Padmini (actress)

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Padmini Ramachandran
PadminiTM.jpg
Born Padmini
(1932-06-12)June 12, 1932[1]
Thiruvananthapuram, Travancore
Died September 24, 2006(2006-09-24) (aged 74)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Other names Natiya Peroli, Pappima
Religion Hindu
Spouse(s) Ramachandran
Parents Gopala Pilla, Saraswathiyamma

Padmini (12 June 1932[1] – 24 September 2006) was an Indian actress and trained Bharathanatyam dancer who acted in over 250 Indian films.[1] She acted in the Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Hindi language films. Padmini, with her elder sister Lalitha and her younger sister Ragini, were called the "Travancore sisters".[2]

Padmini was born and raised in Thiruvananthapuram in what was then the princely state of Travancore (now the Indian state of Kerala). She was the second daughter of SreeThankappan Pillai and Saraswathi Amma both comes from noble Nair families.[1] Her sisters, Lalitha and Ragini, were also well known film actresses. Together, the three were known as the Travancore sisters.[2] Padmini and her sisters learnt bharathanatyam from Thiruvidaimarudur Mahalingam Pillai. The trio were the disciples of Indian dancer Guru Gopinath. They learnt Kathakali and Kerala Natanam styles of dancing from him. N.S. Krishnan noticed her talents while she was presenting Parijatha Pushpapaharanam in Thiruvananthapuram. After that performance, he said that in the future she will become an actress. She was thus cast as heroine in his own production Manamagal. The Travancore Sisters grew up in a joint family tharavadu 'Malaya Cottage' in Poojappura, Trivandrum.[4] The matriarchial head of the family was Karthiyayini Amma whose husband was PK Pillai (Palakunnathu Krishna Pillai of Cherthala) alias 'Penang Padmanabha Pillai'. PK Pillai had six sons of whom Satyapalan Nair (Baby) was a leading producer of many early Malayalam films. Another son, Raveendran Nair's daughter Latika Suresh, is a leading producer of Malayalam TV programs. They performed at the 1955 Filmfare Awards.[5]

Career[edit]

At the age of 14, Padmini was cast as the dancer in the Hindi film Kalpana (1948), launching her career.[3] She acted in films for nearly 30 years.[4]

Padmini in Payal (1957)

Padmini starred with several of the most well-known actors in Indian film, including Sivaji Ganesan, M. G. Ramachandran, N. T. Rama Rao, Raj Kapoor, Shammi Kapoor, Sathyan, Prem Nazir, Rajkumar, Gemini Ganesan and S. S. Rajendran. She appeared with Sivaji Ganesan in 59 films.

She acted mostly in Tamil films. Ezhai Padum Padu released in 1950 was her first film in Tamil.[1] Her association with Sivaji Ganesan started with Panam in 1952.[3] Some of her noted Tamil films include Thanga Padhumai, Anbu, Kaattu Roja, Thillana Mohanambal, Vietnam Veedu, Edhir Paradhathu, Mangayar Thilakam and Poove Poochudava. Some of her popular Malayalam films include Prasanna, Snehaseema, Vivaahitha, Adhyaapika, Kumara Sambhavam, Nokkethadhoorathu Kannum Nattu, Vasthuhara and Dolar.[2]

In two of her popular Bollywood films — Mera Naam Joker and Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai — she was paired with Raj Kapoor. She did another film with Raj Kapoor AashiQ (1962). Her other Bollywood films include Payal (1957), Afsana (1966), Vaasna (1968), Chanda Aur Bijli (1969) and Babubhai Mistry's Mahabharat (1965).[1] In Mera Naam Joker she played very bold role of a girl who used to dress like a boy till acccidently her real sex is noticed by the hero of the film Raj Kapoor.The film had hot scencs involving Padmini.

Her most famous was Thillana Mohanambal, a Tamil film, where she plays a dancer competing against a musician to see whose skills are better.[2] She also acted in a Indian-Soviet film Journey Beyond Three Seas (Hindi version: Pardesi) based on the travelogues of Russian traveler Afanasy Nikitin (called A Journey Beyond the Three Seas, which is now considered a Russian literary monument), in which she plays the role of Lakshmi, a royal dancer.

Personal life[edit]

Both Padmini and Vyjayanthimala, trained classical dancers, vied with each other. They were at the height of their careers and there was professional rivalry between them! Interestingly, the real-life envy did creep into the reel-life dance drama which added its own sugar and spice to the impact of the sequence. [sic]

Randor Guy[5]

After her marriage to Ramachandran, a U.S.-based physician[2] in 1961,[1] she retired temporarily from films and focused on family life and refining her classical dance.[2] She settled in the United States[3] and in 1977 opened her classical dance school in New Jersey, the Padmini School of Fine Arts.[3] Today, her school is considered as one of the largest Indian classical dance institutions in America.[citation needed]

Actress Sukumari is the trio's maternal first cousin. Shobana, the famous dancer, is the niece of Padmini. Malayalam actress Ambika Sukumaran is her relative. Actors Vineeth and Krishna are relatives.

Padmini died of a heart attack at the Chennai Apollo Hospital on 24 September 2006. She is survived by a son, who is settled in the United States.

Padmini was well known for her professional rivalry with actress Vyjayanthimala, the successful dancer-actress.[5] They performed a dance number in the Tamil film Vanjikottai Valiban; the well known song was "Kannum Kannum Kalanthu" which was sung by P. Leela and Jikki. In the song they were pitted against each other. Due to their professional rivalry the song has a cult following since the film was released; the popularity of the song surpasses the popularity of the film.[5]

Awards[edit]

Won
Nominations

Filmography[edit]

Tamil[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1986 Lakshmi Vanthachu Rajeswari
1986 Thaikku Oru Thalattu
1985 Poove Poochudava Pungavanathama Sundari's grandmother
1976 Gurudhatchanai
1976 Athiparashakthi dubbed in Hindi as "Jai Jagat Janani"
1974 Devi Shri Kaumariamman
1974 Thayi
1972 Appa Tata
1971 Iru Thuruvam Kumari
1971 Annai Velankanni
1971 Rickshawkaran
1970 Ethirkalam
1970 Penn Deivam Ponnamma
1970 Vietnam Veedu Savitri
1970 Vilaiyattu Pillai Maragatham
1968 Thillana Mohanambal Mohanambal
1968 Thirumal Perumai
1967 Engaluckum Kalam Varum
1967 Iru Malargal
1967 Paladai
1967 Pesum Daivam
1967 Thiruvarutselvar
1966 Chitthi Meenakshi
1966 Saraswathi Sabatham Devi Maa Parvati 'Shakti'
1966 Thaaye Unakkaga
1963 Naan Vanangum Daivam
1962 Raani Samyuktha
1962 Senthamarai
1962 Vikramadithan
1961 Sri Valli
1961 Arasilangkumari Anbukarasi
1960 Deivapiravi
1960 Mannadhi Mannan
1960 Meenda Sorgam
1960 Raja Desingu
1959 Daivame Thunai
1959 Maragatham Maragatham/Alamu
1959 Ponnu Vilayum Bhoomi
1959 Thangapathumai
1959 Veerapandiya Kattabomman
1957 Raja Rajan
1957 Puthaiyal
1956 Madurai Veeran Velaiammai
1956 Raja Rani
1955 Mangaiyar Thilakam Sulochana
1955 Kaveri
1955 Koteeswaran
1954 Edhir Paradhathu
1954 Illara Jyothi
1954 Kalyanam Panniyum Brammachari Padmini
1954 Sorgavasal
1954 Thookku Thookki
1953 Marumagal
1952 Panam
1952 Velaikkaran
1952 Kanchana
1951 Manamagal
1950 Ezhai Padum Padu
1950 Maruthanattu Ilavrasi

Hindi[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1982 Dard Ka Rishta Guest artist
1970 Mastana Gauri
1970 Aansoo Aur Muskan Mary
1970 Mera Naam Joker Meena/Meena Banu Bochali/Master Meenu
1969 Bhai Bahen Rani/Tara
1969 Madhavi Rajkumari Mangala V Singh
1969 Chanda Aur Bijli Bijli
1969 Nannha Farishta Gauri
1967 Woman Parvati
1968 Vaasna
1966 Afsana
1965 Mahabharat Draupadi / Sairantri
1965 Kaajal Bhanu
1962 Aashiq
1961 Apsara
1960 Kalpana Kalpana
1960 Aai Phirse Bahar
1960 Singapore Lata
1960 Aai Phirse Bahar
1960 Bindya Bindya 'Bindu'
1960 Jis Desh Men Ganga Behti Hai Kammo
1959 Amar Shaheed
1958 Raagini
1958 Amar Deep Roopa
1958 Mujrim
1958 Raj Tilak
1958 Sitamgar
1957 Pardesi
1957 Payal Kamla
1957 Qaidi
1952 Mr Sampat Malini Devi

Malayalam[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1994 Dollar Ammachi
1991 Vaasthuhaara Bhavani
1984 Nokkethadhoorathu Kannum Nattu Kunjoonjamma Thomas
1979 Ezham Kadalinakkare Radha
1978 Anthonees Punyavaalan
1977 Velaankanni Mathavu
1971 Raathrivandi
1970 Sabarimala Sree Dharmashastha
1970 Vivaahitha Meena
1969 Sandhya
1969 Kumara Sambhavam Sathi,Parvathy double role
1968 Aparaadhini
1968 Adhyaapika Saramma
1966 Kanakachilanka
1964 Atom Bomb Sushama
1964 Devaalayam
1961 Ummini Thanka Thanka
1959 Minnalppadayaali
1959 Chathurangam
1954 Snehaseema Omana
1953 Aashadeepam
1952 Kanjana
1950 Chandrika
1950 Prasanna
1933 Marthanda Varma Parukutty

Telugu[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1953 Oka Talli Pillalu
1953 Ammalakkalu
1952 Kanchana
1952 Dharmadevata Narthaki

TV Series[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
2002 An American Dream Parvathy Amma

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Front Page : Queen of Tamil cinema no more". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2006-09-26. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Friday Review Chennai : Beauty, charm, charisma". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2006-09-29. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Entertainment / Interview : The tillana glitter is intact". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2004-09-24. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Beauty, charm, charisma". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Sep 29, 2006. 
  5. ^ a b c Randor Guy (2011-03-26). "Vanjikottai Vaaliban 1958". The Hindu. Retrieved 2012-01-22. 
  6. ^ "Miscellaneous / This Day That Age: dated March 17, 2010: Afro-Asian film festival". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2010-03-17. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Sulochana Pattabhiraman (2001-02-04). "A role model". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-04-13. 

External links[edit]