The City of Swan is a local government area of Western Australia. It is in Perth's north-eastern metropolitan region and the Swan Valley, centred approximately 20 km north-east of the Perth Central Business District (CBD). The City covers an area of 1,043 km² (much of which is uninhabited) and has a population of about 120,000. At the 2001 census, 10% of the population were born in the United Kingdom, while significant Southern European and South-East Asian minorities are also located here.
The Municipality of Helena Vale, gazetted in 1895, becoming the Municipality of Midland Junction in 1901 and the Town of Midland in 1961.
The Swan Roads Board, gazetted in 1871.
On 1 July 1961, Guildford and the Swan Roads Board merged into the Shire of Swan-Guildford. Swan-Guildford and Midland united on 1 April 1970 as the Shire of Swan, and thirty years later, on 1 April 2000, became the City of Swan.