and many more.

Film-making style[edit]

Sridhar wrote in a variety of styles, from the comical Kaadhalikka Neramillai to the serious Nenjil Or Aalayam. The latter was remade in Hindi with Rajendra Kumar and Meena Kumari as Dil Ek Mandir which earn him two nomination at Filmfare Awards, Best Director and Best Story categories. He brought out the best in comedians T. R. Ramachandran, K. A. Thangavelu, and Nagesh, and helped introduce Murthy to a wider audience in Vennira Adai. Murthy, now a TV and movie comedian, is still sometimes referred to as "Venniradai Moorthy" after the fame he received from his performance in the movie.[6][7]

Sridhar's Kaadhalikka Neramillai was one of the greatest blockbusters of Tamil film history;[citation needed]. It was later remade in Hindi with actor Kishore Kumar and Shashi Kapoor. Sridhar helped launch the career of some of the celebrities in Tamil cinema namely R. Muthuraman and Devika in Nenjil Or Aalayam, Sreekanth, J. Jayalalithaa, Vennira Aadai Nirmala and Venniradai Moorthy in Vennira Adai (White Dress), Ravichandran, Kanchana and Rajasree in Kaadhalikka Neramillai, Jayashree in Thendralae Ennai Thodu and Vikram in Thanthu Vitten Ennai.

His Bollywood films include Nazrana (1961), Dil Ek Mandir (1963), Pyar Kiye Jaa (1966) and Gehri Chaal (1973). Nazrana, starring by Raj Kapoor, Vyjayanthimala, Usha Kiran and Gemini Ganesan in guest appearance, earned him Filmfare Award for Best Story.

Sridhar's films with Sivaji Ganesan include Ooty Varai Uravu, Nenjirukkum Varai, Sivantha Mann. Sivanthaman was the first color movie in Tamil shot at foreign locations. Dharti, the Hindi version was released in 1970.

With M. G. Ramachandran, he made Urimai Kural (which was a commercial success) and Meenava Nanban (which happened to be MGR's last movie).

In all his films he used a combination of stars, melodrama and melodious songs. He has directed films in Tamil, Hindi and Telugu. Sridhar was considered an expert in song picturisation as he could transform any song into sheer poetry. The formidable Sridhar - Kannadasan - M. S. Viswanathan combination held a magic spell on the audience and the songs contributed to the tremendous success of those films.

Retirement and death[edit]

In 1997 when Sridhar was in poor health, Rajinikanth offered financial help to tide him over, but Sridhar refused the charity. He gave the same reply to director P. Vasu, who was his disciple. Sridhar, whose career spanned four decades, is credited with understanding the pulse of the public and creating movies in tune with the times.

Sridhar died of Heart attack in Chennai on 20 October 2008.[8]

Filmography[edit]

List of films directed by Sridhar. You may refer to the notes for thye extra activities of him in the particular films.

Year Film Language Actors Music Banner Note
1954 Ratha Paasam Tamil T. K. Shanmugam, T. K. Bhagavathi, Anjali Devi M. K. Athmanathan Jupiter Pictures & Avvai Productions directed by R. S. Mani
Story & Dialogues only
1954 Edhir Paradhathu Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, Padmini, Chittor V. Nagaiah C. N. Pandurangan Saravanabava Pictures & Unity Pictures directed by Ch. Narayanamoorthy
Story & Dialogues only
1955 Maheswari Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, K. Savithri, K. A. Thangavelu G. Ramanathan Modern Theatres directed by T. R. Raghunath
Story & Dialogues only
1955 Latchadhipathi Tamil N. T. Rama Rao, A. Nageswara Rao, K. Savithri T. Chalapathi Rao Janata Productions directed by T. Prakash Rao
Dialogues only
1955 Maman Magal Tamil Gemini Ganesan, K. Savithri, J. P. Chandrababu S. V. Venkatraman Mani Productions directed by R. S. Mani
Dialogues only
1956 Amara Deepam Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, K. Savithri, Padmini, K. A. Thangavelu T. Chalapathi Rao Venus Pictures directed by T. Prakash Rao
Story & Dialogues only
1956 Bhaai Bhaai Hindi Ashok Kumar, Kishore Kumar AVM Productions directed by M. V. Raman
Story only
1956 Madhar Kula Manikkam Tamil A. Nageswara Rao, Gemini Ganesan, Anjali Devi, K. Savithri S. Rajeswara Rao Lalitha Films directed by T. Prakash Rao
Dialogues only
1957 Engal Veettu Mahalakshmi Tamil A. Nageswara Rao, K. Savithri, K. A. Thangavelu Master Venu Annapurna Pictures directed by G. Ramineedu
Dialogues only
1957 Yaar Paiyan Tamil Gemini Ganesan, K. Savithri S. Dakshinamurthi Vijaya Films directed by T. R. Raghunath
Dialogues only
1958 Uthama Puthiran Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, Padmini, K. A. Thangavelu G. Ramanathan Venus Pictures directed by T. Prakash Rao
Story & Dialogues only
1959 Manjal Mahimai Tamil A. Nageswara Rao, K. Savithri, K. A. Thangavelu S. Rajeswara Rao & Master Venu Annapurna Pictures directed by A. Subba Rao
Dialogues only
1959 Kalyana Parisu Tamil Gemini Ganesan, B. Saroja Devi, C. R. Vijayakumari, K. A. Thangavelu A. M. Rajah Venus Pictures
1960 Pelli Kanukka Telugu A. Nageswara Rao, B. Saroja Devi, C. R. Vijayakumari A. M. Rajah Venus Pictures
1960 Vidivelli Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, K. Balaji, B. Saroja Devi, M. N. Rajam A. M. Rajah Prabhuram Pictures
1960 Meenda Sorgam Tamil Gemini Ganesan, Padmini T. Chalapathi Rao Madhuram Pictures
1961 Then Nilavu Tamil Gemini Ganesan, Vyjayanthimala, K. A. Thangavelu A. M. Rajah Chitralaya Films
1961 Punarjenmam Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, Padmini, T. R. Ramachandran T. Chalapathi Rao Vijaya Films
1961 Nazrana Hindi Raj Kapoor, Vyjayanthimala, Usha Kiran Ravi
1962 Sumaithaangi Tamil Gemini Ganesan, Devika Viswanathan Ramamoorthy Visalakshi Productions
1962 Policekaran Magal Tamil R. Muthuraman, K. Balaji, C. R. Vijayakumari Viswanathan Ramamoorthy Chithrakala Pictures
1962 Nenjil Or Aalayam Tamil R. Muthuraman, Kalyan Kumar, Devika Viswanathan Ramamoorthy Chitralaya Films
1963 Nenjam Marappathillai Tamil Kalyan Kumar, Devika Viswanathan Ramamoorthy Manohar Pictures
1963 Dil Ek Mandir Hindi Rajendra Kumar, Meena Kumari, Raaj Kumar, Mehmood Shankar Jaikishan Chitralaya Films
1964 Kalai Kovil Tamil R. Muthuraman, Viswanathan Ramamoorthy Bhagyalakshmi Pictures
1964 Kaadhalikka Neramillai Tamil R. Muthuraman, Ravichandran, Kanchana, Rajasree, Nagesh Viswanathan Ramamoorthy Chitralaya Films
1965 Vennira Aadai Tamil Sreekanth, J. Jayalalitha, Vennira Aadai Nirmala, Vennira Aadai Moorthy Viswanathan Ramamoorthy Chitralaya Films
1966 Pyar Kiye Jaa Hindi Kishore Kumar, Shashi Kapoor, Mumtaz, Rajasree, Mehmood Laxmikant-Pyarelal
1966 Manase Mandiram Telugu
1966 Kodimalar Tamil R. Muthuraman, C. R. Vijayakumari, Nagesh M. S. Viswanathan Sri Productions
1967 Nenjirukkum varai Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, R. Muthuraman, K. R. Vijaya M. S. Viswanathan Chitralaya Films
1967 Nai Roshni Hindi
1967 Ooty Varai Uravu Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, R. Muthuraman, K. R. Vijaya, L. Vijayalakshmi, Nagesh M. S. Viswanathan KC Films
1968 Saathi Hindi Rajendra Kumar, Vyjayanthimala, Simi Garewal Naushad Venus Pictures
1969 Sivandha Mann Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, R. Muthuraman, Kanchana M. S. Viswanathan Chitralaya Films
1970 Uttharavindri Ulley Vaa Tamil Ravichandran, Kanchana, Vennira Aadai Moorthy M. S. Viswanathan Chitralaya Films
1970 Dharti Hindi Rajendra Kumar, Rajendra Nath, Waheeda Rehman, Shankar Jaikishan
1971 Duniya Kya Jane Hindi
1971 Avalukendru Oru Manam Tamil Gemini Ganesan, R. Muthuraman, Bharathi, Kanchana, Sreekanth M. S. Viswanathan Chitralaya Films
1973 Alaigal Tamil Vishnuvardhan, Chandrakala M. S. Viswanathan Chitralaya Films
1973 Gehri Chaal Hindi Amitabh Bachchan, Jeetendra, Hema Malini Laxmikant-Pyarelal Chitralaya Films
1974 Urimai Kural Tamil MGR, Latha M. S. Viswanathan Chitrayuga Films
1975 Vaira Nenjam Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, R. Muthuraman, Padmapriya M. S. Viswanathan Chitralaya Films
1975 Ninagai Nanu Telugu
1975 Lakshmi Nirdoshi
1975 Jagruthi Hindi
1976 Oh Manju Tamil Master Sekhar, Kavitha M. S. Viswanathan Chitrodaya Films
1977 Seeta Geeta Datithe Tamil
1977 Anna Nee En Deivam Tamil MGR, Latha, M. N. Nambiar, V. S. Raghavan M. S. Viswanathan Jayaar Movies
1977 Meenava Nanban Tamil MGR, Latha, Nagesh M. S. Viswanathan Muthu Enterprises
1978 Ilamai Oonjalaadugirathu Tamil Kamal Hassan, Rajinikanth, Sripriya, Jayachitra Ilaiyaraaja Chithrakala Pictures
1979 Urvasi Niney Naa Priyasi
1979 Azhage Unnai Aarathikkirean Tamil Vijayakumar, Latha, Jaiganesh Ilaiyaraaja Sri Bharani Chitra
1980 Saundariyame Varuga Varuga Tamil Sivachandran, Sripriya, Sathaar, Rathi Vijaya Bhaskar
1980 Hare Krishna Hello Radha
1981 Mohana Ponnagai Tamil Sivaji Ganesan, Geetha Kumarasinghe, Jayabharathi, Padmapriya, Anuradha M. S. Viswanathan Sarathi Motion Pictures
1982 Ninaivellam Nithya Tamil Karthik, Jiji, Nizhalgal Ravi Ilaiyaraaja Sivasakthi Films
1982 Dil-E-Nadaan Hindi Rajesh Khanna, Shatrughan Sinha, Jayapradha, Smita Patil Khayyam
1983 Thudikkum Karangal Tamil Rajinikanth, Radha, Sujatha S. P. Balasubramaniam KRG Films
1983 Oru Odai Nadhiyagirathu Tamil Raghuvaran, Sumalatha Ilaiyaraaja Chitrakala Pictures
1984 Alaya Deepam Tamil Rajesh, Sujatha M. S. Viswanathan KRG Film
1984 Unnaithedi Varuven Tamil Ilaiyaraaja
1984 Thendraley Ennai Thodu Tamil Mohan, Jaisree Ilaiyaraaja Devi Royal Production
1986 Yaaro Ezhuthiya Kavithai Tamil Sivakumar, Jayashree Anandashankar Durga Bagavathy Films
1986 Naanum Oru Thozhilali Tamil Kamal Hassan, Ambika Ilaiyaraaja Chitralaya Films
1987 Iniya Uravu Poothathu Tamil Suresh, Nadhiya Ilaiyaraaja RajaLakshmi Pictures
1988 Premayanam Telugu
1991 Thanthu Vitten Ennai Tamil Vikram, Rohini Ilaiyaraaja Chitralaya Films

Awards[edit]

Won
Nominated

References[edit]

External links[edit]