||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (March 2013)|
Lawrence in a scene of General Electric Theater
|Born||Carol Maria Laraia
September 5, 1932
Melrose Park, Illinois, U.S.
John Gregory Guydus
Carol Lawrence (born September 5, 1932) is an American actress, most often associated with musical theatre, but who has also appeared extensively on television.
Born as Carol Maria Laraia in Melrose Park, Illinois, her parents were of Italian ancestry. Her father was born in Trivigno, province of Potenza and her maternal family came from the same town. She spent one year at Northwestern University and then left to pursue her career.
Lawrence made her Broadway debut in 1952, in Leonard Sillman's New Faces of 1952.  She achieved success in the role of Maria in the original Broadway production of West Side Story in 1957, and received a nomination for Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical for this role. She played the role for two years, and after an appearance in the short-lived show Saratoga in 1959 she returned to West Side Story for its 1960 season. Among her other Broadway successes were I Do! I Do! (replacement "She/Agnes", 1967) and Kiss of the Spider Woman (1992-93, replacement Spider Woman/Aurora).
She played several roles at The Muny in St. Louis, the largest outdoor theater in the U.S., including Fanny Brice in Funny Girl (1975),  Charity in Sweet Charity (1977), and Lucille Early in No, No, Nanette (1990). Among her other musical theatre parts are the title role in Mame (2000 at the Helen Hayes Center for Performing Arts in Nyack, New York)Guenevere in Camelot (opposite husband Robert Goulet), Do I Hear a Waltz at the Pasadena Playhouse (2001)and Follies at the Wadsworth Theatre in Los Angeles in 2002.
Her television performances include guest roles in Breaking Point (as Evelyn Denner in the 1963 episode entitled "There Are the Hip, and There Are the Square"), Rawhide, Combat!, Wagon Train, The Fugitive, Hawaii 5-0, Marcus Welby, M.D., Medical Center, Kung Fu, Mannix, Murder She Wrote, Saved by the Bell, and Sex and the City.
In 1992-93, she played the role of matriarch Angela Eckart on General Hospital. She hosted five shows of Chef du Jour for the Food Network, cooking from her own cookbook, I Remember Pasta, and setting a record for cookbook sales on the Home Shopping Network.
In 1999, she appeared in the televion movie remake of Jason Miller's That Championship Season in a cameo role as "Claire' mother" (Vincent D'Onofrio's mother-in-law), a role written into the film specifically for her.In 2013, she appeared Off-Broadway at the Westside Theatre Downstairs in Jason Odell Williams's play, Handle with Care.
Lawrence has written her autobiography, with Phyllis Hobe, in a book titled Carol Lawrence: the backstage story, published in 1990.
- Lawrence was awarded the Harvard Hasty Pudding Woman of the Year Award in 1960.
- She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Lawrence has been married and divorced three times. Her longest union was with actor and singer Robert Goulet, from 1963 until 1981;  together they had two children, Christopher and Michael. She married Greg Guydus in 1982.
- Bobbie Katz. "The Katz Meow - Carol Lawrence". lasvegasroundtheclock.com. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- "Carol Lawrence" latimes.com, June 23, 2010
- "Carol Lawrence Credits" playbillvault.com, accessed April 24, 2015
- " Funny Girl MUNY" ovrtur.com, accessed April 24, 2015
- Carol Lawrence Coaxes the Blues Right Out of the Horn" theatermania.com, June 19, 2000
- "Do I Hear A Waltz Photos" rnh.com, accessed April 24, 2015
- Johnson, Reed. "'Follies' Remains Marvelous Contradiction" LA Times, JUne 18, 2002
- "Carol Lawrence" masterworksbroadway.com, accessed April 25, 2015
- That Championship Season tcm.com, accessed April 24, 2015
- Purcell, Carey. " 'Handle With Care', Starring Tony Nominee Carol Lawrence, Ends Run at the Westside March 9" playbill.com, March 9, 2014
- Carol Lawrence: the backstage story McGraw-Hill, 1990, ISBN 0070367248
- "Carol Lawrence Sues For Divorce" news.google.com, June 19 ,1980
- Thomas, Bob. "Robert Goulet and Carol Lawrence"news.google.com, July 2, 1963
- Krebs, Albin and Thomas, Robert McG. "Notes On People; Carol Lawrence Reweds" New York Times, March 9, 1982