List of Quebec by-elections

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The list of Quebec by-elections includes every by-election held in the Canadian province of Quebec since Confederation. By-elections occur whenever there is a vacancy in the National Assembly (known as the Legislative Assembly until 1968), although an imminent general election may allow the vacancy to remain until the dissolution of parliament.

Contents

Causes[edit]

A by-election occurs whenever there is a vacancy in the Quebec legislature. Vacancies can occur for the following reasons:

  • Death of a member.
  • Resignation of a member.
  • Voided results
  • Expulsion from the legislature.
  • Ineligibility to sit.
  • Appointment to the Legislative Council, Quebec's appointed upper house, which was abolished in 1968.
  • Appointment to the cabinet. Until 1927 incumbent members recontested their seats upon being appointed to Cabinet. These Ministerial by-elections were almost always uncontested.

40th National Assembly of Quebec 2012-2014[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Viau December 9, 2013 Emmanuel Dubourg      Libéral David Heurtel      Libéral Resignation to enter federal politics Yes
Outrement December 9, 2013 Raymond Bachand      Libéral Philippe Couillard      Libéral Resignation after losing leadership convention to Couillard. Yes

39th National Assembly of Quebec 2008-2012[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
LaFontaine June 11, 2012 Tony Tomassi      Independent* Marc Tanguay      Libéral Resignation Yes/No
Argenteuil June 11, 2012 David Whissell      Libéral Roland Richer      Parti Québécois Resignation No
Bonaventure December 5, 2011 Nathalie Normandeau      Libéral Damien Arsenault      Libéral Resignation Yes
Kamouraska-Témiscouata November 29, 2010 Claude Béchard      Libéral André Simard      Parti Québécois Resignation (Died the same day) No
Saint-Laurent September 13, 2010 Jacques Dupuis      Libéral Jean-Marc Fournier      Libéral Resignation Yes
Vachon July 5, 2010 Camil Bouchard      Parti Québécois Martine Ouellet      Parti Québécois Resignation Yes
Rousseau September 21, 2009 François Legault      Parti Québécois Nicolas Marceau      Parti Québécois Resignation Yes
Rivière-du-Loup June 22, 2009 Mario Dumont      ADQ Jean D'Amour      Libéral Resignation No
Marguerite-Bourgeoys June 22, 2009 Monique Jérôme-Forget      Libéral Clément Gignac      Libéral Resignation Yes

* Tomassi was a former Liberal

38th National Assembly of Quebec 2007-2008[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Jean-Talon September 29, 2008 Philippe Couillard      Libéral Yves Bolduc      Libéral Resignation Yes
Pointe-aux-Trembles May 12, 2008 André Boisclair      Parti Québécois Nicole Léger      Parti Québécois Resignation Yes
Hull May 12, 2008 Roch Cholette      Libéral Maryse Gaudreault      Libéral Resignation Yes
Bourget May 12, 2008 Diane Lemieux      Parti Québécois Maka Kotto      Parti Québécois Resignation Yes
Charlevoix September 24, 2007 Rosaire Bertrand      Parti Québécois Pauline Marois      Parti Québécois Resignation to provide a seat for Marois Yes

37th National Assembly of Quebec 2003-2007[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Taillon August 14, 2006 Pauline Marois      Parti Québécois Marie Malavoy      Parti Québécois Resignation Yes
Pointe-aux-Trembles August 14, 2006 Nicole Léger      Parti Québécois André Boisclair      Parti Québécois Resignation Yes
Sainte-Marie–Saint-Jacques April 10, 2006 André Boulerice      Parti Québécois Martin Lemay      Parti Québécois Resignation Yes
Verchères December 12, 2005 Bernard Landry      Parti Québécois Stéphane Bergeron      Parti Québécois Resignation Yes
Outremont December 12, 2005 Yves Séguin      Libéral Raymond Bachand      Libéral Resignation Yes
Vanier September 20, 2004 Marc Bellemare      Libéral Sylvain Légaré      ADQ Resignation No
Nelligan September 20, 2004 Russell Williams      Libéral Yolande James      Libéral Resignation Yes
Laurier-Dorion September 20, 2004 Christos Sirros      Libéral Elsie Lefebvre      Parti Québécois Resignation No
Gouin September 20, 2004 André Boisclair      Parti Québécois Nicolas Girard      Parti Québécois Resignation Yes

36th National Assembly of Quebec 1998-2003[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Vimont June 17, 2002 David Cliche      Parti Québécois François Gaudreau      ADQ Resignation No
Lac-Saint-Jean June 17, 2002 Jacques Brassard      Parti Québécois Stéphan Tremblay      Parti Québécois Resignation Yes
Joliette June 17, 2002 Guy Chevrette      Parti Québécois Sylvie Lespérance      ADQ Resignation No
Berthier June 17, 2002 Gilles Baril      Parti Québécois Marie Grégoire      ADQ Resignation No
Viger April 15, 2002 Cosmo Maciocia      Libéral Anna Mancuso      Libéral Resignation to enter municipal politics in Montreal Yes
Saguenay April 15, 2002 Gabriel-Yvan Gagnon      Parti Québécois François Corriveau      ADQ Resignation No
Anjou April 15, 2002 Jean-Sébastien Lamoureux      Libéral Lise Thériault      Libéral Resignation due to a vote buying scandal causing doubt on the validity of his election Yes
Laviolette October 1, 2001 Jean-Pierre Jolivet      Parti Québécois Julie Boulet      Libéral Resignation No
Labelle October 1, 2001 Jacques Léonard      Parti Québécois Sylvain Pagé      Parti Québécois Resignation Yes
Jonquière October 1, 2001 Lucien Bouchard      Parti Québécois Françoise Gauthier      Libéral Resignation No
Blainville October 1, 2001 Céline Signori      Parti Québécois Richard Legendre      Parti Québécois Appointed to the Quebec Municipal Commission Yes
Mercier April 9, 2001 Robert Perreault      Parti Québécois Nathalie Rochefort      Libéral Resignation No

35th National Assembly of Quebec 1994-1998[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Argenteuil June 1, 1998 Régent L. Beaudet      Libéral David Whissell      Libéral Resignation Yes
Kamouraska-Témiscouata October 6, 1997 France Dionne      Libéral Claude Béchard      Libéral Resignation to contest the 1997 federal election Yes
Duplessis October 6, 1997 Denis Perron      Parti Québécois Normand Duguay      Parti Québécois Death Yes
Bourassa October 6, 1997 Yvon Charbonneau      Libéral Michèle Lamquin-Éthier      Libéral Resignation to contest the 1997 federal election Yes
Bertrand October 6, 1997 Robert Therien      Independent* Denis Chalifoux      Libéral Void Election Yes/No
Prévost April 28, 1997 Daniel Paillé      Parti Québécois Lucie Papineau      Parti Québécois Resignation Yes
Beauce-Sud April 28, 1997 Paul-Eugène Quirion      Libéral Diane Leblanc      Libéral Death Yes
Pointe-aux-Trembles December 9, 1996 Michel Bourdon      Parti Québécois Nicole Léger      Parti Québécois Resignation Yes
Outremont June 10, 1996 Gérald Tremblay      Libéral Pierre-Étienne Laporte      Libéral Resignation Yes
L'Assomption June 10, 1996 Jacques Parizeau      Parti Québécois Jean-Claude St-André      Parti Québécois Resignation Yes
La Prairie February 19, 1996 Denis Lazure      Parti Québécois Monique Simard      Parti Québécois Resignation Yes
Jonquière February 19, 1996 Francis Dufour      Parti Québécois Lucien Bouchard      Parti Québécois Resignation to provide a seat for Bouchard Yes

*Therien was a former Liberal

34th National Assembly of Quebec 1989-1994[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Shefford February 28, 1994 Roger Paré      Parti Québécois Bernard Brodeur      Libéral Resignation No
Bonaventure February 21, 1994 Gérard D. Levesque      Libéral Marcel Landry      Parti Québécois Death No
Laval-des-Rapides December 13, 1993 Guy Bélanger      Libéral Serge Ménard      Parti Québécois Resignation No
Portneuf July 5, 1993 Michel Pagé      Libéral Roger Bertrand      Parti Québécois Resignation No
Anjou January 20, 1992 René Serge Larouche      Independent* Pierre Bélanger      Parti Québécois Resignation No
Montmorency August 12, 1991 Yves Séguin      Libéral Jean Filion      Parti Québécois Resignation No

*Larouche was a former Liberal

33rd National Assembly of Quebec 1985-1989[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Papineau May 29, 1989 Mark Assad      Libéral Norman MacMillan      Libéral Resignation to contest the 1988 federal election Yes
Hull May 29, 1989 Gilles Rocheleau      Libéral Robert LeSage      Libéral Resignation to contest the 1988 federal election Yes
Roberval June 20, 1988 Michel Gauthier      Parti Québécois Gaston Blackburn      Libéral Resignation No
Anjou June 20, 1988 Pierre-Marc Johnson      Parti Québécois Rene Serge Larouche      Libéral Resignation No
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce September 14, 1987 Reed Scowen      Libéral Harold Thuringer      Libéral Resignation to become Delegate General Yes
Saint-Laurent January 20, 1986 Germain Leduc      Libéral Robert Bourassa      Libéral Resignation to provide a seat for Bourassa Yes

32nd National Assembly of Quebec 1981-1985[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Trois-Rivières June 3, 1985 Denis Vaugeois      Parti Québécois Paul Philibert      Libéral Resignation No
L'Assomption June 3, 1985 Jacques Parizeau      Parti Québécois Jean-Guy Gervais      Libéral Resignation No
Bourget June 3, 1985 Camille Laurin      Parti Québécois Claude Trudel      Libéral Resignation No
Bertrand June 3, 1985 Denis Lazure      Parti Québécois Robert Bourassa      Libéral Resignation No
Saint-Jacques November 26, 1984 Serge Champagne      Libéral Jean-François Viau      Libéral Death (car accident) Yes
Sauvé June 18, 1984 Jacques-Yvan Morin      Parti Québécois Marcel Parent      Libéral Resignation No
Marie-Victorin June 18, 1984 Pierre Marois      Parti Québécois Guy Pratt      Libéral Resignation No
Marguerite-Bourgeoys June 18, 1984 Fernand Lalonde      Libéral Gilles Fortin      Libéral Resignation Yes
Mégantic-Compton December 5, 1983 Fabien Bélanger      Libéral Madeleine Bélanger      Libéral Death Yes
Jonquière December 5, 1983 Claude Vaillancourt      Parti Québécois Aline Saint-Amand      Libéral Appointed a judge No
Saint-Jacques June 20, 1983 Claude Charron      Parti Québécois Serge Champagne      Libéral Resignation No
Saguenay June 20, 1983 Lucien Lessard      Parti Québécois Ghislain Maltais      Libéral Resignation No
Charlesbourg June 20, 1983 Denis de Belleval      Parti Québécois Marc-Yvan Côté      Libéral Resignation No
Saint-Laurent April 5, 1982 Claude Forget      Libéral Germain Leduc      Libéral Resignation Yes
Louis-Hébert April 5, 1982 Claude Morin      Parti Québécois Réjean Doyon      Libéral Resignation No

31st National Assembly of Quebec 1976-1981[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Outremont November 17, 1980 André Raynauld      Libéral Pierre Fortier      Libéral Resignation Yes
Mégantic-Compton November 17, 1980 Fernand Grenier      Union Nationale Fabien Bélanger      Libéral Resignation to contest the 1980 federal election No
Johnson November 17, 1980 Maurice Bellemare      Union Nationale Camille Picard      Libéral Resignation No
Brome-Missisquoi November 17, 1980 Armand Russell      Union Nationale Pierre Paradis      Libéral Resignation to contest the 1980 federal election No
D'Arcy-McGee November 26, 1979 Victor Goldbloom      Libéral Herbert Marx      Libéral Resignation to become head of the Canadian Council of Christians and Jews Yes
Prévost November 14, 1979 Jean-Guy Cardinal      Parti Québécois Solange Chaput-Rolland      Libéral Death No
Maisonneuve November 14, 1979 Robert Burns      Parti Québécois Georges Lalande      Libéral Resignation (health reasons) No
Beauce-Sud November 14, 1979 Fabien Roy Parti national populaire Hermann Mathieu      Libéral Resignation to contest the 1979 federal election No
Jean-Talon April 30, 1979 Raymond Garneau      Libéral Jean-Claude Rivest      Libéral Resignation Yes
Argenteuil April 30, 1979 Zoël Saindon      Libéral Claude Ryan      Libéral Resignation to provide a seat for Ryan Yes
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce July 5, 1978 Bryce Mackasey      Libéral Reed Scowen      Libéral Resignation Yes

30th National Assembly of Quebec 1973-1976[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Johnson August 28, 1974 Jean-Claude Boutin      Libéral Maurice Bellemare      Union Nationale Sought re-election due to charges of illegally acting as a Crown prosecutor No

29th National Assembly of Quebec 1970-1973[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Gatineau November 15, 1972 Michel Gratton      Libéral Michel Gratton      Libéral Void Election Yes
Gatineau October 11, 1972 Roy Fournier      Libéral Michel Gratton      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
Duplessis October 11, 1972 Henri-Laurier Coiteux      Libéral Donald Gallienne      Libéral Death Yes
Chambly February 8, 1971 Pierre Laporte      Libéral Jean Cournoyer      Libéral Death (assassinated) Yes

28th Legislative/National Assembly of Quebec 1966-1970[edit]

Upon the abolition of the Legislative Council on December 31, 1968 the Legislative Assembly of Quebec is renamed the National Assembly of Quebec

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Vaudreuil-Soulanges October 8, 1969 Paul Gérin-Lajoie      Libéral François-Édouard Belliveau      Union Nationale Resignation No
Trois-Rivières October 8, 1969 Yves Gabias      Union Nationale Gilles Gauthier      Union Nationale Appointed a judge Yes
Saint-Jacques October 8, 1969 Paul Dozois      Union Nationale Jean Cournoyer      Union Nationale Appointed to the Board of Hydro-Quebec Yes
Sainte-Marie October 8, 1969 Edgar Charbonneau      Union Nationale Jean-Jacques Croteau      Union Nationale Resignation Yes
Dorion March 3, 1969 François Aquin      Independent* Mario Beaulieu      Union Nationale Resignation No
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce December 4, 1968 Eric Kierans      Libéral William Tetley      Libéral Resignation to contest the 1968 federal election Yes
Bagot December 4, 1968 Daniel Johnson      Union Nationale Jean-Guy Cardinal      Union Nationale Death Yes

* Aquin was a former Liberal

27th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1962-1966[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Terrebonne January 18, 1965 Lionel Bertrand      Libéral Denis Hardy      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Saint-Maurice January 18, 1965 René Hamel      Libéral Jean-Guy Trépanier      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
Saguenay October 5, 1964 Rodrigue Thibault      Libéral Pierre-Willie Maltais      Libéral Death Yes
Montréal-Verdun October 5, 1964 George O'Reilly      Libéral Claude Wagner      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Matane October 5, 1964 Philippe Castonguay      Libéral Jacques Bernier      Libéral Death Yes
Dorchester October 5, 1964 Joseph-Armand Nadeau      Union Nationale Francis O'Farrell      Libéral Death No
Montréal–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce September 25, 1963 Paul Earl      Libéral Eric Kierans      Libéral Death Yes

26th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1960-1962[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Jacques-Cartier December 14, 1961 Charles-Aimé Kirkland      Libéral Marie-Claire Kirkland      Libéral Death Yes
Chambly December 14, 1961 Robert Théberge      Libéral Pierre Laporte      Libéral Death Yes
Rouville November 23, 1960 Laurent Barré      Union Nationale François Boulais      Libéral Resignation No
Joliette November 23, 1960 Antonio Barrette      Union Nationale Gaston Lambert      Libéral Resignation No

25th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1956-1960[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Lac-Saint-Jean September 16, 1959 Antonio Auger      Union Nationale Jean-Paul Levasseur      Union Nationale Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Labelle September 16, 1959 Pierre Bohémier      Union Nationale Fernand Lafontaine      Union Nationale Death Yes
Roberval October 15, 1958 Paul-Henri Spence      Union Nationale Jean-Joseph Turcotte      Union Nationale Resignation Yes
Labelle October 15, 1958† Albiny Paquette      Union Nationale Pierre Bohémier      Union Nationale Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Matane July 2, 1958 Onésime Gagnon      Union Nationale Benoît Gaboury      Union Nationale Appointed Lieutenant Governor Yes
Vaudreuil-Soulanges September 18, 1957 Joseph-Édouard Jeannotte      Union Nationale Loyola Schmidt      Union Nationale Death Yes
Mégantic September 18, 1957 Tancrède Labbé      Union Nationale Joseph-Émile Fortin      Union Nationale Death (car accident) Yes
Compton September 18, 1957 Fabien Gagnon      Libéral Claude-Gilles Gosselin      Union Nationale Death No
Châteauguay September 18, 1957 Arthur Laberge      Union Nationale Joseph-Maurice Laberge      Union Nationale Death Yes

† Won by acclamation

24th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1952-1956[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Westmount–Saint-Georges July 6, 1955 George Carlyle Marler      Libéral John Richard Hyde      Libéral Resignation to enter federal politics Yes
Saint-Hyacinthe July 6, 1955 Ernest-Joseph Chartier      Union Nationale Pierre-Jacques-François Bousquet      Union Nationale Death Yes
Montréal-Laurier July 6, 1955 Paul Provençal      Union Nationale Arsène Gagné      Union Nationale Death Yes
Compton September 15, 1954 Charles Daniel French      Union Nationale John William French      Union Nationale Death Yes
Portneuf July 9, 1953 Bona Dussault      Union Nationale Rosaire Chalifour      Union Nationale Death Yes
Montréal-Outremont July 9, 1953 Henri Groulx      Libéral Georges-Émile Lapalme      Libéral Death Yes
Matapédia July 9, 1953 Philippe Cossette      Union Nationale Clovis Gagnon      Union Nationale Death (car accident) Yes

23rd Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1948-1952[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Lévis February 16, 1949 Joseph-Théophile Larochelle      Union Nationale Joseph-Albert Samson      Union Nationale Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Brome December 7, 1948† Jonathan Robinson      Union Nationale Charles James Warwick Fox      Union Nationale Death Yes

† Won by acclamation

22nd Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1944-1948[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Huntingdon July 23, 1947 Dennis James O'Connor      Libéral John Gillies Rennie      Union Nationale Death No
Bagot December 18, 1946 Cyrille Dumaine      Libéral Daniel Johnson      Union Nationale Death No
Compton July 3, 1946 William James Duffy      Libéral Charles Daniel French      Union Nationale Death No
Beauce November 21, 1945 Édouard Lacroix Bloc populaire canadien Georges-Octave Poulin      Union Nationale Resignation No

21st Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1939-1944[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Westmount–Saint-Georges March 23, 1942 George Gordon Hyde      Libéral George Carlyle Marler      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Richelieu-Verchères March 23, 1942 Félix Messier      Libéral Joseph-Willie Robidoux      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Montréal–Saint-Jacques March 23, 1942 Joseph-Roméo Toupin      Libéral Claude Jodoin      Libéral Death Yes
Montréal–Sainte-Anne March 23, 1942 Francis Lawrence Connors      Libéral Thomas Guérin      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Saint-Jean–Napierville October 6, 1941 Alexis Bouthillier      Libéral Jean-Paul Beaulieu      Union Nationale Death No
Huntingdon October 6, 1941 James Walker Ross      Libéral Dennis James O'Connor      Libéral Death Yes
Terrebonne November 19, 1940 Athanase David      Libéral Damase Perrier      Libéral Appointed to the Senate Yes
Mégantic November 19, 1940 Louis Houde      Libéral Tancrède Labbé      Union Nationale Resignation to be appointed a judge No

20th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1936-1939[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Stanstead November 2, 1938 Rouville Beaudry      Union Nationale Henri Gérin      Union Nationale Resignation Yes
Montréal–Saint-Louis November 2, 1938 Peter Bercovitch      Libéral Louis Fitch      Union Nationale Resignation to enter federal politics No
Chicoutimi May 25, 1938 Arthur Larouche      Union Nationale Antonio Talbot      Union Nationale Resignation Yes
Bagot February 16, 1938 Cyrille Dumaine      Libéral Philippe Adam      Union Nationale Void Election No
Beauce March 17, 1937 Raoul Poulin      Union Nationale Joseph-Emile Perron      Union Nationale Resignation Yes

19th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1935-1936[edit]

no by-elections

18th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1931-1935[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Jacques-Cartier November 25, 1933† Victor Marchand      Libéral Joseph-Théodule Rhéaume      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Wolfe November 14, 1933 Cyrénus Lemieux      Libéral Thomas Hercule Lapointe      Libéral Appointed Sheriff Yes
Nicolet November 7, 1933† Joseph-Alcide Savoie      Libéral Alexandre Gaudet      Libéral Death Yes

† Won by acclamation

17th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1927-1931[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Maskinongé November 4, 1930 Joseph-William Gagnon      Libéral Louis-Joseph Thisdel      Libéral Death Yes
Huntingdon November 4, 1930 Andrew Philps      Libéral Martin Bettie Fisher      Conservative Death No
Deux-Montagnes November 4, 1930 Arthur Sauvé      Conservative Paul Sauvé      Conservative Resignation to contest the 1930 federal election Yes
Bellechasse October 20, 1930 Antonin Galipeault      Libéral Robert Taschereau      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
Beauce December 9, 1929† Joseph-Hugues Fortier      Libéral Joseph-Édouard Fortin      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
Montcalm November 16, 1929 Joseph-Ferdinand Daniel      Libéral Joseph-Léonide Perron      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Richelieu October 28, 1929 Jean-Baptiste Lafrenière      Libéral Avila Turcotte      Libéral Appointed Chairman of the Commission of Agricultural Credit Yes
Compton September 30, 1929 Jacob Nicol      Libéral Andrew Ross McMaster      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
L'Islet May 13, 1929† Élisée Thériault      Libéral Adélard Godbout      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Québec-Est October 24, 1928 Louis-Alfred Létourneau      Libéral Oscar Drouin      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Montréal–Sainte-Marie October 24, 1928 Joseph Gauthier      Libéral Camillien Houde      Conservative Void Election No
Îles-de-la-Madeleine July 14, 1928† Joseph-Édouard Caron      Libéral Amédée Caron      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Portneuf October 31, 1927 Édouard Hamel      Libéral Victor Marchand      Libéral Appointed Registrar Yes
Kamouraska October 31, 1927 Nérée Morin      Libéral Pierre Gagnon      Libéral Death Yes

† Won by acclamation

16th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1923-1927[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Jacques-Cartier November 30, 1925 Esioff-Léon Patenaude      Conservative Victor Marchand      Libéral Resignation to contest the 1925 federal election No
Champlain November 30, 1925 Bruno Bordeleau      Libéral William-Pierre Grant      Libéral Appointed registrar Yes
Berthier November 30, 1925 Siméon Lafrenière      Libéral Amédée Sylvestre      Libéral Appointed registrar Yes
Argenteuil November 30, 1925 John Hay      Libéral Joseph-Léon Saint-Jacques      Conservative Death No
Témiscamingue November 28, 1924 Télesphore Simard      Libéral Joseph Miljours      Libéral Death Yes
Sherbrooke November 5, 1924 Moïse O'Bready      Conservative Armand-Charles Crépeau      Conservative Death Yes
Saint-Maurice November 5, 1924 Léonide-Nestor-Arthur Ricard      Libéral Alphonse-Edgar Guillemette      Libéral Death (car accident) Yes
Québec-Comté November 5, 1924 Aurèle Leclerc      Libéral Ludger Bastien      Conservative Appointed registrar No
Montréal–Sainte-Anne November 5, 1924 William James Hushion      Libéral Joseph Henry Dillon      Libéral Resignation to enter federal politics Yes
Bonaventure November 5, 1924 Joseph-Fabien Bugeaud      Libéral Pierre-Émile Côté      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
Yamaska October 22, 1923 Édouard Ouellette      Libéral David Laperrière      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Richmond October 22, 1923 Georges-Ervé Denault      Libéral Stanislas-Edmond Desmarais      Libéral Death Yes
Brome October 22, 1923 William Robert Oliver      Libéral Carlton James Oliver      Libéral Death Yes
Abitibi October 22, 1923 Joseph-Édouard Perrault      Libéral Hector Authier      Libéral Chose to sit for Arthabaska Yes

15th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1919-1923[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Sherbrooke September 7, 1922† Joseph-Henri Lemay      Libéral Ludger Forest      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
Labelle August 17, 1922 Honoré Achim      Libéral Désiré Lahaie      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
Verchères December 22, 1921 Adrien Beaudry      Libéral Jean-Marie Richard      Libéral Appointed Chairman of the Public Services Commission Yes
Témiscouata December 22, 1921 Louis-Eugène-Aduire Parrot      Libéral Eugène Godbout      Libéral Resignation Yes
Montréal–Ste-Marie December 22, 1921 Napoléon Séguin      Libéral Joseph Gauthier      Parti ouvrier Appointed Governor of Bordeaux Prison No
Wolfe December 15, 1921† Joseph-Eugène Rhéault      Libéral Cyrinus Lemieux      Libéral Death Yes
Trois-Rivières December 15, 1921† Joseph-Adolphe Tessier      Libéral Louis-Philippe Mercier      Libéral Appointed Chairman of the Running Streams Commission Yes
Richmond December 15, 1921† Walter George Mitchell      Libéral Jacob Nicol      Libéral Resignation to contest the 1921 federal election Yes
Beauce December 15, 1921† Arthur Godbout      Libéral Joseph-Hughes Fortier      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
Saint-Maurice October 19, 1920 Georges-Isidore Delisle      Libéral Léonide-Nestor-Arthur Ricard      Libéral Death Yes
Kamouraska October 19, 1920 Charles-Adolphe Stein      Libéral Nérée Morin      Libéral Resignation to enter federal politics Yes
Portneuf October 11, 1920† Lomer Gouin      Libéral Édouard Hamel      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Terrebonne September 6, 1919† Athanase David      Libéral Athanase David      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary Yes
Bellechasse September 6, 1919† Antonin Galipeault      Libéral Antonin Galipeault      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Public Works and Labour Yes
Arthabaska September 6, 1919† Joseph-Édouard Perrault      Libéral Joseph-Édouard Perrault      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Colonization, Mines and Fisheries Yes

† Won by acclamation

14th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1916-1919[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Napierville December 27, 1918 Cyprien Doris      Libéral Amédée Monet      Libéral Death Yes
Montréal-St-Laurent December 27, 1918 John Thomas Finnie      Libéral Henry Miles      Libéral Appointed Collector of Provincial Revenue Yes
Matane December 27, 1918 Donat Caron      Libéral Octave Fortin      Libéral Death Yes
Ottawa December 15, 1917† Ferdinand-Ambroise Gendron      Libéral Joseph Caron      Libéral Death Yes
Nicolet December 15, 1917† Arthur Trahan      Libéral Joseph-Alcide Savoie      Libéral Resignation to contest the 1917 federal election Yes
Labelle December 15, 1917† Hyacinthe-Adélard Fortier      Libéral Honoré Achim      Libéral Resignation to contest the 1917 federal election Yes
Dorchester December 15, 1917† Lucien Cannon      Libéral Ernest Ouellet      Libéral Resignation to enter federal politics Yes
Montcalm November 12, 1917† Joseph-Alcide Dupuis      Libéral Joseph-Ferdinand Daniel      Libéral Death Yes
Brome November 12, 1917† William Frederick Bilas      Libéral William Robert Oliver      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes

† Won by acclamation

13th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1912-1916[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Richmond November 21, 1914† Peter Samuel George Mackenzie      Libéral Walter George Mitchell      Libéral Death Yes
Châteauguay May 9, 1914† Honoré Mercier Jr.      Libéral Honoré Mercier Jr.      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Colonization, Mines and Fisheries Yes
Bonaventure May 7, 1914† John Hall Kelly      Libéral Joseph-Fabien Bugeaud      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Trois-Rivières March 18, 1914 Joseph-Adolphe Tessier      Libéral Joseph-Adolphe Tessier      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Highways Yes
St-Jean November 10, 1913 Lomer Gouin      Libéral Marcellin Robert      Libéral Chose to sit for Portneuf Yes
Huntingdon November 10, 1913 William H. Walker      Libéral Andrew Philps      Libéral Death Yes
Nicolet June 2, 1913 Charles Ramsay Devlin      Libéral Laetare Roy      Libéral Chose to sit for Témiscamingue Yes
Dorchester June 2, 1913 Alfred Morissett      Libéral Lucien Cannon      Libéral Appointed Clerk of the Executive Council Yes
Stanstead January 16, 1913† Prosper-Alfred Bissonnet      Libéral Alfred-Joseph Bissonnett      Libéral Appointed Collector of Revenue Yes
Bagot January 16, 1913† Frédéric-Hector Daigneault      Libéral Joseph-Émery Phaneuf      Libéral Appointed Inspector of Asylums and Prisons Yes
Verchères October 16, 1912† Amédée Geoffrion      Libéral Joseph-Léonide Perron      Libéral Appointed Recorder of Montreal Yes

† Won by acclamation

12th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1908-1912[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Lévis September 21, 1911 Jean-Cléophas Blouin      Libéral Laetare Roy      Libéral Appointed Sheriff Yes
Sherbrooke August 17, 1911† Jean-Marie-Joseph-Pantaléon Pelletier      Libéral Calixte-Émile Therrien      Libéral Appointed Agent-General in London Yes
St. Jean December 29, 1910 Gabriel Marchand      Libéral Marcellin Robert      Libéral Death Yes
Drummond March 5, 1910 Joseph Laferté      Libéral Jules Allard      Libéral Void Election Yes
Argenteuil March 5, 1910 William Alexander Weir      Libéral John Hay      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
Gaspé February 24, 1910 Louis-Joseph Lemieux      Libéral Joseph-Léonide Perron      Libéral Appointed Sheriff Yes
Richmond January 27, 1910† Peter Samuel George Mackenzie      Libéral Peter Samuel George Mackenzie      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Treasurer Yes
Kamouraska December 6, 1909† Louis-Rodolphe Roy      Libéral Louis-Auguste Dupuis      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
L'Islet November 29, 1909† Joseph-Édouard Caron      Libéral Joseph-Édouard Caron      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture Yes
St. Sauveur November 12, 1909 Charles-Eugene Côté      Libéral Joseph-Alphonse Langlois      Parti ouvrier Appointed registrar No
Montréal division no. 2 November 12, 1909 Henri Bourassa Ligue nationaliste canadienne Clement Robillard      Libéral Chose to sit for St. Hyacinthe No
Chambly November 12, 1909 Maurice Perrault      Libéral Lesieur Desaulniers      Libéral Death Yes
Hochelaga February 2, 1909† Louis-Jérémie Décarie      Libéral Louis-Jérémie Décarie      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture Yes
Bellechasse February 2, 1909† Adélard Turgeon      Libéral Antonin Galipeault      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Québec Centre December 28, 1908 Amédée Robitaille      Libéral Eugène Leclerc      Libéral Appointed a prothonotary Yes
Montréal division no. 6 December 28, 1908 Denis Tansey      Conservative Michael James Walsh      Libéral Void Election No
Laval December 28, 1908 Joseph-Wenceslas Lévesque      Libéral Joseph-Wenceslas Lévesque      Libéral Void Election Yes
Châteauguay December 28, 1908 Hospice Dumtremble      Conservative Honoré Mercier Jr.      Libéral Void Election No
Montréal division no. 1 December 21, 1908† Georges-Albini Lacombe      Libéral Napoléon Séguin      Libéral Appointed registrar Yes
Rouville October 26, 1908 Alfred Girard      Libéral Joseph-Edmond Robert      Libéral Appointed a prothonotary Yes
Lac-Saint-Jean October 14, 1908† Theodore-Louis-Antoine Broet      Libéral Jean-Baptiste Carbonneau      Libéral Death (railroad accident) Yes

† Won by acclamation

11th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1904-1908[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Châteauguay December 16, 1907 François-Xavier Dupuis      Libéral Honoré Mercier Jr.      Libéral Appointed Recorder of the Municipal Court of Montreal Yes
Rimouski November 4, 1907 Auguste Tessier      Libéral Pierre-Émile D'Anjou      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
Nicolet November 4, 1907 Alfred Marchildon      Libéral Charles Ramsey Devlin      Libéral Resignation pending appointment as a judge Yes
Montmorency November 4, 1907 Louis-Alexandre Taschereau      Libéral Louis-Alexandre Taschereau      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Public Works and Labor Yes
Bellechasse November 4, 1907 Adélard Turgeon      Libéral Adélard Turgeon      Libéral Sought re-election against Henri Bourassa Yes
Montréal division no. 5 January 24, 1907 Christopher Benfield Carter      Libéral Charles Ernest Gault      Conservative Death No
Îles-de-la-Madeleine November 20, 1906 Robert Jamieson Leslie      Libéral Louis-Albin Thériault      Libéral Death (shipwreck) Yes
Iberville November 5, 1906 François Gosselin      Libéral Joseph-Aldéric Benoit      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
L'Assomption October 29, 1906† Joseph-Edouard Duhamel      Libéral Louis-Joseph Gauthier      Libéral Appointed Inspector of the Registration Office Yes
Brome September 10, 1906† John Charles McCorkill      Libéral William Frederick Vilas      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
Argenteuil September 10, 1906† William Alexander Weir      Libéral William Alexander Weir      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Public Works and Labor Yes
Napierville December 14, 1905 Dominique Monet      Libéral Cyprien Dorris      Libéral Appointed Protonotary Yes
St. Sauveur October 14, 1905 Simon-Napoléon Parent      Libéral Charles-Eugène Côté      Libéral Resignation to be appointed Chairman of the Transcontinental Railway Commission Yes
Montréal division no. 4 October 7, 1905† James Cochrane      Libéral George Washington Stephens, Jr.      Libéral Death Yes
Terrebonne July 17, 1905† Jean Prévost      Libéral Jean Prévost      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Colonization, Mines and Fisheries Yes
Yamaska June 20, 1905† Jules Allard      Libéral Guillaume-Édouard Ouellet      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Montréal division no. 2 April 10, 1905 Lomer Gouin      Libéral Lomer Gouin      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Premier and Attorney General Yes
Rimouski April 3, 1905† Auguste Tessier      Libéral Auguste Tessier      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture Yes
Kamouraska April 3, 1905† Louis-Rodolphe Roy      Libéral Louis-Rodolphe Roy      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary Yes
Bellechasse April 3, 1905† Adélard Turgeon      Libéral Adélard Turgeon      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Minister of Lands, Mines and Fisheries Yes

† Won by acclamation

10th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1900-1904[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Shefford March 10, 1904 Tancrède Boucher de Grandbois      Libéral Auguste Mathieu      Libéral Resignation Yes
Portneuf March 10, 1904 Jules Tessier      Libéral Damase-Épiphane Naud      Conservative Appointed to the Senate No
Maskinongé March 10, 1904 Hector Caron      Libéral Georges Lafontaine      Conservative Appointed Superintendent of Game and Fisheries No
Berthier March 10, 1904 Cuthbert-Alphonse Chênevert      Libéral Joseph Lafontaine      Libéral Appointed Recorder for the Quebec Court of Appeal Yes
Brome October 29, 1903 Henry Thomas Duffy      Libéral John Charles McCorkill      Libéral Death Yes
Stanstead October 3, 1902 Moodie Brock Lovell      Libéral Georges-Henri Saint-Pierre      Conservative Death No
Soulanges October 3, 1902 Avila-Gonzague Bourbonnais      Libéral Arcand-Momer Bissonnette      Conservative Death No
L'Islet September 26, 1902† François-Gilbert Miville Dechêne      Libéral Joseph-Édouard Caron      Libéral Death Yes
Québec Centre July 11, 1902† Amédée Robitaille      Libéral Amédée Robitaille      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary Yes
Beauce January 31, 1902 Henri Sévérin Béland      Libéral Arthur Godbout      Libéral Resignation to enter federal politics Yes
Vaudreuil October 31, 1901 Émery Lalonde      Libéral Hormidas Pilon      Libéral Appointed Registar Yes
Québec Comté October 31, 1901 Némèse Garneau      Libéral Cyrille-Fraser Delâge      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Drummond October 31, 1901 William John Watts      Libéral Joseph Laferté      Libéral Appointed Registrar Yes
Lévis October 24, 1901† Charles Langelier      Libéral Jean-Cléophas Blouin      Libéral Appointed Sheriff Yes

† Won by acclamation

9th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1897-1900[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Matane January 11, 1899 Louis-Félix Pinault      Libéral Donat Caron      Libéral Appointed Deputy Minister of Militia Yes
Verchères December 19, 1898 Étienne Blanchard      Libéral Étienne Blanchard      Libéral Void Election Yes
Missisquoi December 19, 1898 John Charles McCorkill      Libéral Cedric Lemoine Cotton      Libéral Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Lévis December 19, 1898 Nazaire-Nicolas Olivier      Libéral Charles Langelier      Libéral Death Yes
Beauharnois December 19, 1898 Élie-Hercule Bisson      Libéral Arthur Plante      Conservative Appointed Prothonotary for Beauharnois No
Bonaventure December 22, 1897 Victor Gladu      Libéral Jules Allard      Libéral Death Yes
Lévis December 22, 1897 François-Xavier Lemieux      Libéral Nazaire-Nicolas Olivier      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
Bonaventure December 22, 1897 François-Xavier Lemieux      Libéral William Henry Clapperton      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
Yamaska November 16, 1897 Albéric-Archie Mondou      Conservative Victor Gladu      Libéral Void Election No
Brome June 19, 1897 Henry Thomas Duffy      Libéral Henry Thomas Duffy      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Commissioner of Public Works Yes
St. Sauveur June 12, 1897† Simon-Napoléon Parent      Libéral Simon-Napoléon Parent      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Commissioner of Lands, Forests and Fisheries Yes
St. Jean June 12, 1897† Félix-Gabriel Marchand      Libéral Félix-Gabriel Marchand      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Premier and Provincial Treasurer Yes
L'Islet June 12, 1897† François-Gilbert Miville Dechêne      Libéral François-Gilbert Miville Dechêne      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Commissioner of Agriculture Yes
Châteauguay June 12, 1897† Joseph-Émery Robidoux      Libéral Joseph-Émery Robidoux      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary Yes
Bellechasse June 12, 1897† Adélard Turgeon      Libéral Adélard Turgeon      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Commissioner of Colonization and Mines Yes

† Won by acclamation

8th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1892-1897[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Montmorency June 23, 1896 Thomas Chase-Casgrain      Conservative Édouard Bouffard      Conservative Resignation to contest the 1896 federal election Yes
Montréal division no. 4 June 4, 1896† Alexander Webb Morris      Conservative Albert William Atwater      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Atwater Yes
Montréal division no. 6 October 22, 1895 Patrick Kennedy      Conservative James John Edmund Guerin      Libéral Death No
Stanstead March 21, 1895 Michael Felix Hackett      Conservative Michael Felix Hackett      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as President of the Executive Council Yes
Bonaventure December 11, 1894 Honoré Mercier      Libéral François-Xavier Lemieux      Libéral Death Yes
Compton October 19, 1894 John McIntosh      Conservative Charles McClary      Conservative Appointed Sheriff Yes
Chambly December 31, 1892† Louis-Olivier Taillon      Conservative Louis-Olivier Taillon      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Premier Yes
Trois-Rivières November 3, 1892 Télesphore-Eusèbe Normand      Conservative Télesphore-Eusèbe Normand      Conservative Void Election Yes
Matane November 3, 1892 Edmund James Flynn      Conservative Louis-Félix Pinault      Libéral Chose to sit for Gaspé No
Beauharnois June 7, 1892 Moïse Plante      Conservative Élie-Hercule Bisson      Libéral Death No

† Won by acclamation

7th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1890-1891[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Vaudreuil November 22, 1890 Émery Lalonde      Libéral Émery Lalonde      Libéral Void Election Yes
Montmorency July 12, 1890† Charles Langelier      Libéral Charles Langelier      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as President of the Executive Council Yes

† Won by acclamation

6th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1886-1890[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Berthier January 15, 1890 Louis Sylvestre      Libéral Omer Dostaler      Libéral Resignation to be appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Québec Ouest December 30, 1889 Owen Murphy      Libéral Owen Murphy      Libéral Void Election Yes
Rimouski December 4, 1889 Édouard-Onésiphore Martin      Libéral Auguste Tessier      Libéral Death Yes
Brome November 28, 1889 William Warren Lynch      Conservative Rufus Nelson England      Conservative Appointed a judge Yes
Joliette October 23, 1889 Louis Basinet      Libéral Louis Basinet      Libéral Void Election Yes
Laprairie January 24, 1889 Odilon Goyette Parti national Odilon Goyette Parti national Void Election Yes
Mégantic December 27, 1888 Andrew Stuart Johnson      Libéral William Rhodes      Libéral Void Election Yes
L'Assomption December 27, 1888 Ludger Forest      Libéral Ludger Forest      Libéral Void Election Yes
Dorchester December 20, 1888† Louis-Napoléon Larochelle      Libéral Louis-Philippe Pelletier      Nationalist Conservative Appointed to the Legislative Council No
Nicolet July 17, 1888 Louis-Tréfflé Dorais      Independent Conservative Honoré Brunelle Tourigny      Conservative Void Election No
Chicoutimi et Saguenay June 18, 1888 Élie Saint-Hilaire      Independent Conservative Séverin Dumais Parti national Death No
Trois-Rivières May 25, 1888 Arthur Turcotte      Libéral Arthur Turcotte      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Attorney General Yes
Shefford May 18, 1888 Thomas Brassard      Libéral Tancrède Boucher de Grosbois      Libéral Void Election Yes
Laval May 8, 1888 Pierre-Évariste Leblanc      Conservative Pierre-Évariste Leblanc      Conservative Void Election Yes
Missisquoi April 28, 1888 Elijah Edmund Spencer      Conservative Elijah Edmund Spencer      Conservative Void Election Yes
Maskinongé April 28, 1888 Édouard Caron      Conservative Joseph-Hormisdas Legris Parti national Void Election No
Hochelaga April 28, 1888 Joseph-Octave Villeneuve      Conservative Charles Champagne      Libéral Void Election No
Ottawa September 14, 1887 Narcisse-Édouard Cormier      Conservative Alfred Rochon      Libéral Resignation in exchange for withdrawal of election petition No
Laprairie July 30, 1887 Léon-Benoît-Alfred Charlebois      Conservative Odilon Goyette Parti national Death No
St. Hyacinthe February 12, 1887† Honoré Mercier      Libéral Honoré Mercier      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Premier and Attorney General Yes
Québec Est February 12, 1887† Joseph Shehyn      Libéral Joseph Shehyn      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Treasurer Yes
Montréal Centre February 12, 1887† James McShane      Libéral James McShane      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Commissioner of Agriculture and Public Works Yes
Kamouraska February 12, 1887† Charles-Antoine-Ernest Gagnon      Libéral Charles-Antoine-Ernest Gagnon      Libéral Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary Yes
Iberville February 12, 1887† Georges Duhamel Parti national Georges Duhamel Parti national Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General Yes
Montcalm December 11, 1886 Jean-Baptiste-Tréfflé Richard      Conservative Louis-Olivier Taillon      Conservative Appointed crown lands agent Yes
Iberville December 11, 1886 Alexis-Louis Demers      Libéral Georges Duhamel Parti national* Death Yes

† Won by acclamation

* The Parti National was the official name of the Quebec Liberal Party during this period

5th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1881-1886[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Verchères May 5, 1886 Abraham Bernard      Libéral Abraham Bernard      Libéral Void Election Yes
Drummond et Arthabaska March 24, 1886 William John Watts      Libéral Joseph-Éna Girouard      Libéral Resignation over disagreement with his party over Louis Riel Yes
Lotbinière January 30, 1886 Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière      Libéral Édouard-Hippolyte Laliberté      Libéral Resignation over disagreement with his party over Louis Riel Yes
Joliette September 25, 1885 Vincent-Paul Lavallée      Conservative Joseph-Norbert-Alfred McConville      Conservative Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Mégantic October 29, 1884 George Irvine      Libéral John Whyte      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
Laval July 14, 1884 Amédée Gaboury      Libéral Pierre-Évariste Leblanc      Conservative Void Election No
Vaudreuil June 19, 1884† François-Xavier Archambault      Conservative Alfred Lapointe      Conservative Void Election Yes
Gaspé April 2, 1884 Edmund James Flynn      Conservative Edmund James Flynn      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Commissioner of Railways Yes
Trois-Rivières March 26, 1884 Sévère Dumoulin      Conservative Arthur Turcotte      Independent Conservative Void Election No
Jacques Cartier March 26, 1884 Joseph-Alfred Mousseau      Conservative Arthur Boyer      Libéral Appointed a judge No
Deux-Montagnes March 26, 1884 Benjamin Beauchamp      Conservative Benjamin Beauchamp      Conservative Void Election Yes
Chateauguay March 26, 1884 Édouard Laberge      Libéral Joseph-Émery Robidoux      Libéral Death Yes
Sherbrooke February 9, 1884† Joseph Gibb Robertson      Conservative Joseph Gibb Robertson      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Treasurer Yes
Montreal Est February 9, 1884† Louis-Olivier Taillon      Conservative Louis-Olivier Taillon      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Attorney General Yes
Lévis November 16, 1883 Étienne-Théodore Pâquet      Conservative François-Xavier Lemieux      Libéral Appointed Sheriff No
Jacques Cartier September 26, 1883 Joseph-Alfred Mousseau      Conservative Joseph-Alfred Mousseau      Conservative Void Election Yes
Laval June 13, 1883 Pierre-Évariste Leblanc      Conservative Amédée Gaboury      Libéral Void Election No
Nicolet February 5, 1883 Charles-Édouard Houde      Conservative Louis-Tréfflé Dorais      Independent Conservative Void Election No
Kamouraska January 30, 1883 Charles-Antoine-Ernest Gagnon      Libéral Charles-Antoine-Ernest Gagnon      Libéral Void Election Yes
Bonaventure October 31, 1882† Louis-Joseph Riopel      Conservative Henri-Josué Martin      Conservative Resignation to contest the 1882 federal election Yes
Vaudreuil October 30, 1882 Émery Lalonde      Conservative François-Xavier Archambault      Conservative Resignation upon appointment as an official at the Palace of Justice in Montreal Yes
Laval October 30, 1882 Louis-Onésime Loranger      Conservative Pierre-Évariste Leblanc      Conservative Appointed a judge Yes
Deux-Montagnes October 21, 1882 Charles Champagne      Conservative Benjamin Beauchamp      Conservative Sought re-election following dismissal of election petition Yes
Jacques-Cartier August 26, 1882 Narcisse Lecavalier      Conservative Joseph-Alfred Mousseau      Conservative Appointed Registrar Yes
Terrebonne August 19, 1882† Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau      Conservative Guillaume-Alphonse Nantel      Conservative Resignation upon appointment to the federal cabinet Yes
Beauce August 14, 1880† Jean Blanchet      Conservative Jean Blanchet      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary and Registrar Yes
Pontiac March 6, 1882 Thomas Bryson      Conservative William Joseph Poupore      Conservative Death Yes
Yamaska February 6, 1882† Jonathan Saxton Campbell Würtele      Conservative Jonathan Saxton Campbell Würtele      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Treasurer Yes

† Won by acclamation

4th Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1878-1881[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Berthier December 30, 1880 Joseph Robillard      Conservative Joseph Robillard      Conservative Void Election Yes
L’Assomption June 4, 1880 Onuphe Peltier      Conservative Joseph Marion      Conservative Death Yes
Chicoutimi et Saguenay March 27, 1880† William Evan Price      Conservative Joseph-Élisée Beaudet      Conservative Resignation Yes
Rimouski March 3, 1880 Alexandre Chauveau      Libéral Joseph Parent      Libéral Appointed a judge Yes
Gaspé December 6, 1879† Edmund James Flynn*      Conservative Edmund James Flynn      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Commissioner of Crown Lands Yes
Sherbrooke November 20, 1879 Joseph Gibb Robertson      Conservative Joseph Gibb Robertson      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Treasurer Yes
Lévis November 20, 1879 Étienne-Théodore Pâquet*      Conservative Étienne-Théodore Pâquet      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary and Registrar Yes
Brome November 20, 1879 William Warren Lynch      Conservative William Warren Lynch      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General Yes
Terrebonne November 13, 1879† Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau      Conservative Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Premier and Commissioner of Agriculture and Public Works Yes
Laval November 13, 1879† Louis-Onésime Loranger      Conservative Louis-Onésime Loranger      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Attorney General Yes
Verchères July 17, 1879 Jean-Baptiste Brousseau      Libéral Achille Larose      Libéral Void Election Yes
Chambly June 26, 1879 Michel-Dosithée-Stanislas Martel      Conservative Raymond Préfontaine      Libéral Void Election No
Rouville June 18, 1879 Solime Bertrand      Conservative Flavien-Guillaume Bouthillier      Libéral Void Election No
St. Hyacinthe June 3, 1879 Pierre Bachand      Libéral Honoré Mercier      Libéral Death Yes

† Won by acclamation

* Flynn and Pacquet were former Liberals who crossed the floor to topple the Joly government

3rd Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1875-1878[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Québec Ouest December 17, 1877 John Hearn      Conservative Richard Alleyn      Conservative Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes
Gaspé July 2, 1877 Pierre-Étienne Fortin      Conservative Pierre-Étienne Fortin      Conservative Void Election Yes
Kamouraska March 19, 1877 Charles-François Roy      Conservative Joseph Dumont      Libéral Resignation to enter federal politics No
Bonaventure February 22, 1877 Pierre-Clovis Beauchesne      Conservative Joseph Israël Tarte      Conservative Void Election Yes
Montmagny November 30, 1876 Auguste Charles Philippe Robert Landry      Conservative Louis-Napoléon Fortin      Libéral Void Election No
Nicolet August 18, 1876 François-Xavier-Ovide Méthot      Conservative Charles-Édouard Houde      Conservative Void Election Yes
Bagot July 7, 1876 Pierre-Samuel Gendron      Conservative Flavien Dupont      Conservative Resignation to become Prothonotary for the Quebec Superior Court in Montreal District Yes
Huntingdon April 24, 1876† Alexander Cameron      Libéral Alexander Cameron      Libéral Void Election Yes
Trois-Rivières April 18, 1876 Henri-Gédéon Malhiot      Conservative Arthur Turcotte      Independent Conservative Appointed Commissioner of the Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa and Occidental Railway No
Mégantic April 18, 1876 George Irvine      Libéral Andrew Kennedy      Conservative Appointed Commissioner of the Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa and Occidental Railway No
Deux-Montagnes March 3, 1876 Gédéon Ouimet      Conservative Charles Champagne      Conservative Appointed Superintendent of Public Instruction Yes
Terrebonne February 10, 1876† Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau      Conservative Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Secretary and Registrar Yes
Missisquoi February 10, 1876† George Barnard Baker      Conservative George Barnard Baker      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General Yes

† Won by acclamation

2nd Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1871-1875[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Pontiac October 26, 1874† John Poupore      Conservative Levi Ruggles Church      Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Church Yes
Québec-Comté October 5, 1874† Pierre Garneau      Conservative Pierre Garneau      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Commissioner of Agriculture and Public Works Yes
Montmorency October 5, 1874† Auguste-Réal Angers      Conservative Auguste-Réal Angers      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General Yes
Trois-Rivières October 3, 1874† Henri-Gédéon Malhiot      Conservative Henri-Gédéon Malhiot      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Commissioner of Crown Lands Yes
Bonaventure August 4–5, 1874 Théodore Robitaille      Conservative Pierre-Clovis Beauchesne      Conservative Resignation upon abolition of the dual mandate Yes
Huntingdon May 30, 1874 Thomas Sanders      Conservative Alexander Cameron      Conservative Death Yes
Chicoutimi et Saguenay May 2, 1874† Pierre-Alexis Tremblay      Libéral Michel Guillaume Baby      Conservative Resignation upon abolition of the dual mandate No
Québec Est April 16–17, 1874 Charles Alphonse Pantaléon Pelletier      Libéral Pierre-Vincent Valin      Conservative Resignation upon abolition of the dual mandate No
Québec Centre April 16–17, 1874 Hector-Louis Langevin      Conservative Rémi-Ferdinand Rinfret      Conservative Resignation upon abolition of the dual mandate Yes
Montcalm March 13, 1874 Firmin Dugas      Conservative Louis-Gustave Martin      Conservative Resignation upon abolition of the dual mandate Yes
Beauce February 24, 1874 Christian Pozer      Libéral François-Xavier Dulac      Conservative Resignation upon abolition of the dual mandate No
Drummond-Arthabaska February 20, 1874 Wilfrid Laurier      Libéral William John Watts      Conservative Resignation to contest the 1874 federal election No
Yamaska February 11–12, 1874 Charles-Ignace Gill      Conservative Joseph Nestor Duguay      Conservative Resignation to contest the 1874 federal election Yes
Montmorency February 10–11, 1874 Joseph Édouard Cauchon      Conservative Auguste-Réal Angers      Conservative Resignation upon abolition of the dual mandate Yes
Montréal Centre February 6, 1874† Luther Hamilton Holton      Libéral Charles Alexander      Libéral Resignation upon abolition of the dual mandate Yes
Montmagny December 16, 1873 Télesphore Fournier      Libéral François Langelier      Libéral Resignation following appointment to the federal cabinet Yes
Montréal Ouest August 22, 1873 Francis Cassidy      Conservative John Wait McGauvran      Conservative Death Yes
Beauharnois July 12, 1873 George-Étienne Cartier      Conservative Élie-Hercule Bisson      Libéral Death No
Gaspé April 7, 1873† Pierre-Étienne Fortin      Conservative Pierre-Étienne Fortin      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Commissioner of Crown Lands Yes
Québec-Comté March 21, 1873† Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau      Conservative Pierre Garneau      Conservative Appointed to the Senate Yes
Terrebonne March 12, 1873† Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau      Conservative Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Solicitor General Yes
Québec-Est March 3–4, 1873 Jacques-Philippe Rhéaume      Conservative Charles Alphonse Pantaléon Pelletier      Libéral Appointed an agent for the Seigneurial Commission No
Montmorency December 23, 1872† Joseph Édouard Cauchon      Conservative Joseph Édouard Cauchon      Conservative Sought re-election due to a scandal involving an asylum in Beauport Yes
Rimouski April 29, 1872 Louis Honoré Gosselin      Conservative Alexandre Chauveau      Conservative Resignation Yes

† Won by acclamation

1st Legislative Assembly of Quebec 1867-1871[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Napierville October 11, 1870† Pierre Benoit      Libéral Laurent-David Lafontaine      Libéral Death Yes
Huntingdon November 6, 1869 Julius Scriver      Conservative William Cantwell      Conservative Resignation to enter federal politics Yes
Sherbrooke November 5, 1869† Joseph Gibb Robertson      Conservative Joseph Gibb Robertson      Conservative Sought re-election upon appointment as Provincial Treasurer Yes
Richelieu October 29, 1869 Joseph Beaudreau      Conservative Pierre Gélinas      Conservative Death Yes
Trois-Rivières October 19, 1869 Sévère Dumoulin      Conservative Charles-Borromée Genest      Conservative Appointed Sheriff Yes
Kamouraska February 11, 1869 Vacant Charles-François Roy      Conservative No Election held in 1867 due to riots N/A
Trois-Rivières October 16, 1868† Louis-Charles Boucher de Niverville      Conservative Sévère Dumoulin      Conservative Resignation to become Sheriff Yes
Champlain December 16, 1867† John Jones Ross      Conservative Jean-Charles Chapais      Conservative Appointed to the Legislative Council Yes

† Won by acclamation

References[edit]

See also[edit]