Canadian federal election, 1874

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Canadian federal election, 1874
Canada
1872 ←
members
January 22, 1874 → 1878
members

206 seats in the 3rd Canadian Parliament
104 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Alexander Mackenzie portrait.jpg JaMAC 140x190.jpg
Leader Alexander Mackenzie John A. Macdonald
Party Liberal Conservative
Leader since March 6, 1873 July 1, 1867
Leader's seat Lambton Kingston
Last election 95 99
Seats won 129 65
Seat change +34 –34
Popular vote 128,455 97,925
Percentage 39.49% 30.11%
Swing +4.77pp –8.55pp

Canada 1874 Federal Election.svg


Prime Minister before election

Alexander Mackenzie
Liberal

Prime Minister after election

Alexander Mackenzie
Liberal

The Canadian parliament after the 1874 election

The Canadian federal election of 1874 was held on January 22, 1874, to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons of the 3rd Parliament of Canada. Sir John A. Macdonald, who had recently been forced out of office as prime minister, and his Conservatives were defeated by the Liberal Party under their new leader Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie.

Macdonald's government had been forced to resign on November 5, 1873 because of allegations of corruption relating to the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway (see the Pacific Scandal). The Liberals under Mackenzie formed a government two days later with an election called for January. The Tories were unable to recover from the scandal and lost the election as a result.

The election was the first to occur following Prince Edward Island's entry into Confederation, and the first to use secret ballots in Canada.

Voter turn-out: 69.6%


National results[edit]

129
65
12
Liberal
Conservative
O
3rd Parliament
Party Party leader # of candidates Seats Popular vote
1872 Elected Change # % Change
     Liberal Alexander Mackenzie 140 95 129 +35.8% 128,455 39.49% +4.77pp
     Conservative John A. Macdonald 65 63 39 -38.1% 57,691 17.74% -8.02pp
     Liberal-Conservative1 38 36 26 -27.8% 40,234 12.37% -0.53pp
     Conservative Labour   1 1 - -100% 1,515 0.47% +0.02pp
     Independents 7 1 4 +300% 10,453 3.21% +1.58pp
     Independent Liberal 5 2 5 +300% 6,541 2.01% +0.37pp
     Independent Conservative 3 2 3 +50% 2,360 0.73% +0.03pp
     Unknown 104 -    - - 78,008 23.98% +1.78pp
Total 355 200 206 +3.0% 325,247 100%  
Source: Parliamentary website, Detailed riding results

Notes:

1 Liberal-Conservatives sat with the Conservative caucus in the House of Commons.

Acclamations

The following Members of Parliament were elected by acclamation;

  • Ontario: 1 Liberal-Conservative, 13 Liberals
  • Quebec: 10 Conservatives, 4 Liberal-Conservatives, 15 Liberals
  • New Brunswick: 1 Conservative, 3 Liberals, 1 Independent Liberal
  • Nova Scotia: 5 Liberals
  • Prince Edward Island: 2 Liberals

Results by province[edit]

Party name  BC   MB   ON   QU   NB   NS   PEI  Total
     Liberal Seats 3 1 61 34 10 15 5 129
     Popular vote 34.1 47.0 39.6 34.8 47.1 38.1 56.8 39.5
     Conservative Seats 1 1 15 17 2 2 1 39
     Vote 4.5 13.8 19.5 17.6 6.8 17.8 17.5 17.7
     Liberal-Conservative Seats 1   10 12 1 2 - 26
     Vote 16.9   10.4 14.9 8.6 19.2 15.4 12.4
     Conservative Labour Seats     -         -
     Vote     0.9         0.5
     Unknown Seats                
     Vote 29.2 13.8 27.2 27.5 19.9 9.0 10.3 24.0
     Independent Seats   1 - - 2 1   4
     Vote   9.5 0.8 2.3 17.6 7.7   3.2
     Independent Liberal Seats 1   2   1 1   5
     Vote 15.4   1.7     8.2   2.0
     Independent Conservative Seats   1   2       3
     Vote   15.9   2.9       0.7
Total seats 6 4 88 65 16 21 6 206

Vote and seat summaries[edit]

Popular vote
Liberal
  
39.49%
Conservative
  
30.11%
Others
  
30.40%


Seat totals
Liberal
  
62.62%
Conservative
  
31.55%
Others
  
5.83%

See also[edit]

For a list of candidates elected in the 1874 election, see 3rd Canadian Parliament.