Champion (horse)

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Champion
Champion, Derby winner.jpg
Champion. Coloured engraving after a painting by John Nott Sartorius.
Sire Potoooooooo
Grandsire Eclipse
Dam Huncamunca
Damsire Highflyer
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1797
Country Kingdom of Great Britain
Colour Bay
Breeder Christopher Wilson
Owner Christopher Wilson
Trainer T. Perren
Record 9:6-0-2
Major wins
Epsom Derby (1800)
St Leger (1800)

Champion (1797 – after 1809) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a career that lasted from May 1800 to May 1802 he ran nine times and won five races. In the summer of 1800 he proved himself one of the best British colts of his generation, winning the Epsom Derby on his racecourse debut. Later that year he became the first Derby winner to win the St Leger, a feat which was not equalled until 1848. He was retired from racing after being injured on his only start as a five-year-old in 1802.

Background[edit]

Champion was a bay horse bred at Oxton Hall near Tadcaster in North Yorkshire by his owner Christopher Wilson, a highly respected figure in the racing world who, in his later years, was known as "The Father of the Turf".[1] He was the second of three Derby winners sired by the unusually named Potoooooooo, a highly successful racehorse who became an important and influential sire.[2] Champion's dam, Huncamunca was the direct female ancestor of the Derby winner Mameluke as well as Charlotte (1000 Guineas)and Maid of Orleans (Oaks Stakes).[3]

Racing career[edit]

1800: three-year-old season[edit]

Champion made his first appearance in the Derby at Epsom on 29 May. Despite his lack of previous experience he was made favourite at odds of 7/4 in a field of thirteen runners. Ridden by Bill Clift, he won "in a very high style"[4] from Lord Egremont's unnamed colt by Precipitate out of Tag.[5]

Champion returned to Yorkshire for his three remaining races of 1800. At York on 28 August he ran against three opponents in a Sweepstakes over one and a half miles. He started 4/5 favourite but finished third of the four runners behind Sir Harry Tempest-Vane's colt Rolla, with Lignum Vitae second.[6] At the same course two days later he met Rolla again in a race over two miles and reversed the form at odds of 7/1.[7] His mixed form did not deter Christopher Wilson, who, while staying at York's Black Swan Hotel, made so many bets on his colt for the St Leger that he ran out of paper on which to record them.[8]

On 23 September at Doncaster Champion attempted to become the first winner of the Derby to capture the St Leger and thereby win the two most important races of the season for three-year-olds. Ridden on this occasion by Frank Buckle, he started the 2/1 favourite in a field of ten runners and won from Rolla.[9] No other horse would complete the same double until Surplice, forty-eight years later.[10]

At the end of the season, Wilson sold Champion to Lord Darlington.[11]

Racing Silks of Christopher Wilson

1801: four-year-old season[edit]

In the spring of 1801, Champion raced for the first time at Newmarket, where he had four engagements. On 9 April he ran in a Sweepstakes and won the 200 guinea prize by beating his only opponent Triumvir, to whom he conceded seven pounds.[12] On 20 April, Lord Darlington was able to claim forfeit when Mr Heathcote withdrew his horse Schedoni from a match against Champion.[13] Two days later Champion carried top weight in a handicap Sweepstakes over ten furlongs "Across the Flat". He won the 300 guinea prize by beating Mr Cox's Cocoa-Tree, who was receiving twenty-seven pounds from the winner.[14] On 4 May he received ten pounds from Mr Heatcote's horse Warter and won a 200 guinea match Across the Flat at odds of 1/4.[15]

On 23 September, Champion returned to Doncaster for the Gold Cup over four miles. He startd 5/2 second favourite and finished third of the four runners behind Chance and the favourite Sir Solomon.[16]

At the end of the season, Champion was described by the Sporting Magazine as "a horse of uncommon speed and powers."[4]

1802: five-year-old season[edit]

Champion remained in training at five, but ran only once, in a match arranged the previous year. On 28 May he ran against Mr Fletcher's five-year-old horse Lethe over two miles at York. The fact that Lethe, who was receiving six pounds from Champion, started "high odds on" suggests that the Derby winner was not expected to win. In the event, the match was anticlimactic as Champion broke down with injury and failed to complete the course. He never raced again.[17]

Stud career[edit]

Champion was sold as a prospective stallion to Colonel Lumm[18] who took the horse to Ireland.[19] He had limited success as a sire of racehorses but did sire two good broodmares.[20]

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Champion (GB), bay stallion, 1797
Sire
Potoooooooo (GB)
1773
Eclipse
1764
Marske Squirt
The Ruby Mare
Spilletta Regulus
Mother Western
Sportmistress
1765
Sportsman Cade
Silvertail
Golden Locks Oroonoko
Crab mare
Dam
Huncamunca(GB)
1787
Highflyer
1774
Herod Tartar
Cypron
Rachel Blank
Regulus mare (1751)
Cypher
1772
Squirrel Traveller
Grey Bloody Buttocks
Regulus mare (1749) Regulus
Childers mare (Family:3-b)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sporting almanack and oracle of rural life. Books.google.co.uk. 1844. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  2. ^ Patricia Erigero, Thoroughbred Heritage. "Pot-8-Os". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  3. ^ Patricia Erigero and Anne Peters. "Highflyer". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b Sporting magazine : or, monthly calendar of the ... v. 18 (Apr. -Sept. 1801). Babel.hathitrust.org. p. 274. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  5. ^ Racing calendar. 1800. Babel.hathitrust.org. p. 33. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  6. ^ Racing calendar. 1800. Babel.hathitrust.org. p. 84. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  7. ^ Racing calendar. 1800. Babel.hathitrust.org. p. 86. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  8. ^ The Sporting review, ed. by 'Craven'.. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  9. ^ Racing calendar. 1800. Babel.hathitrust.org. p. 110. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  10. ^ "Papers Past — Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle — 3 March 1849 — SPORTING". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 2012-02-11. 
  11. ^ Racing calendar. 1800. Babel.hathitrust.org. p. 315. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  12. ^ Racing calendar. 1801. Babel.hathitrust.org. p. 5. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  13. ^ Racing calendar. 1801. Babel.hathitrust.org. p. 9. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  14. ^ Racing calendar. 1801. Babel.hathitrust.org. p. 12. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  15. ^ Racing calendar. 1801. Babel.hathitrust.org. p. 20. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  16. ^ Racing calendar. 1801. Babel.hathitrust.org. p. 114. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  17. ^ Racing calendar. 1802. Babel.hathitrust.org. p. 27. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  18. ^ Racing calendar. 1802. Babel.hathitrust.org. p. 316. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  19. ^ The General stud book: containing pedigrees of race horses. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  20. ^ "Champion". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2012-01-31.