Citroën LNA

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Citroën LN
Citroën LNA
Citroen LN bleu.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer PSA Group
Production 1976–1986
Assembly Aulnay-sous-Bois, France[1]
Villaverde, Madrid, Spain[2]
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Body style 3-door hatchback
Layout FF layout
Related Peugeot 104
Talbot Samba
Powertrain
Engine 602 cc Flat-2
652 cc Flat-2
1.1 L I4
Transmission 4-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,230 mm (88 in)[3]
Length 3,380 mm (133 in)[3]
Width 1,520 mm (60 in)[3]
Height 1,370 mm (54 in)[3]
Curb weight 700 kg (1,500 lb)[3] approx
(60%:40%)
Chronology
Predecessor None
Successor Citroën AX

The Citroën LN (Hélène) and Citroën LNA (Hélèna) are supermini automobiles produced by the French manufacturer Citroën between 1976 and 1986. The added "A" used in the name of the bigger engined LNA stood for Athlétique (Athletic).[4]

Citroën LN (1976–1978)[edit]

The LN was introduced in 1976.[5] It combined the bodyshell of the Peugeot 104 Z (a shortened floorpan version of the 104) with the economical 602 cc two-cylinder gasoline engine of the Citroën 2CV. Equipment levels were low, but the LN's key selling points were its cheap price and low running costs.

There was evidence of defensiveness at the press launch, possibly because a car that looked like a Peugeot, but was assembled at a Citroën plant and fitted with a Citroën engine, sharply refuted assurances that the two marques would retain their individuality. Those assurances had been provided by the same press departments just a few months earlier, when Citroën had again run out of money and Peugeot had taken control.[1] When pressed, Citroën explained that the LN project had been rushed through because of "the need to supply customers and the [dealership] network with a model to strengthen Citroën's position at the lower end of the market"[1] which was hardly a ringing endorsement of a range which at the time included the Ami and the Dyane as well as the venerable 2CV which would continue in production long after any of the others.

Citroën LNA (1978–1986)[edit]

Citroën sold the LN in its native France only, but a more powerful replacement, the LNA, was introduced on 6th November 1978[6] and was exported to much of the rest of Europe (including right-hand drive versions for Great Britain). It had the more powerful and modern 652 cc two-cylinder engine of the Citroën Visa and later a 1.1 L four-cylinder engine was added which had a top speed of nearly 90 mph (145 km/h) on the LNA 11E and 11RE. But like the smaller-engined LN, the LNA was cheap to buy and cheap to run.

At the same time the LNA was launched, its Peugeot-sourced bodyshell also spawned the Talbot Samba which had square headlights and a different, slightly longer, rear body part. The mechanicals and a developed version of the full length 104 floorpan were used in the Citroën Visa that was also launched in 1978. LNA production ceased in the summer of 1986, while the Talbot Samba survived another year. The Peugeot 104 remained in production until 1988 even though its successor, the 205, had been launched five years earlier, as an entry level model in some markets. The Visa also lasted until 1988. The Visa based box van Citroën C15 version was the longest lasting 104 derivative, using 205 and 206 mechanicals it was made until 2005.

1983 cars arrived early, in July 1982, and benefited from new black plastic bumpers, a new decoration for the C-pillar, a newly positioned rubber side-stripe, new rear lights and, more elaborately styled wheels, which were shared with the manufactuer's Visa Super E.
In July 1985 Citroën introduced cars for the 1986 model year. The previously black grill and bumpers were now coloured grey.

Technical specifications[edit]

Engine specification
Type V 06 / 630 R 06 / 630 V 06 / 644
Bore 77 mm (3.0 in) 74 mm (2.9 in) 77 mm (3.0 in)
Stroke 70 mm (2.8 in) 70 mm (2.8 in) 70 mm (2.8 in)
displacement 652 cc 602 cc 652 cc
Volumetric ration 9 / 1 9.5 / 1 9.5 / 1
Working compression 11 bars 11 bars 11 bars
Max power 36 PS (26 kW; 36 hp) at 5,500 rpm 32 PS (24 kW; 32 hp) at 5,750 rpm 34.5 PS (25 kW; 34 hp) at 5,500 rpm
Max torque 5.3 kg·m (52 N·m; 38 lb·ft) at 3,500 rpm 4.2 kg·m (41 N·m; 30 lb·ft) at 3,500 rpm
  5.1 daN.m 4.8 daN.m at 3,500 rpm
Max rpm 5,850 rpm 6,000 rpm
   
Camshaft values for 1 mm rising
R.O.A 7° after TDC 0°5' after TDC
R.F.A 42° after BDC 49°15 after TDC
A.O.E 35° before BDC 35°55 after TDC
A.F.E / R.F.E 6° before TDC 3°30 after TDC
     
Transmissions
1st gear 11/50 11/50
2nd gear 18/45 18/45
3rd gear 28/46 28/46
4th gear 34/39 34/39
backward gear 11/46 11/46
transmission ratio 8/33 8/35 9/35

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Hasty hybrid :Citroen LN joins he range". Autocar: pages 21–22. 14 August 1976. 
  2. ^ "Citroën LNA". Autopista. 1985. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Westrup, Klaus (27 April 1977). "Test: Citroën LN. Kurzfassung. Neuer französicher Kleinwagen im Mini-Format". In Simoneit, Ferdinand. Auto, Motor und Sport (9): 60–71. 
  4. ^ Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (3 March 1982). Automobil Revue '82 (in German/French) 77. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag, AG. p. 256. ISBN 3-444-06062-9. 
  5. ^ "All about the LNA-Visa-Axel family". Citroenvisa.net. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  6. ^ "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1979 (salon [Paris, Oct] 1978) (Paris: Histoire & collections). Nr. 84s: pages 15 & 20. 2006.